Kidney Diet

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Kidney diet?
    Anyone have a dog with boarderline or progressive kidney problems? If so what brand of
    dog food do you feed it may I inquire? I’ve been trying to find a dry dog food with Low To Moderate
    Protein, Low Phosphorus. Can you help please?
    Would greatly appreciate it. Thank you, God Bless.
    I have faith there has to be something out there somewhere for my Chi.
    High qualtiy food
    Not commercial or from a vet.

    • ANSWER:
      science diet makes special foods for that.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the most favorite tastiest kidney diet cat food that cats will eat and where can I buy it immediately?
    My cat refuses to eat the canned kidney diet food that
    the vet sells and I am looking for alternatives

    • ANSWER:
      Is it k/d? Cause I know A LOT of cats that refuse to eat k/d. There are definitely a few renal diets out there (Purina makes one, Eukanuba makes one – check out felinecrf.com for tons of info) but I recommend Royal Canin Modified Formula. Until about two weeks ago I could have honestly said that I never knew a cat that turned it down, but of course there had to be that one who would make me not be able to ever say that again. But not much can be said for her taste as she chose to eat the k/d over this magical food. Seriously, that’s what we call it at my practice, “Magical Modified” because (almost) every cat will eat it. It has mackerel in it which I think the cats can really taste and LOVE. Plus, you can always add a little chicken broth to any canned food to increase water intake and make the food a little tastier for our finicky friends.
      I prefer most Royal Canin therapeutic diets over the Hill’s RX diets anyway. I think they are much more palatable and have higher quality ingredients with less by-products and preservatives. I actually have my cats on the Calorie Control diet.
      OK, I’ll stop going on about the RC therapeutic foods, but seriously, try it! You don’t need a prescription for it like you do for the Hill’s foods but you do have to buy it from a veterinarian. If your vet doesn’t carry it, call around to other vets in the area or call Royal Canin and ask them where the closet place is where you can buy their products. (800) 592-6687. If there is a bigger emergency hospital in your area they should carry it. I don’t know where you live so I can’t really help you out with that part, but good luck and I hope she likes it!

      http://www.royalcanin.us/products/productdetail.aspx?ID=104

      Oh, there is also another Royal Canin renal diet called LP but I don’t think that goes over any better than the k/d chicken as far as flavor. But it does come in pouches so it’s more of the chunks and gravy deal than the regular mushy food so if your cat is into that sort of thing, they may prefer LP & you might want to try that.

      http://www.royalcanin.us/products/productdetail.aspx?ID=105

  3. QUESTION:
    How to prevent Kidney stones with diet?
    My husband had kidney stones and they had to remove it surgically and he has had them b4. The had to break the stone so it turned into powder so we don’t have a way diagnosing what caused it. He just came back from the hospital and I am planning his diet. What should I give him? He eats a lot of meaty food and drinks many different sugary drinks. I know he should change that. But can he have eggs? How about milk? Our food usually full with many spices and oils can that be the cause. What is the best diet? (he is also a little overweight)

    • ANSWER:
      The leading cause of kidney stones is too much salt in your diet.

      Cut the salt. Drink acid juice drinks.

  4. QUESTION:
    I am looking for information on a renal (as in kidney) diet, low in sodium and potassium.?
    I am in stage four chronic kidney disease and I am a type II diabetic. Does anyone know of a website that will provide me with some type of sample diet?

    • ANSWER:
      go to http://www.ika.ie/diet.html
      they have some good receipes. You can check out a book store like Barnes and Noble or any other book store to find recipes.
      It’s not as hard to find as you may think. I had to do it as well. I looked at local book stores. And asked my doctor if he knew anything to start me out on.

  5. QUESTION:
    Has anyone tried a canine kidney diet that has lowered BUN and Creatinine?

    • ANSWER:
      You eat dog kidneys!? That’s illegal I think!

  6. QUESTION:
    What is the recommended diet for dogs with kidney disease?
    My beloved Binney was diagnosed with kidney disease just yesterday. The doc said she has less than a couple of months to live. I’m devastated and would like to make her remaining days easier on her – and her kidneys. Is there some sort of specialized diet I can provide? I would prefer something natural and organic.

    Please I’m desperate and if there is something in the local farmer market that helps, include that too!

    • ANSWER:
      I’m so sry to hear this. Make sure she drinks lots of water. There is a science diet food that is good for kidney issues I believe it is A/d or maybe i/d or it could be u/d. Petsmart carries it and you will be able to tell which one it is because it should say it on the bag or can. Good Luck and may god bless you and your dog in this time of need.

  7. QUESTION:
    How to make Chutney for Dialysis Diet or Kidney Failure People?
    Hi! I’m going under dialysis so as per nutritional diet can anyone help me how to make chutney for me.. As i always use to eat boring food and now need some extra… And also can anyone tell me is Lemon, Lime, cilantro, mint is allowed in this diet…!!

    • ANSWER:
      These appear to be an excellent website for dialysis patients – one even has chutney recipes.

      http://www.apexkidneycare.com/kidney_vegi_recipies.asp

      http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/Kudiseases/pubs/eatright/

      http://www.davita.com/diethelper/

      http://www.davita.com/recipes/Meats_and_seafood/a/3540

  8. QUESTION:
    Is there anyone who upholds an anti oxalate kidney stone diet?
    Is there anyone who upholds an anti oxalate kidney stone diet (and who uses NO anti oxalate kidney stone medicine) for some years AND thereof gets significantly or substancialy less stones? (and is convinced about it.)

    If so, could you pm me the diet info?

    I already know chocolate, nuts and the like are suspected things, But even so, specific foods might be far less important then specific food combinations?

    • ANSWER:
      I had a patient with chronic renal failure i controlled his salt intake made him to avoid high protein diets avoid alot of mineral foods. He survived for 5 years when his local doctor said he wouldnt survive more than 6 months.

  9. QUESTION:
    I have a 1 yr old Shih Tzu that has been diagnosed with kidney disease and skin allergies. What diet?
    Maizie is a foster dog with New Beginnings ShihTzu Rescue and the three applicants that were lining up for her all dropped her when her diagnoses came down. I need to know what diet to pass on to anyone interested in adopting this little girl.

    My vet recommended a kibble loaded with corn. Because of the severe skin allergy she cannot tolerate the corn or wheat in diets I have been offered. She will not eat the canned KD either. The info about the proper diet for the kidney disease is confusing. Some people say protein doesn’t matter and others say it does. Low potassium is important, but not listed on the food containers, or the lists I am finding on the net. Can anyone help clarify all of this information for me?

    • ANSWER:
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      12/28/2006: Carla from NSW Australia writes, “Apple Cider Vinger cleaned my Kidney. This was discovered after taking a full blood test.”

      Ted replies: “Dear Satish: Often times a kidney failure is due to excess acidity in urine as the acidity digests the kidney causing kidney failure much like the stomach acid digesting your kidneys. My own experience with kidney failure is often when urinary pH is between 5.0 to 5.5 but often times it can be as low as 4.5.

      Therefore, taking 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda with 1 glass of water taken about twice a day should notice some relief in the kidney problems.

      It takes two weeks to notice some improvement. In case of my own aunt who had kidney failure pending a surgical removal it took her 3 days of taking about this same amount or a bit more like 1 teaspoon of baking soda twice a day plus 1/2 glass of water for 3 days before the doctors decided her kidney was completely normal.

      Kidney failure can have all kinds of causes, but the most common problem I do see is excess acidity of the urine.

      If you are a perfectionist, a urinary pH precisely at 7 or as high as 7.34 is a pH that is unlikely to be acid to begin with, so it at least will give a chance for the kidney to recover.

      An exception is that in case the kidney failure is of a diabetes complication, then it would appear treatment of avoiding strict no sugar diets to be very important to reduce that first along with the usual baking soda needed to raise urinary pH to at least 7.0, being neutral is the best figure I can imagine where there is practically speaking no acid that can destroy the kidneys.

      There are other causes of kidney failure, but the information you supply me is lacking in details. I am therefor giving you a general ones that had worked for me the best. Ted”

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  10. QUESTION:
    When following low potassium/kidney failure diet, can acesulfame potassium be a problem?
    I have noticed this preservative is used in any low calorie drink. ie: crystal light, sugar free koolaid, diet soda.

    • ANSWER:
      Anytime the kidney is involved, I suggest staying away from any type of chemical that is even only semi-difficult to pronounce because chances are it will end up in your kidney or liver during metabolism.

  11. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have a diet for someone with virtually no kidney function, but unable to take dialysis?
    I am trying to cook for a very elderly relative who needs a very low potassium and phosphorus diet as there is virtually no kidney function. Any suggestions for a source for a cookbook or detailed menu?

    • ANSWER:
      If dialysis is not an option in an individual with “virtually no kidney function” as you describe, you should try and get a hospice consult. They’re experts in ensuring comfort, and can help you with caring for your elderly relative.

  12. QUESTION:
    How can one prevent kidney stones – diet, etc.???
    Please answer only if you have expertise in this subject.

    • ANSWER:
      Drinking plenty of water is one way you can reduce your chances of kidney stones but before changing your diet you have to find out what type of kidney stones you have. This will determine how you need to change your diet in order to try and prevent the kidney stones from returning. Your doctor is the one that can best help you with your route of treatment. He can identify what type of kidney stones you have, recommend dietary changes and any medications and most importantly any vitamin or calcium supplements you might need to take because of the dietary changes. Restricting certain foods from your diet to prevent kidney stones can result in other health problems down the road which is why it is so important to consult your doctor.

  13. QUESTION:
    What kind of diet would help me from getting kidney stones?
    This is the fourth time Sense 2000 that i have had kidney stones the first two i had to have removed. fortunately I have been able to pass these last two with out it hurting one in may 2009 and this last one tonight. I would like to know why I may be getting them, and what kind of diet I need to be on to avoid them. Help me please.
    Ps who ever says Water I all reeady know that i drink atleast 10 8 once glasses of water a day.

    • ANSWER:
      This forum is for questions about diabetes.

  14. QUESTION:
    What are some natural remedies and diet tips for my cat’s kidney disease?
    My cat, 6 yrs old, could possibly have kidney failure (it might be a bladder infection but I won’t find out for another 2 weeks after antibiotics); he’s still energetic and doesn’t show any signs of illness. Ironically I have kidney disease as well and am using natural remedies like dandelion root tea and other herbs. Wheatgrass has also improved my health a lot. I am wondering these herbs would apply to cats as well?

    Does anyone have any suggestions for diet (should it be homemade)? I’ve been doing research and they all say low salt, but some sites say good high quality protein while others say low protein. And should I stop using the chemical Frontline (flea medicine) on my cat?

    Also, where on my cat are his kidneys located?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      First off…the kidneys are located just past the send of the rib cage on both sides…the right kidney is slightly closer to the front of the cat. Frontline Plus doesn’t go into the animals system, so it will have no effects on the kidneys…so don’t stop using it. I wouldn’t reccomend any “natural remedies” without consulting your vet…cats and people can very different recations to plants…and a lot of plats can be nephrotoxic (toxic to the kidneys) in cats!

      A diet wont help kidney failure until bloodwork confirms Azotemia…this means the that BUN and CREATINIE are elevated. So unless this has been confirmed by your vet, changing the diet wont help. However, if Azotemia is confirmed, then a low protein/low phospherous diet is highly recomended. The protein that is in the kidney diets is a high quality one. Several brands make kidney diets…. Purina NF, Royal Canin/IVD modified….Hill’s K/D….. Royal Canin Renal LP….. However, they are by prescription only, so you have to get them from your vet. If you are interested in making your own diet, you can contact UC Davis, and for a small fee, they will formulate a diet you can cook at home specificaly for your cats needs….

      I’m not sure why its going to take so long to confirm that your cat has kidney disease…a simple blood test should confirm if the kidney values are normal or not.

      Good Luck!

      http://www.veterinarypartner.com/Content.plx?P=A&S=0&C=0&A=572

      http://www.felinecrf.com/

  15. QUESTION:
    Are kidney beans good to eat when on a diet? Or should I just avoid them?
    I like kidney beans because they are yummy. I’m on a strict diet, but I was wondering if kidney beans will help lose weight?

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    Why do people who try to lose weight on a high protein diet have the danger of suffering kidney damage?
    Why do people who try to lose weight on a high protein diet have the danger of suffering kidney damage?

    • ANSWER:
      High protein diets are bogus. If you go on a 1200 calorie a day diet for protein, or carbohydrate, or veggies only, you’re going to lose weight — period due to basic caloric deficit. Weight loss is the simple formula of consuming less than you burn. It doesn’t matter if it’s carbohydrate, fat or protein.

      Protein has byproducts when it is converted to energy which creates additional work and stress for the kidneys and liver filtration systems.

  17. QUESTION:
    Is a vegetarian diet ok for someone who has a kidney transplant?
    I am on a lot of medications for my kidney transplant, and they cause weight gain weight. Im trying to get rid of carbs from my diet, will that help along with the the no-meat diet?

    • ANSWER:
      The only dietary restriction I was given following my transplant was to keep my diet low sodium. So, I believe that a vegetarian diet would be ok.

  18. QUESTION:
    Can a high protein diet cause kidney problems?
    Some dog foods have meat products as first ingredient and I have been told that is a good thing. I have seen some listed with 23% crude protein and wonder how much is digestible. But somewhere along the line I have gotten the idea that too much protein damages the kidneys. Do you think 23% crude protein is adequate or too much?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a pretty loaded question because there are so many variable to consider that the other postings have neglected to mention.

      First, when it comes to the AMOUNT of protein a dog requires, generally 22-26% for an adult dog. Performance diets and puppy diets often have more because of the growing/strain on muscles. Dogs who are finished growing and just want to maintain a regular wait are normally on diets with low 20% protein diets.

      Second, when feeding foods be VERY wary about what is actually meant by 23% protein. IF YOU FEED A LOW QUALITY FOOD YOU ARE NOT GETTING 23% PROTEIN. By low quality foods I mean Science Diet, Iams, Eukanuba, Purina, Pedigree, Royal Canin, Walthams, etc, and grocery store varieties like Dog Chow, Ol Roy, Kibbles’n’Bits, etc.

      These foods ARE ALL LOW QUALITY because they contain by-products and corn which are normally the first two ingredients. These ingredients COUNT towards the total protein in the food but DOGS CANNOT DIGEST THEM. So instead of getting 23% protein they may only actually be absorbing 5-10%. This is why the majority of dogs on these foods are so unhealthy. They are ridden with different diseases like cancer, diabetes, etc because they are not getting the nutrition that their body needs.

      Third, if a dog food has a high quality protein like fresh, human grade, eggs, chicken and turkey, then their body does not have to work as hard because these proteins are 90-100% digestible. (Corn is only about 30-40% digestible). For working or athletic dogs, a high protein diet based on chicken and turkey is KEY to keeping them healthy.

      I think if you knew more about dog food you would realize that the “popular” companies listed above are using far worse ingredients that are going to cause kidney and other problems then just looking at the protein percentage. These companies are KILLING peoples pets by using things like PROVEN CANCER CAUSING CHEMICAL PRESERVATIVES.

      My suggestion is feed a good quality food like Innova, Wellness, Karma, Evolve, Solid Gold, Canidae, Evo(42% protein, based on a raw food diet). This way your dog is actually getting the nutrition you need and you won’t have to worry about things like kidney problems.

      Good luck. I only wish there was a better way to get the message to people that major pet food companies are not what they appear.

  19. QUESTION:
    Is it okay to drink green tea as part of a diet to prevent kidney stones?
    I’ve seen tea listed as a drink to avoid as it might contribute to kidney stones. Does this include green tea? I’ve read conflicting information on green tea in this regard.

    • ANSWER:
      Green tea is good for you! The key to *kidney stone prevention* isn’t going to be through giving up your tea. Make sure you do keep hydrated by drinking water throughout the day, lots of it. AVOID heavily caffeinated drinks like soda, and foods with too much sodium/high fat content in them. Kidney stones can be triggered by those things moreso than tea.

  20. QUESTION:
    Should I take diet pills with having only one kidney?
    I am a 28 year old female and very healthy. I donated my kidney to an uncle who had kidney failure. I was wondering if it was okay to take natural diet pills?

    • ANSWER:
      That sounds risky, I would definitely ask a doctor.

  21. QUESTION:
    Did the bad food. Science Diet dry and Friskies wet cause my Cat to died of kidney diesease?
    I got a orange tabby cat about 6 months ago. I been feeding him Science diet dry food and Friskies wet stuff. I have been reading that this is what cause my cat to died of two days ago. He died of kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Careful,it may hurt you.^_^

  22. QUESTION:
    Seeking a Chronic Kidney Disease Diet?
    I am seeking a Chronic Kidney Disease Diet, however, I am a vegetarian, lactose intolerance.
    I am not one of those people who like alot of sweets, soda, or candy. I guess what I’m really seeking if for some vegetarian diet with limit protein intake, plus what are nightshade fruits and vegetables?

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    what is recommended diet for kidney stones? What are the avoidable foods.?
    Recently I got stomach pain and rushed to hospital and there it revealed that I have three stones in my left kidney. I am taking medicines. I want to know what are the recommended food for the kidney stones discease and which foods are avoidable. Also let me know if taking liquor is dangerous ?

    • ANSWER:
      liquor is probably not a good idea

      and i would suggest a diet low in meats (which some people say causes kidney stones or make them worse)

      but your best bet is to ask your doctor!

  24. QUESTION:
    Does drinking 12 cans of diet soda a day cause kidney stones, or is that just a myth?
    I drink a lot of diet Pepsi. And i don’t want a kidney stone

    • ANSWER:
      I was interested to know the answer to your question and was surprised to find that doctors actually think diet soda might reduce kidney stone risk:

      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090426075452.htm

  25. QUESTION:
    What should be the Diet plan for kidney patients?
    I want to know a diet plan for CKD patients.

    • ANSWER:
      A daily diet containing the following mineral ingredients should be strictly maintained:

      Potassium:
      Around 90% of the potassium consumed through our diet is removed by the kidney. The normal level of potassium intake is 3.5-5.0 mEq/L so anything higher than that must be avoided. But in the patients having stage 5 CKD, it becomes difficult to remove the potassium from the body as kidney loses its functions altogether. So, controlling potassium is very important. Mostly, we consume potassium through milk, yogurt; fruits like avocado, kiwis, oranges, papayas, banana, cantaloupe; Legumes – nuts; vegetables like beans, potatoes, tomatoes, spinach and fellow leafy vegetables, sweet potato and animal protein. Potassium-based salt products, winter vegetable juices and squash should also be strictly avoided.

      Sodium:
      Kidney diseases and salt are almost synonymous. Higher the salt intake, higher the risk of the CKD, high blood pressure and heart disease. Hence a large amount of sodium intake must be restricted. Canned food, pickles, smoked meat, some frozen foods, processed cheese, packed chips, junk food and crackers must also be avoided. Develop a habit of reading the labels to get to know the level of sodium in the products we are consuming. Less than 5 mg sodium per serving is sufficient to stay healthy.

      Protein:
      The limit on protein intake is 0.75g per kilogram of one’s total body weight, except for those suffering from haemodialysis. One must consume enough protein to keep oneself healthy but not in excess. Mainly meat, fish and dairy products are the sources of protein. Edibles such as eggs, beef, cheese, bran breads, nuts and vegetable also contain a high amount of protein.

      Phosphorus:
      Phosphorus consumption for normal people as well as for people with CKD non-dialysis is 2.7 to 4.6 mg/dL. For CKD dialysis patients the target range is 3.5 to 5.5 mg/dL. Anything more than that must be reduced. Poor maintenance of phosphorus can lead to not only total kidney failure but also to bone diseases and heart troubles. Dairy products, nuts and beans (the main sources of phosphorus) and drinks and beverages like cocoa, cold drinks and beer must be avoided.

      Fluids:
      Consumption of fluids is essential for normal people but for a patient of CKD, fluid intake must be watched. More than 48 fl oz (1.4 L) of fluids a day must be avoided. What are fluids? Edible things that are liquid at room temperature are known as fluids. e. g. soups, ice creams, Jell-O, etc. Over-consumption of such fluids can increase the level of phosphorus. Some fruits like apples, orange, grapes and vegetables like lettuce also contain a lot of water. So, avoid such fruits.

      Now what must one eat with such dietary limits or restrictions? Following are some useful tips to follow:
      •Vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, bean sprouts, cucumber, lettuce, asparagus, mustard greens, green beans, eggplant; white rice, corn cereals, popcorn and fish like tuna, catfish, swordfish, codfish, mahi fish should be consumed for a healthy diet.
      •Use phosphorus binders such as calcium acetate (PhosLo), calcium carbonate (Caltrate and Tums) or sevalemer hydrochloride (Renagel) when necessary. But with proper prescription from your doctor.
      •Never change any food pattern or your diet program without proper consultation with your doctor.
      •It’s important to have routine medical checkups and keeping a track of the recent changes that occur.
      •Proper medication and exercise is a must.
      •Smoking and alcohol consumption must be reduced, and preferably completely avoided.
      •No meals should be skipped. Avoid taking huge meals at a time and divide meals into a 4-times a day pattern.
      •Lower blood sugar and cholesterol levels must be maintained and observed time to time.
      •Last and most important, is keeping your mind healthy and motivated which has the greatest power to cure any disease.

      Tin

  26. QUESTION:
    i need to start a healthy diet i donated a kidney.?
    just looking for a any ideas to where i should start shopping. i have a picky eatter for a daughter and I have one kidney and my husband is freaking and bout geting healthy but I have no idea where to start looking or shopping. WHole foods is way to expensive. We also live with the parents and mom my mom needs a better diet she’s the one i gave the kidney to. THey eat old recipes that you know are good but not healthy in the least.

    • ANSWER:
      a general low calorie diet that’s based on whole foods that are high in lean proteins and low GI carbs is what most should follow.

  27. QUESTION:
    I HAD A 11 CENTIMETER MASS ON MY RIGHT KIDNEY REMOVED WITH THE KIDNEY. ANY SPECIAL DIET I SHOUD CONSIDER?
    How large is a 11 centimeter mass on one’s kidney?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m no expert but perhaps a low sodium diet.
      You should definitely ask your doctor and/or health adviser.

  28. QUESTION:
    Kidney Diet Recipes for people with kidney failure?
    can anyone recomend a kidney diet recipes for people with kidney failure??

    • ANSWER:
      In choosing kidney diet recipes, you have to remember that you must regulate your intake of the following – sodium, phosphorus, potassium, protein, and fluids.

      An ideal kidney diet for humans should control the intake of salt, protein, potassium, and phosphorus. A limit in the intake of fluids is also important.

      Phosphorus is another mineral that should be taken in with caution. It is highly concentrated in dairy products. Restrict your intake of dairy products (cheese, yogurt, milk, custard among others) to only one serving or less per day. Do not prepare recipes that have too much of cheese or yogurt.

      Another mineral that should be controlled if you have kidney disease is potassium, which is high in vegetables and fruits. The technique is to limit your intake of potassium to five servings per day in order to control it.

      Getting the best information on kidney diet recipes is no easy task nowadays.

      If you want to know more about kidney diet, go here: http://thekidneydietsecrets.blogspot.com/

  29. QUESTION:
    i have kidney stones. need a diet plan and what foods to avoid?
    i know to limit my sodium and oxalate intake… i’ve looked up foods that are high in these, but some they are ok, and others not. what can i eat to naturally dissolve kidney stone, and to help with the pain? i know drink lots of water.. some say cranberry juice, but isn’t that a dark fruit (high in oxalates)? don’t understand. in need of help. i take lemon juice, but need a diet plan. can anyone help? please.

    • ANSWER:
      Cranberry juice has oxalates, but oxalates are a vast group of chemicals that have different properties. Nobody really knows which types of oxalates to avoid. It appears that oxalates in cranberry juice are molecules that are not biologically active, so they seem to circumvent the pathways where kidney stones form. This is not an established fact, but it is based on observations that cranberry juices seems to alleviate several kidney problems.

      Kidney stone formation is a complex process influenced by many factors and there’s only so much you can do to avoid things that seem to cause kidney stones. Kidneys stones occur primarily from an imbalance in dissolved minerals in the blood or urine. But beyond that, the cause of kidneys stones really isn’t known. Oxalates are implicated because they are one of the primary chemicals found in stones, but the reason whey oxalates end up in kidney stones isn’t known. A significant portion of the guidance for managing kidney stones is based on logical speculation that is weakly supported by actual results and many studies have conflicting results.

      The most significant factor for managing kidney stones is adequate water intake. For everything else, the primary rule is to keep minerals, oxalates and vitamins at moderate levels. Extreme dietary restrictions are not shown to make more of a difference than moderate changes to reduce foods that might cause stone formation.

      If you try to avoid all the foods that are high in oxalates, you would have to eliminate many of the foods that are recommended to avoid other health problems. The second link shows foods high in oxalates. If you look at the list, you can see that there aren’t many foods left to eat if you try to avoid oxalates, so just keep things in moderation.

  30. QUESTION:
    I need to prepare a balanced diet for someone with kidney problems.?
    List of food that can be eaten by someone who has symptoms of kidney trouble.

    • ANSWER:
      ask this person’s doctor to arrange a meeting with a dietican or nutrionrist, this professional can give you exact and useful information for you to use in preparing and planing menus for your friend…do not take advice from just anyone, it is worth the time to meet with a professional, this is life threatening if not eating properly…

  31. QUESTION:
    What should be the diet for Chronic Kidney disease if in first stage ?
    After tests I have creatinine 2.6, potassium 6, Urea 75, sodium 134, Haemoglobin 9 with no albumin in urine, no sugar and almost accurate blood pressure.

    • ANSWER:
      Low protein.

  32. QUESTION:
    My friend GFR (related to kidney function )is 78,What diet do you suggest?
    His GFR levels shows mild change in kidney function, can he take protein and suggest him proper diet to stop further damage to kidneys

    • ANSWER:
      When you have chronic kidney disease, you need to make changes in your diet, including:

      Limiting fluids
      Eating a low-protein diet (this may be recommended)
      Restricting salt, potassium, phosphorous, and other electrolytes
      Getting enough calories if you are losing weight
      Your recommended diet may change over time if your kidney disease gets worse, or if you need dialysis.
      Recommendations
      Your daily calorie intake needs to be high enough to keep you healthy and prevent the breakdown of body tissue. Ask your doctor and dietitian what your ideal weight should be, and weigh yourself every morning.
      CARBOHYDRATES
      If you are overweight or have diabetes, you may need to limit the amount of carbohydrates you eat.
      Otherwise, carbohydrates are a good source of energy for your body. If your health care provider has recommended a low-protein diet, you may replace the calories from protein with:
      Fruits, breads, grains, and vegetables. These foods provide energy, as well as fiber, minerals, and vitamins.
      Hard candies, sugar, honey, and jelly. If needed, you can even eat high-calorie desserts such as pies, cakes, or cookies, as long as you limit desserts made with dairy, chocolate, nuts, or bananas.
      FATS
      Fats can be a good source of calories. Make sure to use monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (olive oil, canola oil, safflower oil) to help protect your arteries. Talk to your doctor, nurse, or dietitian about fats and cholesterol that may increase your risk for heart problems.
      PROTEIN
      Low-protein diets may be helpful before dialysis. Your doctor or dietitian may recommend a moderate-protein diet (1 gram of protein per kilogram of body weight per day).
      Once you start dialysis, you will need more protein. In fact, a high-protein diet with fish, poultry, pork, or eggs at every meal may be recommended. This will help you replace muscles and other tissues that you lose.
      CALCIUM AND PHOSPHOROUS
      You will need to limit the amount of dairy foods that you eat. This includes milk, yogurt, and cheese. Some dairy foods are lower in phosphorous, including tub margarine, butter, cream cheese, heavy cream, ricotta cheese, brie cheese, sherbet, and nondairy whipped toppings.
      Fruits and vegetables contain only small amounts of phosphorous.
      You may need to take calcium supplements to prevent bone disease, and vitamin D to control the balance of calcium and phosphorous in your body. Ask your doctor, nurse, or dietititan.

      If dietary measures to lower phosphorous are not enough, your doctor may recommend “phosphorous binders.”
      FLUIDS
      In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, you do not need to limit how much fluid you drink. As your kidney disease becomes worse or when you are on dialysis, you will need to watch how much you drink. In between dialysis sessions, fluid can build up in the body.
      Your doctor and dialysis nurse will let you know how much you should drink every day. Do not eat too much of foods that contain a lot of water, such as soups, Jell-O, popsicles, ice cream, grapes, melons, lettuce, tomatoes, and celery.

      Use smaller cups or glasses and turn over your cup after you have finished it.
      Tips to keep from becoming thirsty include:
      Avoid salty foods
      Freeze some juice in an ice cube tray and eat it like a popsicle (you must count these ice cubes in your daily amount of fluids)
      Stay cool on hot days
      SALT OR SODIUM
      Reducing sodium in your diet helps you control high blood pressure, keeps you from being thirsty, and prevents your body from holding onto extra fluid. A low-salt diet is usually needed.
      Do not use salt when cooking and take the salt shaker away from the table. Most other herbs are safe, and you can use them to flavor your food instead of salt.

      DO NOT use salt substitutes because they contain potassium. People with chronic kidney disease also need to limit their potassium.
      POTASSIUM
      Normal blood levels of potassium help keep your heart beating steadily. However, too much potassium can build up when the kidneys no longer function well. Dangerous heart rhythms may result.
      Potassium is found in many food groups, including fruits and vegetables. Choosing the right item from each food group can help control your potassium levels.
      When eating fruits:
      Choose peaches, grapes, pears, cherries, apples, berries, pineapple, plums, tangerines, and watermelon
      Limit or avoid oranges and orange juice, nectarines, Kiwis, raisins or other dried fruit, bananas, cantaloupe, honeydew, prunes, and nectarines
      When eating vegetables:
      Choose broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumber, eggplant, green and wax beans, lettuce, onion, peppers, watercress, zucchini, and yellow squash
      Limit or avoid asparagus, avocado, potatoes, tomatoes or tomato sauce, winter squash, pumpkin, avocado, and cooked spinach
      IRON
      Patients with advanced kidney failure usually need extra iron.

  33. QUESTION:
    How do raw diet people cook their kidney beans?
    They don’t cook anything, right? How do they get their beans soft?

    • ANSWER:
      they can still soak them or blend them

  34. QUESTION:
    Are diet sodas linked to kidney stones?
    My mother drank 3-4 Diet Cokes a day and her doctor told her to stop because they cause kidney stones. A friend who recently had stones and drinks several diet sodas a day said his doctor told him that diet sodas do not cause kidney stones. Who is right?

    • ANSWER:
      Usually artificial sugars really irritate the kidney and if you drink a lot of it yes it can

  35. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know about the Atkins diet? Im looking for a safe diet that will not hurt my kidney and liver?
    I have herad of atkins and south beach diet,,,,, also low card high protien. Im not overweight and Im just looking to loze about 10lbs and tone up some things. Please help me. Books, websites, recommend diets? Im a 27 year old female. Also do I need to take fiber if I am taking more protien?

    • ANSWER:
      DONT do the atkins diet. Thats so unhealthy for you its ridiculous!! It focuses on eating majority meat. The size of your meat portions should be no bigger than the palm of your hand, anything bigger than that is bad for you!! Atkins diet is SO bad for your organs!

      As far as south beach… My parents did that, and my dad lost 30 lbs in 2 weeks… (mind you he was pretty overweight, so I wouldn’t count on the same results for you that quickly)… it seemed healthier to me… they highly promote fruits and veggies, while cutting back on carbs… I love the fact that they dont require you to give up carbs forever either…

      Out of the two, definitely take south beach, and stay far away from the Atkins diet.

  36. QUESTION:
    Does the Atkins Diet Lead to Kidney trouble in some people? Do you know why?

    Thanks Carol, but I really am looking for an answer to the question I asked. I am trying to find out if Atkins can/does lead to Kidney problems and if so, why.
    I didn’t thumbs down you by the way.

    • ANSWER:
      The Atkins diet does lead to kidney trouble if it is followed for an extended period of time. For 2 reasons:
      1. You are eating a lot of protein because carbs have been cut out of the diet. The kidneys work to excrete the products of protein. When you eat excess protein for a long time your kidneys wear out from all the hard work they have to do excreting the waste.
      2. You are cutting out carbs and thus your muscle is being broken down to provide the energy that the carbs would have provided. When you break down muscle (which is protein) you have even more protein waste for your kidneys to get rid of, so you are working them harder.

      I wouldn’t recommend the Atkins diet for that reason. I guess you could use it for a couple days to shed a few pounds (but you will lose muscle which isn’t a good thing coz muscle keeps your metabolism up). Don’t do it for an extended period of time. Good luck!

  37. QUESTION:
    What should the diet during kidney failure?

    • ANSWER:
      avoid high protein, avoid soda since it has high phophate, get your labs regularly, good luck

  38. QUESTION:
    What special diet should a patient have when one of his kidneys is cut off because of kidney canceer?
    After the operation, I’m not sure whether the patient should eat or not eat sme special things which will influence the function of kidney, because there is only one kidney left.

    • ANSWER:
      I had a kidney transplant so I only have one working kidney and before that when I was on dialysis I had to be on a renal diet, which was low sodium & potassium basically. Although I do not have to stick to that diet and definitely don’t need to limit myself as much I still try to stay away from sodium. In fact I have become crazy about it – reading labels etc lol but salt is hard for the kidneys to break down, so I try to stay away from that. You can always ask your doctor or a nutritionist what they would suggest! Good luck!

  39. QUESTION:
    Starting toward kidney failure. What diet changes will extend the life of the kidney function?

    • ANSWER:
      To begin with, eat a balanced healthy diet – as little sugar, refined carbs, and processed food as possible; plenty of fruit and veges. Balance is the key.

      It is important for kidney problems not to have too much protein or sodium. Don’t drink too much water or too little, try keep it at what your body needs to stay hydrated, which will probably be around the recommended intake.

  40. QUESTION:
    Good Kidney Diet???
    Been doing some research, and they claim a dog with Kidney problems should be fed a Raw Diet. (???)
    I feed my Chihuahua Merrick, but would like to know if anyone knows any Great Kidney Diets to feed? Or am i ok feeding what i am. “So Confused!!!!” Thank you, God bless…
    Only Natural foods thou.

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/category/kidney/

  41. QUESTION:
    Uncle has stage four kidney disease, how can I help him with his diet?
    Should he be on a no meat diet so to eliminate too much protein intake? or just low protein diet? He vomited one night after eating a steak and movie popcorn. He is diabetic and has high blood pressure and does not exercies. Do you think his eating habits will worsen his kidney function unless he changes for the better? His doctor did not suggest any special diet for him. Is he to rely only on medication to help his condition? I would appreciate any suggestions or experiences with people who had kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:

  42. QUESTION:
    Diet for preventing kidney stones ?
    I had a few kidney stones about a year ago and I’d like to hear from other people who know about them or who have had them as well. What diet are you on to prevent you from getting them again ? What are some foods that are good for people prone to kidney stones ?

    • ANSWER:
      The following are a general list of things to do related to diet in order to avoid any renal calculus formation.
      Taken from “Renal lithiasis and nutrition” located at http://www.nutritionj.com/content/5/1/23

      • Daily intake of a suitable liquid volume (minimum 2 L water/day)

      • Avoid strictly vegetarian diets

      • Avoid excessive animal protein diets

      • Avoid excessive salt (NaCl) consumption

      • Avoid excessive vitamin C and/or vitamin D consumption

      • Consume phytate-rich products (natural dietary bran, legumes and beans, whole cereals)

      • Avoid exposition to cytotoxic substances (i.e., analgesics abuse, residual pesticides, organic solvents and cytotoxic drugs)

  43. QUESTION:
    renal/kidney diet recipes please?
    hi my 7 yr old cousin was recently diagnosed with end stage chronic kidney disease. to help the dialysis work its best she has to follow strict diet rules. does anyone have any recipes they could share with me. especially a spaghettii bolognese and chilli as the normal in packet or jar mixes of too high in salt an potassium. thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.mcw.edu/display/ClinicalServices/DietforRenalPatient.htm

      M

  44. QUESTION:
    How does Hill’s Prescription Diet k/d for Cats help a cat with kidney failure?
    Our vet has recommended that our 16 year old cat be put on k/d, saying that he’s starting to show signs of kidney failure. How does this food work to help his condition? We have another elderly cat, age 17, who is not experiencing kidney failure. Would it be harmful to her to ingest the other cat’s k/d food? I doubt I would be able to completely segregate them from getting into each other’s food, so we’d like to just switch both of them over. Any suggestions are appreciated. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      KD food is not the answer. it is very poor quality food that is very low in protein which is the reason your vet is recommending it. Most of the newer thinking is that it is not high protein but the quality of protein that is fed that makes the difference. Many dry foods use horrible stuff and a vegetable based protein instead of animal. You would want to feed your cats canned foods that are low in phosperous which would be appropiate for both of them. (no fish)
      here is a link to a post I made earlier to someone with crf that has alot more info in it

      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Ahk2HGVWwjH72HN2UuYhk9fsy6IX?qid=20070715092103AAI4KW3&show=7#profile-info-AA10232166

  45. QUESTION:
    What precautions to be taken (both diet and exercise) by a person having only one kidney (right) by birth?
    A person detected to be having only one kidney when angiogram test was conducted. Can you pleases advise the restrictions on food and exercise and day to day activities?

    • ANSWER:
      Stay away from salts and watch your proteins. Keep your blood pressure under control also. I have kidney disease and that is what the doc tells me.

  46. QUESTION:
    Recently, i had a operation to crush my stones in kidney,what is the diet should i follow?
    Recently, i had a operation to crush my stones in kidney,what are the food items hsould i take/avoid to prevent stones in future..

    • ANSWER:
      Speak with your doctor to be given the best advice about your diet.

      But, you need to be drinking plenty of water as that is a good way to help avoid getting kidney stones. Or stones of any kind. I have been told this by a few people who have had stones. Their doctors have told them this.

      I hope your doing better now, consult with your doctor about the best diet for you. Drink plenty of water to help flush your system.

  47. QUESTION:
    Kidney Diet for Dogs besides Science Diet and Purina ?
    Would like to know of a good kidney diet for my 10 year old dalmatian recently diagnosed w/kidney issues. She has tried Hills k/d and Purina n/f. I have heard Eukanuba/Iams makes one as well I might give a go. My other dog is on Pet Promise and sometimes Wellness (both no bi-products, etc) and when I look at the ingredients in some of these I hate to spend for a 15lb bag of fillers and bi products. Royal Canine has a canned food for kidneys and the first 3 ingredients include water sufficient for processing, by products, and more by products – ugh. and this costs a can on top of it! Any suggestions? Thanks!!
    forgot to add, she hates hills and purina and refuses to eat it – will go about 3 days before caving in. won’t eat w/canned food on it either. will eat if chicken and cottage cheese are mixed in.
    if it is a bag, you must be getting the 8 lb bag, either that or I need to be going to your vet :) I’m paying about for a 15-18 lb bag of Purina N/F that my dog hates.

    • ANSWER:
      Eukanuba does make one for that problem how ever it is also going to be expensive and not high quality ingredients.
      NONE of those presciption diets are good quality ingredients. I have no clue as to why no one makes one but they are all full of cheap fillers and by products.
      I wish someone would step up and make a better one.
      I have a cat on one of the Purina diets. She looks good and it has solved the problems but I hate to feed her junk.

  48. QUESTION:
    Can any1 Please say WHAT would be a better way to keep a kidney patient health well and the diet?
    ANd even exercise ?

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    what is proper diet for a person who has kidney stones of calcium oxalate?
    we have been advised to minimise the use of tomatoes,spinach,methi leaves & tea..Any other suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      With kidney stones of calcium oxalate you should avoid a diet to rich in oxalate as this is found to increase the risk way more than a diet high in calcium (15 times more risk). Besides what you have listed you may also avoid nuts, soybeans, chocolate, and rhubarb. You should also try to maintain adequate calcium intake (though it sounds counterintuitave). Calcium citrate is the best.

  50. QUESTION:
    senior dog/and kidney diet?
    my vet told me that my dog’s kidneys were starting to fail because of old age and so he put him on the kidney diet. as some of you may know this food is pretty expensive since its prescribed. i have talked to many people of the vet i took him to and we all came to the same conclusion, this vet is overcharging and its all bout the money rather than the health of our dogs ( i already started looking for a new trustworthy vet) but for now im not sure what i should do re:the kidney diet. how well has it worked for your dog? should i just put him on a senior diet? im not sure so im going to take him to a new vet and have new blood work done but for now i wanted to hear your opinion and how well this food has worked for your dog if hes eating it and if not just want you think of my dilemma.

    • ANSWER:
      No matter who you speak with they will tell you that vets charge too much. We all know vet fees are expensive, as is prescription food.

      If your dog has failing kidneys I wouldn’t take the risk of changing his food. If he needs a kidney diet then that’s what he should have.

      If you’re going to take your dog to another vet you don’t need to repeat the blood work if its recently been done. Your current vet can forward the results to the new vet. Chances are if your dog is in kidney failure then the new vet will tell you exactly the same thing as your existing vet. The only difference is that you will have to pay again for the same diagnosis.


Kidney Dialysis Video

This is done for dialysis patients as their kidneys are no longer able to remove toxins and waste products from their blood, often described as kidney failure or end stage renal disease depending on the level of impairment. Because a dialysis patient’s body produces waste products and toxins on a daily basis, they must travel to a dialysis at least three times a week for the rest of their life, unless they receive a kidney transplant.
Many dialysis patients are otherwise healthy and do want to travel beyond the confines of their city. This is where the job of a travel dialysis nurse is important. Travel dialysis nurse jobs allow a dialysis nurse to travel with patients on cruises, and to be available at many tourist destinations worldwide, including those in caribbean countries. Cruises may also employ kidney doctors, or nephrologists, to help staff a kidney dialysis unit on a cruise ship.
Some travel dialysis jobs are on a permanent basis, such as in resort areas or on cruise ships where there is a constant need for medical services for patients who are on dialysis. Whereas other travel dialysis jobs are on a temporary basis and may require a dialysis nurse to be able to move a great distance from their home for a period of weeks or months. For qualified health care dialysis professionals who are interested in seeing the world, travel dialysis jobs allow for a great degree of mobility combined with the opportunity to continue to care for dialysis patients.
As the United States population grows and a large number of baby boomers enter retirements and decide to spend some of their time traveling, there will be continued need for travel dialysis professionals to provide dialysis in a range of locales to Americans outside of the United States. Many positions for travel dialysis professionals require at least a couple of years experience working with dialysis patients. Most dialysis nurses dedicate themselves to caring exclusively for dialysis patients in dialysis units either inside hospitals or in dialysis centers.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What percent of people on kidney dialysis die waiting for a kidney? (Q4/4)?
    I am curious what percent of people who are waiting for a kidney that are on dialysis die waiting.

    I am going to do a video and wanted facts.

    Thanks!
    Markis
    Can you give me a link showing where you got that answer?

    • ANSWER:
      My grandmother has been on kidney dialysis for her kidney failure from diabetes for the past 15 yrs. She is not healthy at all, her vision is gone and she is in dialysis tues, thurs, and saturday 11:30am-4:30 pm. In our situauation, she could not handle that kind of surgery. However, I think you are going to have a hard time finding statistics for this because people can live a very long time on dialysis if they follow everything they are supposed to. Because of a shortage of donor kidneys, each year only a small percentage of people who need a transplant actually receive a kidney. The wait for a donor kidney can take years and people can live years on dialysis.

  2. QUESTION:
    nausea after watching video-why?
    I just watched a video about kidney dialysis and it made me feel nauseated. why is that?

    • ANSWER:
      donwory, its pcychological effec , der is CTZ centers in human brain , stimulation of which cause nausea & vomitting…
      its not more den pcychological effec

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the average number of months a person is on dialysis? (Q3/4)?
    What is the average number of months a person is on dialysis?
    So, that means the average number of months they wait for a kidney or die waiting.

    I am going to do a video and wanted facts.

    Thanks!
    Markis
    Is there any authoritative information on the net that will show this answer?

    • ANSWER:
      Not everyone is eligible to get on the transplant list, and it takes several months to even get put on the list. The average waiting time for a kidney transplant about two and half years once on the list, but can range from less than one month to five years. It depends on the patient.

  4. QUESTION:
    Where is Osama Bin Laden getting his dialysis treatments from???
    Why are we having such a hard time finding this guy? He’s a 6’5″ Middle Eastern man in a country where the average height is 5’6″. He’s a head taller than everybody else in the nation. He should be an easy target.

    We all know Bin Laden has kidney issues. Where is he geting his dialysis from? I mean…if he’s really been hiding out in caves in the desert for the past 6 years….shouldn’t he be dead by now from kidney failure???

    In the new video…does it look like it was filmed from the inside of a cave??? Why not, if he’s hiding in the desert in caves???

    All these questions lead me to believe that Bin Laden is being financially supported by someone in a seat of great wealth and power.

    We all know that the US had relations with Osama in the past….and the US moved his family out of the US after 9/11.

    Does anybody else think that maybe our Commander in Chief might be either A) hiding this guy…

    Or…

    B) Doesn’t really care where he is???

    Just an observation.

    • ANSWER:
      Bush probly calls him often on the red phone
      He gets dialysis from who ever is harboring him all this time?
      US?

  5. QUESTION:
    Kidney Failure due to High Blood Pressure?
    Okay. I was diagnosed with stenosis of the renal artery. I am 15 years old and not sure what any of this means. One of my kidneys is Hard and pretty well shut down. However my right kidney seems to be fine. They have mentioned dialysis in the future but that is all they have done is mentioned it. I go for a MRA tomorrow morning. What I was wondering was can someone live with one kidney without dialysis? I have been doing a lot of research but I am not finding very much. I am trying to keep the smile on my face but it isn’t as easy as it sounds.

    please help in anywway you can…whether it be stories…websites…videos…advice I don;t care I really want to learn more about what is happening to me but I also really really really want to know if dialysis is a must with one working kidney.

    • ANSWER:
      I DONT KNOW HONEY…JUST HOLD YOUR HEEAD UP HIGH AND NEVER LOOK DOWN!

  6. QUESTION:
    This is it for a long while hope you like bye.?
    Q. Why did the boy fall off the swing?
    A. He didn’t have any arms.

    Q. What’s the definition of eternity?
    A. The time between when you cum and she leaves.

    Q. What’s gray, sits at the bed and takes the piss?
    A. A kidney dialysis machine.

    Q. What do you call a female police officer that shaves her pubic hair?
    A. Cunt Stubble.

    Q. Why do only 10% of women go to heaven?
    A. Because if they all went, it would be hell.

    Q. What goes: “CLICK -is that it? CLICK -is that it? CLICK -is that it?”
    A. A blind person with a rubix cube.

    Q. Why did God invent yeast infection?
    A. So women know what it feels like to live with an annoying cunt.

    Q. Did you hear about the two gay guys that had an argument in the bar?
    A. They went outside to exchange blows.

    Q. Why did the gay guy think his lover was cheating on him?
    A. He came home shit faced.

    Q. What do you get when you cross a rooster with a flea?
    A. An itchy cock.

    Q. Why is a Laundromat a bad place for a guy to pick up women?
    A. Women who can’t even afford a washing machine will never be able to support you.

    Q. Why are roach clips called roach clips?
    A. Because “pot holder” was already taken.

    Q. What’s the worst part about getting a lung transplant?
    A. The first couple of times you cough, its not your phlegm…

    Q. Why do women have arms?
    A. Have you any idea how long it would take to LICK a bathroom clean?

    Q. Why is being in the military like a blowjob?
    A. The closer you get to discharge, the better you feel.

    Q. What’s the bad news about being a test tube baby?
    A. You know for sure that your dad is a wanker.

    Q. How are men like noodles?
    A. They’re always in hot water, they lack taste, and they need dough.

    Q. Why don’t Canadians have group sex?
    A. Too many thank-you letters to write afterwards.

    Q. Why are hangovers better than women?
    A. Hangovers will go away.

    Q. How many honest, intelligent, caring men in the world does it take to do the dishes?
    A. Both of them.

    Q. What’s the difference between a ‘Spice Girls’ video and a porn video?
    A. The porn video has better music!

    Q. What’s the best part of having a homeless girlfriend?
    A. You can drop her off where ever you want!

    • ANSWER:
      Those were the best yet, keep ‘em coming

  7. QUESTION:
    Osama Bin Laden was pronounced dead on May 1,2011. What say you?
    Have you ever given the story of Bin Laden any deep investigating? I have come across some questionable facts that have been confirmed by the U.S.Government, but not given much insight by the media and raised a few of my own. Like:

    -When we killed Sadam’s sons their death photos were posted on newspaper headlines, why not Osama’s? I don’t know anybody that does not want to see the photo or video!!! Show us NOW!
    -Since when did we start to treat supposed terrorist masterminds with respect with a FUNERAL AT SEA??? NO,NO,NO,NO!!! No respect for him, Parade his body like we did the innocent at Guantanamo and burn it! We have never shown respect for anyone we have murdered in the past 10 years let alone HIM!

    -When the CIA confirmed they sent an agent to visit Osama a few days before 9/11 and Pakistan officials confirmed he was being treated in a hospital the day before, he was being treated with Kidney Dialysis! If anyone is on Dialysis then they are certainly going to die without a transplant and he did not have a transplant! How could he still be alive if he was dying 11 years ago.

    -Why were military operatives that volunteered to hunt Osama told to stand down immediately after 9/11?

    -Why did Government officials confirm they released false evidence including pictures and video of Osama?

    -Why did Osama deny involvement in 9/11 when asked by an Al Jeezera reporter and why didn’t they have him arrested instead of giving him an interview?

    -Why did the FBI state that there was no link between Osama and 9/11?

    -Why was Osama listed on the FBI’s most wanted list for many other things BUT NOT 9/11?

    -Why did the house that was raided look nothing in the video like the crap shack he was supposedly found in, (eg. windows dont match and compound wasnt shot up like the video’s was)?

    -Why was there evidence of a meth lab including scales and meth ingredients, as well as a child’s bed and toys? Does a billionaire live like that and why couldn’t we find him if he was living like some average white trash meth makers, and what happened to the child or children?

    I hate to have these questions ignored or unanswered. WE DESERVE TO KNOW THE WHOLE STORY!! WE HAVE WASTED ALL OF OUR MONEY ON THE MOMENT AND YET WE HAVE NOTHING TO SHOW FOR IT EXCEPT OBAMA’S WORD AND WE ALREADY KNOW HE IS A LIAR! YOU CAN TAKE THAT TO THE BANK!

    • ANSWER:
      I agree with most of what you say.

      It’s well documented that Al-Queda was created by the CIA 6 months before Russian involvement in Afghanistan.

      Bin Laden didn’t even know he was a member of Al-Queda in 2001 until America started using that name, it was only then when Bin Laden heard America refer to his organization as Al-Queda he adopted that name for his organization.

      Al-Queda and Bin Laden were created to be used as a CIA asset to be used against the Soviets a in Afghanistan.

      Bin Laden was in a Dubai hospital for a Kidney Dialysis in Dec 2001 and was visited by the CIA station chief. Bin laden most likely died at about this time or near after.

      Mainstream media showed us the situation room photo where we could see Obama, Hillary, … and others. We were told they where watching live feed, this turned out to be fake, there was no live feed and they weren’t watching anything.

      When mainstream media released new video’s of Bin Ladens death all of the video’s except one are previous Bin Laden video’s released many years ago, and notice he never ages? The CIA even admits to releasing fake Bin Laden video’s in the past. Also notice there is no Audio on any of the released video’s.

      In my opinion the staging of Bin Ladens death was because we have a terrible economy, millions of American people are suffering from it and growing every day, America is going from one war to another and the public is getting tired of this non-sense, when we are spending such massive amounts on defense and ignoring public need. So this is just stategic timing to pull a rabbit out of a hat and bolster Obama’s approval rating and to justify our next theatre of war.

  8. QUESTION:
    Why are the Muslims so powerless ?
    Demographics: of World

    Jewish Population. 14 million
    Distribution:

    * 7m in America
    * 5m in Asia
    * 2m in Europe
    * 100 thousand in Africa

    World Muslim Population: 1.5 billion

    Distribution:

    * · 1 billion in Asia/Mid-East
    400 m in Africa
    * · 44 m in Europe
    * · 6 m in the Americas

    * · Every fifth human being is a Muslim.

    * · For every single Hindu there are two Muslims

    * · For every Buddhist there are two Muslims

    * · For every Jew there are 107 Muslims

    * · Yet the 14 million Jews are more powerful than the entire 1.5 billion Muslims

    *

    Why are the Muslims so powerless???
    Here are some of the reasons.

    Movers of Current History

    * Albert Einstein Jewish
    * Sigmund Freud Jewish
    * Karl Marx Jewish
    * Paul Samuelson Jewish
    * Milton Friedman

    Medical Milestones

    * Vaccinating Needle: Benjamin Ruben Jewish
    * Polio Vaccine Jonas Salk Jewish
    * Leukemia Drug Gertrude Elion Jewish
    * Hepatitis B Baruch Blumberg Jewish
    * Syphilis Drug Paul Ehrlich Jewish
    * Neuro muscular Elie Metchnikoff Jewish
    * Endocrinology Andrew Schally Jewish
    * Cognitive therapy. Aaron Beck Jewish
    * Contraceptive Pill Gregory Pincus Jewish
    * Understanding of Human Eye. G.. Wald Jewish
    * Embryology. Stanley Cohen Jewish
    * Kidney Dialysis Willem Kloffcame Jewish

    Nobel Prize Winners

    * o In the past 105 years, 14 million Jews have won 180 Nobel prizes whilst 1.5 billion Muslims have contributed only 3 Nobel winners

    Inventions that changed History

    * o Micro- Processing Chip. Stanley Mezor Jewish
    * o Nuclear Chain Reactor Leo Sziland Jewish
    * o Optical Fibre Cable Peter Schultz Jewish
    * o Traffic Lights Charles Adler Jewish
    * o Stainless Steel Benno Strauss Jewish
    * o Sound Movies Isador Kisee Jewish
    * o Telephone Microphone Emile Berliner Jewish
    * o Video Tape Recorder Charles Ginsburg Jewish
    * Influential Global Business
    * o Polo Ralph Lauren Jewish
    * o Coca Cola Jewish
    * o Levi’s Jeans Levi Strauss Jewish
    * o Starbuck’s Howard Schultz Jewish
    * o Google Sergey Brin Jewish
    * o Dell Computors Michael Dell Jewish
    * o Oracle Larry Ellison Jewish
    * o DKNY Donna Karan Jewish
    * o Baskin & Robbins Irv Robbins Jewish
    * o Dunkin Donuts Bill Rosenberg Jewish

    Influential Intellectuals/ Politicians

    * o Henry Kissinger , US Sec of State Jewish
    * o Richard Levin, President Yale University Jewish
    * o Alan Greenspan , US Federal Reserve Jewish
    * o Joseph Lieberman Jewish
    * o Madeleine Albright , US Sec of State Jewish
    * o Casper Weinberger , US Sec of Defense Jewish
    * o Maxim Litvinov , USSR Foreign Minister Jewish
    * o David Marshal , Singapore Chief Minister Jewish
    * o Isaacs Isaacs, Gov-Gen Australia Jewish
    * o Benjamin Disraeli, British Statesman Jewish
    * o Yevgeny Primakov, Russian PM Jewish
    * o Barry Goldwater , US Politician Jewish
    * o Jorge Sampaio, President Portugal Jewish
    * o Herb Gray, Canadian Dep-PM Jewish
    * o Pierre Mendes, French PM Jewish
    * o Michael Howard, British Home Sec. Jewish
    * o Bruno Kriesky, Austrian Chancellor Jewish
    * o Robert Rubin , US Sec of Treasury Jewish
    *

    Global Media Influentials

    * o Wolf Blitzer, CNN Jewish
    * o Barbara Walters ABC News Jewish
    * o Eugene Meyer , Washington Post Jewish
    * o Henry Grunwald, Time Magazine Jewish
    * o Katherine Graham , Washingto
    question part 2

    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Ag.ObeQAgTEZ_OImrc_w41zsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20081008113654AAExrrw

    • ANSWER:
      Muslims are not powerless, they are just not commonly found in the “important lists” of the “West”.
      I notice that you did not mention influential politicians who are Muslim women, or authors.
      As far as global media, I can name at least five Arab media personalities who are highly influential. They just don’t get aired on CNN or BBC!!!
      And as far as those “inventions”….I hardly see blue jeans or Donuts (for crying outloud) as inventions that I want to be dug up 1000 years from now in an archaelogical site!

  9. QUESTION:
    If President Bush really wanted to defend Americans, wouldn’t Osama and all major terrorists be dead by now?
    Saddam has a better pulpit then he ever had, or ever dreamed of.
    Osama, and other exponents of violence and fear, still make videos at will.
    I am a veteran, and know 1st hand of our capabilities.
    Osama could not survive a month if we “wanted” him.
    I believe that even Bush supporters know this.
    Look what happened to Noriega!
    Bin Laden is on kidney dialysis! How fast can he move?

    • ANSWER:
      Bush diverted our resources and our attention away from Usama and therefore I do not think that he was ever interested in bringing him to justice. He will go down in history to those that know him as the money president as every move that he has made has benefited the rich while abandoning the middle class and the poor. Even the war in Iraq, started by his lies, was to benefit him and his rich buddy’s 3000 of our people, 655,000 Iraqi, many, many more wounded and forever disfigured have paid the price so that he could get richer. He is a criminal and should face justice himself.

  10. QUESTION:
    All Obama lies on OBL death have been exposed. But his supporters keep sticking to those lies. Why?
    Lie number 1: I trust the word of NAVY SEAL
    fact: NAVY SEALS not allowed to speak to media

    Lie number 2: DNA report proves it
    Fact: The actual DNA report copy never released to public. I mean the “actual” pdf report.

    Lie number 3: Alqaeda confirmed on a “public website” he is dead
    Fact: We do not know who is behind the keyboard. We can’t see who is posting such stuff on the other end. If someone has yahoo id of bill_gates and says “I am Bill Gates”, doesn’t really mean so. Chat rooms, blogs, online forums, etc etc are well known to have anonymity in them because any kind of screen name can be used. Get real

    Lie number 4: Even OBL wife admits he died in the raid
    Fact: The wife was never shown on any MSM video saying that. Nor was her photo ever shown. It is just “he said. she said” type of stuff

    Lie number 5: Even Pakistan president and his staff give credit to Obama
    Fact: You cannot trust them because it is hard to believe they did not know OBL lived near military location for 7 years. And also per Obama word they cannot be trusted to such extent that the raid was kept secret from them.

    Lie number 6: We captured lot of CD’s, computers and drives from OBL compound
    Fact: Again that is just word of mouth, no images of such stuff shown to public. Based on media reports its said, the compound did not have any phone lines or internet access. If thre is no internet access, what good is a computer with data on it? It cannot be sent or transmitted to anyone.

    Lie number 7: Even George Bush congratulated Obama for OBL death
    Fact: GWB is no more a government official. He is part of the public just like you and me and his only source of information is MSM too.

    Fact number 8: It is well known OBL was a kidney failure patient on dialysis. Kidney failure patients cannot survive 10 years. No urologist agrees with this and neither does the medical community
    vrz: Earth is round. Scientists say. Scientists do not say OBL is dead
    Fact number 9: The only rebuttal shown by Obama supporter is to attack the asker without addressing the question. FAIL
    Torstein: Burden of proof is on those who claim he is dead. Who made that announcement? Get real
    Fact number 10: 90% of the answers will consist of the words, “tin foil hat”, “conspiracy theorist”, “get an education”, “move out of your parent’s basement”, “grow up”
    Fact number 11: Obama supporters post 1 or 2 lame lines as answer and then run away without bothering to debate
    Fact number 12: Honest and true Obama supporters will say, “Obama word of mouth” is the only proof we have.

    • ANSWER:
      Obama been Lyin’

  11. QUESTION:
    Wait a minute are they serious? Are they really considering a tv show where participants try to win a kidney?
    Excuse my ignorance as I do not have cable. We watch only videos. Too much garbage on tv for my comfort. I am asking because I am on dialysis and find this disgusting and inhumane.
    True I had not thought about how it could encourage donations but still I find it hard to digest. Isn’t there another way? Say one is automatically considered a donor unless they opt out?

    • ANSWER:
      Yeps, it’s gonna be on Dutch TV tomorrow evening. I somewhat agree with what they are going to do.

      Sometimes a shock is needed to make a point.

      The TV Show is trying to show the horrors that can happen when there is such a huge shortage of donors, as we have today.

      The founder of BNN, the TV channel that puts this show on the air, Bart de Graaff, died exactly 5 years ago this week, because he didn’t find a donor kidney. People simply don’t fill in a donor card, because they don’t think about it.

      The show is really needed. If they would have made a beautiful documentary about the same subject, nobody would have watched. Now an entire country is talking about the subject, parliament tried to ban the show (and failed at that), and people start to think of new ways to get more people willing to be a donor after their death.

      The host of the show, Patrick Lodiers, is actually known for treating such subjects with delicacy and respect. But he will make the point that’s needed. Sometimes a shock is needed to save lives.

      EDIT: In Belgium the law says everybody is a donor, unless they register themselves as ‘not a donor’. That system works much better. Dutch politicians still refuse to even take that option serious. The TV show at least makes people think about it again, and maybe even politician will change their minds. There IS a huge shortage of donors. The decisions the TV show is going to show us “pick one out of three, the other two will probably die in the end”, that decision is made every single day, every single hour by doctors.

      The real horror here is that society can’t bring themselves to fill in a simple donor card. Not this particular TV show is the bad part. Society is. The show simply shows what happens caused by our own ignorance and our refusal to ‘love our neighbor’.

  12. QUESTION:
    How to give my cat medication? This is not just a pill, HELP! (Long question)?
    I wrote a while back about my beautiful 15 -year old Siamese cat, Mr. Buddy, who was drinking too much water. You kind people suggested I take him to the vet, which I did and found out that his kidneys are failing. As my vet put it, “If he were a person, he would be in dialysis and on a kidney transplant list.” He also warned me to prepare myself (yeah, right, how does one do that?) and suggested some Chinese herbs that will help alleviate the symptoms and make Mr. Buddy feel better.

    I bought the herbs, and they are finely ground up like powdered sage or some other herb one would buy. It was suggested that I give the cat 1/4 teaspoon every morning – that I mix it with his food and have him eat before my other cats.

    Of course he turned up his noise at the doctored food and walked away. None of the others would touch it either. The herb is not overly smelly or disgusting – it has a mild smell that is not terrible. I called the vet back and he suggested making a slurry with salmon or tuna fish water to disguise the taste and smell, but no go. The second suggestion was to buy salmon flavored capsules and fill them with the herb and give him a pill. However, 1/4 teaspoon is a HUGE amount for a cat – I don’t know how many I would have to fill just to medicate him. Then it was suggested that I mix it up and put it in a syringe with water and squirt it into his mouth. That’s no good either as he is starting to get cranky and I could drown him by squirting this in his mouth. Plus he would fight me tooth and nail.

    Does anyone have any constructive suggestions that have not already been listed? I have had this medication (called Ba Wei Di Huang Wan or “Rehmannia 8″) since May 29th and been unable to give it to him. He seems cranky, but is peeing in the box, wants to spend all his time with me, and is beginning to lose weight.

    I am desperate! I love that little guy and want him to at least feel better! Any suggestions would be GREATLY appreciated. Think of a medium-sized cat and think of 1/4 teaspoon of herbal matter. How to get one inside the other?

    If you want to see him, I uploaded a video on YouTube which is only about a minute long. You can see him at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbCAlWUCYA4

    Can you help me please?
    Cheetah, even if I hide the pills inside the salmon flavored capsules, that would be one HUGE pill for Mr. B. to take. He would choke!

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to say this.. but your vet did say.. to relieve some of his symptoms… which say to me… it will not help him to live longer. Sorry to have to say that :(

      If it where me…. I think I would just leave him alone… and let him enjoy the rest of his time with you. You wouldn’t want to be force fed in your old age.

  13. QUESTION:
    So which official death of Osama bin Laden is correct?
    In December 2001 Battle of Tora Bora,Osama Bin Laden is reported dead after announcing they seen Osama Bin Laden flee into mountains and when they seen him come out to talk on his radio they then heavily bombed that area determining that no one could of survived but the following month video’s of Osama Bin Laden surfaced where Osama Bin Laden was announced alive. Experts noted that the nose in 2002 video’s was not the same as Osama from earlier video comparisons and jewelry worn in 2002 video’s is inconsistent with what Osama would wear. According to some reports Osama Bin Laden was at a American hospital in Dubai in July 2001 for urinary infection linked to kidney disease. And Osama ordered a mobile dialysis machine to be delivered to Afghanistan at this time as well.
    Then on December 26,2001 a Egyptian newspaper called Al-Wafd said a prominent official of the Afghan Taliban had announced that Osama Bin Laden had been buried on or about December 13,2001. “He suffered serious complications and died a natural,quiet death. He was buried in Tora Bora,a funeral attended by 30 Al Qaeda fighters,close members of his family and friends from the Taliban. By the Wahhabi tradition,no mark was left on the grave”
    Note Osama has never been seen in person by anyone since December 2001.

    or did he die in 2011, where there was no photo to show the world and quickly dumped into an ocean

    • ANSWER:
      the 2001 death sounds more believable

  14. QUESTION:
    I think my mother is dying and I don’t know what to do….?
    I am 21 years old – My mother just turned 60 and is in the hospital with kidney failure – she also has many other health problems – today the doctor told me that things are not going well – she is on dialysis but it is not helping a lot – she has had it everyday for 6 days now…She has been completly out of it for almost 2 weeks – then today she ‘woke up’ and said to me – ‘Honey, I think I’m dying.’ She told me that she loves me so much and wished she could be there to see me have children. It is just me and my Dad and I don’t know what to do. She is so unhappy and in so much pain – I need to be strong for her and for my dad. I don’t know how to handle this – the doctor said if she stops dialysis she would only live about 2 days…she told me she wants to die at home. Please, any advice from personal experience with losing a parent will help. I am getting a video camera to try to tape her when she is awake. What else can I do to cope, be strong for her and not live with any guilt?

    • ANSWER:
      You have no reason to feel any guilt. I know whenever a loved one dies an automatic instinct sometimes that you must be strong for the others, But you really need to just grieve or you’ll just explode. Show her that you love her, And remember that she’s still with you, Just in a better place. I’m really sorry.

  15. QUESTION:
    Tough on the outside man, brought down to earth with a crash!!!! WHY? Anyone with a brain read this!!!?
    Well guys, the title is me…..

    Im 6 foot 5 inches, good looking, I play rugby, im a second row…(no cauliflower ears, and a nose which has only been broken twice….once when i was a kiddywink falling into something, and the second time in training when i made contact with a team mates head!….and trust me it doesnt look as if it has been broken!)

    I fear no man,

    When im playing rugby i play hard, i play to win, if you get in my way then i have no problem hurting you, i tend to stick to being legal in open play, dont get on the wrong side of me at a ruck….

    So far in my quite long career as a professional first team player (I wont say which team) I have only had 2 yellow cards, and 0 reds, so im good at not getting caught….

    anyway, my point in boasting you ask?

    I was actually a little broken up tonight after watching:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iqhuBDeSMnk&feature=hp_SLN

    It is about a little girl Shiloh Pepin, well, was about….I watched the whole fr*ggin thing, then right at the end, guess what….she dies….

    Its honestly, the biggest pile of horsesh*t i’ve ever been through….like i said…i dont get affected by much, but this….

    geeeez it nearly killed me….Anyway, i’d recommend watching it…..

    she was born with her legs fused together, and no parts…down there….i.e no female parts, and no toilet parts…..

    therefore she needed ‘bags’ so that waste could pass through two holes in her body….

    but anyway i digress….she showed in this whole video more heart than i think i have seen in such a long time, she was destined to live for a few more days when she was born….then it was…oh, months….then she lived 10 years…which to me is HIGHLY unfair, this little fighter, lives 10 years, when we have f****in cockroaches of society who contribute nothing to the world living a lifetime!!!!!

    Anyway, you see great determination to lead a normal life, she gets ill on and off all the time, then this last time she doesnt make it…..

    …i mean, like i said above…scared of no man, no fear etc etc…i had tears….and not just welling up tears, i had rolling down cheeks tears…this stuff is like a knife to the heart….

    you have a 10 year old girl…well…9-10 who goes to school, goes to a week long camp, like everything all with her legs fused together…..

    “Just because we’re different doesnt mean we can’t be the same” was one of her lines….ok if one of your drunken mates said it, you’d call him an idiot, but from this little girl it hurt guys….she was all up there, i.e she wasnt a few sandwiches short of a picnic if you get my drift…..

    She was overweight, but it was explained that because her kidney failed (oh yeh, she only had one!) she had to be on dialysis (spelling?) and therefore she had to have high calorie diet (sounds like my kind of diet!!!) but when she had a successful transplant there was no need for the high calories….but you get hooked on junkfood its damn hard to get off…..so, yeh, she was overweight, but she was the sweetest little girl…..

    holy shit, my eyes are leaking again….(this time its welling up tears…not rolling tears!)

    But yeh, this little fighter dies, and your scumbag motherf*cker theiving, murdering, etc etc etc criminals survive, and live a long life…..siiiigh….its a wonder this world doesnt have organised vigilantes really….

    so anyway i urge you to watch the link….just be ready to bawl…

    hmm, i guess i should ask a question otherwise i’ll get community guideline screwed….sooooo,

    ummm…do you think it might have been the better ending for this little girl? besides a miracle i mean….

    my thoughts are, she talks about love etc, and im wondering with highschool and future etc, do you think maybe it was better that she wasnt fully exposed to the harshities of the world…..?…

    Also, how much of a wimp do you think i sound? scale of 1-10…?
    p.s sorry guys, peter is not actually my name….my contract kinda stops me from doing this kinda stuff, hence fake name :) but they wont catch me!!! :)

    • ANSWER:
      What is the question again ?

  16. QUESTION:
    Since Osama bin Laden died years ago, why do Americans still believe in or support the “War on Terror”?

    http://www.welfarestate.com/binladen/funeral/

    Reported Funeral mid December 2001: Translation on right.

    2001 was spent in American hospitals,
    Till his death in mid-December

    -Israeli Intelligence: he died and all new videos are faked
    -He had Kidney operation July 4 in Dubai, reports “La Figaro”
    -CNN reported 2/1/02 bin Laden aged enormously
    -Pakistan President Musharraf says he died of Kidney Failure
    -Doctor says he is extremely ill requiring dialysis

    http://whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/osama_dead.html

    • ANSWER:
      >>> STILL NEEDING an “Internationally accepted” fair and correct definition for “Terrorist” to define who is Terrorist, Then the answer will be easy.
      >>>>>>>>HOWEVER <<<<<<<<<
      >The question is clear.
      >>What happened was also clear, and
      >>> Now as it is clear that … The 11Sept. Attack was well fabricated.

      >>> The Fabricators have already stroked the US economy and the Second Target is the US community using new tools of terrorism!!! Believe or not!!!
      >>> If first part or the answer is believed, then what is to / will stop the second attack will be known!!!!!!!!!!!

      Source(s):

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BuTQ6ystW…

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7EB1FxEN…

  17. QUESTION:
    BF lied about something stupid (again)… Should I break up with him?
    I’ve caught him in a couple REALLY stupid lies so far (like, he told me he got off work at 9PM, but really he was off at 5PM… and he was playing video games the whole time).

    Long story short, yesterday I got a call from my doctor, telling me my kidneys are damaged and I have to start dialysis (I’m only 25). It was quite devastating.

    Well, I called him (he didn’t pick up) and I texted him, to tell him what was going on and get some support…

    He didn’t call or write back ALL day, except for 1 msg, telling me he would still want to be with me if I was sick.

    When I told him later that night that I felt saddened he didn’t support me when I needed him most, he said that our mutual friend’s dog had died, and he was very sad and busy with his “bad day” so he couldn’t pay attention to me.

    Well, I log onto Facebook that evening… and our mutual friend has all these posts about how the dog is going to into the vet TOMORROW to be put down.

    So, to sum it all, he told me the dog was dead, and the dog is alive (at least til today). I even called our friend to confirm.

    Should I just dump him? What is with his lying??

    • ANSWER:
      The guy’s an idiot. People who lie regardless of how big or small are perpetual manipulators. A lie is a lie

  18. QUESTION:
    Osama Conspiracy IS REAL?
    Is no-one else a bit surprised that there are no photos or videos of osama? (Apart from the ‘images’ that are ‘too graphic’ for people to see.) 2 days ago they were saying that he died yesterday, then in the evening, they were saying ‘last week…’ And he was straight away flown out to sea… Nothing adds up, all the fake tapes, him working for the CIA, him getting funded by the US. I think he died before 9/11, he had kidney failure in Tora Bora and couldn’t get dialysis, it is said that he had a peaceful death. I believe in most conspiracies, except i KNOW they’re not conspiracies… 9/11 was done by bush, did you hear about how they found the tape!? Illuminati are everywhere, bohemian grove (world leaders worship 40 ft owl and sacrifice children in robes). WikiLeaks… I think we are currently in hell.
    What are your views on this?

    KILLUMINATI
    Tupac, the 7 day theory
    @damou3 a lot of people are brain dead, good to know your not :)

    • ANSWER:
      wow. you have blown me away. well done! every letter of what you have said is correct. I’m just glad that there are people in the world who look past all the media and what they try to feed people, whats funny is its so clear and they end up messing what stories they make up themselves. Due to all the crap in todays society though, a load of people are brain dead so dont think deeper than the surface.
      Everything is moving fast. 2012, what ever is in store, it all is surely moving towards it. with all the middle east protests too, and egypt was planned, went down too easy.

  19. QUESTION:
    was it my fault my 8 year old cat died?
    I feel very guilty because my cat would have been 10 years old on march 6th of this year but he died in August of 2008. He had kidney failure and my grandfather took him to several vets and he had dialysis done at home and stuff like that but nothing helped and he died anyways my grandfather spent ,000 or his medical expenses still nothing helped he refused to eat or drink and would hide in the most amazing places of the house where it was almost impossible to find him and he was shoving his head into small places such as between the couch like he was trying to commit suicide the day that he died it was very scary because his eyes were sparkling with anger and he was hissing very loudly jumping up and down the saliva was spilling out of his mouth his legs had fallen down to the floor and then when my grandfather tried to pick him up to bring to the vet he was running away fast on those legs that were down and when he finally caught him he scratched my grandfather so bad that he needed to get a shot. I miss him alot these days but I think it was my fault that he died because I abused him when he was a young kitten and now I really regret it one time I threw him from a height and he was just a baby back then and I was surprised how he stayed alive after being thrown like that I feel so bad about it now and I miss him so much his mother died too and it was my baby’s babysitters fault because she gave us a christmas plant that was poison for cats and I miss her too and I blame myself for what I did and for not knowing the plant was poison and letting them keep it in the house. My family does not want anymore cats after al of this happened but I really miss them and I blame myself for both of them dying. They were mother and son the son died first and then I saw the other cat (the mother) feeling strange she was sitting in a room by herself in the corner on the floor sleeping and she looked depressed I think she knew her son was gone even though they fought and they never got along when he was still alive but then a day after christmas she died from a heart attack a day after eating that stupid plant the babysitter gave my family. I hate the babysitter it was her fault I lost both cats and I think she knew the plant was poison since there must have been a warning on it when she bought it. She probably did that on purpose for revenge becuause I promised to keep her secrets while she was at work outside with me and the baby but I didn’t because they were bad secrets she asked me to ask my family for money daily and make something up as to why I needed it and then she went to the deli and spent it on lottery tickets and lost penny of my family’s money. She also asked me to call a restaurant from the payphone on the street and make a delivery of food to one of her friends for an amount of at least . She stoled alot of things from our house. She also put the baby to sleep while outside by putting a blanket over her head and closing her entire face and telling her to go to sleep. When I told my family about this and they asked her she denied it and said I was lying until one day my grandmother went outside to check on them and caught her doing it. She was jumping up and down with the 1 year old toddler in in her hands on the playground equipment. When at home she would put the baby to sleep she “absolutely” all the time had the door locked for some reason and when she was asked she said the baby wont sleep unless she is in the room with her.
    Once my grandmother walked in on her and the babysitter just jumped because she had her cell phone in her hands and was taking photos and videos of the baby without permission and was hiding her phone in hands. She got some indian family to also take pictures by posing as her mother. A few times she was talking on the phone while the baby was all the way on top of the playground equipment and she could have fell and then no one would be there to pick her up since the babysitter was all the way at the bench. When my family suspended her and told her she wasnt to come back unless she promises not to steal again she promised but then started taking things and keeping them for a week and then when she realized somebody was looking for it she would throw it in different places of the house and these things would suddenly show up. She claimed to be my friend and asked me to please keep her secrets I promised her but then I went straight to my family and told them everything she was doing and that she tells me to keep it a secret. She cursed out my family while I was with her on a trip and then told me to again keep everything that happened there secret she said “what happens on this trip stays on this trip” but I told anyways and then again she said I was lying. The last thing happened was a few days before christmas she got mad at me again for telling my family that she took a video of me without my permission the next day she said she was sorry and that was when she gave us th

    • ANSWER:
      it not your fault at least he had 10 years with you,and you did everything right like take him to vets,i blame myself but you could not do nothing to save him.sorry


Kidney Dialysis Side Effects

  1. Remember y 00004000 ou are in charge – no one knows exactly how you feel; it is your life and your body.
  2. When visiting the hospital take lots of drinks and snacks, and even stuff to pass the time – there is a lot of waiting involved.
  3. Get fit beforehand – every minute you spend in the gym or eating healthily before surgery will pay off. Although it’s depressing when you see the difference between your level of fitness before and after, you will heal faster if you are healthy. Try as far as possible, without going over the BMI limit, to build as much muscle as you can through exercise and eating protein. My body just stripped down my muscles to rebuild itself and I lost a stone in those first few weeks. Also my local gym was very supportive – they gave me a holiday from fees for as long as I needed it – about 8 weeks, and then it was great to be able to go in to work out at exactly the level I needed.
  4. Have a great party before the surgery and keep the pictures close to hand, so that whenever you feel at your worst you can look at them and remember that you do look good, you know how to have a good time and you’ll be doing both very soon.
  5. Get a comfortable mattress. And lots of pillows and cushions, so you can actually get comfortable enough to sleep.
  6. Don’t volunteer for anything else.
  7. Get lots of good videos and books in, as well as all your favourite foods, there is no such thing as too much preparation. Although other people may say they will bring stuff for you, remember that they are often really freaked out too, so may not be that reliable. If there is food etc. that you really want – buy or order it when you are able to, before the surgery. Or you can also set up an internet shop with all your essentials so you can just order at the press of a button! (Also remember that initially your mental capacity may be around the OK! magazine and Friends level, so don’t think you’ll be able to watch all of those art house films and get through Kafka at this time! I couldn’t even read my Harry Potters.)
  8. Buy lots of comfortable baggy trousers. Jogging bottoms are a must! You may live in these for 6-8 weeks, so get some nice ones! And don’t be afraid to go a size up – I definitely swelled up another dress size or two.
  9. Don’t plan to do a lot of stuff when you’re recuperating, remember there’s a reason you’re off work.
  10. You may not be able to eat very much after the surgery. It is most important that you keep up your protein intake to help your body rebuild itself and your fibre intake to prevent constipation. Surround yourself with high protein and fruit and vegetable snacks. Get a supply of high protein, easy to munch foods beforehand, such as Babybel cheeses and nuts, also trekking bars are great – I highly recommend the Nak’d ones available at Holland & Barrett.
  11. Stock up on remedies for everything you’re susceptible to; thrush, cystitis, IBS, migraines, stomach upsets, Dioralyte (for if you get diarrhoea) and try to check with the doctor or nurse prior to surgery if they’re okay to mix with your pain medication.
  12. I’ve also had great results using Manuka Honey (10+ strength) on all kinds of bacterial infections recently and apparently some people are now experimenting with using this directly on wounds. So perhaps you could look into this and/or discuss with your surgeon. (I tried arnica when I had my surgery but didn’t think it had much effect – so it really is whatever works for you!)
  13. Big pants! Not the Bridget Jones type that suck you in (ouch!) What you will need are knickers one or two sizes bigger than your normal size, preferably with hardly any elastic to them. Essentially you want something that isn’t really going to touch you at all as your middle is going to be really sore. It’s gross, but thongs two sizes bigger than your normal size may just be your perfect pant at this time.
  14. Ladies – a few days after the surgery I got my period very early. I am not sure if this was a side effect of the surgery, but please pack your hospital bag accordingly. Also I am sorry to say that my periods were a lot more painful for a while after the surgery. You can try and use some of pain management techniques here, or alternatively you could ask your doctor if and when you can go back on the contraceptive pill – as this does really lighten my periods and provides a bit of respite. It’s also worth discussing with your surgeon AND your GP (as they may differ in opinion) about the wisdom of using ibuprofen as a pain killer for periods. Renal doctors don’t like you to use it as does affect the kidneys, but your GP may advise that it’s fine to take for a few days and is much more effective as it actually slows down your period – but always seek medical advice (even if you don’t follow it to the letter!)
  15. Make sure you have a hot water bottle and everyday pain killers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen.
  16. If very lovely friends invite you to stay with them at this time – consider it. I had a lot of offers, but decided to stay with my family. Remember that if you are donating to another family member, (or even if not) this can be a difficult time for them and it may not be easy for them to support you in the way that you need. I was happiest when I finally got back to my own home, even though it was earlier than planned and a few very lovely friends would visit me, even drive me to their house for dinner. Please accept every offer of support you receive, even if you don’t eventually take it up.
  17. Also remember that you won’t be able to drive for a while, and even being a passenger can be painful, so ask people with really nice comfortable cars to be your chauffeurs (and avoid speed bumps if you can!)

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    side effect on Kidney dialysis?
    my mother is 68 yrs old. She is a diabetic,with high blood pressure. She has only been on dialysis for 5 weeks. she did will for 2 weeks now of the 5 weeks. Now when she gets done with dialysis she gets so weak she can’t walk,vomiting and shaky. she fell out of her bed and had no strength to get up. She has to be cared to bed and to the bathroom. This is the second time in a row this happened. The nurse are very impatient with her and act as if they are not concern about her condition. help!!

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe you should think about getting her into a different dialysis clinic, her family and/or kidney doctor should be able to refer her. You also should consider reporting her nurse to the state, any nurse that acts like that deserves to be put on suspension or fired from her job, you have to have compassion and empathy for your patients. My dad started dialysis not even a week ago…He’s diabetic, has high blood pressure, cancer of the colon, lungs, and liver and he’s also on chemotherapy with a low kidney function level and he too has the same side effects. You have to keep in mind that your mother is having her blood taken out of her, filtered, and put back inside of her, so those side effects are somewhat normal. They can give your mom something for being sick at her stomach and also something to help with her weakness, getting plenty of rest and watching her fluid intake will help so much! They should of given you a list of what she can and can’t have, only something like 32 oz of fluid per day. Make sure she stays away from dark cola, dark cola can and will get under her skin causing her to itch, leaving sores on her. With her being diabetic it will lead to a whole new can of problems. Also, if you really want to help your mom you can talk to someone at her dialysis clinic about how to get training to become a dialysis tech, it lasts for ten weeks and I’m not sure about there but most places will actually pay you to take the classes, not only will you get a good paying job but I’m sure your mom would feel more safe. Also you might be able to make your mom feel better by reminding her that dialysis isn’t always forever…
      Good luck, hope everything looks up, soon!

  2. QUESTION:
    My mother has LUPUS what is the best Corticosteroid with the least side effects?
    My mother has lupus and was told she has lost one kidney and may lose another, the doctor suggested Corticosteroids. She is afraid the side effects are too severe. She’s thinking of just forgetting about taking corticosteroids and starting dialysis, is this a good decision? And if not what are the best corticosteroids with the least side effects.

    • ANSWER:
      No, that is a very bad decision. The reason people with lupus die is because they don’t follow their doctors advice. I have had moderate lupus for 6 years and been on pretty high doses of prednisone for the whole time. There are some side effects: thinning bones and weight gain and memory impairment. The bone loss can be prevented with Fosamax, and the weight gain can be controlled through diet and exercise. Dialysis three times a week is horrible. I’ve seen people on dialysis, and personally, i would rather die than go on dialysis. Dialysis will only buy her time until a kidney transplant, but if she is not following her doctors advise and not treating her lupus properly, there is no point in having a transplant.

  3. QUESTION:
    Dialysis or Transplant (Considering both’s long term side effects)?
    I’m a 24 y/o male on dialysis, I don’t have any other complications other than that my kidneys are in stage 5 failure, and working at 10-15 percent. I know everyone keeps saying that transplantation is the best option, but the side effects from the medications they will put me on (immunosuppressants) sound terrifying to me, and I guess I just wanna know what the lesser of the two evils is? In case you didn’t know, Kidney Disease sucks.
    The side effects of the immunosuppresant drugs is what really scares me. Insomnia, night sweats, a forever bloated face, if not substantial weight gain, brittle bones, increased risk for colds, lfus, etc., hair loss, acne, and the list goes on. If I were already in my twilight years, I’d be less worried about some of those things, but because I’m so young, it really does bother me. Right now I look normal, young and healthy and most people can’t even tell. I’m pretty sure post transplant after all the side effects everyone will be like “wtf happened to YOU?” and don’t say that at least you’re alive, because if you were in my shoes, my age, with my mentality and world view, I think you would be inclined to feel similarly to how I’m feeling about all of this.
    And one’s self-image is extremely important in how they feel about themselves, their esteem, and life in general. I also keep reading that once someone gets a transplant, most of them struggle with these thoughts of wether to go on living or not anymore. I just feel like doctors and those around you, aren’t REALLY preparing you for the answers you’ll need, and they won’t touch the questions you won’t even think to ask beforehand. No offense to those of you who have been kind enough to answer so far.

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    is kidney transplant the best option for a patient suffering from CRF?
    my grandpa is suffering from CRF(chronic renal failure) his disease was diagnoised(sorry if i’m mistaken in spelling) some 13 or 14 years back till now he didn’t achieved the stage for dialysis. now his urea,creatnin his reaching up to limit for dialysis so what should be done dialysis or kidney transplant
    what will be the side effects of both
    and which hospital is best for kidney transplant

    • ANSWER:
      I think it is the last option left to survive.
      pkn

  5. QUESTION:
    this is very urgent.. please reply as soon as possible?
    are there any longterm side effects from kidney dialysis?
    I have some questions
    1. what long term side effect has it?
    2. if there are side effects, then when does it appear, meaning after how many years or month?
    3. how long can a man who does kidny dialysis twice a week live?
    4. If the creatinine is 5.9, does it mean that this person must do dialysis?

    please reply my questions soonest possible, it’s urgent!!

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      You should talk to a doctor, in person, about this.

      Using common sense:
      1. You have less toxins in your blood, so you don’t die from not having a kidney.
      2. If you need kidney dialysis, then the side effects are most likely better than dying from kidney failure.
      3. Probably a really long time.
      4. Seriously, talk to a doctor in person.

  6. QUESTION:
    Was removing my fathers’s kideys and bladder which both had cancer the best decision?
    My father is now on dialysis 3 times a week as he longer has a kidney and bladder. Now he has many side effects of dialysis including chronic heart failure, restless leg syndrome, nausea.
    Was this still the best solution to his problem?

    • ANSWER:
      This is not a solution to his problem and his doctor would have told him that.
      However, you father must have felt this was the route he wanted to go in order to prolong his life.

  7. QUESTION:
    what is dialysis treatment?
    what are the side effect s for dialysis when kidneys are not working at full capacity

    • ANSWER:
      dialysis is a treatment used for people with chronic renal failure or severe renal impairment, as the kidneys cannot do their usual job of filtering the blood of its used nutrients and bi-products of respiration and metabolism.

      (so the kidneys fliters things out of the blood and turn them into urine)

      dialysis is a treatment which uses a machine outside the body to filter the blood, as the kidneys can no longer do this. the machine removes the waste from the blood. this is basic haemodialysis, there are several other types. the frequency of this treatment is based on the severity of the renal failure

      the side effects are generally positive as the person has temporary relief from their renal failure. there can be complications such as infections due to imunosupressed state of patient with renal failure. or they may have side effects of medications they may be taking as adjunct therapy.

  8. QUESTION:
    Should a patient with non-functioning kidneys (removed due to failed transplant) take baclofen?
    Twitching and spasms, diminished mental capacity, repetitive talking of nonsense started after three doses of baclofen. Sounds like some of the serious side effects. Patient is on dialysis because of zero kidney function.
    Twitching and spasms, diminished mental capacity, repetitive talking of nonsense started after three doses of baclofen. Sounds like some of the serious side effects. Patient is on dialysis because of zero kidney function. Stopped using the drug after the 3 doses and symptoms are slowly getting better. It seems like the conditions were the worst approximately 12 – 24 hours after the last dose was taken.

    • ANSWER:
      Baclofen is a medication used for spasticity that is often excreted by the kidneys. However, if there is a problem with the kidneys, there may be adverse reactions or even symptoms of overdose since it cannot be excreted in the kidneys. This may be a reason why it is contraindicated in patients with this condition.

      Symptoms of overdose include seizures, drowsiness, dizziness, mental confusion, nausea, muscle weakness, trouble breathing.

  9. QUESTION:
    Questions about dialysis…?
    1. How long does it take before you have to undergo dialysis again? (Assuming you have kidney failure and just had a dialysis.)
    2. What are the side effects after it? (What do you usually feel after having dialysis?)
    3. How long does the process take?

    Thank you very much…

    • ANSWER:
      Most people go for dialysis every other day, they are usually tired when the process is finished and the process depends on how much you weigh and your age the normal time for dialysis is about 4 hours.

  10. QUESTION:
    wondering if anyone else has polycystic kidney disease?
    i have polycystic kidney disease(pkd) and am wondering how anyone else is managing flank,back and side pain?also dialysis or transplant,what are the side effects and postives from your personal point of view? thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Have you already gone through the full kidney and colon cleansing processes?

      Kidney cleanse is any procedure that involves drinking a huge amount of liquid, and taking care what you are eating. Just a better diet with more water can be enough! But, also any form of bowel cleansing will also help kidneys! The Master Cleanse Lemonade Diet is also a Kidney cleanse, juice fasting is also a kidney cleanse, and any other form of fasting that incorporates a lot of liquids, will in the same time clean a kidney. Do you need special herbs? Only if you have acute lower back pain, clear symptom of Kidney stones (sharp glass like crystals, made of phosphoric acid, or sometimes may include other acids). In special occasions, you can get a kidney stone crystallized in less then a few days !!! To melt a stone/stones, you may need a few weeks, or one day with the Watermelon Cleanse.

      Recipes for Kidney Cleanse:
      Herbal Kidney Clease
      Watermelon Cleanse
      Water Cure
      More on kidney cleanse herbs

      Herbal Kidney Cleanse Designed by Dr. Hulda Clark from her book “The Cure for All Disease”, explains in detail how to cleanse the kidneys, and her cleansing program will get rid of most if not all the stones, WITHOUT surgery.
      Ingredients:

      1/2 cup dried Hydrangea root
      1/2 cup Gravel root
      1/2 cup Marshmallow root
      4 bunches of fresh parsley
      Goldenrod tincture (leave this out of the recipe if you are allergic to it)
      Ginger Capsules
      Uva Ursi capsules
      Vegetable glycerine
      Vitamin B6 250mg
      Magnesium oxide 300mg or 1/4 cup Green Drink Beverage

      Measure ¼ cup of each root and set them to soak, Together in 10 cups of cold tap water, using a non-metal container and a non-metal lid (a dinner plate will do). After four hours (or over night), bring liquid with soaked herbs to a boil and simmer for 20 minutes. Drink a ¼ cup as soon as it is cool enough. Pour the rest in through a bamboo or plastic strainer into a sterile pint jar (glass) and several freezable containers. Refrigerate the glass jar.
      Find fresh parsley at a grocery store that does not spray its produce (ask the owner). Boil the fresh parsley, after rinsing, in 1 quart of water for 3 minutes. Strain out the liquid, then drink ¼ cup when cool enough. Refrigerate a pint and freeze 1 pint. Put the cooked parsley in your compost bucket.
      Dose: each morning, pour together ¾ cup of the root mixture and ½ cup parsley water, filling a large mug. Add 20 drops of goldenrod tincture and 1 tbs. of glycerin.

      Drink this mixture in divided doses throughout the day. Keep cold. Do not drink it all at once or you will get a stomach ache and feel pressure in the bladder. If your stomach is very sensitive, start on half this dose.

      Save the roots after the first boiling, storing them in the freezer. After 13 days when your supply runs low, boil the same roots a second time, but add only 6 cups water and simmer only 10 minutes. This will last another 8 days, for a total of three weeks. You may cook the roots a third time if you wish, but the recipe gets less potent. If your problem is severe, only cook them twice.
      After three weeks, repeat with fresh herbs. You need to do the kidney cleanse for six weeks to get good results, longer for severe problems.

      Also take:

      Ginger capsules: one with each meal (3/day).
      Uva Ursi capsules: one with breakfast and two with supper
      Vitamin B6 (250mg): one per day
      Magnesium oxide (300mg): one a day

      Take these supplements just before your meal to avoid burping.

      Some notes on this recipe: this herbal tea, as well as the parsley, can easily spoil. Heat it to boiling every fourth day if it is being stored in the refrigerator; this resterilizes it. If you sterilize it in the morning you may take it to work without refrigerating it (use a glass container).

      There are probably dozens of herbs that can dissolve kidney crystals and stones. If you can only find several of those in the recipe, make the recipe anyway; it will just take longer to get results. Remember that vitamin B6 and magnesium taken daily can prevent oxalate stones from forming. But only if you stop drinking regular tea and cocoa. Tea has 15.6 mg oxalate acid per cup. A tall glass of iced tea could give you over 20 mg oxalate acid. Switch to herb teas. Cocoa and chocolate, also, have too much oxalate acid to be used as beverages.

      Remember too that phosphate crystals are made when you eat too much phosphate. Phosphate levels are high in meats, breads, cereals, pastas, and carbonated drinks, eat less of these, and increase your milk (2%), fruits and vegetables. Drink at least 2 pints of water per day.

      You can dissolve all your kidney stones in 3 weeks, but make new ones in 3 days if you are drinking tea and cocoa and phosphate beverages.
      Cleanse your kidneys at least twice a year.

      http://www.falconblanco.com/health/cleansing/kidney.html

      kidney cleanse

      http://www.curezone.com/cleanse/kidney/default.asp

      http://www.ehow.com/how_12678_kidney-cleansing-fast.html

      http://www.healingdaily.com/colon-kidney-detoxification.htm

      http://www.healthfree.com/cleansing_programs_kidney.html

  11. QUESTION:
    I need to interview a doctor or nurse who has worked with dialysis patients?
    i need to interview a nurse or doctor about dialysis for my biology class on the following questions…please help!!!
    here are the questions

    1.) What is Dialysis?

    2.) How does dialysis work?

    3.) Is there any side effects that accompany dislysis? if so, what are they?

    4.) Can dialysis be performed on anyone?

    5.) What is kidney failure?

    6.) Is kidney failure hereditary?

    7.) How long can a person live on dialysis?

    8.) How often is the dialysis treatement performed?

    9.) Is diabetes linked to kidney failure?

    10.) What can someone do to help prevent having kidney failure?

    thanks:)

    • ANSWER:

  12. QUESTION:
    Should my mom stay on prednisone or stop taking it and go on dialyis to wait for a kidney?
    My mom is currently on prednisone and she doesnt know if the side effects, are worth it. Her bones arent as strong, she has heart flushes, and it makes her feel weak. If she does get off prednisone her kidney function will go down and she’ll be on the waiting list for a kidney. Do you think she should stop taking prednisone and go on to the waiting list and do dialysis when her kidney function reaches 15 percent. its about 24 percent right now, you need to be below 20 percent to go on the waiting list.

    • ANSWER:

  13. QUESTION:
    Help… Kidney Transplant Questions!?
    Hello! I’m a 30 year old guy and needs your help…
    Earlier this month, i have a biopsy made on my kidney…
    I was diagnosed to have a stage 5 CKD, ESRD… Got a GFR of 16%, Creatinine of 650… My blood sugar is normal…
    Just talked to my Nephrologist yesterday, and he told me, at my young age, he suggested me to have a preemptive kidney transplant instead of waiting for my kidneys to deteriorate and maybe, to have a dialysis…

    Now, if ever, i need to have a transplant… Here are my questions:

    1st Question:
    What preparation do i need to do to prepare myself for the transplant? Physically & Emotionally…?

    2nd Question:
    How long will the transplant operation take, from cutting to stitching? If i have a related donor, will we be operated at the same time? Or the donor goes first before me at the operating room?

    3rd Question:
    After the operation, after waking up, how do you feel? Can you move your body? How long will i be sleeping, from entering OR to after the operation? How long will you be in bed before you can sit, stand or even walk on your own?

    4th Question:
    How long will i stay in the hospital? How long will the incision heal?

    5th Question:
    How big will the incision be, in inches please? And on what part of the body will it be, is it on the stomach?

    6th Question:
    If i received a new kidney, do they have to take out my old kidneys or will it stay? If NO, what if my 2 old kidneys totally throw in the towel and gave up in the future, do we need to remove my 2 kidneys?

    7th Question:
    My nephro told me that if i have a transplant, i would be living a normal life again… After your transplant, for those who have a successful transplant, is it as normal as your life before? I mean, can you still do the things that you are doing / eat the food you eat before you got your kidney disease?

    Last Question:
    Any physical or emotional changes after the transplant? Or maybe side effects of the transplants or medicines after transplant?

    Hope you could help me on my questions?
    I’m really scared to death when i think of the transplant…
    Because i really don’t know what’s going to happen…
    Thank you for those who will answer my questions…

    • ANSWER:
      My son was also had ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease)Stage 5,, CRI(Chronic Renal Insuffiency), CKD(Chronic Kidney Disease), (and any other accronym you can think of) he has only one kidney(born that way) and it was at 12% function. Answerer 1 did a great job of explaining. I will tell you my expierience as a parent and donor.

      1. Physically you need to be free of infection(or signs of ) for a minimum of 6 weeks. At least this was my expierience. My son had contracted pertionitis (infection of the pertionium) through faulty medical practice so his tranpslant was delayed by several weeks. I’m sorry I cannot answer the emotional part. Though I can talk to you and offer support. (okay that sounds a little creepy)

      2. If you have a living donor (ie a friend or realtive or annoynmous) they will be prepped for surgery first. I was prepped at 9am on my paticular day. As they are working on the donor the surgeons give the go ahead to prep the recipient. They (the donor and recipient) will be in adjacent OR (operating room) so the kidney literally goes right from donor to recipient. I think the surgery itself takes about 4 hours from start with the donor to finish with you. But if complicaitions arise (this is a possibility with any proceedure) of course it will take longer.

      3. Believe it or not, you will feel much better than the donor after surgery. The kidney starts working right away even before you are closed up. Isn’t that awesome! I do not know how long you will be unconscious. I’m not sure how long I slept etiher. My son had a total of 6 Iv fluids in his arm and neck. They were bolus fluids(to replace those lost during surgery, antirejection drugs, antibiotics, morphine drip ect…
      Yes you can move your body. My son (the recipient) was sitting as soon as he woke up and asking to play video games. He did complain of pain but nothing terrible. The doctors will try to get you up and walking to help move your bowels and you will also have terrible gas from all the air trapped in your abdomen. AS the donor I lost all modesty having to ask help to go to the toilet. Help bathing ect… I could not walk on my own for about a week, but I used a walker. I was stubborn I would not use the wheelchair offered. They did not give me pain medication prior to waking so I was very sore. Finally I was given a morpihne drip which caused me to vomit repeatedly (right after major abdomnial sugery no less) do I stuck with hydrocodone. It took a week before I could sit without help on my own. Even then it was difficult , having to roll over on my side or something. I’m sure I looked like a walrus or something. (lol looking back I can only laugh at all my son and I have gone through, because after all we are still alive and in realtive good health, just try to remaiin postive, it can be hard at times though, lean on your family or close friends)

      4.As the donor I stayed only 5 days. My son as the recipient stayed 10. Now if you contract any infection or have rejection issues you will stay longer. His incision healed very quickly in a matter of weeks, it was glued not sutured.

      5. 9 inches vertically on the stomach right past the belly button (they cut around it.

      6. They leave the old kidneys. No even if they are non functional. You body can perform just fine on one healthy kidney.

      7. You will be on a normal diet yes. The may tell you to avoid contact sports. My son can never particapte in them due to the location of the kidney. You will be on antirejection drugs for the rest of your life or for the life of the kidney, in which case you may have to endure dialysis.

      8. With some of the rejection drugs there is a small chance of cancer. Also when taking prednisone you will expierience moon face (swollen face) and rapid weight gain and appetite. After your doctor reduces the dose this side affect will diminish. (it is a steriod)

      Lastly, good luck to you! I hope everything turns in your favor.

      EDIT Also the same year (2008) my son had his transplant he had a total of 6 surgeris that year (three of the abdomnial, he had appendicitis, kidney transplant, bowel obstructuon from scar tissue from the tranplant, they opened the same scar three different times.). He is 7 years old, thus far he has shown no emotional scars and is very outgoing. I think you will do just fine given time and support. They way I look at it (and tell my son jokeingly) chicks love scars! If anything it prompts conversation! Agian Best wishes!

  14. QUESTION:
    Grandfather has no kidney function: How long will he continue to suffer?
    My husband’s grandfather has acute renal failure. His heart is not strong enough for them to do dialysis, so they are basically just giving him morphine. His limbs are really swollen, and he is very uncomfortable. He has had no kidney function in two days. He has made peace with the fact that he is going to die and has said his goodbyes. He is completely conscious (except for some side effects from the morphine) and has even given input into his funeral.

    When they took him off of the medicine that was making his heart beat yesterday, the doctors said he would pass “very quickly.” It has been 24 hours.

    How long will he continue to suffer? How long can you live with NO kidney function?
    MomMom8- While there are certainly religious implications in my question, it is in the HEALTH section. Therefore, I am looking for medical information only.

    • ANSWER:
      I’d say no more than a couple of days. It’s good that he’s at peace with this. Just try to make him as comfortable as possible and answer any last requests.

  15. QUESTION:
    Pro and cons of a kidney transplant
    I’m on dialysis (home hemo) since 17 years, and doing great, since I dialyze 6 times a week. I am almost 50 and considering a transplant now. I am scared to death, of the pain, the medication and all the side effects. Are there any people out there who would like to tell me something about their experience?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi i had a kidney transplant at the age of 11. Im 16 now and feeling good :].

      I was on dialysis for a year ( i had both kinds).. both sucked lol.

      Definately go for it. There are of course cons for any surgery but there are much more pros in my opinoin.

      Pros: eat what ever you want
      feel better & look better
      no dialysis !
      no more being swollen
      drink as much as you want!
      less hospital visits
      no more bad side effects of some medicines !

      Cons:
      there really isnt many ..

      im not gunna lie after the transplant i was very sore .. i was connected to a lot of tubes and stuff . i was just so excited to eat differet foods ( potassium lol ) and drink ! AND i was only in the hosital for a month or so ..

      i couldnt really go out in public much just because of germs … but only for a limited amount of time ..the medicine isn’t that bad ..

      i still take about 13 pills a day .. no more than i did when i had the kidney disease so it not a big deal .. and since you’ve had the disease for a long time pills should be easy right ??

      there really aren’t many side effects ..

      my transplant failed right after ( i had a really agressive disease and they said it would be a 50/50 chance ) but they got it back working with fareesis ( i know i spelt that wrong lol) so im pretty healthy now

      DEFINATELY go for it if you can .. ask your doctors as many questions as you want .. it makes life so much more easier and enjoyable .. i dont regret one bit of it ..

      good luck :]

  16. QUESTION:
    Dialysis Biology Homework?
    I am finding it difficult to find understandable information out about kidneys and dialysis for my biology homework!
    a)By what process do chemical wastes pass from the blood into the dialysising fluid
    b)WHy dont blood cells and big molecules like protein go into the dialysing fluid
    c)What effect does dialysis have on the level of i. the urea and ii. glucose in the blood
    d) A person using a kidney machine usually has dialysis twice a week
    i. how dus this compare with the action of normal kidneys
    ii. do you think that a person using dialysis twice a week needs to be careful about their diet? Explain your answer.

    Any help would be brilliant this is just one question on a massive double sided sheet!

    • ANSWER:
      Okay, I’ll see what I can do…
      a) I would say diffusion, but I’m not entirely sure.
      b) Blood cells and large molecules can’t get through the small pores of the filter (or filtering tissue).
      c) Dialysis lowers the level of urea in the blood, but the glucose level remains mostly the same because the blood sugar is added back into the blood.
      d) i. normal kidneys are continuously active rather than being active only twice a week.
      ii. Yes, because the kidneys are responsible for removing excess salt from the body, so a diet excessively salty could be hazardous for that person’s health.

  17. QUESTION:
    Is anyone out there that has to do peritoneal dialysis ? ?
    My son lost his kidneys in 2007 due to a rare cancer. The cancer is almost undetectable at this time and is in remission . He does PD at home. One day bag around noon and then hooks up to the machine at night. He suffers from migrains so bad that he throws up until you’d think his insides would come out next . He can’t sleep at night to good , maybe due to the feeling being on the machine has . They now tell him he has diabetes. He is only 34.
    I would like to hear from other PD patients and what side effects you have and what you do to help make it better. He had nine operations in three months for different complications , in the beganing . It was pretty rough going and he even die for six minutes during one of the surgeries
    I live in California and he lives is Texas. I go out there as much as possibe and stay a month each time I go. My heart is broken for him. I worry , I pray , then cry for him . I can only imagin what its like for him to be stricken with these diseases knowing there isnt much hope for the future getting any better . Because of the cancer , a kidney transplant may never happen. Please share your PD treatment with me. I feel at a loss to help him.
    Thank You and God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      i don’t do PD but i know someone who does. he can do it on his own already and he is used to doing it already. he doesn’t experience any side effects. your son may be throwing up because of the feeling of bloatedness, especially on his stomach area. (but maybe it would be better consulting it with a physician). a dangerous adverse effect you must watch out for is infection.

      continue supporting your child. it will help a lot. =]

  18. QUESTION:
    Dialysis and digestive problems???
    My father-in-law’s kidneys failed in mid-January. He has been diabetic for 7 years. He underwent immediate surgery to have a catheter put in his chest so that dialysis could being immediately. He had surgery on Tuesday afternoon and had his first dialysis treatment on Wednesday at 4pm! He has had approximately 10 dialysis treatments thus far and seems to be doing well with them.

    However, he has a very bad and disheartening side effect–every single time he eats ANYTHING, he gets diarrhea and throws up. His doctor told him to drink Citrucel and he has been doing this for a week with no relief yet. My family would like to know if this has happened to anyone else and what was done to resolve the problem. We are new at this whole dialysis thing, so any help would be greatly appreciated. THANK YOU in advance to anyone who can offer us some advice! :)

    • ANSWER:
      I cant help you with personal experience, I am not at that stage yet, but I found the support site below which may help you. Good luck I wish your FIL well.
      Im diabetic (7 months since diagnosis) and diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease 2 weeks ago.

  19. QUESTION:
    Lebanon category,how yong is too yong?
    to make a decision about own health?
    my boy who is 13 years old with multiple health issues,want to switch from one inconvenient treatment to an easier kind of treatment,but there is a catch;
    the treatment he is on now involves a needles inserted in his stomach ,connected to a pump with medication lasting 12 hours each weeknight and 16 hours on weekends.
    The other option is a pill that can be diluted in water or juice and to be taking once a day.
    So where is the problem?the first option has been around for more than 30 years and side effects are minimal,
    while the pill has only been approved 6 years ago and still not enough research done on the severity of the side effects(one major side effect is malfunction of the kidney which might escalate to needing dialysis).

    i want him to stay on the pump treatment ,he wants the pill!
    is he old enough to make that decision ?or should it be me who decide what to choose especially since doctors are giving us the option of choosing ?

    • ANSWER:
      He is far to young & you are the responsible adult …I know the sort of pressure a 13 year old can put on a parent but hold your ground ….

      Maybe you can do further research regarding the later treatment…get another opinion but if there are nasty side effects it’s a no brainer !

      Bottom line is if you take the easy option now & there are complications down the line you will never forgive yourself…

  20. QUESTION:
    Is Noni (fruit) hair dye can really restore humans’ grey hair roots back to its original black colour again?
    The various types of Hair colour-hair-dye in the market which contain p-Phenylenediamine (PPD), Ammonia and Hydrogen Peroxide, can eventually cause side effects like the accumulation of toxin during a period of 10 to 15 years, if worse comes to worst have to go for kidney or bladder dialysis if the case is too serious……is beauty more important than health?
    khjkhjkl who don’t know Health is most important. But, please answer my question as whether Noni Black hair dye is a gimmick or not is my main concerned.
    khjkhjkl who don’t know Health is most important. But, please answer my question as whether Noni Black hair dye is a gimmick or not is my main concerned.

    • ANSWER:
      I found one product from the Philipines: http://www.alibaba.com/product-free/106995061/BSY_NONI_BLACK_HAIR_MAGIC_shampoo.html. I don’t know anythng about it personally and I’m ot sure it can be trusted.

      I have used Herbatint with success for brown hair. I don’t know if they carry a product that will turn your hair completely black. However, Herbatint has been sold in health food stores for probably over ten years. It is probably the healthiest hair dye around.

      http://www.herbalessences.com/us/collections/haircolor/ is made by Clairol and is not really a health product, but it doesn’t contain ammonia or hydrogen peroxide. Maybe that is a compromise for you. Good luck.

  21. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know…? 10 points…?
    I have a friend who is going to start dialysis he has kidney cyst.. i know there is a name for that but doesnt come to mind at this moment..i am concern as how he will handle it.. but i myself dont know anything about it.. is there anyone who can tell me what he will go through..and what are the side effects on this.. he was given the choice of 3 times a week.. how can i help him cope with this..? will it make him depressed.. will he need help.. can someone explain this to me.. thank u…

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like your friend has polycystic kidney disease, this leads to kidney failure as the cysts destroy the functioning kidney tissue. Dialysis can initially be scary, but he will get used to it and do fine. The fact that he will be getting dialysis so frequently means that they will most likely create a shunt in one of his arms. They basically suture two large blood vessels together so that the machine can take blood and return it in the same area of the body. This will heal quickly and isn’t even noticeable unless you know what you are looking for. It is important for you and others to know about because he will need to protect that arm from blood draws and blood pressures in the future. Just be a friend. You can go with him to dialysis, should only take 2-4 hours and watch tv with him while they do it, or read a book together.

  22. QUESTION:
    need contact number to see if my brother has a lawsuit.?
    my brother was put on lipito for high chloresterol, he had a total breakdown throughout his muscles which resulted in his kidneys to not work properly and they begun to fail. He was in the hospital for close to a month. His kidneys did begin to improve before he had to go on dialysis. They are close to returning to almost normal, but continues to have other side effects such as pain in the kidney area, one leg not functioning right-goes numb,tingles,swell,sore,etc..please let me know if he should contact anyone or if you know who may be able to help him. Sincerely, Lori

    • ANSWER:
      I think you mean Lipitor.

      I had a problem with Lipitor before the ads mentioned that muscle weakness and pain “may be a sign of rare but serious side effects.” That was probably 10 years ago. I have finally gotten relief from the pain, but my leg muscles are still somewhat weak. When I was taking Lipitor, there was no advertising and I didn’t know about the side effects.

      I think your brother may have a good suit. He should see a good lawyer — the best one he can find. If a good lawyer thinks your brother has a good suit, he’ll take the case on a contingent fee basis. If not, he’ll want a retainer and then it will be paygo. It will cost him a fortune. There should be no charge for a consultation.

      Good luck.

  23. QUESTION:
    Do fat people understand that Bariatric Surgery is not easy way out?
    The following is a list of possible side-effects and complications to consider before having weight-loss surgery. We will discuss these in more detail at your office consultation.

    1. Anastomotic leak (leak from a connection made to the bowel, usually requires re-operation and long hospital stay)

    2. Anastomotic stricture (narrowing or obstruction at an intestinal connection resulting in vomiting)

    3. Bowel obstruction/strangulation/internal hernia/ischemic bowel possibly needing removal (associated with pain and vomiting, usually requires re-operation)

    4. Injury to an abdominal or pelvic organ/structure (especially the liver, spleen, pancreas, bile duct, stomach, esophagus, colon, bowel, diaphragm, urinary bladder, nerve or blood vessel)

    5. Conversion to an open operation (due to bleeding, poor exposure, large liver, tension on intestines, etc.)

    6. Incisional hernia (more likely if procedure is done open)

    7. Infection or abscess (due to a leak, spillage of intestinal contents, underlying infection, etc)

    8. Bleeding and the potential need for blood transfusion. Blood transfusion carries the risk of infection with bacteria, parasites (malaria), and viruses (hepatitis, HIV/AIDS).

    9. Need for additional surgery or procedures to treat any complication that may occur

    10. Prolonged hospital stay or readmission may be needed to treat complications

    11. Deep Vein Thrombosis (blood clot in a vein)

    12. Pulmonary Embolus (blood clot going to lung, fatal 30% of the time)

    13. Atelectasis (lung collapse causing fevers, possibly pneumonia)

    14. Pneumonia, lung infection and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion)

    15. Heart attack (myocardial infarction)

    16. Stroke

    17. Pancreatitis

    18. Rhabdomyalysis (breakdown of the muscle in the body)

    19. Pressure ulcer or decubitus (skin breakdown, may require skin grafting)

    20. Allergic reaction to anesthesia, medications or materials

    21. Nerve or ligament injury from positioning or lying on the operating table

    22. Kidney failure and/or the need for dialysis

    23. Need for ICU care

    24. Need for a ventilator (machine to help you breathe)

    25. Multi-system organ failure (liver, kidneys, lungs, etc.)

    26. Poor cosmetic results (ugly scar, keloid, unattractive incisions, contour defects)

    27. Chronic pain, discomfort, numbness, burning or tingling in the incisions or anywhere else (abdomen, back, extremities)

    28. Transient or chronic nausea/vomiting due to strictures, gastroparesis, food intolerance, etc.

    29. Dysphagia (difficulty or painful swallowing)

    30. Diarrhea, constipation, foul smelling gas and stools

    31. Heartburn (acid reflux) symptoms

    32. Ulcers or gastritis

    33. Intestinal perforation due to ulcer, foreign body, obstructed food, etc.

    34. Development of food intolerances/loss of taste

    35. Dumping syndrome (abdominal pain, heart palpitations, sweating, nausea, diarrhea)

    36. Hair loss or thinning

    37. Development of malnutrition or vitamin deficiency

    38. Anemia

    39. Metabolic bone disease (loosing calcium from the bone because of inadequate intake and supplementation) with possible osteoporosis, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone fractures

    40. Failure to lose an adequate amount of weight

    41. Loss of too much weight

    42. Development of loose or redundant skin

    43. Sterility or inability to become pregnant

    44. Increased ability to become pregnant

    45. Birth defects or fetal injury if you become pregnant. This is less likely once weight has stabilized and laboratory tests are normal. Usually, about 2 years after surgery.

    46. Postoperative depression or other psychological reaction to surgery

    47. Need to revise or reverse the procedure at some point in the future because of nutritional deficiencies, excessive weight loss, pain or other reasons

    48. Extended disability, financial hardship as a result of complications related to weight loss surgery

    49. Parts of your stomach and/or intestines will be inaccessible by endoscopy.

    50. Death (1% nationwide) within 30 days

    • ANSWER:
      It’s just amazing how thousands and thousands of people have actually survived this surgery and are now healthy and happy. How long would your list be if you listed all the things that morbid obesity causes in a person. It would be much longer and certainly more serious than those you listed. You get this surgery to save your life. It has done that for my husband who is doing just great with it. He hasn’t had a single problem yet other than getting adjusted to eating the right amount to not feel so full. He has lost 80 pounds and feels great. He is so much more active and actually takes long walks all the time. His energy level has skyrocketed. He started planting a garden yesterday and doesn’t need anyone to help him get down on the ground to do it which he hasn’t done in many years. He doesn’t get out of breath like before. His blood pressure has dropped enough to lower his medication for it. Obesity caused him to have both his knees replaced and it still bothered him. Now he no longer has any pain in his knees, and he walks with ease. Next week, we are going to start riding our bikes. I always have had to do it without him, but no more. He is going along with others family and friends. This surgery has done much more for him than anyone can imagine. I don’t know why you want to keep running it down, but it is a real lifesaver to many people. Yes, there are risks. But the real question is whether or not the risks of staying obese are greater than the surgery. Most doctors will agree that obesity is the bigger risk for anyone morbidly obese. My husband loves his new life without all that weight. He knew all the risks before he had it done. It was well worth taking those risks for his good health now.

  24. QUESTION:
    Idea’s in Context Questions.?
    THESE ARE EXTREMELY LIKELY TO COME UP ON THE TEST

    OCR 21ST CENTURY ADDITIONAL SCIENCE, IDEAS IN CONTEXT.

    Additional Science Topic 1

    1. What is meant by the term homeostasis? (2 mark)

    2. What factors affect the production of urine in the body? (5 mark)

    3. What substance will not be found in the urine of a healthy person? (1 mark)

    4. What advice is given to dialysis patients? (2 mark)

    5. What molecules can pass through the partially permeable membrane of the dialysis machine? (3 mark)

    6. Why do red bloods remain in the patient’s blood during dialysis? (2 mark)

    7. Why does the dialysis fluid flow in the opposite direction to the patient’s blood? (2mark)

    8. Why is it important to keep the concentration of urea low in the dialysis fluid by constantly replacing it? (2 mark)

    9. How many people in the UK population develop chronic kidney failure? (1 mark)

    10. What scientific word is used to describe the movement of water molecules from area of high concentration to area of low concentration? (1 mark)

    11. What hormone affects the production of urine? (1 mark)

    12. Where is this hormone produced in the brain? (1 mark)

    13. How does alcohol affect the production of urine? (2 mark)

    14. What conditions might cause a person’s urine to be a) more concentrated b) more dilute.

    15. What is the longest length of time a person may need to be attached to a dialysis machine in a week?

    16. Proteins cannot pass through a partially permeable membrane, suggest why!

    17. What does partially permeable mean?

    18. Describe the affects of alcohol on the production of urine. Ensure you name the hormone responsible for controlling urine production in your answer.

    19. Name two other things that are kept constant in the body via homeostasis.

    20. Define reabsorption.

    Additional Science topic 2

    The following words are continued throughput the passage. Give a definition for each word below.
    acid
    pH
    alkaline
    neutralise
    antacid
    compounds
    reactions
    carbonates
    concentrations
    ions
    insoluble
    soluble

    2. What can be the result of having too much acid in the body?

    3. What can happen as a result of having too much stomach acid?

    4. What can happen as a result of having too much acid in our muscles?

    5. What can happen if you have too much acid in the blood?

    6. What two elements does a carbonate contain?

    7. Looking at the table of results answer the following:

    (a) What variable was being investigated?
    (b) What variables were kept the same?

    (c) Do the results show a pattern? Explain.

    (d) Are the results precise?

    (e) Are the results reliable? Explain.

    (f) Explain why there may have been a slight change in temperature?

    (g) What conclusion could you draw from the results? (reference any results which support your conclusion)

    (h) Are there any obvious anomalies?

    (i) Suggest ways to make the results more precise?

    (j) Suggest ways to make the results more accurate?

    8. Is it good to take tablets to neutralise stomach acid that are insoluble? Explain.

    9. What are the side effects of insoluble neutralising stomach acid tablets?

    10. What gas is made as result of taking insoluble neutralising stomach acid tablets?

    11. What side effects of soluble neutralising stomach acid tablets?

    12. What are the products of mixing an acid and an alkali together?

    13. Which acid neutralising stomach acid tablet would you recommend? Explain.

    Additional Science topic 3

    1. What happens when white light passes through a prism?

    2. Why did the Royal Society publish Isaac Newton’s letter after he found out that light separated into different colours?

    3. Why did Newton suggest that light was made of particles?

    4. Christiaan Huygens established a wave theory of light in 1690. Why do you think that he waited until 1690 before he published his theory?

    5. What was the advantage of Christiaan Huygens wave theory over Newton’s particle theory?

    6. List the similarities and differences between TRANSVERSE and LONGITUDINAL waves.
    (Draw diagrams if it helps you to communicate your ideas)

    7. Why did Thomas Young carry out many experiments on light? What did he discover?

    8. What is the speed of light in a vacuum, in m/s and km/s?

    9. James Clerk Maxwell calculated the speed of electromagnetic waves. What did he find out? What important conclusion did he state?

    10. Heinrich Hertz supported Maxwell’s conclusion by carrying out experiments. Why is it important for other scientists to agree and arrive at the same conclusions?

    11. Max Planck said that electromagnetic radiation arrives in small packets of energy. What are they called?

    12. Planck also said that light behaved like waves and particles at the same time. What did this lead to?

    13. What did Albert Einstein discover about electromag
    13. What did Albert Einstein discover about electromagnetic waves traveling through a vacuum?

    14. Why are all the Scientists in the time-line men?

    • ANSWER:
      9) James Clerk Maxwell said the “a small personage” operated a frictionless door.

  25. QUESTION:
    What could cause such serious health problems?
    My father in law is 74 years old. He was a very heavy smoker. He smoked 3 packs a day when he was younger. He has chronic heart failure, COPD, emphysema and is a brittle diabetic. He was driving to a Drs. appt which was only about 2 blocks from his home. He passed out last week while driving and went over an embankment and flipped his car. He was life flighted to a local trauma hospital. He had a right hip replacement and had lost almost 3 pints of blood and plasma. He was originally in ICU then only after 2 days was upgraded to stable and put in a regular floor. My husband got an emergency call at work today to find out that his father got worse over night. His kidneys totally failed and had to be put on kidney dialysis. He was also diagnosed with having pneumonia. He was sent back to critical care tonight. My husband’s father left when he was 6 years old. He was raised by his mother and maternal grandparents. He father was involved in his life occasionally. He really isn’t that close to his father. He has become closer since his mother and grandparents both passed away. My husband is more like his mother than his Dad. My husband graduated with an MBA and is a chemist. He gets his intelligence though from his father’s side of the family. My husband is being quiet, but I can see his concern for his father. What could have caused the pneumonia and especially the kidney failure? Was it the coumadin and advair that might have brought this all on? I was a nurse aide for nearly 15 years and saw the effects of coumadin on the elderly. I believe that it could have caused the kidney failure. I believe that the pneumonia is a result of the surgery and being bed ridden. Does the outlook seem favorable or bleak? I’m also concerned for my husband. He has been through a lot this year. Thanks for any answers and help.

    • ANSWER:
      Pneumonia can follow general anesthesia, especially in someone whose lung function is already compromised (COPD, emphysema, smoking). To me, the outlook seems bleak.

  26. QUESTION:
    Urgent help needed ..effectiveness of kinotakara?
    My Father is suffering from Kidney problem and is on regular dialysis, somebody suggested me about new remedy by the name of KINOTAKARA .It is as follows.

    1. Is the remedy reliable or fake?
    2. If somebody has used it please share ur experience .
    3. Does it has any side effect if we use it with other therapies .
    4. What is the approx. cost of the KINOTAKARA n where it is available.

    Please help me as it is highly urgent ,

    Thanking you in advance

    • ANSWER:
      It’s very likely fake. Any references to it on the net include scam terms such as ‘detox foot pads’, ‘cancer cures’ etc., all prime indicators that it is a product designed to take your money rather than anything else.

      Many herbal products are linked to kidney failure; putting an otherwise strained organ under even more pressure in having to filter out strange herbs is not going to help your Father’s health and with the evidence available, it’s more likely to make his situation worse.

      Avoid this possibly dangerous product and take advice from your doctor.

  27. QUESTION:
    Chronic Kidney Disease and Do not Resuscitate?
    My father is the victim in this situation.

    He is 46 years old and is now in a nursing home. he has had a problem with high blood pressure and a history of 3 strokes (1 major and 2 minor). about 3 weeks ago he was diagnosed with CKD and now i must make a decision on a D & R document. I know that i have to look at all different sides of this situation but i could really use someone elses advice or a site that may answer questions. i am 17 years old and now i have to chose what should happen and im also very curious on what dialysis, stages and causes and effects of this disease is.

    thank you very much.

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, I’m so sorry that you are so young and are in this situation… Before you feel like you have the decide all by yourself, do you have any family at all (aunts, uncles, cousins) that you can ask? What about his doctor?

      How much brain function does your father have? I’m guessing he’s lost most of it since you are the one having to make the decision…

      Dialysis is not very fun, but it does make people feel better after they have it. People usually have it done 3 times a week. A machine is hooked up to a tube placed in the arm, and the patient’s blood is filtered through the dialysis machine. It takes out all the extra water and waste that the kidneys have failed to remove. Once dialysis is started in patients with CKD, it will remain a part of their therapy for life, unless the patient is transplanted. However, due to his previous strokes, he is probably not a candidate for transplant. If it were my father, I would seriously consider the do not resuscitate option…

      Think about your dad when he was at his best. Do you think he would want to be resuscitated after a bad car wreck? Is he the type that would want nature to run its course? Or was he the type that didn’t trust what the doctors thought and wanted to have every chance to see if his body could make it through?

      good luck, I hope this helped a little

  28. QUESTION:
    Help i have a Quiz???? PLEEEAASSEE?
    . Which of the following is a possible sign/symptom of a urinary system disorder?
    A. Urgency
    B. Occult stool
    C. Nausea and vomiting
    D. Diarrhea

    2. The most common lab test done is:
    A. clearance test.
    B. urinalysis.
    C. blood tests.
    D. culture and sensitivity

    3. Which of the following is true re: Diuretics?
    A. Also known as ‘salt pills’
    B. Dry mouth is a common side effect.
    C. Most common diuretic used is Diamox
    D. Used only in lymph and urinary diseases

    4. Which of the following is true re: Hemodialysis?
    A. It is also called peritoneal dialysis
    B. It is usually done at home.
    C. It is usually required 3-4 times per week.
    D. It has no potential complications.

    5. Which of the following is not true re: urinary tract infection?
    A. A predisposing factor is a condition that impairs free flow of urine.
    B. It only refers to a bladder infection.
    C. Incomplete emptying of the bladder may help cause it.
    D. Scar tissue may contribute to infection.

    6. Which of the following is not a common developmental abnormality of the kidney?
    A. Renal agenesis
    B. Duplication
    C. Malposition
    D. Polycystic disease

    7. Which of the following is not true re: Polycystic Disease?
    A. It is an inherited disorder.
    B. It progresses rapidly.
    C. There is no cure.
    D. May not have symptoms until adulthood

    8. Which of the following is not true re: Urolithiasis?
    A. It is also known as ‘kidney stones.’
    B. A possible treatment is lithotripsy.
    C. Renal colic is a rare symptom.
    D. A predisposing factor is an increased concentration of salts in the urine.

    9.Symptoms of Chronic Renal Failure may not appear until what percentage of the kidneys have failed?
    A. 15-20
    B. 35-40
    C. 55-60
    D. 75-80

    10. Which of the following is a possible cause of acute renal failure?
    A. Shock
    B. Myocardial infarction
    C. Frequent urination
    D. Nocturia

    • ANSWER:
      All right, here we go again. What level of schooling is this?

      1. A
      2. B
      3. B
      4. C
      5. B
      6. D.
      7. B
      8. C
      9. D
      10. A

      These are pretty bad questions, by the way. Not too specific. Last question, for example, both A and B are correct.

  29. QUESTION:
    Is Noni (fruit) hair dye can really restore humans’ grey hair roots back to its original black colour again?
    The various types of Hair colour-hair-dye in the market which contain p-Phenylenediamine (PPD), Ammonia and Hydrogen Peroxide, can eventually cause side effects like the accumulation of toxin during a period of 10 to 15 years, if worse comes to worst have to go for kidney or bladder dialysis if the case is too serious……is beauty more important than health?
    I would appreciate answers as to whether the above product is a gimmick or not?
    May I know the reasons behind it’s gimmick?
    Thanks and hope to hear from you again.

    • ANSWER:
      No. As you get older you loose the pigment that colors it. That doesn’t bring it back.


Kidney Dialysis Procedure

Kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spinal column in the upper abdomen. Kidneys are responsible for performing a multitude of functions, including removal of waste and toxins from the bloodstream, controlling blood pressure and maintaining the electrolyte concentration. Like any other organ in the body, the kidneys are susceptible to the development of malignant cells or cancer. There are several types of kidney cancer that have been detected while performing diagnostic procedures for various health conditions.

Kidney cancer is mainly caused by the development of tumor cells in the nephron and other kidney tissues. The general symptoms are blood in urine, back pain, weight loss and general fatigue. Kidney cancer can be treated by surgical removal of the affected portion or kidney, if it is diagnosed at the right time.

Researchers are of the opinion that frequent exposure to chemical toxins, smoking and side effects of certain medications are the triggering factors for the development of kidney cancer. People who smoke have 2-4 times higher risk of getting kidney cancer than the non-smokers. Also some other risk factors of kidney cancer include age, sex, occupation, kidney problems, prolonged dialysis, obesity, hypertension and certain genetic disorders. The exact cause of kidney cancer is not known yet.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and transitional cell carcinoma are mostly observed among adults, whereas, in children the most common form of kidney cancer is Wilms’ tumor. Kidney cancer does not cause any noticeable symptoms in the early stages.

SYMPTOMS

In the later stages, kidney cancer signs and symptoms could include:

  1. Blood in your urine, which may appear pink, red or cola-coloured
  2. Back pain just below the ribs that doesn’t go away
  3. Weight loss
  4. Fatigue, and
  5. Intermittent fever

DIAGNOSIS

Early diagnosis of kidney cancer is rare as there are no significant symptoms. If the physician suspects for any type of kidney cancer, he may perform certain diagnostic tests like urine analysis, blood tests, biopsy, chest X-ray, ultrasound, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan, intravenous pyelogram (IVP) and bone scan.

On the basis of the results, the physician assigns stages to kidney cancer;

Stage I is when the tumor is small and present in the kidney,

Stage II is a large tumor in kidney,

Stage III is characterized by spreading of cancer to nearby tissues other than kidney and

Stage IV is when tumor spreads to distant organs of the body.

One of the more approachable and experienced physicians at the London Hospitals is Mr. Mark Feneley who has a general urological practice as well as a specialist practice in urological cancer. His consultations cover a wide variety of urological symptoms and conditions, and ensure a balanced discussion of benefits and possible risks when interventions are being considered.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    When a person undergoes kidney dialysis what, is happening and why is the procedure preformed?
    When a person undergoes kidney dialysis what, is happening and why is the procedure preformed?

    • ANSWER:
      You receive dialysis when your kidneys are failing and one the key functions your kidneys have is cleaning your blood. When you receive dialysis, it runs your blood through a machine and then back into you to do the job of your kidneys (clean your blood)

  2. QUESTION:
    Explain the medical procedure of kidney dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      Basically your kidneys (along with your liver) filter your blood, reabsorbing useable materials and eliminating as urine wastes and harmful toxins. People whose kidneys are unable to perform this process effectively must be dialyzed with what is in effect an artificial kidney. Blood is extracted for example through a semi-permanent intravenous catheter and (usually) run through a large dialysis machine and re-administered back into the body minus wastes.

  3. QUESTION:
    Where to get Financial help for dialysis or kidney failure patients in India?
    My father’s both the kidneys are failed, doctor told that he should undergo dialysis twice a week, we can’t bare this much amount. cost of dialysis is from 900 to 2000 Rs in karnataka, India, Please if any body knows the way like medicare insurance, or help from government and any other procedure please help me…Please

    • ANSWER:
      For free dialysis Please take your dad to The Tamil Nadu Kidney Research (Tanker) Foundation in Chennai. Dialysis is not a long term solution, Its better if you can go to General Hospital/Stanley Hospital in Chennai and have kidney transplantation for free at the earliest.
      Dialysis treatments is used for diffusion (waste removal) and ultrafiltration (fluid removal)
      Ask your dad to stay away from liquid foods that will increase the Creatine level (Water Level) and the no of dialysis will increase.
      Stay away from potassium foods as well.
      May god bless your dad with long life.
      All the best.

  4. QUESTION:
    Why do people feel weak after going through kidney dialysis and why is it so painfull.?
    How long do the procedure take.

    • ANSWER:
      This only is an issue for people undergoing three day a week dialysis – the standard treatment modality in the US. People who dialyze more frequently at home or who choose peritoneal dialysis have fewer unpleasent side effects.

      Even those on three day a week dialysis can lessen the effects of dialysis by carefully controling the amount of fluid they drink between treatments. Dialysis replaces in three to four hours the work healthy kidneys do 24 hours a day 7 days a week. When a large amount of fluid is removed (large being over 3 KG for many people) during a dialysis treatment it can cause cramping, feelings of nausia and pounding headaches.

      The best way to lessen the negative impact of dialysis is to dialyze longer and/or more frequently – so the fluid changes aren’t so sudden. If changing the schedule is not option then it is very important to follow the dietary and fluid restrictions suggested by the dialysis unit. Strictly control salt intake, this will make controling fluid consumption easier, which will then make dialysis easier on the body.

  5. QUESTION:
    How does dialysis work and what are the risks/benefits?
    A person I know has kidney disease and I’m not too familiar with the functions of the kidneys and the procedures (not only dialysis) that can be done.
    A person I know has kidney failure and I’m not too familiar with the functions of the kidneys and the procedures (not only dialysis) that can be done.

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis is cleansing the blood. It removes blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CREAT) from the blood, which is usually excreted in the urine. But because your friend has kidney failure, his kidneys do not excrete, so BUN & CREAT build up in the blood, which can make you very sick, and eventually will kill you. The benefits are obvious, but there are risks as well. Dialysis can sometimes remove other things from the blood that your body needs, causing low blood sugar, low blood pressure and an array of other things.

  6. QUESTION:
    Where can I obtain a kidney?
    My uncle aged 72 has had both kidneys removed and is now on dialysis. What is the procedure of getting him a new kidney. How does it work? Is there a waiting list, and is it legal to ‘buy’ one?

    Any help would be very much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      You are strange

  7. QUESTION:
    what is involved in donating a kidney? My best friend is going to have to have dialysis and I would rather?
    one of my kidneys than have her on that forever and be on a waiting list. She argues that she doesn’t want me to, but I also know there are new less invasive procedures now. How do I go about finding out if we are compatible?
    It was mentioned about the psychological aspect of this…..what would those be?
    How do I get her to see that this would be the solution instead of her arguing about how I shouldn’t do it? I understand her fear for me, but she is only level 2 on the donation list and is facing life long dialysis and possibly death! She has an 18 year old son and is a single mom…..please, how do I help her?

    • ANSWER:
      What you are proposing is extremely noble. It is the rarest gift that one friend can give another, but the greatest ! Check out the organ donour organizations in your country. They can explain the legalities of your decision, medical issues such as compatability, and, very importantly, what it will mean to you to have given the kidney. I don’t want to embarrass you but I think your friend is extremely fortunate to have you as her friend.

  8. QUESTION:
    How much kidney function can you lose before you need dialysis?
    This question is VERY important and I need an answer ASAP. Tomorrow, someone that I love more than I can begin to describe has to have triple bypass surgery. He was told that afterward, he’ll end up on dialysis, possibly permanently. I need to know how much (minimum) kidney function kidney function would you have to lose to need dialysis? I’ve been looking and searching and all I keep coming up with are procedures, types, and conditions for dialysis which are of NO help to me at all. Thanks for answering!

    **Also, if anyone gets their answer off of a particular site, can you send me a link to the site cuz I might find something there that I didn’t find anywhere else.

    • ANSWER:
      When the kidney only works at 10% that is considered end stage renal disease which requires dialysis.
      Here is the link:

      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000500.htm

  9. QUESTION:
    What are my (approximate) chances to get into ivy leagues?
    I’ve always wanted to go to MIT, Princeton, or Yale since forever, and really want to know if i have a shot at getting in!

    My grades are as follows;
    Freshman GPA: 4.0
    Sophomore GPA: 3.9
    Junior GPA: 4.0
    Senior GPA (expected): 4.0
    ~ My overall weighted GPA is 4.3~

    -AP Scores:
    Human Geo-3
    US History-5
    Gov-5
    Econ-5
    Chem-4
    Bio-5
    Calc AB-5
    Lang-5
    Lit-5
    Psychology-5
    Calc BC-5

    ACT:35
    SAT:2200

    Extra Curricular:
    ~I’m ranked number 1 out of 800 students in my graduating class.
    ~I’m very dedicated to martial arts, i’m a black belt, and i’m a volunteer instructor at my club.
    ~High school clubs: Varsity Debate, Varsity Quiz Bowl, NHS, HOSA, Robotics.
    ~I’m quiz bowl captain, 2nd place in debate in my county, leadership in HOSA, and my Robotics team went to World Championships.
    ~I’m in string philharmonia, i’ve been playing violin for a while. It’s another passion of mine, and ive won 2 scholarships with it.
    ~I Volunteer. By the end of my high school career, i’ll have about 350 hours. I’ve volunteered at hospitals, habitat for humanity, soup kitchen, library, homeless shelters, etc.
    ~ I also volunteered in a 3rd world country this summer, assisting kidney dialysis procedures for a month.
    Additional Extra Curriculars that I couldn’t think of a couple minutes ago;

    ~I’ve assisted in college research in my junior year of high school, and my name is on a published paper.
    ~I’ve been taking classes at the local university since junior year in addition to my high school load.

    • ANSWER:
      MIT isn’t an ivy. You’ve got a decent chance, but the fact is that everyone applying to the top schools has a resume like yours, and they take 6-10% of applicants. It’s really a crap shoot. What really would have helped you is getting involved in your future major to show them what you’re passionate about and what you’re excelling at. Many people who get into MIT each year have already done research at the college level or even above while in high school. You’ve got as good a shot as any other valedictorian, but they turn down thousands of them each year. Have a backup plan.

  10. QUESTION:
    any information about the procedures of dialysis?
    I am 55 and have been told my kidneys have failed due to diabetes, this week I have to see a surgeon to prepare my arm or neck area for dialysis, I am scared and would like any information anyone has in regards to this procedure and dialysis, I turn to my doctor but would like someone to talk to about this, thank you!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I was on dialysis and had an access placed in my arm beforehand. I was also diabetic (I’ve since had a kidney and pancreas trasnplant).

      The surgeon first did a surgery for a fistula, which is the preferred form of access; mine did not mature, so they had to do a second surgery to create a graft in my upper left arm. It was outpatient surgery and pretty easy, although of course no one likes to have surgery of any kind.

      Dialysis for me was pretty easy. I did hemodialysis 3 times a week in a clinic. They had a great staff who did a great job with their patients. I was also very compliant regarding my diet and medication and never skipped a dialysis session. I was tired after my first dialysis session, but that’s about it; in a couple of weeks, I was able to leave dialysis, go home, and walk the dog for two miles. I think attitude and prayer helped my situation a lot.

      I do not know much about the other types of dialysis, as I never did them.

      I would advise visiting a dialysis clinic before you actually go, so you can see what to expect (if you choose hemodialysis). I have put a website below, and you can also contact me directly through my so called avatar. I will be glad to answer your questions.

  11. QUESTION:
    My dad has to have a kidney removed how long does he need to use a dialysis machine for after the operation ?
    We are all very shocked and cant believe its happening

    does he need to use it indefinetley or is it just for a while to
    assist the remaining kidney ?

    Also what do we have to expect while he is on it
    will he be in pain or is the procedure painless

    but the main concern is will he recover to his best health
    after a few months on the machine

    he”s always very active has his own buisness and is very busy
    we cant imagine him hooked up to a machine and not out
    working doing what he loves

    Any help appreciated in this matter

    we”re all very worried about him

    • ANSWER:
      Assuming his other kidney is healthy he should not need dialysis at all.

      If he does there must be much more to his problem than you have indicated in your question.

  12. QUESTION:
    Health Related – Disital Pancreatomy, Splenectomy, ERCP procedure
    My sister has been admitted in hospital for a procedure of disital pancreatomy, splenectomy last month. The doctors had diagnozed a cyst on her pancreatic tail, which had to be removed as she had to put on list for kidney transplant. Just before surgery she started dialysis. After surgery she developed fevers of unknown reason, for almost 10 days she was on broad spectrum antibiotics, then they found out the CT scan revealed a fluid collection near her lungs and also near the operation site. The fluid from her lungs were drained and then a Endoscopic procedure was done to drain fluid near the operation site. Once the fluids were drained, her fever subsided but she developed nausea which subsided after the endoscopic drainage. Again after 3 days the doctor found in CT scan a fluid accumulation near the operation site, now they have done a ERCP procedure 2 days back, however her nausea has not subsided, she is unable to eat anything. It is over amonth since she got admitted in hospital. She has lost almost 7kgs weight and is totally looking pale, unable to eat anything. She is on heprin IV as they found a small clot near her lung and hence they are still administering heprin for 7 days now. I would like some expert opinion on this problem.

    • ANSWER:

  13. QUESTION:
    In the House season finale, Amber was already put on dialysis for her kidneys in the other hospital…?
    What kind of crazy protein-binding drug will not filter out hours after being in the crash? In the beginning of “Wilson’s heart”, when the doctor goes through the list of procedures done on Amber, he does tell House that he put her on dialysis for the kidney already, and then they send her off in an ambulance?

    Maybe it’s not as contradictory as i think, but I’m not getting it right now.

    • ANSWER:
      Amber took a drug called Amantadine for her flu. She was put on dialysis after she lost her kidneys, but Amantadine is poorly cleared by dialysis.

  14. QUESTION:
    Some help with kidney failure?
    My father has been on dialysis for the last year and he hardly produced any urine. He did a new stem cell procedure almost 4 months ago. Now he produces a liter a day. He used to go to dialysis three times a week but now he goes only one day.What does this mean?

    • ANSWER:
      It’s obvious his kidney disease is improving but there still is no cure for kidney disease, you would have to explain further what “this stem cell procedure is all about.”

  15. QUESTION:
    Angiogram – Risks of kidney failure?
    My father is 80 years old. He has diabetes, and kidney problems (his kidney function is only around 25%). About a year and a half ago, he had an angiogram done, which indicated 2 blockages (one in the front and one in the back of the heart). At the time, an angioplasty wasn’t possible, and the recommendation was to use medication, and if the condition gets worse by-pass surgery should be considered.

    He’s now experiencing more shortness of breath in walking, and his left arm feels a little numb. The cardiologist suggests an angiogram be done now, with the warning that the kidney function may worsen, and he might even require dialysis for life. His nephrologist said that there are procedures that can protect the kidney for the angiogram, and recommended he go ahead with the angiogram.

    Any comments on what he should consider would be very much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Your Dad’s interventionalist cardiologist is acutely aware of exactly what your Dad’s kidney function is. There is a general rule that the amount of dye used during a cath should be limited to the estimated GFR (if your Dad’s GFR is 30, then no more than 30mL of dye should be used). Its a rule of thumb – my point is that cardiologists obsess over renal function with cardiac caths.

      Can something be done? Sure there are bicarb and pre-hydration protocols used for patients who have acute and chronic kidney failure – prior to a cath. The other possiblility of using CT angiogram requires dye as well, so there is no real benefit to that over the cardiac cath in terms of renal function. With the aforementioned protocol we have had excellent results regarding renal function. I can not think of a single patient that had worse renal function after a cath – if we employed those protocols. (among thousands of patients) There are some very good studies supporting the protocol’s use in these cases.

      It will be necessary to quantify the extent of and location of disease – even if they are planning a potential bypass. (They also will check the mammary artery to make sure it is flowing. It is an artery that runs inside the chest wall and is borrowed as a vessel for bypass)

      Given your Dad’s other health issues and advanced age – surgery will not be easy on him. It is something to consider long and hard before doing.

      In fact, given that a possible by-pass is a very big deal, perhaps before a cath is ever attempted, your Dad should get a consult with a cardiothoracic surgeon regarding his prognosis for an open heart surgery

      After all, they said before that their only option was to do a by-pass if things got worse, right? So logic would dictate that they are seriously considering a by-pass now. Wouldn ‘t it make sense to know if your Dad was even a candidate for such a surgery? If not then why would you proceed with the cath and risk renal function? Also it is important to know if your Dad WANTS the surgery after he knows the details?

      Lastly you need to remember that the cath and possible subsequent angioplasty is to address symptoms – not necessarily prolong life. If the symptoms are really intolerable then perhaps consideration of alternative treatments – like narcotics and/or other novel treatments – click on the links below for more information. Some may or may not be appropriate for your Father.

      http://www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ijtcvs/vol1n2/angina.xml

      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/406427_print

      http://heartdisease.about.com/cs/coronarydisease/a/EECP.htm

      http://www.ranexa.com/home.html

      It might be worth getting a full copy of this journal article from your local hospital’s library.

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=16448320&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum

      I hope these thoughts help. Good luck. My best to your Dad.

  16. QUESTION:
    will dialysis work at this time.?
    i am back. i am hoping a kidney doctor or professional, or someone who has experienced this can give some insight. my dad had been ill for 2 and a half years. he has has congetive heart failure, excessive swelling on his legs. water removed from his lungs at least 6 times in the past two months. i was able to travel back home a month ago to find his weight had dropped drastically. he now is in the hospital again in complete renal failure. Both kidneys are now gone. He is also being given pills to shrink cancer in his bladder. he has had a catheta in for two months, because he can:t urinate on his own, this past wednesday his bag was full of blood again. My 72 year old mom, was told by a kidney doctor that he will not live without dialysis. his blood is poison. She was also told that this will give him quality of life, if it works. I am very confused as to why they waited so long. He is supposed to have a procedure to try and insert a line from his neck for now.They are having a bit of a problem finding a good vein in his arms. why did they wait so long, Why is my dad completly withdrawn. Are they blowing smoke up my parents butts, or is dialysis going to fix all these things, to include him eating anything he wants, even though he is also a diabetic. What the heck is going on here. I am really mad and helpless.

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    Donate kidney to sister?
    My sister is on dylalysis. She conviced me to see if I was a match as a kidney donor and it turns out that I am. She wants me to donate my kidney to her.

    I dont see why i should donate to her. She has always been mean to me and takes all of mom and dad’s time with the “disease”. i know most of the time she is not even sick and she fakes it.

    Why should i have to go through an uncomfortable procedure just to say her from dialysis three times a week. It’s not like I did something wrong.

    Maybe is she was nicer to me I would consider it, but she has not been.

    How should i tell her that my answer is no. i am thinking of telling her yes to get her happy for christmas then telling her no while everyone is unwrapping the presents (she always gets more than me and we have to visit her in the hospital on christmas day.
    My dad received a kidney from his brother who subsequently got an infection and died. There is not a day that goes by where my dad does not feel guilty for having three kidneys.

    • ANSWER:
      don’t donate one call, dibs on her good one so once she dies you have an extra and a good kidney can go for a good price on the black market thats called thinking ahead.

  18. QUESTION:
    Diabetic boyfriend was recently diagnosed w/kidney failure.?
    My boyfriend was recently diagnosed with kidney failure and has been going thru dialysis. They told him today that he will eventually stop urinating. To start with, he never ever showed any of the beginning signs of kidney failure and they only found it when he was going thru preadmission testing for another surgical procedure. So I’m wondering how long it will take for him to begin showing signs of it. And will the dialysis speed that up. Also, they done a stress test and determined that his heart is only functioning at 25%. He did have a lot of built up fluid on him which was taken care of by the dialysis. Would that have anything to do with his heart problems? They done a heart cath and everything was fine. He feels fine most of the time but has problems every now and then with major fatigue. Any answers would be helpful in understanding what all is going on with him. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Diabetes (believed to be due to the high blood sugars) causes a lot of damage in the body and one of these complications is kidney damage and kidney failure. I’m not sure why he didn’t show any symptoms. It sounds like he may have, but that they were too generalized for him to recognize. His doctor should have been screening his urine regularly for protein levels and this is a sign of kidney damage.

      If it is truly sudden onset, then it might be worth looking into causes and not assuming that it’s the diabetes. It most likely is the diabetes, but just because he’s a diabetic doesn’t mean that something else couldn’t be causing it.

      As for now, people can live semi-normal lives with dialysis. It does take a lot of time to do (3x/week for 3-4 hours if he’s on hemodialysis, daily at home if he’s on peritoneal dialysis) and fatigue is a common complaint. He’ll also have to closely watch his diet. Since the kidneys normally make sure that different electrolytes are in the right balance and they are no longer working, he has to make sure that he doesn’t eat too many foods with minerals that could build up and become dangerous. He’ll also have to watch his fluid intake. The heart issues were most likely a result of the excess fluid. I can’t say that for sure, though, since diabetics and those on dialysis have a higher rate of heart problems.

      So, it will be an adjustment for him (and likely for you too) but he can live semi-normally on dialysis. He might want to consider a kidney transplant and since he’s a diabetic, he might be a candidate for a dual kidney-pancreas transplant. The dual transplants are much bigger deals than the single transplants, but it’s worth looking into.

  19. QUESTION:
    Can I have liposuction after a kidney transplant?
    I had a kidney transplant over four years ago. I was on dialysis for seven years and have the scars to show it. I will be 40 this year. I do TRX several times a week, I weight train, am very good looking, and have a decent body, not counting the “survival” scars which I now do not mind so much.

    I have a smallish frame which would typically show good results with lipo, according to what people say. I just do not know that much about the procedure itself.

    I know the obvious thing is to keep working out, spend the money from lipo on a trainer, don’t be so vain, I think the same things. BUT…. Is it harmful for a person in my situation to have lipo and what are some of the procedural and recovery risks?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    Kidney failure after heart cath?
    My husband’s great aunt is in the hospital. She went in on Monday and was told she had had a heart attack. A heart cath revealed total blockage in one artery (in front) and 95% blockage in another (in back). She’s 79 so by-pass was ruled out as an option- the doctor said she wouldn’t survive the surgery. She was going to have a balloon treatment yesterday but they found massive clotting in her heart. Now her kidneys have shut down. The doctor said that happens sometimes because of the dye used during the balloon procedure and they’re hoping her kidneys start back up soon. My question is- how common is it for the kidneys to shut down like that and shouldn’t she be getting dialysis since they aren’t working? The doctors are giving her 50/50 at survival. Does that sound about right?

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, I am sorry to hear about your husband’s great aunt. It sounds as if she is experiencing multi-system failure. When this occurs, some patients survive, endure this, and live to come home to live a year or two afterward, but others pass quietly at the hospital.
      Some patients do indeed react to the dye used during the balloon procedure, but very often, the same process of atherosclerosis which has lined her coronary arteries with plaque has done the same to her renal arteries which supply her kidneys, leaving her more vulnerable to issues from the dye. The reaction from the dye can cause an acute renal failure, which is different from the chronic renal failure of a kidney patient in that in acute failure, their kidneys can begin to concentrate urine again in a day or two. It is possible that she will receive dialysis one or two times in the interim. The intensivist who is following her case is watching her, and her labwork very carefully meanwhile.
      When coronary vessels begin to fail, and then renal arteries involve the kidneys, a 50/50 assessment sounds reasonable. However, never bet against any patient, because only God knows, and even He, on occasion, appears to change his mind.
      Very best wishes.

  21. QUESTION:
    Giving a kidney to a loved one?
    would u give up a kidney for your sibling? I have been asked if i would give 1 up for my brother but the problem is that I’m really scared about the complications and maybe even death. I’m so confused and don’t know what to do.. I love him to death of course and I don’t wanna lose him so soon but I also have to think of myself. I’m not being selfish but I’m just really worried about the complications and if his body rejects it then my kidney will just have been wasted. The other thing that has me saying i don’t wanna go thru with it is that my brother has never taken care of his body even since he got diagnosed with diabetes and is now on dialysis. I’m pretty sure he’s still not gonna take care of himself after the surgery so will this procedure really be of help? Please offer me ur thoughts.. I really need some help. I’m sorry if some of this didn’t make sense or if I misspelled words but i’m litterally shaking cuz i’m confused and worried so just try ur best to understand what i typed. thanks you all.

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    What is the truth about Osama bin Laden?
    Following 9-11 it was said that Osama bin Laden requires kidney dialysis on a regular basis.

    I know people who require this treatment and it’s a time consuming procedure that requires several hours at least twice a week. The equipment used to flush your system is powered by electricity.

    If Osama bin Laden is hiding in in cave with an entourage of at least 10 people driving Nissan’s as they say he will require in addition to food and water, an electric generator to run his dialysis machine.

    All of this in a small area like a cave opening would produce heat and rotting garbage giving off a distinctive infra red heat signature.

    Is Osama bin Laden’s kidney problem just another urban legend?

    If it’s for real why can’t our much touted spy satellites detect a telling heat signature?

    • ANSWER:
      He is real some may say he will come back and is not dead 2012

  23. QUESTION:
    Jehovah’s Witnesses: What’s the current rule on autologous transfusions w/ blood is kept in constant motion?
    I know you believe the Bible prohibits you from receiving autologous transfusions (i.e., where you have your own blood stored to be used later in a medical procedure).

    But I understand that you might be able to “advance donate” blood for use in an emergency if there was a way to keep your blood in constant motion while stored in the blood banking apparatus. (That is why you can receive kidney dialysis.) In other words, the storage machine would be considered an extension of your own circulatory system – and therefore permitted by your governing body.

    My question is this: Would you need to get prior written approval from the Watchtower Society in order to avoid being kicked out of your religion? Or would the governing body allow you to make up your own mind in a close-call situation like this one?

    I guess my confusion is about the urgency of the situation. If you need religious approval, can you be certain you would get quickly enough?
    Good points Pedro. I guess I was asking about a fairly new convert who might not know all the details. I’m sure that you’ll admit that the blood issue has become more complicated – as more and more procedures have become matters of conscience. So if the local elders can tell a confused patient what to do (or not do), then this would make things a lot easier.

    • ANSWER:
      Current rule? As apposed to what old rule? I’m not in the medical field, but I don’t think that this practice has been around for that long.

      I can only tell you personally what I would do, because I have no control over the conscience of my brothers and sisters. No if the blood was removed from my body for an extended period of time, than I would not want it put back in my system. I’m open to such techniques as ‘cell salvage’ (where they take the lost blood from a procedure and clean it).

      We all carry Durable Power of Attorney cards, that specify what procedures we’re willing to accept, and what violates our conscience. The Hospital is not a good time to be wondering ‘What should I do?’.

      We do however have a group of qualified elders who are available to assist us in going over the options, and making sure that the Doctors honor our wishes.

  24. QUESTION:
    If you work in healthcare, how do you cope with rush rush rush culture and cost cutting obcession?
    In some settings of health-care, such as hemodialysis,((kidney dialysis) there is this obsession of speed. Get the patients on the machines as quickly as possible, get them out and the next group in. All the while, there is policy and procedure guidelines to follow that often get skipped to save time and costs. If the patients knew what safety steps were being skipped and what parts of the doctor’s orders were not being followed, they would be in an uproar. Speed is the driving force it seems.
    How does one not get stressed out when working under these conditions?

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    Jehovah’s Witnesses: If the Watchtower said you could transfuse your OWN blood, would you accept that ruling?
    I’m wondering because when the issue of blood transfusions is brought up, Jehovah’s Witnesses defend the prohibition based on Bible texts alone. In other words, no JW says that the reason we can’t have transfusions is simply that the governing told us not to.

    However, the governing body has been in the process (over time) of allowing more and more blood components and procedures similar to transfusions such as kidney dialysis. There is no reason to think that the governing body will not continue making exceptions to the blood rule. It has done so in the past and will continue to do this into the future.

    So let’s suppose that you answer: If the governing body announced that its’ OK to store my own blood for a transfusion, then I would accept that “new light.” In this case, would you agree that your doctrinal stance on the issue has a lot more to do with the rulings and edicts of the faithful discreet servant class than it does on a firm understanding of scripture?

    On the other hand, let’s suppose that you can say with certainty that you would oppose the governing body if it allowed transfusions of a patient’s own blood. If that is what you would do, then you are basing your doctrines on the Bible alone.

    So which is it? When it comes to accepting blood transfusions, would you obey the Bible over fallible (imperfect) men? Or would you follow the ruling of the governing body even if you did not think their ruling was supported by scripture?
    Abstain means that we should avoid eating meat that has a definite, visible amount of excessive blood. That’s and OT health regulation that NT believers accepted as a means of compermise with the hard-line Jewish believers.

    • ANSWER:
      I’ve also wondered if they can take plasma….

  26. QUESTION:
    Help with kidney failure?
    My father has been on dialysis for the last year and he hardly produced any urine. He did a new stem cell procedure almost 4 months ago. Now he produces a liter a day. He used to go to dialysis three times a week but now he goes only one day.What does this mean?

    I asked this before but I really need help.
    Hay Gary B congratulations on the transplant.
    Id like to know how it was because my father is on the list for donors and id like to know from someone whos had a transplant how it compares to having dialysis. So if you dont mind to answer some questions i’d appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Iowan, Here’s a link and a brief description of a website where you can probably get the information. Good luck.

      www.doctorslounge.com / ask.htm

      Ask a Doctor
      Choose a medical specialty and ask your question
      There are several options available to you which are listed below:

      1. Browse the medical forums
      You do not need to register in order to simply browse the forums. Please click on the forum link.

      http://www.doctorslounge.com/forums/

      You can then select the particular forum that you wish to browse.

      2. Browse previous questions
      To view past questions most of which were answered by the doctors and nurses please click on the forum archive link.

      http://www.doctorslounge.com/forums/archive.htm

      You can then select the particular archive that you wish to browse.

  27. QUESTION:
    Isn’t THIS just one MORE reason to deport illegals???They are using money meant for LEGAL citizens!!!?
    Hospitals: Aid to offset costs of immigrants is necessary
    September 24, 2006
    Jennifer C. Smith
    Monitor Staff Writer

    MISSION — Between 20 and 25 undocumented immigrants arrive each week for kidney dialysis at Mission Regional Medical Center’s emergency room.

    “They have no way of paying for it, and in six months they rack up 0,000,” said Mitch Ladyman, the hospital’s trauma coordinator. “That’s just a number we’ll never get reimbursed.”

    And while the federal government has a billion federal program intended to help with unpaid hospital emergency care, a recent Associated Press report shows a large chunk of that money has gone uncollected by cash-strapped hospitals.

    Federal officials can’t explain why overburdened communities have not grabbed the cash.

    Nationally, only 15 percent of the money has been handed out three-quarters of the way through the program’s first year, according to the AP.

    Texas as a whole is slated to receive almost million for the 2006 fiscal year.

    Rio Grande Valley hospital officials say they take whatever disbursement they can or risk cutting hospital services essential to the community.

    “We’ve definitely applied for and have definitely gotten some of it,” said Dan McLean, CEO at South Texas Health Systems in McAllen, which includes McAllen Medical Center and Edinburg Regional Medical Center.

    The health group has collected about .41 million since it filed its first claim for its five facilities in February 2006.

    That may seem large, but in the last eight months alone, the hospitals have provided more than 8 million in uncompensated care, said hospital group spokeswoman Dalinda Guillen.

    The billion financial dispensation is through September 2008 and authorized under the 2003 Medicare law. Hospitals are paid a percentage of the ER costs on quarterly cycles, so they receive money six to nine months after the actual procedures.

    Some hospitals are reluctant to apply for funds because they don’t want to do the paperwork, say hospital and public health officials. The government also trims submitted hospital bills and returns money based on costs, not on services provided.

    Hospitals feel uncomfortable asking patients about their citizenship status.

    “A lot of undocumented patients already don’t access care,” said Sonal Ambegaokar, a health policy attorney at the National Immigration Law Center, a non-partisan policy center that works with low-income immigrants based in Los Angeles.

    “The few that go in, if they hear they are being asked about their immigration status, they’ll assume they’ll not be able to get care … that will affect the public health.”

    Local hospitals dismiss the objections, noting the required paperwork is only two pages long and their employees are trained to sensitively ask questions.

    “I understand the reluctance of a hospital that doesn’t see that many undocumented patients,” said Mission hospital Chief Financial Officer Randy Slack. “But when you’re treating a number of undocumented patients, it’s worth your while to go through all the hoops and troubles to get partial reimbursements.”

    Mission’s hospital has also received a “six-figure amount,” he said.

    “It covers cost of supplies and labor, operations to treat those patients who are undocumented,” Slack said. “If money went away, we might have to find other areas to cut to keep bottom line balanced.”

    For South Texas Health Systems, the trauma room or pediatric ICU unit could become financial casualties if it continues to lose money through uncollected ER care, McLean said.
    “tristanrobbins” The ONLY thing that MATTERS here,is that as ILLEGALS,they should have NO DAMN RIGHT to even be treated in THIS country,using OUR tax dollars!!!!

    And to “munyacarr”, actually YES, my family are part native American,and i STILL do NOT like our tax dollars being WASTED on NONcitizens!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Unless your parents are Native Americans, you ain’t got NOTHIN’ to say.

  28. QUESTION:
    Would you donate?
    My great-uncle, a well-respected clergyman in Chicago, is in need of a kidney donation. He has had no luck finding a suitable, healthy live donor. He is a man of faith, patience, and strength. I know it sounds crazy (and maybe this is a weird forum for presenting this issue)…but I most know: IS ANYBODY OUT THERE WILLING TO DONATE A KIDNEY?? The procedure is very straight forward with little downtime for the donor. Information on the transplant surgery can be downloaded on nmh.org (That’s the Northwesterm Memorial Hospital website). Please don’t think I’m crazy. He’s (my great-uncle) is only in his 50′s. I just want to see him live a healthy, normal dialysis-free life. If nothing else, please keep him in your prayers. Thank you.
    I forgot to add….He is, indeed, on the kidney transplant waiting list. He has had NO luck finding a match.

    • ANSWER:
      That is so sad, I’m sorry to hear this. Unfortunately, you wont get a volunteer in a place like this, where diabetics are the key members to the club. We need both our kidneys for as long as we can possibly hang onto them!

  29. QUESTION:
    Statistics, Interference for the mean?
    Need help. Very confused, prof is good for nothing and classes are pointless. Please explain if you have the time?

    The level of various substances in the blood of kidney dialysis patients is of concern because kidney failure and dialysis can lead to nutritional problems. A researcher performed blood tests on several dialysis patients on 6 consecutive clinic visits. One variable measured was the level of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate levels for an individual tend to vary normally over time. The data on one patient, in milligrams of phosphate per deciliter (mg/dl) of blood, are given here: 5.9, 5.0, 6.3, 4.0, 5.7, 4.4

    a) Calculate the sample mean and its standard error.

    xbar=____ S xbar=_____

    b) Use the t procedures to find the margin of error for a 90% confidence interval for this patient’s mean phosphate level.

    margin of error = _____

    c) Use the t procedures to give a 90% confidence interval for this patient’s mean phosphate level.
    90% CI = ( ____, ____ )

    • ANSWER:
      a)
      xbar = (1/n) ∑ x_i = 5.216667
      s^2 = (1/(n-1)) ∑ (x_i – xbar)^2 = 0.8136667
      S(xbar) = s/sqrt(n) = 0.3682541

      b)
      margin of error = (t_crit)(S(xbar))
      t_crit for 90% and 5 degrees of freedom = 2.015
      margin of error = (2.015)(0.3682541) = 0.7420321

      c)
      CI = xbar +- margin of error
      CI = (4.47, 5.96) approximately

  30. QUESTION:
    Please help me understand confidence intervals (statistics)?
    Hi, I think I have a bit of an idea on how to complete this question but I’m not entirely sure. First i’ll state the question and then show what i’m confused about and what I think needs to be done.

    The level of various substances in the blood of kidney dialysis patients is of concern because kidney failure and dialysis lead to nutritional problems. A researcher performed blood tests on several dialysis patients on 6 consecutive clinic visits. One variable measured was the level of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate levels for an individual tend to vary noramlly over time. The data on one patient, in miligrams of phosphate per devileter of blood are given.

    5.6 5.1 4.6 4.8 5.7 6.4

    a) Compute the sample mean and its standard error.

    For this part I think you just add up the values and divide by 6 to get the sample mean but I’m not exactly sure how to calculate standard error.

    b) Use the t procedures to give a 90 percent confidence interval for this patient’s mean phosphate level.

    For this one, I think you use the formula of:

    t = (sample mean – mean) / (standard of error)

    My question is… is this the right formula? and what is the difference in calculating sample mean and regular mean?

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, since this you’re trying to find the confidence interval for the mean, the formula for the confidence interval is

      x-bar – E < μ < x-bar + E

      In this case, because we are not given the standard deviation,
      E=(t α/2) times (s/sqrt of n)
      This s/sqrt of n is the standard of error.

      If you have a graphing calculator, you can just enter the data into a list.
      STAT,1, enter data
      Then, to get the mean (x bar) , and sample standard deviation (s), do
      STAT, select CALC (to the right), and select "1-Var Stats"
      You need to know the mean, x-bar, and the sample standard deviation, s. I just did this on my calculator, and for the mean, I got 5.37 and for the sample standard deviation, I got 0.665.

      Now that you have these values, you can construct the confidence interval. We know x-bar is 5. 37, so we can plug that in now.
      5.37 - E < μ < 5.37 + E

      To solve for E, we need to recognize what α is. 1-α= 0.90.
      We got that from the 90 percent. This means, α is equal to 0.1.
      α/2 equals .05. Now look to a t-distribution chart. The degrees of freedom are 5. (n-1). So t α/2 = 2.015.
      Now we have to find the standard of error. From the calculator, we got s= 0.665. So, 0.665/sqrt of 6 = .271.
      Multiply that by 2.015 and you have E. E = .547.

      Now plug this into the original confidence interval formula. It's
      5.37 - .547 < μ , 5.37 + .547

      C(4.823<μ<5.917)=.9 is the answer. I hope I didn't make any calculation mistakes!

  31. QUESTION:
    Please help with statistics confidence intervals?
    I really think that I know how to go about answering this question but i’m stuck and not sure how to complete it. First i’ll state the question and then show u how I attempted to complete it, thanks in advance!:

    The level of various substances in the blood of kidney dialysis patients is of concern because kidney failure and dialysis lead to nutritional problems. A researcher performed blood tests on several dialysis patients on 6 consecutive clinic visits. One variable measured was the level of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate levels for an individual tend to vary noramlly over time. The data on one patient, in miligrams of phosphate per devileter of blood are given.

    5.6 5.1 4.6 4.8 5.7 6.4

    a) Compute the sample mean and its standard error.

    For this part I found the sample mean to be 5.36666… which i rounded to 5.4 by adding all the things together and dividing by 6. For the standard error i did:

    SE = s / sqrt(n)
    I know that n is 6 and i found s to be 0.666 through the sum of squares rule for finding standard of deviation.

    SE = .666 / sqrt(6) = 0.272

    What I really don’t understand is part b.

    b) Use the t procedures to give a 90 percent confidence interval for this patient’s mean phosphate level.

    I have no idea how to complete this part. Please help and thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      OKay I got it!!!

      Okay the sample mean is 5.4

      c = 0.90 (90%)
      critical value = 1.645

      The 1.645 is the critical value for the 90% confidence level

      So to calculate error
      it would be

      error = critical value * (s/sqrt(n))
      1.645 * (s/sqrt(n))
      1.645 * (5.4/sqrt(6))
      =3.626 OR 4

      So with 5.4 as your mean you would then add 4 then subtract 4 from the number to get the confidence interval

      example.

      5.4-4 = 1.4
      5.4 + 4 = 9.4

      The confidence interval

      1.4 < mean < 9.4

      Interpretation - With 90% confidence, the mean is between 1.4 and 9.4.

  32. QUESTION:
    15-18 year olds EASY EASY QUESTION need to decide what topic for bio!!! {TEN POINTS!!}?
    i have to make a survey of what people aged 15-18 yrs would be most intrested in (medical techniques) and then do an asignment

    1. MRI- primarily a medical imaging technique most commonly used in radiology to visualize the internal structure and function of the body.

    2. ANGIOPLASTY- the technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel; typically as a result of atherosclerosis.
    Tightly folded balloons are passed into the narrowed locations and then inflated to a fixed size using water pressures

    3.KIDNEY DIALYSIS- used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function (renal replacement therapy) due to renal failure.

    4.MICRO SURGERY- surgery requiring an operating microscope. The most obvious developments have been procedures developed to allow anastomosis of successively smaller blood vessels and nerves

    5.GENE CLONING TO PRODUCE INSULIN-

    6.GENE THERAPY- insertion of genes into an individual’s cells and tissues to treat a disease

    THANKS

    • ANSWER:
      I find both the first and the fifth topic very intersting, but I’m more willing to go with the first sice its more commonly used

      1. MRI- primarily a medical imaging technique most commonly used in radiology to visualize the internal structure and function of the body.

  33. QUESTION:
    what do you think is most intresting? (MEDICAL TECHNIQUES) ten points please answer?
    I have to make a survey of what people aged 15-18 yrs would be most intrested in (medical techniques) and then do an asignment

    1. MRI- primarily a medical imaging technique most commonly used in radiology to visualize the internal structure and function of the body.

    2. ANGIOPLASTY- the technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel; typically as a result of atherosclerosis.
    Tightly folded balloons are passed into the narrowed locations and then inflated to a fixed size using water pressures

    3.KIDNEY DIALYSIS- used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function (renal replacement therapy) due to renal failure.

    4.MICRO SURGERY- surgery requiring an operating microscope. The most obvious developments have been procedures developed to allow anastomosis of successively smaller blood vessels and nerves

    5.GENE CLONING TO PRODUCE INSULIN-

    6.GENE THERAPY- insertion of genes into an individual’s cells and tissues to treat a disease

    THANKS

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney Dialysis. Chose it because it shows how far we’ve come (just like the song hahaha). I didn’t even know that we had artificial kidneys, who knows, maybe we might have artificial intelligence. I think there’s a name for that…

  34. QUESTION:
    Is this grounds for an EEOC complaint, or ADA lawsuit?
    My girlfriend had been working for an engineering firm for about 2 years. About 6 months after she went to work there she was diagnosed with kidney disease and had to go on dialysis and. While on dialysis her employer allowed her to go on part-time status working only 24 hours per week. After 8 months on dialysis she recieved a kidney transplant and was out of work on long term disability for six months. Her boss knew she was on the transplant list and would be out six months after the surgery and indicated he was ok with this.

    She returned to work full-time exactly six months following the transplant. About three months later she developed complications and became ill while on a business trip and had to cancel the remainder of the trip and return home to see his doctor. She had to to be hospitalized several days for testing and a procedure to remove a kidney stone and insert a stent. The day after she returned to work following this hospitalization her boss called her into the office and told him her she was being “laid off due to lack of work”.

    This is a large multi-national firm with hundreds of employees and the company is doing VERY WELL having recently been awarded Federal contracts worth nearly half a billion dollars. The company kept two other less experienced employees in her office who did basicly the same job. One of these employees was a new hire right out of college with NO EXPERIENCE who had just started work there a month before my girlfriend was laid off. At the time my she was laid off the company had an opening for a position with a job description IDENTICAL to my girlfriend’s job posted on their corporate website. If she was laid off due to lack of work why were they advertising for new employees?
    They were also in the process of moving to a larger office because her boss said they were planning to expand the staff in that office and needed more space. I am pretty sure my girlfriend was targeted for layoff due to her medical problems because she was the only person in that office who was laid off and she was much more experienced and had been with the company longer than the two other employees in the same position that they kept.

    After she was laid off she contacted someone in HR to ask questions about benefits and this person apparently slipped up and told her that she was not let go due to “lack of work” as she was told but because of the quality of her work. She has had good performance reviews ever since she has been with the firm so she is not sure why they would say this. She contacted the regional manager (her boss’s boss) to clarify why he was laid off and these other less experienced employees were kept and they beat around the bush and told her that her education and job skills did not match up with the current work load they had, etc., etc. This is total BS because the other employees they kept have the EXACT SAME job description and she worked together with them on projects. When she pointed this out they they got very defenseive and a company attorney who was also in on the conversation told her they are an “at will employer” and added that “since Virginia is a right to work state they can legally terminate any employee at any time, for for any reason and don’t even have to give a reason.” Is this really true, I can’t believe this is legal?

    Fortunately, my girlfriend managed to get on disability due to her health problems but it only pays her about 1/7 of what she was earning as an engineer. She has a printout of the job posting that they had online the day she was laid off and also a bunch of newsletters and emails sent out by he CEO that document the financial status of the company as well as the new contracts they had just been awarded. Should she file a charge of discrimination with the EEOC since she still has several weeks before the deadline to file? Does she have grounds for an ADA lawsuit against this company?

    • ANSWER:
      She very possibly has a case. She needs to consult an attorney right away. It’s true that, in a right-to-work state, an employee can be terminated for no reason, but the circumstances surrounding the termination could cause legal issues.

  35. QUESTION:
    Does a prospective pre-nursing student overcome squeamishness?
    I am a college student who has dreams of going to nursing school someday in the near future. The problem is, I have become rather squeamish, which is a change from when I first decided to go into nursing. I am particularly squeamish about anything having to do with the urinary system: Foley catheters, dialysis, kidney stones, you name it. I’ve learned that the problem is that I identify too closely with the pain and awkwardness of the medical procedures. The second anyone starts talking about my triggers, I feel myself go pale and I need to tune the words out, or I know I will feel faint. Current RNs or RN students: did you have that problem too (being squeamish or having an aversion to something)? And if so, how did you overcome it? I want to be a nurse, but going to nursing school has caused me great anxiety.

    PLEASE don’t be a smartass if you choose to answer. I don’t need anyone to sugarcoat anything, but please don’t be a jerk. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I’d like to know the answer to this as well. I really wanna be a pediatric nurse, but I’m pretty squeamish about needles and stuff. I’m wondering if it’s just mind over matter. I suppose it probably is.

  36. QUESTION:
    The Best Prayer for a Loved One…?
    My beloved mother is very ill.

    She’s been in and out of hospitals for the past year or two because of her heart. Last summer, she had a defibrilator wired to her heart (sort of like a pacemaker). But it’s not really working, and fluid builds up in her body, causing her kidneys to malfunction. They also have to watch her blood pressure and diabetes.

    She’s in her 70′s; but still spunky and mentally sharp. After several non-surgical procedures and various prescriptions, she’s back in the hospital now, after falling and fracturing her tailbone (a small medical procedure healed this).

    Today, her kidney specialist told me her only hope is dialysis. We were hoping to avoid this, as it can make a person very weak; especially someone with her medical conditions. She also has to do physical therapy.

    I have my father, 1 sister and 3 brothers. We’re not ready to let her go & she’s fighting all the way–”kickin’ & screamin’” she said. What’s the best prayer for God to answer?

    • ANSWER:
      The best prayer is in God’s will. Healing is in His will so it is good. Next, just be sincere with God. Talk to Him as if he were standing by you, as He is. I find most of my prayer is just talking to God, asking him to do things, as well as listening to Him.
      I will pray for her healing, and that all of the caregivers will have wisdom what to do, as well as she and the family will have God’s wisdom on what to do. In the Name of Jesus.

  37. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for diabetic with chf and renal disease?
    My 60yr. old diabetic brother was diagnosed with diabetes,heart failure,congestive failure,renal failure,low blood sugar, chronic ischemic heart,hyperlipidemia,disorders of lipoid metabolism,low vision and blindness. His heart is working 30%. His heart and kidney Dr. wants our input on cardiac catherization which would put him on dialysis immediately.What can we expect of his condition & prognosis if we decide not to do this procedure?

    • ANSWER:
      His prognosis is poor at this time.

  38. QUESTION:
    Depression After Sugery–Please HELP!?
    Hi Everyone.

    I am extremely worried about my niece. Last week, she was in an accident and her kidney’s were damaged and as a part of a life saving procedure to install a dialysis catheter in her chest to help her.

    The only problem is, the doctor ended up cutting her in her chest FOUR TIMES before finding a usable vein and now in addition to having the little white plastic catheter hanging out her chest, she also has three other scars to go with it.

    My niece was always so particular about her appearance and now these scars have just wrecked her confidence.

    I just want to know, what can she do to feel better about her looks? (or what can I do to help?)

    She’s only 23! She’s such a young girl!

    Please help!

    Thank you!

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    Do fat people understand that Bariatric Surgery is not easy way out?
    The following is a list of possible side-effects and complications to consider before having weight-loss surgery. We will discuss these in more detail at your office consultation.

    1. Anastomotic leak (leak from a connection made to the bowel, usually requires re-operation and long hospital stay)

    2. Anastomotic stricture (narrowing or obstruction at an intestinal connection resulting in vomiting)

    3. Bowel obstruction/strangulation/internal hernia/ischemic bowel possibly needing removal (associated with pain and vomiting, usually requires re-operation)

    4. Injury to an abdominal or pelvic organ/structure (especially the liver, spleen, pancreas, bile duct, stomach, esophagus, colon, bowel, diaphragm, urinary bladder, nerve or blood vessel)

    5. Conversion to an open operation (due to bleeding, poor exposure, large liver, tension on intestines, etc.)

    6. Incisional hernia (more likely if procedure is done open)

    7. Infection or abscess (due to a leak, spillage of intestinal contents, underlying infection, etc)

    8. Bleeding and the potential need for blood transfusion. Blood transfusion carries the risk of infection with bacteria, parasites (malaria), and viruses (hepatitis, HIV/AIDS).

    9. Need for additional surgery or procedures to treat any complication that may occur

    10. Prolonged hospital stay or readmission may be needed to treat complications

    11. Deep Vein Thrombosis (blood clot in a vein)

    12. Pulmonary Embolus (blood clot going to lung, fatal 30% of the time)

    13. Atelectasis (lung collapse causing fevers, possibly pneumonia)

    14. Pneumonia, lung infection and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion)

    15. Heart attack (myocardial infarction)

    16. Stroke

    17. Pancreatitis

    18. Rhabdomyalysis (breakdown of the muscle in the body)

    19. Pressure ulcer or decubitus (skin breakdown, may require skin grafting)

    20. Allergic reaction to anesthesia, medications or materials

    21. Nerve or ligament injury from positioning or lying on the operating table

    22. Kidney failure and/or the need for dialysis

    23. Need for ICU care

    24. Need for a ventilator (machine to help you breathe)

    25. Multi-system organ failure (liver, kidneys, lungs, etc.)

    26. Poor cosmetic results (ugly scar, keloid, unattractive incisions, contour defects)

    27. Chronic pain, discomfort, numbness, burning or tingling in the incisions or anywhere else (abdomen, back, extremities)

    28. Transient or chronic nausea/vomiting due to strictures, gastroparesis, food intolerance, etc.

    29. Dysphagia (difficulty or painful swallowing)

    30. Diarrhea, constipation, foul smelling gas and stools

    31. Heartburn (acid reflux) symptoms

    32. Ulcers or gastritis

    33. Intestinal perforation due to ulcer, foreign body, obstructed food, etc.

    34. Development of food intolerances/loss of taste

    35. Dumping syndrome (abdominal pain, heart palpitations, sweating, nausea, diarrhea)

    36. Hair loss or thinning

    37. Development of malnutrition or vitamin deficiency

    38. Anemia

    39. Metabolic bone disease (loosing calcium from the bone because of inadequate intake and supplementation) with possible osteoporosis, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone fractures

    40. Failure to lose an adequate amount of weight

    41. Loss of too much weight

    42. Development of loose or redundant skin

    43. Sterility or inability to become pregnant

    44. Increased ability to become pregnant

    45. Birth defects or fetal injury if you become pregnant. This is less likely once weight has stabilized and laboratory tests are normal. Usually, about 2 years after surgery.

    46. Postoperative depression or other psychological reaction to surgery

    47. Need to revise or reverse the procedure at some point in the future because of nutritional deficiencies, excessive weight loss, pain or other reasons

    48. Extended disability, financial hardship as a result of complications related to weight loss surgery

    49. Parts of your stomach and/or intestines will be inaccessible by endoscopy.

    50. Death (1% nationwide) within 30 days

    • ANSWER:
      It’s just amazing how thousands and thousands of people have actually survived this surgery and are now healthy and happy. How long would your list be if you listed all the things that morbid obesity causes in a person. It would be much longer and certainly more serious than those you listed. You get this surgery to save your life. It has done that for my husband who is doing just great with it. He hasn’t had a single problem yet other than getting adjusted to eating the right amount to not feel so full. He has lost 80 pounds and feels great. He is so much more active and actually takes long walks all the time. His energy level has skyrocketed. He started planting a garden yesterday and doesn’t need anyone to help him get down on the ground to do it which he hasn’t done in many years. He doesn’t get out of breath like before. His blood pressure has dropped enough to lower his medication for it. Obesity caused him to have both his knees replaced and it still bothered him. Now he no longer has any pain in his knees, and he walks with ease. Next week, we are going to start riding our bikes. I always have had to do it without him, but no more. He is going along with others family and friends. This surgery has done much more for him than anyone can imagine. I don’t know why you want to keep running it down, but it is a real lifesaver to many people. Yes, there are risks. But the real question is whether or not the risks of staying obese are greater than the surgery. Most doctors will agree that obesity is the bigger risk for anyone morbidly obese. My husband loves his new life without all that weight. He knew all the risks before he had it done. It was well worth taking those risks for his good health now.

  40. QUESTION:
    What should I do? – 9 year old lab peeing blood?
    Hi, I have a 9 year old Labrador Retriever who has been peeing dark blood for the past few days. Also, I have noticed his poop is black and charcoal-like, he is not eating, and he is very listless. We took him to the vet, and 750 dollars later they told us that he is peeing blood clots, and that they have ruled everything out besides kidney failure. They gave us some medication in case of infection, and recommended asparagus, but he will not even eat that anymore. The vet also recommended cleaning his kidney out for the time being, but the procedure is pricy, and I cannot afford it. Also, if his disease comes back they say he will need dialysis, which will be terribly painful for him. He is a beloved dog in our family, and we do not want him to suffer under any circumstances. Is there anything we can do? Should we get a second opinion, ultrasound etc? Does it sound like he is in great pain right now?( oh and we have already ruled out stones, obstruction, infection of bladder and kidneys)

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    Need urological advice!?
    I am in need of some advice regarding my 6 month old daughter’s urological treatment. To make a very long story as short as possible, she had what doctors diagnosed as a hydronephrotic right ureter that was so enlarged it was causing notable distention in her abdomen and displacement of her bladder. After numerous diagnostic tests (blood work, ultrasounds, renal scans, VCUGs, several x-rays, and a CT-scan), she had surgery at the end of February and pediatric urologists performed a ureterostomy (in hopes of decompressing the dilated ureter). The surgery was unsuccessful in that the stoma did not allow for the output of urine as hoped, and doctors said it was because the ureter was so dialed and “coiled“ around itself. Because of this, during her recovery time in the hospital, she became very ill from a post-surgical infection. Doctors quickly inserted a nephrostomy tube into her right kidney to directly drain the blocked urine. This worked as a temporary solution in draining the blocked urine, but as we learned, would not serve as a permanent solution.

    Fast forward two months, and follow up tests (ultrasounds and renal scans) suggest that she may have a duplicate system on the right side, which doctors were unable to appreciate before because of how enlarged the ureter was pre-surgery. Kidney function remains the same as it was pre-surgery, 19% ( R ), 81 % ( L ). All of the specialists at the hospital are unable to determine where the blockage is in the system, and they can’t positively say if it is a single, duplicate, or partially duplicate right system. Based on the images from tests, they are assuming that it is a duplicate system and that the nephrostomy tube was inserted into the lower pole, and the ureter brought to the skin during the ureterostomy belongs to the upper pole. However, within the past week, urine has begun leaking (or rather, splurging, like a water faucet) out of the previously non-draining stoma) suggestive of a single system. This new clinical occurrence is not supported by the evidence suggested in the post-surgical images.

    We met with the doctor today and he explained that this is a very rare and unusual case, and they aren’t sure exactly what they are dealing with. He laid out the following choices:

    * Cap the nephrostomy tube and see if the urine drains from the stoma (and we run the risk that she may get sick again)
    * Insert a second nephrostomy tube into the upper pole (which would also entail changing the first neprhostomy tube she already had inserted, because of its short-term effectiveness = 2 surgeries)
    * Perform an MRI in attempt to obtain clearer images (which would require sedation and further exposure to radiation)
    * Change the nephrostomy tube at the three month mark and attempt to do a reconstructive surgery on the bladder by reattaching the ureter (the soonest this surgery can be done is at 18 months, before then the bladder is too small. The nephrostomy tube would have to be changed every 3 months in the mean time.)
    * Perform a nephrectomy and completely remove the right kidney.
    * Get a second opinion (I would like to get a second opinion, but I’m afraid that any other doctor would want to perform his own tests on her, and she has already been through so much. Also, she is receiving treatment at one of the best hospitals in the country, so I don’t know how helpful going somewhere else would be.)

    The doctor said that if she were his daughter, he would chose to remove the kidney and spare her from any more tests and/or procedure and just put an end to it. He also said that, God forbid, in the horrible, unforeseen event that something were to happen to her “good kidney”, she would not really benefit from having the “bad” kidney (with only 19% function). (In other words, it would only postpone dialysis and a transplant, not prevent them all together.)

    Again, my daughter is only 6 months old and has already had to endure two surgeries, blood tests, catheters, IVS, CT-scans, and x-rays with a lot of radiation exposure. At this point, doctors don’t even know what they are dealing with. Is it worth it in the long run to continue the tests and surgeries to try and salvage a kidney that only has 19% function? Her left kidney is “normal”, except that it has grade 1 reflux (which the doctor said is a minor detail, and could have been caused by the massive size of her bladder pre-surgery).

    Please respond ONLY if you are a trained professional who is knowledgeable in the field of pediatrics urology, or if you have personally experienced something similar. I am trying to make a very important decision, and I need serious advice only, please.

    • ANSWER:

  42. QUESTION:
    What treatments are there for liver failure?
    My sister had surgery 2 weeks ago because of a tumor on her pancreas. She is 24 years old and healthy. The doctors were going to do the whipple procedure but then once they actually went in to take the tumor out they saw that it was connected to the portal vein. They then cut off the tumor from the vein taking off part of the vein and replacing it with artificial vein. On Saturday of last week the doctor said she was in critical condition having multiple organ failure. Her liver is only functioning at 15% and they are doing dialysis for her kidneys, and her lungs were not receiving enough oxygen so they paralyzed her so that the breathing machine would breathe for her. I was wondering if there is anything they can give her to stimulate the liver to regenerate. Right now she is stable and needs for her liver to start regenerating.
    She did get the whipple procedure plus part of the portal vein removed. So I wouldn’t say it was the whipple since it’s more complex. But she did have the head of the pancreas removed, the gallbladder and part of her stomach removed. I’m not sure if anything else was removed. The doctor said that the blood flow through the portal vein was at 50-60%, is that good?

    • ANSWER:
      November 7th 2006 I was to have a Whipple operation myself. I had a tumour at the head of the pancreas13cm in diameter. and the surgeon told me that ones opened from the sternum to way below my waist line and if he found cancer he would close me up and that was final ,days would be counted.
      No cancer was found no Whipple operation was done at the exception of removing the tumour, and also remove the Gallbladder because it was full of sludge. This was cause by a blocked bile duck that gave me jaundice. They made a by-pass to the small intestine for the bile to go to.
      The gave me the strongest antibiotic that was available to help me with the severe infection from feces and bile that erupted to my stomach.
      It left me vomiting blood, could not eat, drink, as the pain was so intense that it got my liver to react. I was told that the antibiotics would help the infection and I would recoup soon.
      The one thing I was told if the liver usually grows back if some of it is cut away and it heals by it self with the proper care at and within the hospital.
      My stay in the hospital was longer than anticipated and I pulled through after loosing 100 lbs from 225lbs. I was determined to pull through and did.
      The only draw back was and is I am left with abdomenus hernia where the muscle from the stomach that were sewed melted and left me with this massive 2ft in diameter hernia and as high as 10inches. Now she must be having trouble with the wearing of the surgical stockings to prevents blood clots in her legs which she has to wear and the catheter is also uncomfortable and has to watch for bed soars.
      Some one from the familly should remain with her to comfort her and lift her moral.
      God bless her she is young and was strong and will recuperate. Trust me I am 65 and went through but feel very out of place with massive Herniawere I need more surgery to correct this but that is it no more operation for now. I get C,A,T scan twice a year but this wont change my mind for another op onless the hernia will kill me.
      Now Like I said Liver usually cure it-self with strong antibiotics and good care. She is lucky that no whipple was ever done. Talk all together with the surgeon to hear his side, and try to get a family physicians opinion on the issue.
      Some surgeon specialize in whipple, and some specialize in liver transplant now the choice is yours but do not panick for now. I’m still alive.

  43. QUESTION:
    Can I get medicare card for my father in india, karnataka?
    My father’s both the kidneys are failed, doctor told that he should undergo dialysis twice a week, we can’t bare this much amount. cost of dialysis is from 900 to 2000 Rs in karnataka, India, recently i saw
    this site

    http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/financialhelp/#children

    for medicare card, my doubt is it possible to make medicare card in india, if yes what is the procedure. thank you in advance. please help me. please

    • ANSWER:
      I feel its the facility for kids, as mentioned in that site. You keep watching newspapers for kidney aid camps. Try writing in ‘Readers’ write’ column of newspapers… I however wish u good luck.

      btw, i’m also from karnataka.

  44. QUESTION:
    who can help? a charitY? you? please help?
    To Whom It May Concern,
    Good day to everyone whose reading my letter. I am Evelyn Lajom, 30 years of age, Filipino Citizen, presently living with my sister and his family in Valenzuela City, Philippines. My province is in PAMPANGA. I wrote this letter with the help of my friend named Joy, I want to ask a little help to scatter this letter and send this message to everyone. This letter is primarily asking for financial help to all kind-hearted and fortunate ones in this world. I was diagnosed with END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE SECONDARY TO CHRONIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS six years ago immediately one year after I graduated from Manila Central University of Business Administration Major in Management.
    ’m one of the patients of the well-known National Kidney and Transplant Institute here in the Philippines and currently undergoing Hemodialysis to filter the waste products in my blood (My Kidneys are greatly damage and are not functioning anymore and I’ll die when my blood continues to accumulate these toxins). I kept undergoing to this procedure twice a week for 6 years in Asia Renal Care Philippines and if unfortunate, I’m only having my Hemodialysis twice a month because I need to divide our money for the dialysis and blood-transfusions. The hemodialysis ranges from P3,000 – P4,000 or U – 80 plus the same fee for my needed blood transfusions which is very hard for us to accumulate. I am very thankful for all the financial support I’m getting from all the persons who never ceases to sponsor me in able to survive.
    My siblings already have their own families and is not earning so much money to fit for the daily expenses. Though, I’m so grateful that all of them are also hunting for a donation to help me in this struggle. They cannot handle the bulk of financial burden I’m bringing to my them anymore most especially this time. Because of this crisis, we cannot anymore produce or accumulate money for my hemodialysis and kidney transplant. “I really really really want to recover from this. I’m hoping that God never take me for granted and hears all my prayer.”
    For now, I’m operating a small business beside a Day Care Center in Valenzuela but is greatly not enough to save for my hospital needs.
    The doctors advises me to accumulate a equivalent amount of P 1,000,000 or U$ 20,000 for my Kidney Transplantation and maintenance medications post operation.

    Any amount, even how small it is would be a great help to prolong my life. Your single cent is my life, Please, Please… I’ll never stop to wait for your response.
    If ever this letter would be lucky to reach doctors, and persons who know doctors who can sponsor my operation, It will give me hope to be more positive in life and let your goodness be blessed with God the Father.
    I am also asking help for those who are linked with the government like the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office, to all Senators and Congressman who has fund in the National Kidney & Transplant Institute. I think this is the only possible way to prusue my dreams, help my family in return and continue to spread the Inspiration, The miracle happened to me.

    Thank you very much and God Bless.
    HELP PROLONG MY LIFE THROUGH: (Please indicate your name and I’ll send my appreciate)

    - Bank Account: Metrobank Account no. 3029496642 , Account name: Evelyn Lajom

    Branch Address: 12 mc arthur highway marulas , Valenzuela City
    Swift Code: MBTCPHMM
    Branch Code: 029

    - Send via mail: Evelyn Lajom. 90 Ilang-ilang Circle, Don Pedro Village, Marulas, Valenzuela City, Philippines. Postal code: 1440
    Contact details: 02-4321419

    PICTURES KO PO…MY PICTURES
    img31.imageshack.us/my.php?image=img00025x.jpg

    http://img190.imageshack.us/my.php?image=img00026w.jpg

    http://img8.imageshack.us/my.php?image=img00027a.jpg

    http://img19.imageshack.us/my.php?image=img00029ine.jpg

    http://img196.imageshack.us/my.php?image=img00034f.jpg

    -Or Simply just forward my letter to all the people you know… I be glad if you do it,,, please…….. please……..

    evelynlajom@yahoo.com

    • ANSWER:
      May God be with you.

  45. QUESTION:
    TIPS shunt and liver toxins?
    I had the TIPS procedure done 11 years ago due to heavy drinking that caused ascities. I was having my abdomen drained every few days. I have maintained sobriety (yeah for me!) and my question is about my shunt. With the shunt in place, is my liver filtering toxins? And, I can’t locate any literature on shunts being removed. Are they ever removed? I understand most people that have the TIPS procedure done are on their way to a transplant. I was on the transplant list but with awesome medical care (beginning with my alcoholic coma, dialysis, wheelchair, walker, etc), and an awesome support system, I got better and continue to not drink. I had sonograms done on the shunt the first couple of years and all was well. I have my liver and kidney numbers checked every couple of years and everything looks reasonable. Any info you can provide on liver function after the TIPS procedure and removal of the shunt would be great!

    • ANSWER:
      Kudos on the sobriety… keep it up. The TIPS procedure is usually done to prevent increased pressures in the portal vein (the vein that drains blood into the liver), which occurs as a complication from cirrhosis of the liver. The shunt prevents bleeding complications, ascites, and other abnormalities. So it is less likely that your doctors will remove the shunt… unless the shunt is blocked or narrowed. The other alternative would be the DSRS procedure.

      Unfortunately Cirrhosis is an irreversible process, and since you’ve stopped drinking you’re preventing further damage to the liver. However, the damage that has already been done is less likely to improve, due to the tough scar tissue that is already formed. This is the reason why Cirrhosis patients with a high CPT score (Child-Pugh-Turcotte score) end up needing a liver transplant. You’re already doing great with the lifestyle modifications, and as long as your numbers look good, it will keep the CPT down…stick to your follow ups on a regular basis, get all your queries answered by your doctor, and keep a positive outlook. Wishing you best of health.

  46. QUESTION:
    Nephrology Questions?
    Question 1:
    A BMI over 30.0 kg/m2 denotes obesity. BMI stands for _______________?

    Question 2:
    _______________ is the spread of cancer from its primary site to other places in the body.

    Question 3:
    A _______________ is a/an x-ray when it is formed by an event involving an electron, as opposed to when it comes from the nucleus of an atom.

    Question 4:
    There are how many reversible causes of cardiac arrest?

    Question 5:
    Because viruses are unable to replicate on their own, they are dependant on _______________ cells. Therefore, they are often not classified as a life-form.

    Question 6:
    In radiology, the word _______________ is derived from the Greek words for “slice” and “describing”.

    Question 7:
    Kidney stones less than _______________ mm in size usually will pass spontaneously.

    Question 8:
    Infectious disease requires an agent and a mode of transmission, also known as a _______________.

    Question 9:
    A coronary artery _______________ graft is a surgical procedure performed in patients with coronary artery disease for the relief of angina and possible improved heart muscle function in which veins or arteries from elsewhere in the patient’s body are grafted from the aorta to the coronary arteries.

    Question 10:
    Influenza reaches peak prevalence in which season?

    Question 11:
    In _______________ dialysis, a special solution is run through a tube into the abdominal body cavity around the intestine. The fluid is left there for a while to absorb waste products, and then removed through the tube.

    Question 12:
    The top three single agent disease killers are HIV/AIDS, TB, and _______________.

    Question 13:
    During a typical _______________ test, also known as a prick test, small amounts of suspected allergens are introduced to sites on the patient, either by injecting intradermally or into small scratchings.

    Question 14:
    The _______________ immune system ensures that most mammals that survive an initial infection by a pathogen are generally immune to further illness, caused by that same pathogen.

    Question 15:
    In Pathology, the structural changes induced in the cells, tissues and organs are called _______________ changes.

    fill in the blank morphologic malaria
    peritoneal bypass
    5 8
    host skin/prick
    winter body mass index
    photon metastasis
    vector acquired/adaptive
    tomography

    • ANSWER:
      How do you expect to learn if people just feed you the answers? These questions are not complicated. Use a textbook or google to find the answers. If you don’t understand something ask your instructor.

  47. QUESTION:
    A chance of hope… Justin Bieber? Please help.?
    My best friend has been in the hospital for the first time ever in her life for the past week. She just got her diagnosis today and has a serious kidney problem. She has been on dialysis and will remain on it for the next 1-6 months or however long until she receives a kidney transplant… she found out she now needs a kidney transplant too. This week is undergoing surgery for bone marrow and a series of other procedures..

    She is a HUGE justin bieber fan and has been planning for over 7 months to attend his concert this Saturday, the 28th. However due to her new medical condition she is in the hospital and unable to attend. We were hoping that anyone would be able to help reach Justin or anything and if there was any possible way to see if he could see her or even just give her a call.. anything.
    She was in tears when she found out she couldn’t go.
    ANY help would be greatly appreciated!!!

    **PLEASE HELP SPREAD THE WORD!!!!!!!!
    it would mean the WORLD to her :)

    • ANSWER:
      If you can get a hold of Justin Bieber, he would definitely come to see her. That is what happened with Cody.. Its a little girl who cried over him, he saw the video, he tweeted if someone could help him find her so he can meet her, some guy in a show helped him, he met Cody and her family and took them out to Disney Land!

  48. QUESTION:
    Desperate for help! Pleasee?
    My best friend has been in the hospital for the first time ever in her life for the past week. She just got her diagnosis today and has a serious kidney problem. She has been on dialysis and will remain on it for the next 1-6 months or however long until she receives a kidney transplant… she found out she now needs a kidney transplant too. This week is undergoing surgery for bone marrow and a series of other procedures..

    She is a HUGE Justin Bieber fan and has been planning for over 7 months to attend his concert this Saturday, the 28th. However due to her just discovered medical condition she is in the hospital and unable to attend. We are all very worried and don’t know what the future will hold for her. Please…is there some way that some could get this message to Justin and see if he could reach out to her and wish her well as she fights for her life? A phone call….a short visit…some communications that would help raise her spirits and if even for a minute helps her forget her troubles and makes her smile.

    Thank you!!

    We were hoping that anyone would be able to help reach Justin or anything and if there was any possible way to see if he could see her or even just give her a call.. anything.
    She was in tears when she found out she couldn’t go.
    She also has found out that she now has anemia

    • ANSWER:
      The “Justin Bieber Fan Club” may have a way of getting a message to him.
      Have you tried contacting them on the internet?

  49. QUESTION:
    Which assignment would you choose?
    Assignment A

    A manufacturer of soft fruit drinks has produced a new range of drinks. You are asked to demonstrate which, if any, contain more vitamin C than the previous range of drinks.

    You are provided with:
    - Blue dye
    - A solution containing a known amount of vitamin C
    - A selection of te old products – a lemon, orange and blackcurrant drink
    - A selection of new products- a lemon, orange and blackcurrant drink

    Or

    Assignment B
    A manufacturer of dialysis tubing used in artificial kidney machines has produced a new type of tubing similar to a visking tubing. You are asked to find out whether the new product allows urea to diffuse through it more efficiently than their original tubing. You are provided with colourless dye which goes blue with the presence of urea.

    I won’t be expected to carry out the experiment, but need to suggest procedures in which to carry out the experiment.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Assignment A would involve titrating the known concentration, old drinks and new drinks to determine the percentage of vitamin C.
      This is a key scientific procedure but Assignment B may demand more scientific knowledge (A is moer mathmatical).
      Assignment B would probaby demand test that involve using the tubes with urea of known concentrations. It would involve measureing flow rates but most importantly timing how long it takes the solution to go clear.
      Both dyes should turn colourless to signify an end point.

      My recommendation would be A.

  50. QUESTION:
    Justin Bieber.. A Chance of Hope. Any help is appreciated!?
    My best friend has been in the hospital for the first time ever in her life for the past week. She just got her diagnosis today and has a serious kidney problem. She has been on dialysis and will remain on it for the next 1-6 months or however long until she receives a kidney transplant… she found out she now needs a kidney transplant too. This week is undergoing surgery for bone marrow and a series of other procedures..

    She is a HUGE Justin Bieber fan and has been planning for over 7 months to attend his concert this Saturday, the 28th. However due to her just discovered medical condition she is in the hospital and unable to attend. We are all very worried and don’t know what the future will hold for her. Please…is there some way that some could get this message to Justin and see if he could reach out to her and wish her well as she fights for her life? A phone call….a short visit…some communications that would help raise her spirits and if even for a minute helps her forget her troubles and makes her smile.

    Thank you!!

    We were hoping that anyone would be able to help reach Justin or anything and if there was any possible way to see if he could see her or even just give her a call.. anything.
    She was in tears when she found out she couldn’t go.
    She has also found out that she suffers from anemia.

    • ANSWER:
      oh my god, this breaks my heart. sadly, I don’t know him :( you could try tweeting him though. idk. I wish her the best of luck


Kidney Dialysis Process

Traditional Chinese medicine has be 00004000 en around for more than 4000 years, long before the existence of conventional medicine, it also has proven as one of most effective herbal medicine in treating infertility, because of the traditional culture and social value. Since there are many microscopic change and many causes can influence the chance of fertility,traditional Chinese medicine practitioners must take all of them into consideration for making an accurate diagnosis.
Besides viewing female infertility as if caused by imbalance according to 5 elements in the theory, it also checks the function of kidney yin and yang,liver qi stagnation, blood deficiency, damp phlegm as well as heat and dampness accumulation in the lower burner.

A. Kidney yang deficiency

Kidney yang deficiency is defined as a condition of the inability of kidney in expelling extra fluid in the body in urinary secretion through bladder, causing fluid retention. Chinese herbs used to treat kidney yang deficiency include

1. Lu rong

Lu rong is also known as deer antler, deer antler velvet, it is a great herb that helps to reduce the blockage of the meridian liver and kidney. Since yang qi deficiency also cause blood deficiency, improving the body yang by strengthening the liver’s function in blood formation and kidney’s function in fluid distribution, by menacing the functions of kidney and liver channels

2. Du Zhong

It is also known ecommia bark, it is one the most used herb to enhance the function of meridian kidney-liver by promoting the qi and blood formation. Since the liver is a organ in charge of blood storing and blood formation and kidney is in charge of fluid regulation, it increases blood flow to the entire body and reduces fluid accumulated in the body, by enhancing the kidney and liver channels.

3. Ba Ji Tian

Ba ji tian is also known as Chinese morinda root, sweet and warm in nature. It is also one the herbs used to strengthen the liver and kidney qi and blood yang by enhancing the liver in blood formation and kidney in urinary secretion, thus reducing the yang deficiency causes of abdominal distention, including cramps and pain during menstrual cycle, leading to infertiltiy. It also is one of the tonic herb in enhancing kidney and liver channels in general.

4. Rou Chong RongRou

Chong Rong used in traditional Chinese medicine for reducing the blockage of kidney-large intestine meridian, thereby increasing the kidney function in increasing blood circulation to warm the uterus, assisting urinary secretion and digestive system in moving waste, resulting in lessening the fluid retention and dysmenorrhea, thus increasing the chance to conceive.

5. Bu Gu Zhi

Bu gu zhi is also known as psoralea fruit and used in traditional Chinese medicine in treating blockage of meridian kidney-Spleen. It tonifies the yang qi by increasing the kidney function in assisting the function of lung qi and the function of spleen in qi distribution.

6. Etc.

B. Kidney yin deficiency

Kidney ying deficiency is defined as condition of either jing depletion or the function of kidney is no longer control the circulation of fluid properly due to accumulation of heat in the lower burner, as a result of eating of spicy and hot foods, frauent sexual activity, working in hot environment, out go in the extreme hot weather without proper clothing, etc., leading to distorting the menstrual cycle and afflicting fertility.
1. Shu Di Huang

Shu di huang is also best known as rehmannia with its sweet and bitter taste. besides as used blood tonic, herb, it also increases the kidney function in hormone production and fluid distribution, thus enhancing yin.

2. Mu Dan Pi

Mu dan pi is a cool herb and also known as peony root with bitter taste. It is used to clear fire, blood stasis and clots causes by kidney yin deficiency.

3. Fu Ling

Fu ling is a neutral herb and known as poria with sweet taste. it helps to strenghten the kidney yin in enhancing the function of fluid distribution, thus reducing dampness accumulation cause of rising heat, leading to infertility

4. Ze Xie

Ze xie is cold herb and also known as alisma with a sweet taste. it has the function as fu ling by clearing damp heat accumulated in lower burn as a result of kidney deficiency in fluid distribution.

5. Etc.

C. Liver Qi Stagnation

1. Xiang Fu (nut grass)
It is one the herbs helped to regulate the qi flow by smoothing the liver and congestion of Spleen qi caused by excessive yin or yang, thus reducing qi stagnation caused by disharmonization of liver and Spleen causes of abdominal cramps and pain. It is said that xiang fu also has a function impromoting regular menstruation.

2. Zhi Ke (ripe fruit of zhi shi)

Zhi ke promote healthy liver, it promotes a strong liver qi function, thereby, increasing its function in blood formation and transportation to the heart for circulation.

3. Wu Yao (lindera root).

Wu yao is one the warm with the main function of warming the kidney caused by kidney yang deficiency. It is only used for patient with evidence of liver qi stagnation caused by prolong intake of cold foods or working in a cold environment. Since its function is to restore the liver qi flow due to cold constraint, it reduces the blood stagnation causes of menstrual pain.

D. damp phlegm

Damp phlegm is defined as a condition of accumulation of fluid in the body for a prolonged period of time, leading to phlegm as a result of heat due to consuming of greasy, oily and fatty foods. Chinese herbs use to treat damp phlegm causes of female infertility include

1. Cang Zhu (Rhizome Chinese Atractylodes)

Cang zhu is warm herb with bitter taste. besides promoting the kidney in water distribution to reduce dampness accumulated in lower burner, it also dry dampness to avoi

2. Ban Xia (Pinellia)

Ban Xia is warn and toxic herb and has been used in TCM to stop vomiting, promote vomiting, rids of phlegm nodules as it promote the function of lung qi and kidney fluid distribution.

3. Gan Cao (Licorice)

Gan cao is a sweet and neutral herb. It is used to enhance spleen and lung qi, clear heat, cleanse toxins and expel phlegm caused by dampness accumulation due to qi deficiency.

4. Chen Pi (Tangerine Peel )

Chen pi is warm and bitter herb. it increases the function of spleen and lung in qi distribution, thus reducing the risk of excessive phlegm accumulation.

5. Etc.

E. Damp heat

Damp heat is defined as a condition of fluid accumulated in the body tissues over a prolong period of time. It can become damp heat as a result of intake of hot spicy hot, infection and inflammation. Chinese herbs used to treat damp heat include.

1. Long dan cao (Gentian)

Besides it is used to treat liver heat caused by dampness accumulation due to spleen’ inability in materials absorption, It also enhances the liver and the gallbladder function in draining damp heat in the body through kidney urinary secretion.

2. Huang qin (Scullcap)

Huang qin is important to enhance the lung function by moistening the qi, thus reducing the risk of fever, irritability, thirst, cough. It also improves the stomach function in absorbing vital vitamins and minerals by clearing the heat caused extreme dampness that causes diarrhea and thirst with no desire to drink.

3. Zhi zi (Gardenia)

It improves the circulatory function by clearing the liver heat due to constrained liver and heat caused by infection or inflammation as a result of fluids accumulated in body for a prolong period of time.

4. Mu tong (Akebia)

Mu tong besides increases the kidney in clearing dampness through urinary secretion, it also enhances the blood function by draining the blood heat caused by blood stagnation.

5. Che qian cao (Plaintain root)

Che qian cao has a vital function by eliminating the toxin accumulated in the body and promoting damp heat expelling through urinary secretion.

6. Chai hu (Buplerum)

Chai hu enhances the spleen and stomach in qi and materials digestion, thereby reducing damp heat in the abdominal region caused by liver blood stagnation, resulting in lessening the menstrual cramps and pain and pain caused lung qi stagnation due to spleen abnormal function in qi transportation.

7. Etc.

G. Blood Deficiency

1. He shou wu (fleeceflower root)

He shou wu is a liver tonic herb. It promotes liver function in blood formation and increases the kidney qi in assisting the liver in transporting blood to the heart for circulation, thereby reducing the blood stagnation causes of deficiency. It also improves the kidney in urinary secretion, thus decreasing the risk of blood stagnation caused by fluid retention.

2. Shu Di Huang (Chinese foxglove root)

Shu di huang is a blood tonic herb. Besides improving the liver in blood formation, it also increases the liver’s qi by boosting the circulatory system in transporting oxygen and nutrients to the body’s cells thus reducing the risks of symptoms of dizziness, pallid complexion, palpitations, and scanty menstruation.

3. E Jiao (Donkey-Hide Glue)

E jiao is an important herb for improving the liver in blood formation and liver qi in regulating the blood circulation in the body thereby reducing the symptoms of dizziness, shallow complexion, and palpitations caused by blood deficiency.

4. Dang gui (Chinese angelica root)

Dang gui is best known for improving the liver’s function in blood formation and regulating the function of the reproductive organs. It also harmonizes the production of hormones during the menstrual cycle, leading to reduced cramps and pain caused by blood deficiency and stagnation.

5. Bai shao (white peony root)

Bai shao plays an important role in nourishing the blood and regulating menstrual problems caused by blood deficiency. It also harmonizes the liver and spleen to prevent the rising of blood heat causes of headache and dizziness.There are many more Chinese herbs that help to treat blood deficiency, make sure to work with your Chinese practitioner to find the underlining causes and to treat them effectively.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    is there an danger in dialysis process for kidney patients?
    my father is a kidney patient and will have this dialysis process.

    • ANSWER:
      Well the risks include infection and bleeding during the dialysis access placement (either catheter or fistula surgery). These are relatively small. Dialysis in general is quite safe. There are many risks of long term dilysis to talk with your dad’s doctor about, but the bottom line is you can’t live without it, so whatever the risks, the benefits outweigh them. Only other option for your dad is kidney transplant. Did you discuss this with your nephrologist? Good luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the two main processes involved in kidney dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      Pumping the blood from the fistula (which had been surgically created in the patient’s arm), cleaning the blood and then returning the cleaned blood but there are different types of dialysis I am thinking you mean Hemodialysis.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemodialysis

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the differences and similarities between kidney dialysis and regular kidney functions?
    Okay, I know that one is the normal process for your body and the other requires you being hooked up to a machine. What I’m asking for is what the similarities and differences are between the actual processes of the two.

    • ANSWER:
      Both filter out impurities. A real kidney is much more efficient.

      A machine doesn’t produce chemicals (such as renin) that affect the blood pressure.

  4. QUESTION:
    renal dialysis vs normal kidney function – how does the process of excretion differ between the two?

    • ANSWER:
      Normal kidney function includes more than just removal of water and waste from the blood. The kidneys serve to maintain the blood rather than just cleaning it. They also produce hormones that increase red blood cell count in low oxygen environments.

  5. QUESTION:
    HELP WITH KIDNEY DIALYSIS?
    HELP WITH KIDNEY DIALYSIS!?
    Describe the general transport process involved in kidney dialysis.

    Give a reason why the dialyzing solution flows in the opposite direction to the blood.

    Explain why a clot and bubble trap is needed after the blood has been dialyzed but before it re enters the body

    explain why the urea passes from the blood and into the dialyzing solution.

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    can someone describe or give me a website the process of dialysis in taking the place of a functioning kidney?
    helpp pleaseee <3

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some links from the website of the dialysis provider Davita:

      http://www.davita.com/dialysis_animation/

      http://www.davita.com/

  7. QUESTION:
    Kidney Transplant Process?
    My dad needs a kidney. He’s been on dialysis for about 5 years. I’m 20. I don’t smoke or drink. I’d like to think I’m in good health. I was wanting to know what would qualify me to give him a kidney or what’s the process like to be a donor. If I decided to give the kidney to him tomorrow, how long would it take before we could do the surgery? I’m very anxious to give him a kidney. Dialysis has taken over his life. If you have ANY advice or info, please share.
    I’m in the US. I also have tattoos and piercings..I don’t know how important that is. He is on the transplant list..he has been for awhile. I think he has about another 2 years waiting. His kidneys failed from the Chronic Kidney Disease. I’m not sure if that’s genetic or not. Finances/insurance isn’t a problem for either of us. Thanks for all of your answers.

    • ANSWER:
      The Kidney Transplant Process

  8. QUESTION:
    anyone know about Kidney Dialysis?
    Explain how the process of dialysis works for patients whose kidneys are not working properly.

    • ANSWER:
      There are mainly 2 types of dialysis, and this explains why ones needs it, and how. I wish you good kidney functioning.

      Dialysis
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      (Redirected from Kidney dialysis)

      This article is about renal dialysis; for the laboratory technique, see dialysis (biochemistry);
      This article needs additional citations for verification.
      (June 2007)

      A hemodialysis machineIn medicine, dialysis (from Greek “dialusis”, meaning dissolution, “dia”, meaning through, and “lusis”, meaning loosening) is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function (renal replacement therapy) due to renal failure. Dialysis may be used for very sick patients who have suddenly but temporarily, lost their kidney function (acute renal failure) or for quite stable patients who have permanently lost their kidney function (stage 5 chronic kidney disease). When healthy, the kidneys maintain the body’s internal equilibrium of water and minerals (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfate) and the kidneys remove from the blood the daily metabolic load of fixed hydrogen ions. The kidneys also function as a part of the endocrine system producing erythropoietin and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol). Dialysis is an imperfect treatment to replace kidney function because it does not correct the endocrine functions of the kidney. Dialysis treatments replace some of these functions through diffusion (waste removal) and ultrafiltration (fluid removal).[1]

      Contents [hide]
      1 Principle
      2 Types
      2.1 Hemodialysis
      2.2 Peritoneal dialysis
      2.3 Hemofiltration

      [edit] Principle
      Dialysis works on the principles of the diffusion of solutes and ultrafiltration of fluid across a semi-permeable membrane. Blood flows by one side of a semi-permeable membrane, and a dialysate or fluid flows by the opposite side. Smaller solutes and fluid pass through the membrane. The blood flows in one direction and the dialysate flows in the opposite. The counter-current flow of the blood and dialysate maximizes the concentration gradient of solutes between the blood and dialysate, which helps to remove more urea and creatinine from the blood. The concentrations of solutes (for example potassium, phosphorus, and urea) are undesirably high in the blood, but low or absent in the dialysis solution and constant replacement of the dialysate ensures that the concentration of undesired solutes is kept low on this side of the membrane. The dialysis solution has levels of minerals like potassium and calcium that are similar to their natural concentration in healthy blood. For another solute, bicarbonate, dialysis solution level is set at a slightly higher level than in normal blood, to encourage diffusion of bicarbonate into the blood, to act as a pH buffer to neutralise the metabolic acidosis that is often present in these patients. The levels of the components of dialysate are typically prescribed by a nephrologist according to the needs of the individual patient.

      [edit] Types
      There are two primary types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, and a third investigational type, intestinal dialysis.

      [edit] Hemodialysis

      Hemodialysis schematicMain articles: Hemodialysis and Home hemodialysis
      In hemodialysis, the patient’s blood is pumped through the blood compartment of a dialyzer, exposing it to a semipermeable membrane. The cleansed blood is then returned via the circuit back to the body. Ultrafiltration occurs by increasing the hydrostatic pressure across the dialyzer membrane. This usually is done by applying a negative pressure to the dialysate compartment of the dialyzer. This pressure gradient causes water and dissolved solutes to move from blood to dialysate, and allows the removal of several litres of excess fluid during a typical 3 to 5 hour treatment. In the US, hemodialysis treatments are typically given in a dialysis center three times per week (due in the US to Medicare reimbursement rules); however, as of 2007 over 2,000 people in the US are dialyzing at home more frequently for various treatment lengths.[2] Studies have demonstrated the clinical benefits of dialyzing 5 to 7 times a week, for 6 to 8 hours. These frequent long treatments are often done at home, while sleeping but home dialysis is a flexible modality and schedules can be changed day to day, week to week. In general, studies have shown that both increased treatment length and frequency are clinically beneficial.[3]

      [edit] Peritoneal dialysis
      Main article: Peritoneal dialysis
      In peritoneal dialysis, a sterile solution containing minerals and glucose is run through a tube into the peritoneal cavity, the abdominal body cavity around the intestine, where the peritoneal membrane acts as a semipermeable membrane. The dialysate is left there for a period of time to absorb waste products, and then it is drained out through the tube and discarded. This cycle or “exchan

  9. QUESTION:
    Attn: Doctors/Health Professionals: What are medical devices using diffusion, some such as a kidney dialysis?
    I’m looking for medical devices or machines that use mass transport phenomena or some sort of diffusion process.

    • ANSWER:
      lol BME 303; good luck!

  10. QUESTION:
    can anybody compare the process of renal dialysis and the kidneys?
    Thanks in advanced

    • ANSWER:
      renal is another word for kidney, renal failure means your kidneys are failing to work. The function of your kidneys is to filter substances that you pee. If you are in renal failure you have an excess amount of waste material that you usually excrete out circulating through your body such as urea. Anyways renal dialysis does just that, it filters out your blood. A person is hooked up to a dialysis machine via IV for a couple of hours while there blood is being filtered.

  11. QUESTION:
    A persons went under 20 dialysis on kidney failure. is there any other way to set aside dialysis?
    A person went under 20 times dialysis. Fluid is not passing out due to this. He is a patient of diabetic, hypertension. S.Creatine is nowdays stable in the raange of5.5 . potassium is within normal range. Sodium is normal. despite this he is on dialysis twice a week. Please let me know to abondened the painful process of dialysis. not in a position for kidney transplant. Kindly suggest some other ways for the survival of the patient, if there is any in your knowledge. sincerely thankful from my bottom of heart.

    • ANSWER:
      If serum creatinine, potassium and sodium are either stable or normal, it’s probably because he is getting dialysis twice per week. The dialysis is removing what the kidneys can’t

      I’ve heard of people switching to a very low protein diet (much lower than the pre-dialysis low protein diet) and strictly controlling potassium, sodium and fluid intake. But I think that they usually still produce urine. The switch to a low protein diet is more than just giving up meat, it’s also replacing many grain based foods with special low protein versions of those foods too, which can have an added cost. The switch to a very low protein diet requires (I’ve been told) expensive amino acid supplements to ensure that the body gets all the amino acids it cannot produce that are normally found in meat and meat alternatives. But obviously don’t try a new diet this without full consultation with your renal dietitian and your nephrologist.

      I’m wondering if he is finding dialysis painful because he is not controlling his fluid intake and therefore needs quite a bit of fluid pulled off at each dialysis session. When I was on hemo, I still produced urine, but I know of a lot of other people (usually elderly) that drank and ate what ever they wanted and would always come into the clinic with way too much fluid then complain about how uncomfortable/painful it was and everytime the nurses would say well don’t drink so much!

      I eventually switched to peritoneal dialysis. No needles and excess fluid is continuously being removed.

  12. QUESTION:
    Doctor Says I Need To Undergo Kidney Dialysis Soon?
    Creatinine count’s hovering around 400 now, he says it may be 6 months to about a year till I will need to undergo kidney dialysis.

    What’s best to do to retard the process and prevent deterioration of the kidneys?

    I have been a diabetic (type 1) since I was 13 years old, now 34 and underwent a quadruple heart bypass in November 2008.

    What kind of food should I avoid, restrict and what kind can I eat freely?

    I hate the idea of not being able to drink so much water because water helps with my diabetes management (sugar control).

    Which is better – home water dialysis 4 times a day or once through the night, or blood dialysis at the centre?

    Will I die as soon as I don’t go for kidney dialysis?

    Seems very expensive and troublesome just to stay alive.

    Till what age am I expected to live once the doctor says “Ok, we will need to start dialysis now..”?

    Thanks! =)
    Thanks, guys.

    You know, I’ve been thinking a lot these past few days.

    I’ve realized that I had defaulted doctor visits for 5 years and had not taken any form of medication or insulin at all though I needed to, being a diabetic type 1.

    The strange thing was that I felt fine, almost ‘normal’.

    Energy levels were normal, appetite was normal, I felt like a normal person.

    Of course, the bouts of high blood sugar eventually have caused some complications to my eyes and kidneys and I have neuropathy BUT I felt that I fared better without synthetic medicine like all these statins, blood pressure medicine et al.

    Since I started taking these medicines, things have gone downhill. I’ve not felt much better, in fact I am feeling worse!

    And to top it off, several times I had adverse reactions to the new statins prescribed and they caused my creatinine count to go up.

    Do you think it’s a good idea for me to wean off synthetic medicine totally and regulate my blood sugar with natural foods?

    • ANSWER:
      I am in my mid 40′s and have been in stage 5 CKD for four years now.
      My creatine is 330 and all of my numbers have been holding steady for over two years.
      I work very hard at staying healthy. I go to the gym at my hospital 3 times a week, I am on a strict low sodium, low potassium, low phosphate diet. I don’t eat fast food. I don’t smoke, drink or do drugs.
      I take my medication regularly and take all the advice given to me by my medical team.
      I used to be a big water drinker until I got sick, now I have learned how to just sip it
      I was supposed to begin Peritoneal Dialysis years ago, but because my body is doing so well, my doctors keep putting it off.
      When the time comes, I chose to do home dialysis, so that I can stay home and rest, read, or watch tv instead of being stuck at the hospital all day while waiting for my turn on the machines.
      You can live for a long time as an active healthy person if you work hard at looking after yourself.
      There are a lot of people who are much sicker and have no hope for the future. We have an opportunity to live and be reasonably well for years to come.
      Do some research about your diet, find out about an exercise plan, and talk to your medical team for guidance.
      If you decide that you don’t want to do the dialysis, then within the year you will most likely die.
      Imagine the chemotherapy that cancer patients have to go through to stay alive.
      They don’t think it’s expensive and troublesome.
      I don’t think your family will either.

  13. QUESTION:
    Biological concepts in kidney dialysis?
    Hi I am doing a school project and I have to write up a report on questions asked about kidney dialysis. Anyway, one of the questions is “what essential biological concepts and/or processes are involved the the techniques”

    I know the techniques (basic ones) are Peritoneal Dialysis and Dialysis. So I have figured that the biological concepts are diffusion and ultra-filtration.

    Are there any more important ones that are used?

    • ANSWER:
      You may, depending on the required specificity, mention *osmosis* in a minor description.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is the process for dialysis painful?
    I heard that some patients with damaged kidneys who have gone through dialysis died after a few weeks or so. I just want to know why others choose not to have dialysis. Some say that it is better not to have it. I’d appreciate your answers.

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    kidney question?
    Describe the general process of kidney dialysis and then describe one new technique used in the dialysis of blood.
    why do u guys waste your time answering my question if your gonna give me some dumb answer saying that i need to read my textbook or something

    • ANSWER:
      You can probably read your textbook for this- don’t skip it.

      Are you a student? You’d be much better off reading this rather than have some stranger “take a stab at it.”

  16. QUESTION:
    What tests need to be done for a kidney transplant?
    My uncle who was adopted has 2 failing kidneys and has been on Dialysis for a year and I want to know what tests I need to have to see if I am a match and can donate a kidney. Also what is the healing process like?

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    how long does it take to donate a kidney?
    im donating a kidney to a friend. i just took the initial blood test.

    they told me the process will take 6 months before they can do the kidney transplant. my friend is on dialysis.

    does it really take 6 months before they can transplant the kidney? they said they’ve got to do a lot of test like blood test and urine test and EKG’s and s’hit but does it really take 6 months?

    has anyone here ever donated a kidney and how long did it take before you could finally give your kidney to a friend or family?

    also, is there anything i could do to speed up the process ?

    • ANSWER:
      That’s interesting and odd , but I don’t know much about living donation. Was it the transplant coordinator who gave you that information?

      I included a link about informed consent for living donors. I noticed that one requirement says::
      “The provision of sufficient time for the potential donor to reflect after consenting to donate”

      You may also want to look at this; depending on your state, you could get a tax deduction:

      http://www.transplantliving.org/livingdonation/financialaspects/statetax.aspx

      Here is more info on living donation and the potential tests:

      http://www.kidney.org/transplantation/livingDonors/infoQA.cfm?id=3

      I received a kidney and pancreas, but not from a living donor. I am really curious about why it takes 6 months; I suggest you go to www.transplantbuddies.com, or www.kidney.org, and ask on their message boards. I think you’ll get more of a response there.

      I know the other poster’s comment about “beating up” the patient was a joke, but actually that would not work in real life. My friend on dialysis got called for a transplant but could not get the transplant simply because her finger was infected.

  18. QUESTION:
    anyone know of anyone who would donate a kidney to me?im in the process of getting on the transplant list.?
    i was diagnosed with end stage renal failure in november,im currently on peritoneal dialysis every day.the waiting list in california is 4-5 years.I thought id just maybe throw this question in.who knows,a miracle might just come along.

    • ANSWER:
      if you are able i got a kidney and pancreas from memorial Herman hospital in Houston Texas and it only took 15 months. i was on dialysis for 3 years, i was scared of the transplant but things are great after 4 1/2 years. look up their web page and it will give you all the information you need. my doctor’s name is DR.RICHARD KNIGHT. he is a great and knowable doctor. best of luck to you. god bless you while you wait.

  19. QUESTION:
    Christians: what are your thoughts on the Christian who became an atheist after a kidney transplant?
    This Christian was not a particularly devout Christian, you know, they didn’t protest outside abortion clinics and didn’t always vote for conservative politicians, but they did go to church regularly and they did raise their children believing in the Christian dogma. But then a case of gout got worse and worse and doctors discovered a congenital defect with both their kidneys and they had to put on dialysis awaiting a kidney transplant. For 9 months they went through the horrible dialysis process 3 times a week and then finally a kidney transplant became available for them. The operation was a success, the Christian recovered after a few weeks and the new kidney did the job great.

    The thing is, the story doesn’t end here; 2 years after the kidney transplant, the Christian stopped going to church, bought a Richard Dawkins book and started watching Bill Maher on TV and finding him intellectual and witty instead of rude and abrasive. This Christian became an atheist and would constantly argue with friends and family about religious issues. It turned out that the kidney donated to them was actually from the body of an atheist who died in a car wreck. It seems that some of the atheist’s personality still resided in their kidney.

    This story might very well be just an urban myth but still it raises an interesting conundrum, don’t you think so? Do our organs form some of our characteristics and do they retain these characteristics even after being transplanted into another body?

    • ANSWER:
      Our organs are genetically coded to do their jobs.

      So, unless it’s a brain that’s transplanted, a transplant is not going to change someone’s personality or beliefs.

  20. QUESTION:
    Why does anaemia usually develop with maintenance dialysis?
    I am currently studying kidney failur/renal failur and i cannot seem to find any answers to the question above…
    note: maintenance dialysis is refering to the haemodialysis process

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    How to raise fund for Kidney Patient?
    My brother is a kidney patient and he has to have a kidney transplant soon. For this reason I’m looking for answers to raise fund for his treatment.

    We live in Nepal, one of the poorest countries. Our family earns around 0 per month. And currently, my brother is undergoing kidney dialysis at a Nursing Home. The cost is around for one session of dialysis. He has to undergo this process for 8 times in a month. This has been his first month starting this treatment. This month has hit our family financially.

    Now, we have to collect around $ 20,000 to $ 25,000 for this transplant. I’m clueless about what to do next.

    Can anyone suggest me if there is any way that can raise money online to help my family?

    This is a genuine request for help. I can produce hospital documents as well. Thank you.
    I’d contacted the American Kidney Fund (http://www.akfinc.org/) and emailed them with a lot of hope, but it seemed like they only help US-based citizens only. Their exact line was as follows:

    “The American Kidney Fund is only able to financially assist renal patients who reside in the United States and its territories.”

    • ANSWER:
      appeal in the media ,

  22. QUESTION:
    What to do about my fathers Kidney failure.. Please Help!?
    Hi,

    I was wondering if anyone has any information about how I could speed up my fathers kidney transplant process. My father is currently on dialysis and he refuses to accepts a kidney from his wife and kids. All of our friends and family know of his situation and no one has offered. Plus I am not sure if my dad would feel comfortable with accepting a kidney from them as well. (WE TRIED very hard to talk him into accepting ours and explained that its not dangerous but he wont budge ). I dont know what my other options are and his doctor keeps telling me friends and family or continue waiting for a donor. But I see my father withering away on the dialysis. He is in his late 50′s with a long list of complications. I really dont know what else to do.

    Any advice?

    • ANSWER:
      If he won’t accept a family donation, then I’m afraid that his place of the transplant list will be lower. Barring a change in his medical condition, there’s no way to “speed things up.”

      Unfortunately, he is set in his ways. Is it possible that he’s depressed? He certainly has reason to be down.

      Best of luck.

  23. QUESTION:
    Dialysis Biology Homework?
    I am finding it difficult to find understandable information out about kidneys and dialysis for my biology homework!
    a)By what process do chemical wastes pass from the blood into the dialysising fluid
    b)WHy dont blood cells and big molecules like protein go into the dialysing fluid
    c)What effect does dialysis have on the level of i. the urea and ii. glucose in the blood
    d) A person using a kidney machine usually has dialysis twice a week
    i. how dus this compare with the action of normal kidneys
    ii. do you think that a person using dialysis twice a week needs to be careful about their diet? Explain your answer.

    Any help would be brilliant this is just one question on a massive double sided sheet!

    • ANSWER:
      Okay, I’ll see what I can do…
      a) I would say diffusion, but I’m not entirely sure.
      b) Blood cells and large molecules can’t get through the small pores of the filter (or filtering tissue).
      c) Dialysis lowers the level of urea in the blood, but the glucose level remains mostly the same because the blood sugar is added back into the blood.
      d) i. normal kidneys are continuously active rather than being active only twice a week.
      ii. Yes, because the kidneys are responsible for removing excess salt from the body, so a diet excessively salty could be hazardous for that person’s health.

  24. QUESTION:
    what is kidney failure?
    1)What is kidney failure?
    2.) What age group is it most common in, teenagers, children?
    3) What is dialysis?
    4) How does dialysis or the treatment work? Do they hook you up to a machine?
    5) How often would you have to go in to the hospital to get dialysis?weekly?
    6) And can someone just explain a step by step process of dialysis and how it works when you are getting it

    I know theres a lot of questions! But thanks in advance to anyone to might have the answer!!!

    • ANSWER:
      1) When kidney function drops to 10-12%
      2) Adults with chronic illnesses, the 2 most common causes of kidney failure are high blood pressure and diabetes.
      3) Dialysis is an artificial method of cleansing the blood of toxins and waste.
      4) There are 2 types of dialysis. Hemodialysis involves blood being pulled from the body and run through a dialyzer (artificial kidney) and then the blood is returned to the body. Peritoneal dialysis involves instilling fluid into the peritoneum (in the abdomen) and the peritoneum acts as a filter. Both types of dialysis have specific machines.
      5) Hemodialysis- most patients go for a 3-4 hour treatment 3 times a week. Peritoneal dialysis is usually done every day, either throughout the day or nocturnally, depending on the patient’s particular needs.
      6) To do hemodialysis, a vascular access is needed. Initially, this may be a catheter placed in the chest or the jugular vein. Other types are a vein and an artery that are sewn together to create one large blood vessel (called a fistula) or an artery connected to synthetic tubing (a graft). Large needles are placed in the fistula/graft, one needle draws blood out where it goes through tubing and passes through the dialyzer. Inside the dialyzer are tiny filters through which fluid, toxins and waste pass through. Inside the dialyzer is what’s called dialysate, which is a solution that helps draw out (or help to maintain) electrolytes like potassium, magnesium, and calcium. After the blood passes through the dialyzer, it is returned through the other needle. It is a constant process and your entire blood volume goes through the dialyzer many times. A catheter is similar, except no needles are used. In peritoneal dialysis, a different sort of catheter is surgically placed in the abdomen. Dialysate fluid goes into the peritoneal cavity (usually between 1-1.5 liters). Through osmosis, this dialysate pulls excess fluid along with toxins and waste. The dialysate is left in to “dwell” from anywhere from an hour to 4 hours. After “dwelling”, the fluid is drained and the process is started again. (these are called cycles). Some people do peritoneal dialysis throughout the day or they can do it only at night.

      I’m sure I’ve left out a lot, if you have any questions, feel free to email me.

      A good place to go for patient information is http://www.kidney.org

  25. QUESTION:
    Questions about dialysis…?
    1. How long does it take before you have to undergo dialysis again? (Assuming you have kidney failure and just had a dialysis.)
    2. What are the side effects after it? (What do you usually feel after having dialysis?)
    3. How long does the process take?

    Thank you very much…

    • ANSWER:
      Most people go for dialysis every other day, they are usually tired when the process is finished and the process depends on how much you weigh and your age the normal time for dialysis is about 4 hours.

  26. QUESTION:
    A donor for a kidney transplant?
    The person who donates a kidney – lets say a 30 year old with a heavy construction job- will they return to normal and how long is the healing process usually… And also the person receiving a kidney how long can they live on dialysis???

    • ANSWER:
      When someone comes forward to donate a kidney, he/she has to undergo a whole slew of tests to show that:
      1) He/she can donate a kidney without significant impact on his/her own health.
      2) The donated organ is compatible (“match”) with the intended recipient.

      Because of #1, those who are “cleared” to donate tend to be very healthy. In fact, a Swedish study showed that living kidney donors live, on average, longer than the general population.

      Having said that, having one kidney removed is not a minor surgery, and the donor will need to take some time off work to recuperate. There are 2 ways of removing a kidney: the traditional (called “open” or “flank”) approach, and a newer (called “laparoscopic” or “keyhole”) approach.

      Donors who received the newer approach can often go home in less than a week, and be back to work in 2-4 weeks. Donors who received the traditional approach takes longer to recover: a couple more days in hospital, and a couple more weeks at home. Obviously, those with a physical job (like construction) will most likely need more time before being able to resume the same job. (But many jobs allow returning to lighter duties, so one may not have to wait as long. Also, in many states, people are entitled to paid leave after donating a kidney.)

      Here is more information if you need it: http://www.kidney.org/transplantation/livingDonors/infoQA.cfm

      In terms of “how long can…”:
      If a transplant (especially from a living donor) works well, the recipient can be free from dialysis for many years (well over a decade), and have a much better quality of life. It is also worth mentioning that on average, people with kidney transplants from living donors LIVE LONGER than those staying on dialysis.

      Finally, how long one can live on dialysis depends on the underlying health of the patient, and on the cause of kidney disease to some degree. Someone with glomerulonephritis may live for 20 years on dialysis, while someone with poorly controlled diabetes may live less than 5 years.

      Hope I answered your questions.

  27. QUESTION:
    How Xenotransplantation is carried out?
    I am doing a research about xenotransplantation, and so far I know the following.
    1. shortage of human organs available for people has led to the development in xenotransplantation.
    2. Mostly use genetically modified pigs’ organ to transplant
    3. The reason for modifying the pigs’ genes is to reduce the rejection from the patient’s system.

    I am looking for a genius who can solve my problems.

    I tried multiple databases to research xenotransplantation, but most of them just talk about the ethical issues and basic description of what I know.

    My question is “The biology of xenotransplantation”

    – How exactly do you modify a pig’s genetic material (using a biotechnology).?
    (Very detailed information please unless you have any links that I can learn every detail of it – must be a valid source.)

    In my research I have to talk about the biological processes involved.
    This means, for example, the biological processes involved in Kidney Dialysis in artificial kidney is osmosis of ions through the artificially made sheet, and counter-current flow of the water and uncleaned body liquid to maximize the osmosis, etc.

    and I believe that the general biological steps are like this in xenotransplantation.
    – We take a sperm and an egg from two parental pigs.
    – Before fertilizing the sperm and egg, we take out the genetic material inside the egg
    – and we put genetic material that we want inside the egg
    – then when the sperm and egg fertilize, the pig that it grows into will have been genetically modified closer to a human’s genetic, so that when the organ is transplanted into human’s body there is less rejection of the organ.

    Please tell me Steps involved in genetic modification of a pig for xenotransplantation, explaining How and Why we use each step.
    For example, we use techniques such as Restriction Enzyme to cut certain parts of the pig’s DNA, and replace with specific base sequences we made artificially, or something like this.

    • ANSWER:

  28. QUESTION:
    Kidney Transplant…Should I just donate?
    My fiances father has been going to Dialysis for years and is in desperate need of a kidney transplant.Since there is no eligible person to give him one,I agreed to do so, and we’ve since gotten the process started.My fiances dad is like a 2nd dad to me.We laugh and cry together,and while we don’t always agree on everything, it’s all love in the end.I cannot imagine something happening to him.Recently,my fiances mother became very ill, and turns out she needs a kidney as well.She has never mentioned anything about me donating a kidney to her husband, and didn’t seem enthusiastic about it while everyone else has.While his mother has always been polite to me,I still feel like I am on egg shells with her.Lately, she’s been giving me the cold shoulder and my fiance blames it on her health.His father mentioned to her doctor that there is a donor (me).He says she cannot deal with the pain of needing one-mentally.So,its going to her.I had specific reasons to donate to him,not her.I feel awful
    I am a match for him. He needs it more than she does. My fiance and his dad both say that she cannot handle the emotional stress of going to dialysis 3x a week. He feels her body would give up faster than him.

    • ANSWER:
      First off That is no nice of you to donate a kidney, not alot of people would be doing what you are. It says alot about you as a person. If you want to donate to his father and not his mother just say so ultimately it’s your kidney and your not going to be able to please everyone considering you don’t have enough kidneys to do that. He probably just wants you to give one to his wife because he loves her more than himself. That often happens in a marriage where you put your spouse before you. Take some time and decide what you feel comfortable doing.

  29. QUESTION:
    How long does my mother in law have before she passes away from kidney failure?
    My mother in law is 57 yrs of age. She suffers from type 2 diabetes and she recently learned that she is in complete heart failure. Maybe two weeks ago when she went to the doctor, it was told to us that her heart was weak. It was not pumping blood through her body the way that it should. In the weeks prior she had become swollen all over her body and the cause was unknown. She was admitted for that and then released with her being told to stay off of her feet as much as possible. She was even given a motorized wheel chair for her to continue to be mobile without putting pressure of her limbs to walk. On last Monday she went to the hospital for them to put a catheter in through her neck for something that had to do with her heart but upon arrival she had far too much fluid in her body and surrounding her heart to perform the surgery so they had to drain the fluid. She was admitted and the draining process began. By Tuesday she had filled 7 bags or so of fluid. When they connected another bag for drainage, the bag was filled with some black substance and blood. they had to immediately take her to surgery and she was taken to ICU after wards. In a day or so after the surgery we learned that her kidneys have completely shut down and she was in renal failure. Dialysis was not possible because her heart was far too weak. At first when she urinated she was putting out a small amount of black fluid like substance that was somewhat thick. Now she is urinating as normal but the doctors are still saying her kidneys are not filtering as they should. They would not recommend her as a candidate for dialysis and if she were to go into cardiac arrest they are pretty much asking us to recommend not resucitating her and to let her die. She is medicated all the time which is causing her to either hallucinate or she starts talking about things that happened years ago. She can’t filter the morphine they are giving her properly and they keep giving it to her. She still recognizes who we are individually but she is not altogether there. Sometimes she makes sense, sometimes she doesn’t. We do not want to just accept that there is nothing else that they can do. If she is still urinating, is it possible for dialysis to work for her to prolong her life or would it be in vain? and if dialysis was not an option then how long would she linger like this before she passes away? She still has some kidney function in the way of urinating, just not filtering. What other options do we have? It seems the doctors want to just write her off.

    • ANSWER:
      well, i think you should let her go, not for you or any one else, but for her.
      she lived her life, and im sure she’d rather be dead then to feel all the confusion and pain. i know it gotta be hard for everyone, but if it was you,would you want to live like that? even if she survives through this the looks of her being normal or even close to normal ever again is not that good at all, but im just saying, but you know her and you know better what she would want, so im sure what ever your choice is, its be right. well i wish you good luck!

  30. QUESTION:
    On dialysis 7 years @ 34yrs is my heart damaged?
    I have been on dialysis for 7 years now and for about 2 years I have had heart palpitations. I had the echocardiogram, 24 hour holitor monitor and several other test which I don’t know the name of and they all come back normal. When the palpitations first started, they weren’t often maybe once or twice a month and now they are everyday, some times 7 palpitations in one minute. I am really scared as though I have 2 sons and I am only 34. I have lost all of my hair and now have been told I may have Lupus. I’m in the process of testing for the Lupus, but the doctor tells me that my heart is normal. I’m confused because if my heart IS normal, what was it before the palpitations started? I am afraid of death and when I worry it drives up my blood pressure which is a result of the kidney failure. Someone please give your personal experiences………….Thanks in advance for taking the time out to answer……..
    Yoshi

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I see many people with lupus and kidney failure. Don’t worry, SLE/lupus is related to heart disease and kidney failure in itself. Your palpitation may not be an big issue simple because all the tests are normal, simple extra heart beats can lead to your symptoms. Currently treatment for SLE is available and mainly by steroid, even though there are side effects, benefits still outweigh risks. So TRY to relax and listen to your Dr, it would be difficult in the in the initially stage when they try to bring the disease under control. Once the condition is under control, your life would improve. For the kids and family, be strong. :)

  31. QUESTION:
    Which of the following options correctly lists the structures in the kidney in the order in which fluid flows?
    Which of the following options correctly lists the structures in the kidney in the order in which fluid flows through them?
    A. proximal tubule, Bowman’s capsule, loop of Henle, distal tubule, glomerulus
    B. Bowman’s capsule, proximal tubule, loop of Henle, distal tubule, glomerulus
    C. Bowman’s capsule, glomerulus, proximal tubule, loop of Henle, distal tubule
    D. glomerulus, Bowman’s capsule, proximal tubule, loop of Henle, distal tubule
    E. glomerulus, proximal tubule, distal tubule, Bowman’s capsule, loop of Henle

    In a dialysis machine, wastes are removed from blood plasma by a process of
    A. filtration and reabsorption.
    B. diffusion.
    C. reabsorption and diffusion.
    D. absorption.
    E. absorption and reabsorption.

    • ANSWER:
      1st answer: B

      2nd answer: B

      This is how a dialysis machine works:
      1. Blood is drawn from an artery in the patient’s arm and pumped through the tubing in the machine.
      2. The tubing is bathed in a specially controlled dialysis fluid. The walls of the tubing are partially permeable, hence small molecules such as urea and other metabolic waste products DIFFUSE out of the tubing into the dialysis fluid. Blood cells, platelets and big molecules remain in the tubing.
      3. The filtered blood is then returned to a vein in the patient’s arm.

  32. QUESTION:
    Should I donate my kidney before or after a pregnancy?
    My sister is suffering from kdney faliure and is currently on dialysis. Her blood pressure continues to go through the roof and the bottom line is that she needs a kidney. She is on a list but I am sure I would be the best canidate. I was in the middle of testing when I did become pregnant but unfortunatley had a miscarraige. I will continue the process though. I currently have one child and she knows that my husband and I want one more. Well, she is worried that if I donate my kidney I will have pregnancy complications of some sort possibly. But I don’t know if she can wait that long. Any suggestions or opinions would be great! Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Well, you aren’t pregnant, so I would go through with the donation process. You can get pregnant after, but you only have one sister. And it’s incredibly selfless of you to be doing this.

  33. QUESTION:
    why do people hate nasa so much? when it gets a about HALF PERCENT of our country’s budget?
    NASA has done so much for America..sure it “wastes” a half percent of our total budget especially when it “wasted” funds

    I found this somewhere)

    Since 1976, about 1,400 documented NASA inventions have benefited U.S. industry, improved the quality of life and created jobs for Americans. The Apollo program has helped change the way of life in America, especially in health care. Here are some of the inventions contributed by the Apollo program.

    Kidney dialysis machines were developed as a result of a NASA developed chemical process that could remove toxic waste from used dialysis fluid.
    As a medical CAT scanner searches the human body for tumors or other abnormalities, the industrial version, or advanced computed tomography inspection system, finds imperfections in aerospace structures and components, such as castings, rocket motors and nozzles.

    A cardiovascular conditioner developed for astronauts in space led to the development of a physical therapy and athletic development machine used by football teams, sports clinics and medical rehabilitation centers.

    A hospital food service system employs a cook/chill concept for serving food. The system allows staff to prepare food well in advance, maintain heat, visual appeal and nutritional value while reducing operating costs.

    Athletic shoe design and manufacture also benefited from Apollo. Space suit technology is incorporated into a shoe’s external shell. A stress free “blow molding” process adapted from NASA space suit design is also used in the shoe’s manufacture.

    Freeze-dried food solved the problem of what to feed an astronaut on the long-duration Apollo missions.

    Insulation barriers made of aluminum foil laid over a core of propylene or mylar, which protected astronauts and their spacecraft’s delicate instruments from radiation, is used to protect cars and trucks and dampen engine and exhaust noise.

    Water purification technology used on the Apollo spacecraft is now employed in several spinoff applications to kill bacteria, viruses and algae in community water supply systems and cooling towers. Filters mounted on faucets can reduce lead in water supplies.
    Process for bonding dry lubricant to space metals led to the development of surface enhancement coatings, which are used in applications from pizza making to laser manufacture. Each coating is designed to protect specific metal group or group of metals to solve problems encountered under operating conditions.

    Digital signal-processing techniques, originally developed to enhance pictures of the Moon for the Apollo Program, are an indispensable part of Computer-Aided Tomography (CAT) scan & Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technologies used today worldwide.

    Vacuum metallizing techniques led to an extensive line of commercial products, from insulated outer garments to packaging for foods & from reflective blankets to photographic reflectors.

    Cordless power tools & appliances are one of the most successful commercial spin-offs of space-based technology.

    Cool suits, which kept Apollo astronauts comfortable during moon walks, are today worn by race car drivers, hazardous area workers, & people with specific health problems.

    A hollow retroreflector, a mirror-like instrument that reflects light & other radiation back to the source, is used as a sensor to detect the presence of hazardous gases in oil development, chemical plants, waste storage sites & locations where gases could be released into the environment.

    TV Satellite Dish
    NASA developed ways to correct errors in the signals coming from the spacecraft. This technology is used to reduce noise (that is, messed up picture or sound) in TV signals coming from satellites.

    Medical Imaging
    NASA developed ways to process signals from spacecraft to produce clearer images. (See more on digital information and how spacecraft send images from space.) This technology also makes possible these photo-like images of our insides.

    Vision Screening System
    Uses techniques developed for processing space pictures to examine eyes of children and find out quickly if they have any vision problems. The child doesn’t have to say a word!

    Ear Thermometer
    Instead of measuring temperature using a column of mercury (which expands as it heats up), this thermometer has a lens like a camera and detects infrared energy, which we feel as heat. The warmer something is (like your body), the more infrared energy it puts out. This technology was originally developed to detect the birth of stars.

    Fire Fighter Equipment
    Fire fighters wear suits made of fire resistant fabric developed for use in space suits.

    Smoke Detector
    First used in the Earth orbiting space station called Skylab (launched back in 1973) to help detect any toxic vapors. Now used in most homes and other buildings to warn people of fire.

    Sun Tiger Glasses
    From research done on materials to protect the eyes of welders working on spacecraft, pro
    also could NASA use some of the stimulus package money for fund it for a decade?
    not saying who hates or who loves nasa

    im saying why do people hate nasa…when nasa has done so much…

    My sister who works in the health department got an job due to the digital imaging..aka CAT

    I heard that CONGRESS wants to SAVE 100 MILLION ,by crashing the ISS into the ocean
    half percent ,so %.5 of americas budget is going to nasa

    when people say medical uses is a beter alternitive..NASA practical created CAT scaning which save lives.

    kidney dialysis machines due to nasa’s efforts saves countless lives…yet

    • ANSWER:
      Because SOOO many are suffering here & it’s just our DUTY to help them with tax dollars,…instead of spending them on something productive that actually creates jobs & wealth…you know, the typical lib/dem way.

  34. QUESTION:
    Is it all right to stop caring at one point?
    Between the Japanese decimating the defenseless peaceful and beautifully majestic whales (If there’s a Hell and Heaven, they’ll probably go to the latter) and the ones building nuclear plants above plate tectonics (hello!! earthquakes and tsunamis!! Duh!! They should have asked me, I would have told them!). And the heroic dedication of the workers doing a suicide mission to clean up the mess, selfless heroes making the ultimate sacrifice, facing a mortal stress, willing to die to save their nation for ,000 a day.

    What else is in the news…the Indian “living God” is in a hospital on a ventilator and receiving kidney dialysis, BEP Fergie is wearing a Lego dress, Reese was wearing a PINK wedding dress, Penelope got a Walk of Fame star (there, I still care as yummy Johnny Depp was there and said something), Katy Perry tweeted Kitty Purry (I want to buy her perfume, just for the cat, hopefully it smells good), and there’s a new stamp about Kate and William, actually 2 stamps with a perforation between them, nice, and his side is more costly (NZ$) than her side (Stamp gaffe tears Kate and William apart), and something is probably happening in the Middle East and also I think there’s a recession but I still need to see it to believe it (my stocks and the price of my house have been going up for years, what is everybody complaining about?).

    The sun will become a Red Giant at 10 billion years. The planet Earth is between 4 and 5 billion years old right now, like halfway there, and just starting the warming up process. Humans started to emerge on Earth about 200,000 thousand years ago, they’re like a sneeze on Earth.

    And just one human has such a short lifespan…there’s not even a point at reaching 100 if you’re weak and helpless.

    Suggested category…Family & Relationships > Marriage & Divorce

    Somewhat proving my point.
    I know this is FAR too much information for the P&S category…what else?

    • ANSWER:
      No, you must never stop caring, and you must never give up, and you must fight fight fight the dying of the light, Santa Claus will clone himself and Celine Dion just touched herself and went “Ah”, and you’re focusing on all the bad stuff (the news) watch John Stewart, not that Anderson guy, watch fiction on t.v. and the comedy channel and read Discover Magazine every month and laugh and play and get down and dirty sometimes and sink you arms elbow deep in the fun muckiness of life and get up off your fee’, rock on…:)

  35. QUESTION:
    Jehovah’s Witnesses: If the Watchtower said you could transfuse your OWN blood, would you accept that ruling?
    I’m wondering because when the issue of blood transfusions is brought up, Jehovah’s Witnesses defend the prohibition based on Bible texts alone. In other words, no JW says that the reason we can’t have transfusions is simply that the governing told us not to.

    However, the governing body has been in the process (over time) of allowing more and more blood components and procedures similar to transfusions such as kidney dialysis. There is no reason to think that the governing body will not continue making exceptions to the blood rule. It has done so in the past and will continue to do this into the future.

    So let’s suppose that you answer: If the governing body announced that its’ OK to store my own blood for a transfusion, then I would accept that “new light.” In this case, would you agree that your doctrinal stance on the issue has a lot more to do with the rulings and edicts of the faithful discreet servant class than it does on a firm understanding of scripture?

    On the other hand, let’s suppose that you can say with certainty that you would oppose the governing body if it allowed transfusions of a patient’s own blood. If that is what you would do, then you are basing your doctrines on the Bible alone.

    So which is it? When it comes to accepting blood transfusions, would you obey the Bible over fallible (imperfect) men? Or would you follow the ruling of the governing body even if you did not think their ruling was supported by scripture?
    Abstain means that we should avoid eating meat that has a definite, visible amount of excessive blood. That’s and OT health regulation that NT believers accepted as a means of compermise with the hard-line Jewish believers.

    • ANSWER:
      I’ve also wondered if they can take plasma….

  36. QUESTION:
    Chemistry Questions, please help and thank you in advance?
    According to the fluid-mosaic model, a cell membrane structure is assembled of

    A) microtubules only that keep it intact.
    B) charged and uncharged fatty acids.
    C) bilayer of glycolipids on op o cholesterol.
    D) a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins.

    Which function does the lipid bilayer component of the plasma membrane NOT provide for the cell?

    A) defines a permeable boundary between the organized interior and the chaotic external environment.
    B) provides an impermeable, self-sealing membrane gthat keeps all interna living processes sealed inside
    C) controls the exchange of molecules between one cell and adjacent cells or the environment
    D) initiating th replica of the genetic material
    E) binding to a substance to carry it through the membrane

    Of the following conditions, which is bsolutely necessary for diffusion to take place?

    A) a differentially permeable embrane
    B) a true solution
    C) a concentration difference
    D) a non-permeable membrane
    E) a living cell

    Kidney dialysis relies on diffusion of various dissolved waste molecules (solutes) aross a non-living semi-permeable membrane. If the concentration of solutes increases over time before dialysis is administered, what will happen to the rate of dialysis when it occurs?

    A) It will remain the sme since there are no carrrier molecules in a non-living membrane.
    B) The rate will slow down since the solute is more viscous.
    C) The rate will speed up since the concentration gradient is higher.
    D) It wll remain the same since there is no active transport in a non-livng membrane.

    • ANSWER:
      D,D,C,C

  37. QUESTION:
    Why are the Muslims so powerless ?
    Demographics: of World

    Jewish Population. 14 million
    Distribution:

    * 7m in America
    * 5m in Asia
    * 2m in Europe
    * 100 thousand in Africa

    World Muslim Population: 1.5 billion

    Distribution:

    * · 1 billion in Asia/Mid-East
    400 m in Africa
    * · 44 m in Europe
    * · 6 m in the Americas

    * · Every fifth human being is a Muslim.

    * · For every single Hindu there are two Muslims

    * · For every Buddhist there are two Muslims

    * · For every Jew there are 107 Muslims

    * · Yet the 14 million Jews are more powerful than the entire 1.5 billion Muslims

    *

    Why are the Muslims so powerless???
    Here are some of the reasons.

    Movers of Current History

    * Albert Einstein Jewish
    * Sigmund Freud Jewish
    * Karl Marx Jewish
    * Paul Samuelson Jewish
    * Milton Friedman

    Medical Milestones

    * Vaccinating Needle: Benjamin Ruben Jewish
    * Polio Vaccine Jonas Salk Jewish
    * Leukemia Drug Gertrude Elion Jewish
    * Hepatitis B Baruch Blumberg Jewish
    * Syphilis Drug Paul Ehrlich Jewish
    * Neuro muscular Elie Metchnikoff Jewish
    * Endocrinology Andrew Schally Jewish
    * Cognitive therapy. Aaron Beck Jewish
    * Contraceptive Pill Gregory Pincus Jewish
    * Understanding of Human Eye. G.. Wald Jewish
    * Embryology. Stanley Cohen Jewish
    * Kidney Dialysis Willem Kloffcame Jewish

    Nobel Prize Winners

    * o In the past 105 years, 14 million Jews have won 180 Nobel prizes whilst 1.5 billion Muslims have contributed only 3 Nobel winners

    Inventions that changed History

    * o Micro- Processing Chip. Stanley Mezor Jewish
    * o Nuclear Chain Reactor Leo Sziland Jewish
    * o Optical Fibre Cable Peter Schultz Jewish
    * o Traffic Lights Charles Adler Jewish
    * o Stainless Steel Benno Strauss Jewish
    * o Sound Movies Isador Kisee Jewish
    * o Telephone Microphone Emile Berliner Jewish
    * o Video Tape Recorder Charles Ginsburg Jewish
    * Influential Global Business
    * o Polo Ralph Lauren Jewish
    * o Coca Cola Jewish
    * o Levi’s Jeans Levi Strauss Jewish
    * o Starbuck’s Howard Schultz Jewish
    * o Google Sergey Brin Jewish
    * o Dell Computors Michael Dell Jewish
    * o Oracle Larry Ellison Jewish
    * o DKNY Donna Karan Jewish
    * o Baskin & Robbins Irv Robbins Jewish
    * o Dunkin Donuts Bill Rosenberg Jewish

    Influential Intellectuals/ Politicians

    * o Henry Kissinger , US Sec of State Jewish
    * o Richard Levin, President Yale University Jewish
    * o Alan Greenspan , US Federal Reserve Jewish
    * o Joseph Lieberman Jewish
    * o Madeleine Albright , US Sec of State Jewish
    * o Casper Weinberger , US Sec of Defense Jewish
    * o Maxim Litvinov , USSR Foreign Minister Jewish
    * o David Marshal , Singapore Chief Minister Jewish
    * o Isaacs Isaacs, Gov-Gen Australia Jewish
    * o Benjamin Disraeli, British Statesman Jewish
    * o Yevgeny Primakov, Russian PM Jewish
    * o Barry Goldwater , US Politician Jewish
    * o Jorge Sampaio, President Portugal Jewish
    * o Herb Gray, Canadian Dep-PM Jewish
    * o Pierre Mendes, French PM Jewish
    * o Michael Howard, British Home Sec. Jewish
    * o Bruno Kriesky, Austrian Chancellor Jewish
    * o Robert Rubin , US Sec of Treasury Jewish
    *

    Global Media Influentials

    * o Wolf Blitzer, CNN Jewish
    * o Barbara Walters ABC News Jewish
    * o Eugene Meyer , Washington Post Jewish
    * o Henry Grunwald, Time Magazine Jewish
    * o Katherine Graham , Washingto
    question part 2

    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Ag.ObeQAgTEZ_OImrc_w41zsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20081008113654AAExrrw

    • ANSWER:
      Muslims are not powerless, they are just not commonly found in the “important lists” of the “West”.
      I notice that you did not mention influential politicians who are Muslim women, or authors.
      As far as global media, I can name at least five Arab media personalities who are highly influential. They just don’t get aired on CNN or BBC!!!
      And as far as those “inventions”….I hardly see blue jeans or Donuts (for crying outloud) as inventions that I want to be dug up 1000 years from now in an archaelogical site!

  38. QUESTION:
    There is no light at the end of the tunnel this time around.?
    I am 23 years old. I have been married to my husband for 4 years. When we got married I knew my husband had health issues and that eventually his kidney transplant would fail. So earlier this year, the time finally came that he did lose the kidney and required dialysis. I was also diagnosed 3 years ago with Multiple Sclerosis and have lost 4 jobs due to frequent relapses. My symptoms flare up with stress and unfortunately that’s all I have in my life. My husband’s kidney failure is not controlled and I only can do so much to help control it with him. So I am out of work, I have applied for disability benefits, but from the process we just went through with my husband it won’t be until next year that we get any help there. My husband has been approved for SSDI benefits but the payments don’t start until November. We have absolutely not a dime to our name. My bank account is in the negative over a thousand dollars because we needed to keep getting gas to get my husband to dialysis. We applied for state benefits but that takes up to 90 days to get a decision. The one thing we have been approved for is food stamps. Our electric is in danger of being turned off even though we got approved for an extension due to our circumstances, our phone company will be turning off our phone and internet on Tues. if I don’t pay. My husband has to drive over an hour to get to the dialysis center 3 times a week. We are about to lose the vehicle in repossession any day now. We are facing eviction, we applied for town welfare to help with our rent in which we were denied because we don’t have kids. I got some free legal aid and a couple days later the town called to say they will only help with last months rent which I am thankful for but so embarrassed because now I have to go through it again for this month’s rent. We will be able to afford rent with my husbands disability check starting in Nov but it just doesn’t seem like that day is going to come quick enough. We are both now without health insurance, my work “let me go” after I had been out with another MS relapse. I have applied for assistance but the problem is there is a lot of waiting involved and we just don’t have time. I am out of cat food, I am feeding my cats my dog’s food to get them by. Our refrigerator is empty, our cupboard is full of canned processed food that we got from the food pantry, but my husband cannot eat any of it because he’ll end up in the ER with too much fluid due to the amount of sodium in the processed canned foods. My husband’s health changes day to day, I am so scared to death all the time. We cannot move in with my parents or my husband’s father. His mother died at his age of kidney complications. I am a nurse but cannot work as one because of this damned disease. I want to work but I can neither stand or walk for any period of time. I am in pain 24/7 and severely becoming depressed. My doctor is aware, I even have seen a psychologist a few times, I can’t afford to go now because of no insurance. My doctor is trying very hard to help with some things. I think often of just dying. No I don’t have a plan, I’m not even planning it. I just think dying would be so much easier, then my husband would be set. But I can’t because I think of my family, my parents, my husband, my brother, aunts, uncles, grandparents. I see my friends having kids starting families. Even if we were stupid enough to bring a child into this mess, we can’t. And we both want kids so desperately. My family, friends, keep telling me to hold on, that things will get better. But I can’t. The thought that things will get better is nonexistant. I can’t see things ever getting better. I can’t see that “light”. I try to be positive and happy in front of my family and husband and I think I’m doing a good job. I don’t want to explain to anyone how bad things really are, because they don’t understand. Nobody does and that’s the worst part for me. I don’t know what to do anymore. Any suggestions. And please don’t be mean, I don’t think I could handle any more negativity.

    • ANSWER:
      Call your local United Way and tell them what is going on. They can direct you to the appropriate agencies in you area that can provide help. The Multiple Sclerosis Society may also be able to help you. Please give them a call at 1-800-344-4867. Tell them where you live and they will connect you with your local chapter. Frequently local chapters have the resources to help those of us with MS through tough times. Local churches, regardless of your religion can also help you out. Please do not hesitate to go to the rectory and ask for aid.

  39. QUESTION:
    Some Please write me an essay, and i will pay you 10 bucks via paypal?
    I’m sorry its the end of the semester and i am overwhelmed with school work. I know this is a retarded question but i have to do what i gotta do… this is due before midnight for an online class, so please someone help. I have to choose one of these subjects, and write a 2 page essay in my own words, and size 12 font. Please some help, i honestly appreciate this from the bottom of my heart. TY!

    a. Atoms, molecules, compounds and bonds and their influence in our bodies (polyatomic forming teeth and bones, important ions in our bodies).
    b.. How do solutions affect different movements in the body-dialysis, diffusion, osmosis-their influence in kidney and cell movement.

    c. Describe the effect of pH on various body processes like -carrying of CO2 and oxygen in the blood and how pressure laws allow gases to move in and out of the lungs.

    d. Describe the role of measurements and nuclear chemistry in hospitals.(PET scan, MRI, etc.)
    It doesn’t have to be like GREAT but i just need an essay to hand in.. i need at least a “b” i really appreciate if someone is willing to help. This is not usually something i would do but, i am overwhelmed with work and i’m so stressed out right now.
    Ill give you 20 bucks
    I’m not like that, if i say i will pay i will.. promise

    • ANSWER:
      Better do your own essays and learn through the process. Then, with good fortune, you may gain qualifications which will help you gain a job you enjoy (and which you can cope with) that pays you enough so that you can not have to answer questions like this one without worrying about the .

      Negotiate your deadline with your teacher?

      Talk to someone at school if you are overwhelmed by the work, ask for help planning – too few schools help with this key skill. (I know … I teach)

      Learn an enormous life lesson that failing one assignment isn’t the end of the world or maybe there’s a lesson for you to learn that maybe this really isn’t your subject. The fact that you are overwhelmed ismore likely due to planning (or lack of it) than the difficulty of the assignments. So … ask your teachers to help you with the planning problem. Sometimes subject teachers get blinkered and don’t realise just what other pressures are on you from other subjects.

      The fact you care about missing the deadline will be apparent to your teachers if you develop an authentic dialogue with them.

      But, hold true to your honour, your word and your honesty – without them you run a risk of devaluing yourself in the eyes of teachers, employers and worst – yourself.

      Consider writing an outline of your essay, paragraph headings maybe, to show your teacher you have thought about the assignment and ask if you can have more time to complete the assignement. Then rest, breathe deep, relax and look after your brain – sleep and see how the world looks tomorrow.

  40. QUESTION:
    Someone Please write me an essay, and i will pay you 20 bucks via paypal?
    I’m sorry its the end of the semester and i am overwhelmed with school work. I know this is a retarded question but i have to do what i gotta do… this is due before midnight for an online class, so please someone help. I have to choose one of these subjects, and write a 2 page essay in my own words, and size 12 font. Please some help, i honestly appreciate this from the bottom of my heart. TY! It doesn’t have to be like GREAT but i just need an essay to hand in.. i need at least a “b” i really appreciate if someone is willing to help. This is not usually something i would do but, i am overwhelmed with work and I’m so stressed out right now.

    a. Atoms, molecules, compounds and bonds and their influence in our bodies (polyatomic forming teeth and bones, important ions in our bodies).
    b.. How do solutions affect different movements in the body-dialysis, diffusion, osmosis-their influence in kidney and cell movement.

    c. Describe the effect of pH on various body processes like -carrying of CO2 and oxygen in the blood and how pressure laws allow gases to move in and out of the lungs.

    d. Describe the role of measurements and nuclear chemistry in hospitals.(PET scan, MRI, etc.)

    • ANSWER:
      I won`t be able to help you, as I think this is in appropriate. And are you in med school ….. if so then its a big responsibility to be a doctor …. if you do such stuff in school what kind of a professional will you turn up to be ?
      What if the person who has to correct your essay writes your essay for 20 bucks here ….. that would be Fun for you . F for Fun

  41. QUESTION:
    What do you think?? Please?
    I have been working on a personal philosophy on education for AP Lang. I finished, but wanted some feedback as to how to make it better. Please give me any tips:

    Elements of an Excellent Education:
    A Personal Philosophy
    “Instruction ends in the school-room, but education ends only with life.”[1] Throughout this journey called life, we encounter various paths, each leading down a different route. These pathways that we may take are filled with lessons, discoveries, and experiences. The lessons we learn, the discoveries we uncover, and the experiences we encounter all contribute to our educational growth.
    “Experience is a hard teacher because she gives the test first, the lesson afterward.” [2] The fall of 2007 was the beginning of an educational experience that I will never forget. That year, my grandmother was diagnosed with Stage 4 Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. This is a type of Lymphoma, which arises from an abnormal white blood cell called a lymphocyte, and continuously spreads throughout the body by lymph node. As a result, my grandmother began a strenuous and demanding chemotherapy treatment. Since her body was frail, the doctors could not give her enough treatment for fear of hurting her even more. After months of chemotherapy, my grandmother was confronted yet with another problem; her kidneys were beginning to fail. Surely, this was a result of the Lymphoma that was gradually taking over her body. The doctor stopped the chemotherapy treatment, and began dialysis, where my grandmother would have to go to the dialysis center three days a week to help restore her kidneys. The dialysis treatment left her feeling exhausted, and after months of treatment, it was clear she was not getting any better. My grandmother, however, held onto her faith and remained patient. In May of 2008, my grandmothers suffering stopped and she passed away. In midst of the adversity that my family was going through, my grandmother’s struggle through her sickness became an inspiration to me. As she fought through months of chemotherapy and dialysis, my grandmother showed me strength I never knew existed. Her patience, perseverance, and ever-lasting optimism even in the face of extreme hardship taught me one of the biggest lessons I have ever received in my life. She taught me that life is not about giving up and that even in the face of difficulty; one must not falter. I remember the days when she used to come back from dialysis; she would be worn-out she could barely utter a word. Yet, she still managed, she still held on. Never did she fail to smile; never did she despair from hope. I distinctly remember how her face would continue to glow with indescribable determination and fortitude despite the odds being against her. My grandmother is and always will be my mentor, my teacher, and my hero.
    “We acquire the strength we have overcome.”[3] As one moves on and progresses through the years, he or she is often compelled to stop and reflect on the past. Remembering the obstacles he or she may have faced, one realizes just how much knowledge has been acquired. The knowledge gained through one’s experience is the essence of personal formation. The past becomes a basis of strength, and a motivation to move on and overcome whatever may lie in life’s path. Therefore, one’s journey in the future is built upon steps already taken.
    “The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.” [4] The process of obtaining an education is often a challenge. As we travel along life’s road, we occasionally stumble along the rocks that lay in our path. At first, we may think of the rocks as an annoyance, but then realize that underneath that rock lies a lesson. Throughout life, we are confronted with various types of obstacles. Although we may not realize it at first, the challenges we face are there to educate us. When one is faced with a difficulty, the process it takes for he or she to overcome it is, in itself, a lesson. It is through these challenges and obstacles that one obtains knowledge.
    “Education is not a preparation for life; education is life itself.”[5] Life is discovery, experience, and most importantly, a journey. Along life’s trail, there are rocks to stumble upon, doors to open, and discoveries to unearth. Behind all those doors, beneath all the rocks, and abaft every discovery lie lessons which one is to obtain, grasp, and apply. Education is learning and then implementing. Education is what guides us along life’s path.

    • ANSWER:
      There should be an apostrophe in grandmother’s.

      “In May of 2008, my grandmother’s suffering stopped.”

  42. QUESTION:
    Please tell me what you think of this?
    I have been working on a personal philosophy on education for AP Lang. I finished, but wanted some feedback as to how to make it better. Please give me any tips:

    Elements of an Excellent Education:
    A Personal Philosophy
    “Instruction ends in the school-room, but education ends only with life.”[1] Throughout this journey called life, we encounter various paths, each leading down a different route. These pathways that we may take are filled with lessons, discoveries, and experiences. The lessons we learn, the discoveries we uncover, and the experiences we encounter all contribute to our educational growth.
    “Experience is a hard teacher because she gives the test first, the lesson afterward.” [2] The fall of 2007 was the beginning of an educational experience that I will never forget. That year, my grandmother was diagnosed with Stage 4 Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. This is a type of Lymphoma, which arises from an abnormal white blood cell called a lymphocyte, and continuously spreads throughout the body by lymph node. As a result, my grandmother began a strenuous and demanding chemotherapy treatment. Since her body was frail, the doctors could not give her enough treatment for fear of hurting her even more. After months of chemotherapy, my grandmother was confronted yet with another problem; her kidneys were beginning to fail. Surely, this was a result of the Lymphoma that was gradually taking over her body. The doctor stopped the chemotherapy treatment, and began dialysis, where my grandmother would have to go to the dialysis center three days a week to help restore her kidneys. The dialysis treatment left her feeling exhausted, and after months of treatment, it was clear she was not getting any better. My grandmother, however, held onto her faith and remained patient. In May of 2008, my grandmothers suffering stopped and she passed away. In midst of the adversity that my family was going through, my grandmother’s struggle through her sickness became an inspiration to me. As she fought through months of chemotherapy and dialysis, my grandmother showed me strength I never knew existed. Her patience, perseverance, and ever-lasting optimism even in the face of extreme hardship taught me one of the biggest lessons I have ever received in my life. She taught me that life is not about giving up and that even in the face of difficulty; one must not falter. I remember the days when she used to come back from dialysis; she would be worn-out she could barely utter a word. Yet, she still managed, she still held on. Never did she fail to smile; never did she despair from hope. I distinctly remember how her face would continue to glow with indescribable determination and fortitude despite the odds being against her. My grandmother is and always will be my mentor, my teacher, and my hero.
    “We acquire the strength we have overcome.”[3] As one moves on and progresses through the years, he or she is often compelled to stop and reflect on the past. Remembering the obstacles he or she may have faced, one realizes just how much knowledge has been acquired. The knowledge gained through one’s experience is the essence of personal formation. The past becomes a basis of strength, and a motivation to move on and overcome whatever may lie in life’s path. Therefore, one’s journey in the future is built upon steps already taken.
    “The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.” [4] The process of obtaining an education is often a challenge. As we travel along life’s road, we occasionally stumble along the rocks that lay in our path. At first, we may think of the rocks as an annoyance, but then realize that underneath that rock lies a lesson. Throughout life, we are confronted with various types of obstacles. Although we may not realize it at first, the challenges we face are there to educate us. When one is faced with a difficulty, the process it takes for he or she to overcome it is, in itself, a lesson. It is through these challenges and obstacles that one obtains knowledge.
    “Education is not a preparation for life; education is life itself.”[5] Life is discovery, experience, and most importantly, a journey. Along life’s trail, there are rocks to stumble upon, doors to open, and discoveries to unearth. Behind all those doors, beneath all the rocks, and abaft every discovery lie lessons which one is to obtain, grasp, and apply. Education is learning and then implementing. Education is what guides us along life’s path.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow…there is nothing better to add to that. I can see your students crying after they read it. Hope that it becomes a hit in your class.

  43. QUESTION:
    Sedation used for a picc line in the neck. Is this a normal thing or are the nurses leaving out information.?
    is it normal for someone to sedate someone solely because they have a central line in their neck?

    My dad (he adopted me) was getting dialysis because of kidney failure and had a central line in for months but was never sedated. (he later passed away) Now my biological father is having kidney failure and they have a central line in his neck but told my sister because he had it and they didn’t want it to be messed with, that they HAD to sedate him. This doesn’t sound normal to me. He is 63 years old and not crazy enough to pull out his central line so I don’t know why they’d do this. Could they be lying to us about why they are sedating him? If they didn’t have to sedate my dad when he had the picc line in the same place (his neck) why would they have to do it for my biological father when it’s the same circumstances? My sister asked the nurse and they said they had to do it, like it was a normal part of the process. But I know that it isn’t because my dad had one for a long time, even went home with it, and was never sedated.
    OK I realize a picc line and central line is different that wasn’t my point. My question was why is sedation necessary for a central line? For one man who had a central line they never sedated him, he even went home with it in his neck.. For another man they insist on sedating him. What are the circumstances in which they would need to sedate someone because of a central line??

    • ANSWER:
      what is a central line

  44. QUESTION:
    Thanks for all your help?
    In its travel through the human body, blood usually continues on from capillaries to enter
    a. arterioles.
    b. venules.
    c. arteries.
    d. veins.
    The subunit of a kidney that purifies blood and restores solute and water balance is called a

    a. glomerulus.
    b. loop of Henle.
    c. nephron.
    d. ureter.
    Filtrate that is removed from the blood is collected by the

    a. loop of Henle.
    b. glomerulus.
    c. distal tubule.
    d. Bowman’s capsule
    Dialysis is both a treatment and research tool used to

    a. enhance the absorption of large molecules.
    b. regulate the glucose uptake by the pancreas.
    c. function as a partial kidney in processing wastes.
    d. prepare the body for a kidney transplant

    • ANSWER:
      In its travel through the human body, blood usually continues on from capillaries to enter
      b. venules.

      The subunit of a kidney that purifies blood and restores solute and water balance is called a
      c. nephron.

      Filtrate that is removed from the blood is collected by the
      d. Bowman’s capsule .

      Dialysis is both a treatment and research tool used to
      c. function as a partial kidney in processing wastes.

  45. QUESTION:
    BIOLOGY EXAM QUESTIONS HELP?
    How many food groups make up the Food Guide Pyramid?
    a)four
    b)five
    c)six
    d)seven

    Which of the following would NOT be found in the stomach?
    a)Mucuc
    b)Pepsin
    c)Villi
    d)Hydrochloric acid

    What is one of the roles of the pancreas in nutrition?
    a)Absorb nutrients
    b)Churn food
    c)Dissolve food
    d)Neutralize acids

    What enzyme found in saliva breaks chemical bonds between the sugar monomers in starches?
    a)Amylase
    b)Chime
    c)Pepsin
    d)Hydrochloric acid

    Where does the process of chemical digestion begin?
    a)Stomach
    b)Esophagus
    c)Small intestine
    d)Mouth

    What does mechanical digestion in the stomach involve?
    a)Absorption of nutrients by villi
    b)Pepsin and bile
    c)Strong muscular contractions
    d)Bile and pancreatic fluid

    The stomach breaks down food into a soft partially digested mixture called
    a)Pepsin
    b)Chime
    c)Amylase
    d)Bible

    Through which structure do wastes pass into the rectum?
    a)Duodenum
    b)Large intestine
    c)Small intestine
    d)Villus

    Water is extracted from digested food in the body primarily by the
    a)Bladder
    b)Gall bladder
    c)Large intestine
    d)Pancreas

    The function of the excretory system is to control homeostasis and
    a)Break down nutrients
    b)Remove wastes
    c)Absorb nutrients
    d)Prevent infection

    The main organs of the excretory system are the
    a)Kidneys
    b)Lungs
    c)Intestines
    d)Uretes

    Which of the following is NOT part of a nephron?
    a)Urethra renal vein
    b)Glomerulus
    c)Bowman’s capsuke

    The activity of the kidneys is controlled by hormones and by the
    a)Volume of nutrients
    b)Volume of filtrate
    c)Composition of the blood
    d)Composition of the urine

    When the kidneys detect an increase in salt, they respond by
    a)Excreting less salt in urine
    b)Returning more salt to the blood by filtration
    c)Returning more salt to the blood by reabsorption
    d)Returning less salt to the blood by reabsorption

    Which of the following controls the activity of the kidneys?
    a)The composition of the blood
    b)Regulatory hormones that are released in response to the composition if blood
    c)Both a and b
    d)None of the above

    What percentage of the filtrate’s water that enters Bowman’s capsule is reabsorbed into the blood?
    a)100 percent
    b)99 percent
    c)50 percent
    d)Less than 25 percent

    In the kidneys, both useful substances and wastes are removed from the blood by
    a)Reabsorption
    b)Excretion
    c)Dialysis
    d)Filtration

    The process of dialysis
    a)Carries urine to the urinary bladder
    b)Pumps blood throughout the body
    c)Returns filtered blood to the body
    d)Forces water into the cells and tissues by osmosis

    Dialysis performs the function of the
    a)Liver
    b)Ureter
    c)Kidneys
    d)Urinary bladder

    What materials are removed from the blood through dialysis?
    a)Urea and excess salts
    b)Chyme
    c)Amylase and pepsin
    d)None of the above

    • ANSWER:
      How many food groups make up the Food Guide Pyramid?
      c)six

      Which of the following would NOT be found in the stomach?
      c)Villi

      What is one of the roles of the pancreas in nutrition?
      c)Dissolve food

      What enzyme found in saliva breaks chemical bonds between the sugar monomers in starches?
      a)Amylase

      Where does the process of chemical digestion begin?
      d)Mouth

      What does mechanical digestion in the stomach involve?
      c)Strong muscular contractions

      The stomach breaks down food into a soft partially digested mixture called
      b)Chime

      Through which structure do wastes pass into the rectum?
      b)Large intestine

      Water is extracted from digested food in the body primarily by the
      c)Large intestine

      The function of the excretory system is to control homeostasis and
      b)Remove wastes

      The main organs of the excretory system are the
      d)Uretes

      Which of the following is NOT part of a nephron?
      a)Urethra renal vein

      The activity of the kidneys is controlled by hormones and by the
      c)Composition of the blood

      When the kidneys detect an increase in salt, they respond by
      d)Returning less salt to the blood by reabsorption

      Which of the following controls the activity of the kidneys?
      c)Both a and b

      What percentage of the filtrate’s water that enters Bowman’s capsule is reabsorbed into the blood?
      b)99 percent

      In the kidneys, both useful substances and wastes are removed from the blood by
      d)Filtration

      The process of dialysis
      d)Forces water into the cells and tissues by osmosis

      Dialysis performs the function of the
      c)Kidneys

      What materials are removed from the blood through dialysis?
      a)Urea and excess salts

  46. QUESTION:
    Is this grounds for an EEOC complaint, or ADA lawsuit?
    My girlfriend had been working for an engineering firm for about 2 years. About 6 months after she went to work there she was diagnosed with kidney disease and had to go on dialysis and. While on dialysis her employer allowed her to go on part-time status working only 24 hours per week. After 8 months on dialysis she recieved a kidney transplant and was out of work on long term disability for six months. Her boss knew she was on the transplant list and would be out six months after the surgery and indicated he was ok with this.

    She returned to work full-time exactly six months following the transplant. About three months later she developed complications and became ill while on a business trip and had to cancel the remainder of the trip and return home to see his doctor. She had to to be hospitalized several days for testing and a procedure to remove a kidney stone and insert a stent. The day after she returned to work following this hospitalization her boss called her into the office and told him her she was being “laid off due to lack of work”.

    This is a large multi-national firm with hundreds of employees and the company is doing VERY WELL having recently been awarded Federal contracts worth nearly half a billion dollars. The company kept two other less experienced employees in her office who did basicly the same job. One of these employees was a new hire right out of college with NO EXPERIENCE who had just started work there a month before my girlfriend was laid off. At the time my she was laid off the company had an opening for a position with a job description IDENTICAL to my girlfriend’s job posted on their corporate website. If she was laid off due to lack of work why were they advertising for new employees?
    They were also in the process of moving to a larger office because her boss said they were planning to expand the staff in that office and needed more space. I am pretty sure my girlfriend was targeted for layoff due to her medical problems because she was the only person in that office who was laid off and she was much more experienced and had been with the company longer than the two other employees in the same position that they kept.

    After she was laid off she contacted someone in HR to ask questions about benefits and this person apparently slipped up and told her that she was not let go due to “lack of work” as she was told but because of the quality of her work. She has had good performance reviews ever since she has been with the firm so she is not sure why they would say this. She contacted the regional manager (her boss’s boss) to clarify why he was laid off and these other less experienced employees were kept and they beat around the bush and told her that her education and job skills did not match up with the current work load they had, etc., etc. This is total BS because the other employees they kept have the EXACT SAME job description and she worked together with them on projects. When she pointed this out they they got very defenseive and a company attorney who was also in on the conversation told her they are an “at will employer” and added that “since Virginia is a right to work state they can legally terminate any employee at any time, for for any reason and don’t even have to give a reason.” Is this really true, I can’t believe this is legal?

    Fortunately, my girlfriend managed to get on disability due to her health problems but it only pays her about 1/7 of what she was earning as an engineer. She has a printout of the job posting that they had online the day she was laid off and also a bunch of newsletters and emails sent out by he CEO that document the financial status of the company as well as the new contracts they had just been awarded. Should she file a charge of discrimination with the EEOC since she still has several weeks before the deadline to file? Does she have grounds for an ADA lawsuit against this company?

    • ANSWER:
      She very possibly has a case. She needs to consult an attorney right away. It’s true that, in a right-to-work state, an employee can be terminated for no reason, but the circumstances surrounding the termination could cause legal issues.

  47. QUESTION:
    How can I make my grandfather laugh?
    My grandfather is a diabetic who is bedridden because he had his leg amputated a few years ago. He’s sort of blind and he can’t really hear that well. Recently, his kidneys just failed and now he has to go through a process called ‘dialysis’ 3-4 days each week.

    When he was in the hospital last week he told one of the nurses that
    ‘he just wants to be home so he can die there’. If you haven’t realized by now, he’s severely depressed.

    I can’t stand him being depressed. I love making him laugh so he feels
    even a little bit happier. So what are some various ways I can make him laugh or smile?

    I know what the majority of you are going to say, “Tell him a few good jokes”. Maybe you could give me a few good joke websites.

    Anything helps! Thank you :)

    • ANSWER:
      maybe in stead of a joke you could write him a letter and send it through mail…maybe make him something??? Not sure how old you are but thanksgiving is coming up and maybe a party saying your thankful for having him in your life? I did something like this and it made my Dad cry. I am sure it was a proud cry tho not a sad one. Good luck

  48. QUESTION:
    Should i end my life like this ?
    I m 25 yrs old working in one MNC from past 2 1/2 yrs.
    I dreamed a lot about my future.. i should clear all my parents debts, should be very helpful to them at this stage. Get married and enjoy life with children.
    But now every thing looking blank for me.After the joined my job .. with in 5 months i got a health problem . diagonised and told that i have a chronic Kindey Problem.
    i took atmost care in medication and diet but still the situation got worst and as a sideeffect i got Heart problem.
    Now doctor told .. my kidneys got spoiled completely and should start dialysis.
    there is no question of kidney transplant.. as my heart is working weak.
    so i have to do this dialysis life long..
    i m spending all my salary on this process as it is bit expensive..
    taking very restricted diet with help of my parents ( they shifted family to my place as i have problem with outside food)
    my daddy left his job and came from my native to be with me.
    from Morning to evening they are sturggling for me ( inspite of i do for them at this stage)
    No question of frnds.. most of the time i m spending with hospital.
    beside this, rumours from relatives about my health.
    my mom and daddy are very worried about this rumours.. bcoz i will not get a good match in future.
    like this i m making everybody worried about me.
    no hope on recovery of my health.. bcoz dialysis can’t recover kindeys.
    transplant is not allowed.. so life long if we can still effort.. i should go on dialysis..
    what for i should live now..?
    making verybody worried and spending all the money .
    even i m not enjoying life.. nor my parents.
    so wats the use of i still live on earth..
    can anyone plz suggest ..

    • ANSWER:
      I think everyones life has value. And I believe that despite your hardships, you can persevere. I know that right now, you feel that you have nothing to give and you are grieving the loss of the life you dreamed you would lead. That is normal. This depression is normal. You have to fight those feelings. As a parent of a daughter your age, I would want my child to fight with all that is in them to survive. No sacrifice I would make in my own life, employment, money, home, would be as important as my child. I would give it all up to have even one more day with my child. I have a feeling your parents feel the same way about you.

      And who cares about the whispers of relatives? Unless they are willing to donate a kidney, are figuring out a way to help you and your family, unless the talk is regarding good wishes for your health and concern for you, you don’t need to give them another thought.

      There is a good chance that your heart can recover enough for surgery if you go on dialysis. The sooner you start the better your chances. The longer you wait, the greater damage is done because the toxins in your body are not being filtered out. If you want to have that second chance to fulfill your dreams, take action now, don’t wait.

      If you feel that you are going to hurt yourself, please call 911, your doctor, your friends, or your family. Think of how heartbroken your family would be if something happened to you. All of their sacrifices would have been for nothing. I know you don’t want to hurt them that way.

  49. QUESTION:
    Insurance claims. How can they take €20,000 off my amount due. Is this legal.?
    I gave up smoking in Sep2007. I took new policy out in Jul2008 so naturally i put myself down as a non-smoker, by the way i’m still off them. On my policy I took out a serious illness benefit, which i never thought i would have to use. Anyways I developed Kidney Failure and I am on Dialysis. So I put through my Claim in Aug2010. I was told 8-12weeks to process this claim. This benefit was worth €35,000 to me Which i need to pay my mortgage etc while i’m unfit to work. Today 02Feb2011 they told me that after smokers rates were applied to my claim I’m only to receive €16,000. They informed me prior to this about the smokers rates but I didn’t think that they would deduct such a vast amount €20,000… What I need to know has anyone else had this problem, and if so how do I Go about appealing this settlement. Or is there any other solution.
    p.s I’m from Ireland.

    • ANSWER:
      What country are you in?
      There’s probably an Ombudsman or similar to appeal to, but I think you were on dodgy ground declaring yourself as a non-smoker.

      Non-smokers are usually defined in small print as never-smokers or not-in-past-x-years smokers.

      In 9 months (or even 3 years) the risks from having been a smoker will not have changed. I think they will win any appeal.

  50. QUESTION:
    how to pursue an interest in medicine?
    for most of my life i NEVER wanted to become a doctor. funny things is i dealt with kidney failure since 14 yrs old. ive seen the good and bad. i receive my first kidney in 2000. it went bad in 2008. now at the age of 23, for the FIRST time of my life im actually interested in the human body and medicine. last year i took a medical leave from school. this is where my interest begun. i would watch medical educational show regulary and house(lol). while watching the shows i would literally(im a geek) have a medical dictionary beside a look up terms i didnt understand. i been through a lot medical. i have had all types of exams and test. i’ve had hip surger, nephrectomy, kidneytransplant, blood transfussion, aggressive immunosuppressive drug therapy twice and im on dialysis for a second time waiting for another kidney. i’ve also had tried the donor process it didnt work out. so i been thru the ups and downs. i love how the body works and how the organ systems are connected. currently im a junior in college with no time to go back and take science classes. but i do have some classes at my local community college. i was wandering would it be a good idea to take science classes to at least explore medicine. and if i like it use it as preparation for the mcat. i also know doctors and surgeon in the field. they all like me because i was always inquisitive about my disease and really wanted to know the technical aspects of my condition. i love to learn, and “look up things(research).

    • ANSWER:
      It’s probably too late. You don’t have the background and study habits of competitive medical school candidates. With a great deal of effort, you might make yourself competitive for one of the ancillary medical professions: Physician Assistant, Audiologist, RN (NP), Optician. Hearing Aid Dispensor.


Kidney Dialysis Patients

Nurse is a career that is demanded nowadays. If you want to be a nurse, you can choose to become a dialysis nurse. This type of nurse is sometimes called as urology nurse or renal nurse nephrology nurse.

You will find that the duty of dialysis nurse is different with regular nurse who takes care of the patients. As a dialysis nurse, you will have to operate the dialysis equipment. The equipment is used to waste filter waste products of the patients’ body. The equipment is used when the function of the patients’ kidneys cannot be functioned well. If you want to become a dialysis nurse, there are some things that you should do.

Firstly, you should graduate from a nursing school that is accredited. You will find that most nursing schools have many types of degree programs for students. If you want to get an Associate degree in nursing, you will need about 2 years to complete the study. You will also find that you can get a 3-year nursing diploma degree by joining the program offered by some hospital. Additionally, you can take the 4-year nursing programs at the university to get a BSN degree (Bachelor of Science in Nursing).
Or, you can take the online programs offered by a nursing school that you choose to get the degree. You will find that this is a distance-learning alternative that you can consider. If you decide to take the online education for your nursing degree, you should make sure that the school and the program are accredited.

Secondly, you should pass the nurse examination given by your state. You are required to pass the CDN exam or Certified Dialysis Nurse Examination if you want to become a dialysis nurse. If you want to get the requirements, you can call the state board of nursing in your living place.

Thirdly, you should study many things related to the diseases of the kidneys. You should also study other related conditions about kidneys like diabetes. This is because your daily job will be related to those things.

Fourthly, you should find the resources to find the job when you are ready get do the job in dialysis nursing. You will find that there are many resources that you can get so that you will be able to get the job that you want. Internet might be a good resource to find the job. The internet can also answer some questions that are commonly asked about the job such as the salary requirements.

Finally, when you have become a dialysis nurse, you should be ready for a very busy job that you should do with all equipment and the technology used for the job. You should also become familiar with the maintenance of machinery. You will have to do general maintenance or repair the dialysis equipment.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    A question to anyone who deals with Kidney Dialysis patients?
    My creatinine level is 4.1 which means my GFR equals 17. I know once your GFR is below 15, you NEED dialysis. I feel very tired and weak amongst other symptoms. Is it possible that I can start dialysis at this stage in order to feel better or do I need to wait until my GFR falls below 15?

    • ANSWER:
      I would think you could start it now, since you have symptoms that are bothering you. But I’m not a kidney specialist, just someone who used to be on dialysis. I’d call your nephrologist’s office and let them know what’s going on, & that you think you should start dialysis.

      If you don’t already have the dialysis access created, they will need to do that first, but they can do a temporary one in your chest immediately..

      You are right, the dialysis will make you feel better, although it may take a few sessions. .

  2. QUESTION:
    What are two reasons for anemia in kidney dialysis patients?

    • ANSWER:
      The main reason is that patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (aka kidney failure) that require dialysis have a decreased number of working units within the kidneys (nephrons) and besides a decreased global kidney function they also have a low Erythropoetin (EPO) production leading to low RBC (Red Blood Cells) production and subsequent anemia.
      This patients may also have a mechanical hemolytic anemia due to the destruction of a small percent of the RBC inside the dialyzer.
      A certain degree of anemia can be induced by the mandatory use of anticoagulants (such as Heparin) during the procedure.

  3. QUESTION:
    what causes low blood pressure in kidney dialysis patients?
    he is male and in middle 70′s has been on dialysis for 4 months he seems to have many problems

    • ANSWER:
      A Low Blood Pressure Target Prevented Kidney Failure in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease.

      What is the problem and what is known about it so far?

      Chronic kidney disease is a gradual and progressive loss of function in both kidneys. Many patients with chronic kidney disease have high blood pressure. Doctors usually use drugs to reduce blood pressure and decrease risks for heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure. Most experts recommend reducing blood pressure to less than 140/90 mm Hg in adults with high blood pressure. In adults with certain conditions, such as diabetes or chronic kidney disease, experts often recommend reducing blood pressure to less than 130/80 mm Hg. No long-term clinical trials have tested whether reducing blood pressure to the lower levels prevents kidney failure in patients with chronic kidney disease.

      Who was studied?

      840 middle-aged adults with mild to moderate chronic kidney disease from causes other than diabetes. The average blood pressure at study entry was about 130/80 mm Hg because many patients were already taking drugs that reduced blood pressure.

      What did the researchers find?

      Fewer patients (62%) in the low blood pressure target group developed kidney failure than did those (70%) in the usual blood pressure group.

      Good luck,
      DS

  4. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of agencies for kidney dialysis/transplant patients to help with finances?
    We already know about the national kidney foundation and american kidney foundation. Do you know of any other ones? We have a large family and these finances are starting to take a toll….

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry, can’t help. But once more I am glad to be a Canadian with health care.

  5. QUESTION:
    What do you think of this woman who is accused of injecting bleach into the veins of kidney dialysis patients?

    http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/03/us/03nurse.html?ref=health

    A third-generation freethinker

    • ANSWER:
      Premeditated murder should be punished with the death penalty. Very few women get it though. I live in Texas and we believe in the death penalty. She’ll probably the first woman in a while to be executed.

  6. QUESTION:
    why is it important for kidney dialysis patients to not have saturated fat? Coconut oil?
    Is extra virgin coconut oil (a medium chain saturated fat) exceptable? I read that virgin coconut oil helps with heart & kidney protection & control diabetic insulin levels. I read this in Bruce Fife’s book “The coconut oil miracle” Bruce Fife is certified nutritionist & naturopathic doctor.

    I get a lot of confict reading on the coconut oil & kidney dialysis patients diet subject, I have read coconut oil should be avoided as it is a saturated fat but it is different as medium chain fatty acid & was not properly researched in virgin form in earlier nutritional study articles, The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) even included coconut oil on its exclusive GRAS (Generally Regarded As Safe) list.

    Below are the conflicting articles

    http://www.coconut-oil-central.com/coconut-oil-kidney-diseases.html

    http://www.health.qld.gov.au/nutrition/resources/renal_heamo.pdf

    I read virgin coconut oil lowers cholesterol

    http://www.thaifoodandtravel.com/features/cocgood.html

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis patients should follow a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol. These patients are considered the group at greatest risk for development of coronary artery disease. They often have increases in serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Although they must eat a relatively high-calorie diet to spare protein, patients on dialysis should avoid foods that raise triglycerides and cholesterol concentrations.

      http://www.nutritionmd.org/health_care_providers/cardiovascular/hyperlipidemia.html

      I cannot stress enough how important it is for dialysis patients to eat right. This would have been part of the patient teaching when it was decided for you to be on dialysis.

      UPDATE:
      Thank you Gary B. for pointing out the facts. Listen, you are on dialysis. What more do you need to know about taking care of yourself? There are things dialysis patients should not eat because of increased risk factors of not only during dialysis and your health in general, but also but also complications due to your KIDNEY FAILURE! If you choose to listen to QUAKS like Gary B. says, then you too are also the failure. I’m sure this neuro-whatever doctor knows what he’s talking about. Ignore the true experts…..

      Consider the credibility of your sources.

  7. QUESTION:
    Why does kidney dialysis only work for so long?
    Why do kidney dialysis patients typically only live 4-5 years after beginning dialysis and then after that amount of time, their bodies seem to give out on them and they die?

    • ANSWER:
      People who do not have good kidneys are very sick. If they have severe renal failure, they cannot live unless they have a replacement for their kidneys. Replacement is something that takes the place of something else.
      There are two ways to replace the kidneys: dialysis and transplantation

      Kidney dialysis
      Dialysis is when doctors use a machine and medicines to do the work that kidneys do. There are two kinds of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
      Peritoneal dialysis is when doctors put a plastic tube into the persons abdomen. Every day the person fills the abdomen with fluid. The extra salts, waste, and water that the body does not need goes into the fluid. Then the fluid comes out and takes the wastes with it. This does part of the job that kidneys do.

      http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidney

  8. QUESTION:
    Level of phosphate in the blood The level of various substances in the blood of kidney dialysis patients is?
    of concern because kidney failure and dialysis can lead to nutritional problems. A researcher performed blood tests on several dialysis patients on 4 consecutive clinic visits. One variable measured was the level of phosphate in the blood. Phosphate levels for an individual tend to vary Normally over time.

    The data on one patient, in milligrams of phosphate per deciliter (mg/dl) of blood, are given below:

    5.6, 5.1, 4.6, 4.9

    Calculate the sample mean , standard deviation s, and standard error SE

    Give your answers to 2 decimal places.

    1) _______ .
    2) _______.
    2) _______.

    Hi so I know how to calculate the mean which would be the total of 5.6+5.1+4.6+4.9 =20.2
    then you divided by the total which is 20.2/4=5.05

    then for the standard deviation I got .42?
    is that correct? did I do something wrong pleasee help.

    & for SE is 0.21

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    Where to get Financial help for dialysis or kidney failure patients in India?
    My father’s both the kidneys are failed, doctor told that he should undergo dialysis twice a week, we can’t bare this much amount. cost of dialysis is from 900 to 2000 Rs in karnataka, India, Please if any body knows the way like medicare insurance, or help from government and any other procedure please help me…Please

    • ANSWER:
      For free dialysis Please take your dad to The Tamil Nadu Kidney Research (Tanker) Foundation in Chennai. Dialysis is not a long term solution, Its better if you can go to General Hospital/Stanley Hospital in Chennai and have kidney transplantation for free at the earliest.
      Dialysis treatments is used for diffusion (waste removal) and ultrafiltration (fluid removal)
      Ask your dad to stay away from liquid foods that will increase the Creatine level (Water Level) and the no of dialysis will increase.
      Stay away from potassium foods as well.
      May god bless your dad with long life.
      All the best.

  10. QUESTION:
    what dose a angiogram do for kidney transplant and dialysis patients?
    what dose a angiogram or arterialgram do for kidney transplant and dialysis patients and can the radioactive iodine damage the kidneys in these patients should they get mucomist before they get the radioactive iodine dye injected into the groin area what dose the angiogram or arterialgram do for kidney transplant or dialysis patients and can they see any thing specious such as a blockage and can a blockage be removed by surgery or oblasion

    • ANSWER:
      It is to prepare for the surgery itself so they know the vascular situation going in.

  11. QUESTION:
    Any special diet for kidney dialysis patients?
    Is there restriction on water and food intake? Any specific food that they should avoid? Any difference in diet for pertoneal dialysis or hemo patient?

    • ANSWER:
      I am a hemo patient and have to follow a strict diet. First you need to watch fluid intake (how much depends on your size and if you still have function left in your kidneys). For me I usually try to limit my fluid intake to 1.5 litres a day.
      You also really need to watch how much potassium you eat. This is by far the most dangerous since if your levels get too high it could stop your heart. You really need to watch eating things such as oranges, potatoes (you can soak the potatoes all day draining the water occasionally, or double boil them to get some of the potassium out), tomatoes, sport drinks etc.
      Also Phosphate is another thing you need to limit which is pretty much all dairy products. You can take a phosphate binder (calcium carbonate) during your meals to bind the phosphate.
      If you are currently on dialysis you should have access to a dietitian which could help you set up a healthy renal diet.
      I do believe that if you are on peritoneal dialysis the limitations are not as bad since you do the exchanges every night opposed to 3 times a week with hemo.
      Hope this helps.

  12. QUESTION:
    Can a kidney dialysis patient get back kidney function?
    Or is it once on dialysis, always on dialysis? My friend thinks his kidneys may be starting to work again. He has been having dialysis for 4 months now.

    • ANSWER:
      There are rare instances where kidney function may return, particularly after acute renal failure. Your friend may be making some urine (that is not unusual at all), but I doubt it will be enough or of good enough quality to stop dialysis. This is something your friend can discuss with is nephrologist (kidney doctor).

  13. QUESTION:
    in kidney transplant or dialysis patients why do they get mucomist for a dye test?
    why in kidney transplant or dialysis patient why do they get mucomist for any dye test such as a angiogram ct scans or mri scans and what is a creatin levels mean too tell me for kidney transplantation how many test dose the surgeon doo before the transplant surgery and how do they treat dialysis patients as well too what dose mucomist do and what is a creatin level mean

    • ANSWER:
      I hate people who cut and paste but I cannot understand it and retell it with understanding so read it for yourself. Or use the web to do your research. This seems to be a deep subject, not easily explained. Ask your doctors.

      How does Mucomist protect the kidneys before a CT with x-ray dye?
      Mucomyst or acetylcysteine is given orally, the usual dose is 600mg twice a day on the day before and the day of a radiocontrast (xray dye) study. Even if you develop renal dysfunction after an xray dye study it is most often transient with complete renal recovery

      http://www.netwellness.org/search/browsesearchforum.cfm?StartRow=61&searchstring=++++++disease+or+disorder++++++&forumid=33

      An explaination of creatin.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creatine

  14. QUESTION:
    where in Malaysia have kidney dialysis centres, which websiteshave information for kidney dialysis patients?

    • ANSWER:
      Check the following link

  15. QUESTION:
    Which companies can a kidney dialysis patient buy life insurance from?
    I have a friend who is on the goes to the kidney dialysis machine 3 times a week.And she would like to know where she can obtain a life insurance policy in case of her death.She would like to leave something behind for her family.

    • ANSWER:
      That is not a good business for an insurance company.

      If she wants to leave something for her family she can invest her own money in the Stock Market (I can advice her for free) and she will leave millions behind to her family.

      Another way is to buy life insurance for her grandparents.

      Eventually they will be dead and she will get all their money and then she can leave something behind for her family.

      Top 3 Answerer in Business & Finance. (Vote for me)

  16. QUESTION:
    what dose mucomist do for kidney transplant and dialysis patients?
    what dose mucomist do for kidney transplant and dialysis patient and how many doses is mucmist before they get any dye injected for angiograms ct scans mri scans and what dose it mean for any transplantation surgery

    • ANSWER:
      You should ask your doctor about the dose for a renal or renal transplant patient.

  17. QUESTION:
    is there an danger in dialysis process for kidney patients?
    my father is a kidney patient and will have this dialysis process.

    • ANSWER:
      Well the risks include infection and bleeding during the dialysis access placement (either catheter or fistula surgery). These are relatively small. Dialysis in general is quite safe. There are many risks of long term dilysis to talk with your dad’s doctor about, but the bottom line is you can’t live without it, so whatever the risks, the benefits outweigh them. Only other option for your dad is kidney transplant. Did you discuss this with your nephrologist? Good luck.

  18. QUESTION:
    What is the appropriate blood draw for kidney patient on dialysis ? Do they need blood drawn each week ?
    What is the appropriate blood drawing for kidney patient on dialysis ? Do the need blood to be drawn each week ?

    • ANSWER:
      Hematocrit and hemoglobin are drawn weekly to manage their anemia. Most other labs are drawn monthly. If a lab is too high or low, and needs to be monitored more closely (usually potassium, calcium, or phosphorus), it can be drawn weekly or bi-weekly, per the doctors instructions.

      The weekly blood draws amount to 1 small tube. The monthly blood draws normally amount to 3-5 tubes.

  19. QUESTION:
    where r the kidney dialysis centres for kidney patients in Malaysia?

    • ANSWER:
      There is one I know in Sunway Medical Centre Hospital,

      http://www.sunmed.com.my/

      No.5, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 46150 Petaling Jaya
      Tel: 03 7491 9191, 03 6201 3211 (ambulance service),
      Fax: 03 7491 8181

      OR;

      You can check with National Kidney Foundation of Malaysia (NKF)

      http://www.nkf.org.my/

      72 Jalan 14/29, 46100 Petaling Jaya.
      Tel: 03 7954 9048, Fax: 03 7954 0329

  20. QUESTION:
    What is the average time a kidney dialysis patient that also has diabetes have time to live?

    • ANSWER:
      My mother, an insulin dependent diabetic, lived on dialysis for five years, had a transplant, which my grandmother provided, and lived for another 10 years after that. I know another woman who was on dialysis with my mother and had her transplant a year after my mother, is still living. there is no average time, any nephrologist will tell you that. It all depends on how well you take care of yourself. If you take care of yourself, then most diabetics who are on dialysis, go on to have their transplants, then full and happy lives. (my mother didn’t die of kidney failure, she aspirated).

  21. QUESTION:
    What is done to prevent kidney failure patients from losing electrolytes during dialysis treatment?

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    Why do patients who experience kidney failure undergoes dialysis?

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    is there any injection insted for dialysis for kidney patient?
    i heard that there is an injection for kidney patient insted of doding dialysis . is it true. if it is where can i get please help

    • ANSWER:
      It is not true.

  24. QUESTION:
    Would you like to sign a petition to the PM to help kidney dialisys patients ?
    The British Kidney Foundation has an E-Petition at http://petitions.pm.gov.uk/Dialysis/

    Dialysis patients dialyse three days a week for the rest of their life until they die. These patients cannot undertake work that takes them away from their Dialysis unit, have a holiday, attend family celebrations ( weddings, baptisms etc ) or visit friends or relatives. They call on the prime Minister to provide sufficient spare capacity in Dialysis units around the country to enable patients to move between units. This would dramatically improve what is currently a poor and restricted quality of life. After all the Prime Minister puts high value on his holiday – he should not deny patients the same basic human right.

    • ANSWER:
      Life is difficult & hard enough on dialysis, for both the patient & family. To try and get hospital/clinic dialysis on holiday in England/Wales is a nightmare & if you can get any place at all, it is in an area normally where you would not wish to have a holiday. Other countries in Europe put this Government to shame! I have just lost my husband but with all the experiences we had, I shall continue to fight for other sufferers.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me why a kidney patient on dialysis, sweats out oil from pores, instead of water?
    Please help us, my poor brother in law has begun to sweat oil from his pores, and his Doctor seems at a lost as to why it is happening, does anyone out there know anything about this kidney problem.

    • ANSWER:
      if doctor doesn’t know…..
      start looking for a new one…..

  26. QUESTION:
    where can kidney failure patients find kidney dialysis centres in Malaysia?

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis Centres – Malaysia

      C.S.Loo Kidney & Medical Specialist Centre
      Tel : 05 2458918
      Perak Chinese Maternity Hospital 227 Jalan Kampar Ipoh Perak 30250 Malaysia Ipoh Perak 30250 Malaysia

      Kidney Association Of Sawarak
      Tel : 082 24 0927
      No. 15 Ground Floor Hock Kui Commercial Centre Jln Tun Ahmad Zaidi Adruce 93150 Kuching Sarawak Kuching Sarawak 93150 Malaysia

      Maa Medicare Kidney Charity Fund
      Tel : 03 21421166
      Fax : 03-21422468
      No. 20 01A 20Th Floor Menara Maa 12 Jalan Dewan Bahasa Kuala Lumpur Wilayah Persekutuan 50460 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur 50460 Malaysia

  27. QUESTION:
    where can kidney failure patients find kidney dialysis centres in Malaysia,Johor,KL,Penang,Muar,JB,JohorBahru?

    • ANSWER:
      For full details and/or directories for kidney centres in Malaysia, you should check with the National Kidney Foundation of Malaysia (NKF), http://www.nkf.org.my/
      72 Jalan 14/29, 46100 Petaling Jaya.
      Tel: 03 7954 9048, Fax: 03 7954 0329

  28. QUESTION:
    where can kidney failure patients find kidney dialysis centres in sg NOT NKF

    • ANSWER:
      mustafa

  29. QUESTION:
    which is much better and less infective peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplant?
    please add the pros and cons of peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant..patients undergoing such please help!
    thank u for all ur answers it was very helpful..anyone who has friends or patients on any of the methods?

    • ANSWER:
      Peritoneal dialysis requires an implantable catheter into the abdominal cavity. Abdominal fluid is drained, dialyzed, then returned to the abdomen. Cared for properly, the rates of infection are generally low (but not zero!). Another form of dialysis is hemodialysis, which is performed by removing blood, cleaning it, and returning it to the patient. This can be accomplished by one of several implantable venous catheters or a surgical conduit (either an artificial graft or arterial-venous fistula). There is also a risk of infection, but generally lower than peritoneal dialysis. Both forms are generally well tolerated, but peritoneal dialysis is often performed more frequently (i.e. daily) than hemodialysis (3 times weekly). Also, patients may complain of fatigue after hemodialysis. Some countries prefer one form of dialysis over the other, usually due to cost or health care delivery reasons.

      Kidney transplant is a major surgical procedure. Aside from the risks of the actual procedure, it requires life-long immunosupression to prevent organ rejection. These medications may have side effects (including increased risk of infections), and require periodic monitoring. One benefit is that after transplant, patients do not require regular dialysis treatments. This may be an important consideration in younger patients.

      As always, consult your kidney specialist regarding the best treatment for you or your loved one.

  30. QUESTION:
    how can creatinine level come to normal for a kidney patient on dialysis?
    now creatinine level is 8.7 and the person is 48 yrs old.

    • ANSWER:
      Google——I hate Dialysis.com—- it’s a great forum and you can find many answers to your questions there.

  31. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis, diarhhea, low blood pressure and fatigue?
    My friends father has “Focal Segmental Glomular sclerosis” and he has low blood pressure frequently when he is done with dialysis although they continue to give him 200mg of metoprolol and lisinopril every day. He also has chronic fatigue and diarhhea. His elecrolytes are being monitored from time to time per my mother but he is so tired. He has been on dialysis for 3 1/2 years now. Is diarhhea normal for dialysis patients?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it is. My husband was on dialysis and now has a new kidney. I hope your friend feels better soon.

  32. QUESTION:
    my bf have got tattoo on his hand but he is kidney patient? he is doing dialysis currently. will it effect him?
    as i mention above my bf is kidney patient. he is doing dialysis currently n got a tattoo on his finger. he is planning to do his transplant end of this december. will de tattoo ink give him trouble either for dialysis now or future transplants. i’m worried, i need a medical kind of advice.

    • ANSWER:
      he will not be able to give any kind of organs but he can recieve them just fine

  33. QUESTION:
    I am a kidney dialysis patient and i am always eating ice and before i was on dialysis i did not why do i now?

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    Why can patients with kidney failure eat and drink what they like during the first few hours of dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      No people on dialysis must follow a strict diet. This includes fld intake. The dialysis doctor together with a nutritionist will give you your daily amt of fluid intake allowed in a day. This counts ice cream, jello, soups anything that can become a liquid into the daily fluid intake. The diet is called a renal diet…..the main thing about the diet is not allowed to eat any processed food. And limit salt in take usually. These diets are important to follow because the kidney’s filter out the toxins in the body and if they are not working properly the toxins go into the bloodstream. That is why people go on dialysis when there kidney’s fail

  35. QUESTION:
    need low carb diet for kidney dialysis patient?
    what is carb, in a diet

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    why do kidney patients have their blood run through dialysis tubing…?
    …which is immersed in a bath of clean salt water?

    • ANSWER:
      In the absence of a suitable kidney donor, hemodialysis is the only way to keep a patient with kidney failure alive.

      This cleansing treatment has to be performed at least two or three times a week, with each hemodialysis lasting several hours.

      You might like to investigate Dr. Willem Kolff, the father of hemodialysis, if this subject is of interest to you.

  37. QUESTION:
    How the enzymes produced by the kidney affect patient undergoing dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      The following is a complete list of the functions of the kidneys:

      1) The kidneys remove poisonous wastes from the blood.- uric and uric acids. from protein breakdown. Life-threatening illnesses occur when too many of these waste products accumulate in the blood.

      2) Removes water and any substances dissolved in it such as salts, glucose, amino acids,to be collected in Bowman’s capsule. Larger particles in the blood, such as red blood cells and protein molecules, are too bulky to pass through the capillary walls and they remain in the blood. The filtered blood leaves the glomerulus through another arteriole that branches into the meshlike network of blood vessels around the renal tubule. The blood then exits the kidneys through the renal vein. Approximately 180 liters (about 50 gallons) of blood moves through the two kidneys every day.

      3) Glomerular filtration- or filtering the blood -water, salts, glucose amino acids and waste products or urea and uric acids are filtered thru. and collected in the Bowman’s capsule.

      4) Tubular reabsorption -reabsorbs much of the water, salt, and virtually all of the nutrients, especially glucose and amino acids, that were removed in the glomerulus. This enables the body to selectively keep the substances it needs while ridding itself of wastes. Eventually, about 99 percent of the water, salt, and other nutrients is reabsorbed.

      5) Tubular secretion- unwanted substances from the capillaries surrounding the nephron are added to the glomerular filtrate. These substances include various charged particles called ions, including ammonium, hydrogen, and potassium ions.

      6) Together, glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion produce urine, which flows into collecting ducts and into the microtubules of the pyramids. The urine is then stored in the renal pelvis and eventually drained into the ureters.

      In addition to filtering the blood, the kidneys perform several other essential functions.

      One such activity is regulation of the amount of water contained in the blood. This process is influenced by antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also called vasopressin, which is produced in the hypothalamus and stored in the nearby pituitary gland. Receptors in the brain monitor the blood’s water concentration. When the amount of salt and other substances in the blood becomes too high, the pituitary gland releases ADH into the bloodstream. When it enters the kidneys, ADH makes the walls of the renal tubules and collecting ducts more permeable to water so that more water is reabsorbed into the bloodstream.

      The hormone aldosterone, produced by the adrenal glands, interacts with the kidneys to regulate the blood’s sodium and potassium content. High amounts of aldosterone cause the nephrons to reabsorb more sodium ions, more water, and fewer potassium ions; low levels of aldosterone have the reverse effect. The kidneys’ responses to aldosterone help keep the blood’s salt levels within the narrow range that is best for crucial physiological activities.

      Aldosterone also helps regulate blood pressure. When blood pressure starts to fall, the kidneys release an enzyme called renin, which converts a blood protein into the hormone angiotensin. This hormone causes blood vessels to constrict, resulting in a rise in blood pressure. Angiotensin then induces the adrenal glands to release aldosterone, which promotes sodium and water reabsorption to further increase blood volume and blood pressure.

      The kidneys also adjust the body’s acid-base balance to prevent such blood disorders as acidosis and alkalosis, both of which impair the functioning of the central nervous system. If the blood is too acidic, meaning that there is an excess of hydrogen ions, the kidneys move these ions to the urine through the process of tubular secretion.

      The kidneys also process vitamin D, converting it to an active form that stimulates bone development.

      The kidneys also produce several hormones. One of these, erythropoietin, influences the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. When the kidneys detect that the number of red blood cells in the body is declining, they secrete erythropoietin. This hormone travels in the bloodstream to the bone marrow, stimulating the production and release of more red cells.

      Dialysis :
      Removes waste and excess fluid from the blood to prevent build-up
      Controls blood pressure
      Keeping a safe level of chemicals in the body, such as potassium, sodium, and chloride.

      So the effects of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) requiring dialysis:

      1) Anemia due to deficiency in eythropoietin production.
      2) decreased level of erythropoeitin leading to reduction in RBC and thus oxygen.
      3) Metabolic Acidosis- excess of hydrogen ions places the patient at risk for loss of bone minerals Fatigue and lack of physical endurance may result not only from anemia but also from acidosis. The acidosis
      4) alterations in CA-phosphate metabolism placing patient at risk for underlying bone disease.
      5) kidneys unable to convert Vit D into calcitrol for absorption; thus bone problems; calcium deficiency as Ca needs Vit D for absorption. and this in turn cause muscle cramps Ca deficiency also causes hyperphostatemia or high levels of phosphates. Proteinuria, especially proteinuria that is in the nephrotic range, predisposes to fluid retention, which, in turn, causes hypertension and edema. Thus, development of edema or hypertension points to possible kidney disease and should prompt urine and blood tests.

      6) cause and consequence of high blood pressure: ADH absorbs more water raising blood preesure
      Renin -converted to angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) into aldosterone causing nephrons in kidneys to reasorb less sodium, water and more proteins- causing edema.and swelling
      elevated aldosterone also causes a rise in blood pressure.as sodium and water are reabsorbed.

      Proteinuria, especially proteinuria that is in the nephrotic range, predisposes to fluid retention, which, in turn, causes hypertension and edema. Thus, development of edema or hypertension points to possible kidney disease and should prompt urine and blood tests.

      7) presence of unwanted waste products cause azotemia or uremia and causes itching.

      .

  38. QUESTION:
    I AM A KIDNEY DIALYSIS PATIENT…TRYING TO GO TO SCHOOL?
    IM GOING TO COLLEGE AND I AM UNABLE TO WORK BECAUSE OF MY DIALYSIS TREATMENTS IS THER ANY PROGRAMS THAT CAN HELP ME FINACIALLY… IN WASHINGTON STATE

    • ANSWER:
      Do you have a social worker at your dialysis center? When I was on dialysis I had a social worker meet with me to help me find financial help with medications, being out of work, etc. There should be someone at your center that would be able to give you the best outlets for help – they have done their research.

  39. QUESTION:
    What alternative remedy for a patient with kidney failure aside from dialysis and kidney transplant.?
    Im 26, i got stage 5 kidney failure with eGFR kidney function 6%. My Creatinine is 770, my Urea is 37.3, can anyone tell me is they any hope any alternative – clinically proven or not besides dialysis or kidney transplant. Thank you so much everyone who helps me out. God bless you all

    • ANSWER:
      Take everything that is filtered through the kidneys that is non essential (ie not prescriptions) and reduce it. Tylenol is filtered through the kidneys. Protein is filtered through the kidneys. Most people get a day’s worth of protein in one hamburger. You could try going vegetarian and avoid tylenol to reduce the workload on your kidneys.

      It sounds like you really do need dialysis or kidney transplant if that is what they say you need. Kidney patients are sometimes on salt-restricted (even watch canned soups and cheeses) and water-restricted diets too.

      If you are diabetic, there could be damage from high blood glucose levels to the tissues and micro blood vessels in your kidneys. Also control blood pressure, because that is damaging to kidneys (rice and oats and apples and soluable fibers can absorb salt in the gut and help keep it from affecting blood pressure). Weight reduction can help control diabetes and blood pressure sometimes.

      At your young age, I would go for the kidney transplant if you can get it. It will give you better life quality than dialysis.

  40. QUESTION:
    Do dialysis machine help keep kidney failure patients alive?

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis definitely kept me alive. It got to the point where I was sleeping 12 hours a day, no energy, emaciated, depressed, itching, grumpy, etc. The first week of dialysis was like a new lease on life. I felt better—immediately. But there’s nothing like having a brand new kidney….

  41. QUESTION:
    chat rooms for kidney dialysis patient?

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.ihatedialysis.com/

      Not sure if they have a chat but they have a forum.

      There is also transplant buddies & transplant cafe that have people who have had all kinds of transplants, but there are a lot of kidney patients on that have been thru dialysis. I just had a transplant in February so I have been searching for support sites and those are amazing ones with really great people. If you need anything else, feel free to email me. Wish you luck .

  42. QUESTION:
    what symptoms do dialysis patients have right before dying?
    My boyfried has kidney failure and he has been on dialysis for two years. Here lately, he has been tired all the time, nauseated, and just doesn’ feel well at all. He almost suffered heat exhaustion last week but has been staying in from the heat and resting ever since. I just thought maybe someone who might have known someone that died and was on dialysis might have noticed if they were feeling any differently right before it happened?! Thanks for any and all responses.

    • ANSWER:
      Fatigue, exhaustion, nausea and a general malaise are all possible effects of being on dialysis.. they don’t mean your boyfriend is getting worse. While I was on hemodialysis, I felt these things almost all the time. I felt much better after starting peritoneal dialysis… but it seems to be a little tougher getting it to work for patients with no kidney function at all (I lost both kidneys to a genetic disease).

      Its not a happy subject but some people do choose to stop dialysis. Its not considered suicide since dialysis is a form of life support. If you’re interested in reading some personal accounts from people who have had family members make this decision – including the symptoms and effects – you can check the link below.

      http://www.davita.com/forum/showthread.php?t=1091

  43. QUESTION:
    Kidney patient on CAPD dialysis is starting to have other problems like loss of diet etc..more details below?
    So his is on CAPD dialysis. He has one kidney. but over the last year or so he has been losing strength, losing diet, headache, low blood pressure, body pain etc…can anyone advise on what is a good next move to salvage anything…or if some can share a similar experience they know of….I would greatly appreciate any comment. Thank you.
    PS: He is 75 years old. Thank you again. Please understand my desperation.

    • ANSWER:

  44. QUESTION:
    anyone know about Kidney Dialysis?
    Explain how the process of dialysis works for patients whose kidneys are not working properly.

    • ANSWER:
      There are mainly 2 types of dialysis, and this explains why ones needs it, and how. I wish you good kidney functioning.

      Dialysis
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      (Redirected from Kidney dialysis)

      This article is about renal dialysis; for the laboratory technique, see dialysis (biochemistry);
      This article needs additional citations for verification.
      (June 2007)

      A hemodialysis machineIn medicine, dialysis (from Greek “dialusis”, meaning dissolution, “dia”, meaning through, and “lusis”, meaning loosening) is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function (renal replacement therapy) due to renal failure. Dialysis may be used for very sick patients who have suddenly but temporarily, lost their kidney function (acute renal failure) or for quite stable patients who have permanently lost their kidney function (stage 5 chronic kidney disease). When healthy, the kidneys maintain the body’s internal equilibrium of water and minerals (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfate) and the kidneys remove from the blood the daily metabolic load of fixed hydrogen ions. The kidneys also function as a part of the endocrine system producing erythropoietin and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol). Dialysis is an imperfect treatment to replace kidney function because it does not correct the endocrine functions of the kidney. Dialysis treatments replace some of these functions through diffusion (waste removal) and ultrafiltration (fluid removal).[1]

      Contents [hide]
      1 Principle
      2 Types
      2.1 Hemodialysis
      2.2 Peritoneal dialysis
      2.3 Hemofiltration

      [edit] Principle
      Dialysis works on the principles of the diffusion of solutes and ultrafiltration of fluid across a semi-permeable membrane. Blood flows by one side of a semi-permeable membrane, and a dialysate or fluid flows by the opposite side. Smaller solutes and fluid pass through the membrane. The blood flows in one direction and the dialysate flows in the opposite. The counter-current flow of the blood and dialysate maximizes the concentration gradient of solutes between the blood and dialysate, which helps to remove more urea and creatinine from the blood. The concentrations of solutes (for example potassium, phosphorus, and urea) are undesirably high in the blood, but low or absent in the dialysis solution and constant replacement of the dialysate ensures that the concentration of undesired solutes is kept low on this side of the membrane. The dialysis solution has levels of minerals like potassium and calcium that are similar to their natural concentration in healthy blood. For another solute, bicarbonate, dialysis solution level is set at a slightly higher level than in normal blood, to encourage diffusion of bicarbonate into the blood, to act as a pH buffer to neutralise the metabolic acidosis that is often present in these patients. The levels of the components of dialysate are typically prescribed by a nephrologist according to the needs of the individual patient.

      [edit] Types
      There are two primary types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, and a third investigational type, intestinal dialysis.

      [edit] Hemodialysis

      Hemodialysis schematicMain articles: Hemodialysis and Home hemodialysis
      In hemodialysis, the patient’s blood is pumped through the blood compartment of a dialyzer, exposing it to a semipermeable membrane. The cleansed blood is then returned via the circuit back to the body. Ultrafiltration occurs by increasing the hydrostatic pressure across the dialyzer membrane. This usually is done by applying a negative pressure to the dialysate compartment of the dialyzer. This pressure gradient causes water and dissolved solutes to move from blood to dialysate, and allows the removal of several litres of excess fluid during a typical 3 to 5 hour treatment. In the US, hemodialysis treatments are typically given in a dialysis center three times per week (due in the US to Medicare reimbursement rules); however, as of 2007 over 2,000 people in the US are dialyzing at home more frequently for various treatment lengths.[2] Studies have demonstrated the clinical benefits of dialyzing 5 to 7 times a week, for 6 to 8 hours. These frequent long treatments are often done at home, while sleeping but home dialysis is a flexible modality and schedules can be changed day to day, week to week. In general, studies have shown that both increased treatment length and frequency are clinically beneficial.[3]

      [edit] Peritoneal dialysis
      Main article: Peritoneal dialysis
      In peritoneal dialysis, a sterile solution containing minerals and glucose is run through a tube into the peritoneal cavity, the abdominal body cavity around the intestine, where the peritoneal membrane acts as a semipermeable membrane. The dialysate is left there for a period of time to absorb waste products, and then it is drained out through the tube and discarded. This cycle or “exchan

  45. QUESTION:
    Why must patients undergoing dialysis restrict their intake of salt and water?
    *Kidney Dialysis*

    • ANSWER:
      Because salt attracts water. so while your kidney is damaged and cannot regulate water like it used to be by filtering and sending the urine to the bladder, it’s better to get off salt and fluids. by the way, it can cause high blood pressure and electrolyte imbalances if the water in our body is not eliminated.

  46. QUESTION:
    Easy Biology Question, regarding Kidney Transplants and Dialysis, Please Help !?!?
    Describe the issues related to kidney transplants or kidney dialysis.

    So far I have:
    - Kidneys are an important organ used to filter out all the waste (toxic substances) from your body.
    - Infections may develop (viruses/ bacteria) cause of the drugs administered for the body to accept the new kidney
    - Patients imune system may attack the new kidney
    - Body may reject the new kidney (not a match)
    - A match may not be available, and
    - You would have to attend regular appointments if your on dialysis.

    * Please give your suggestions, and correct mine.
    * I will chose a best answer for the person who is most helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      Remember there are different types of dialysis, renal dialysis in which a shunt is added to allow arterial blood to enter a vein and is then withdrawn. blood from patients vein is passed through very small tubes made from a partially permeable membrane. on the other side of the membrane dialysis fluid flows in the opposite direction. This is said to be istotonic to the concentration of what should be in the blood except has 0 urea. There is also pertoneal dialysis in which the abdominal cavity is filled with dialysis fluid. It is left there for some time. This takes about 30 – 45 mins to do, patients can walk around with the fluid inside them whereas you have to remain still for several hours attached to the machine in haemodialysis. However haemodialysis is more efficient at removing unwanted substances from the blood. Kidney dialysis machines are very expensive and are in short supply. If haemodialysis is done intermittently then the patient may experience wide fluctuations of water content of the blood and also the concentrations of various dissolved substances within it. It also gets progressively harder to find a suitable blood vessel as scar tissue builds up. Peritoneal dialysis has a higher risk of infection because pathogens may enter through the catheter.
      Kidneys can be sold on the black marker. poorer people can be exploited for their kidneys. also once donated they have the risk of infection as wel as only relying on one kidney. there is a shortage of kidneys available.
      Kidneys need to match the Human Leukocyte antigen, this is a group of six gene loci very close together on chromosome 6. they tend to be inherited together. so kidneys need to be a very close match. there are a huge possible number of combinations in which the alleles match. there are 20645280 different possibilities.
      There is a greater chance of a match between brothers/ sisters than there are parents as the father will have different haplotypes. So basically the major histocompatability comlex MHC needs to be closely matched with the donor when tissue typing.

      Xenotransplantation is a thought (getting organs from animals) however this raises a lot of ethical issues. it could also introduce a new disease transferred from pigs to humans for example.

  47. QUESTION:
    kidney patient on dialysis in ireland?
    im on dialysis in ireland, i have had 2 previous transplants and am on the list for my third transplant , i was wondering if anybody has any information on how to get rid of Anti-bodies in order to recieve a transplant

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know, so I’m going to give you the names of a couple of other kidney & transplant related websites with message boards:

      www.ihatedialysis.com
      www.kidney.org
      www.transplantbuddies.com

      Good luck. I had a kidney/pancreas transplant in 2005.

  48. QUESTION:
    Would you marry a kidney patient on dialysis?
    You love each other, but he’s in his late 20s and on dialysis. Would you marry him?

    • ANSWER:
      Why not? Did he choose the have renal failure? Did he wanted life like this? All his answer is that he doesn’t have a chance to choose and life is very cruel to him. You are an angel in his heart so you should stay on with him even though you are undecided about marriage. If he can find a donor he can live a pretty normal life and have children of his own. Renal failure is not a death sentence so you will not be widowed. Medicine is so advance now so why worry. This is a time for test of your love for him…..If I were you I will not consider ……

  49. QUESTION:
    Do you have any eating plans for chronic kidney disease patients to gain weight?
    My mother has a chronic kidney disease and she do dialysis twice a week, i can see that she is losing her weight, how can i make her gain weight?

    • ANSWER:
      There should be a renal dietician where your mother goes to dialysis. You should make an appt to see her.

      You can get general info on recipes/diet info for renal patients at www.davita.com; look for the recipe section.

      As an FYI, I was on dialysis, and never had much of an appetite during that time. It is a side effect of kidney disease.

  50. QUESTION:
    My cousin is a kidney patient. i want to help her. Where to find HELP to support her dialysis treatment?
    My cousin is a girl 25 years of age. She take her dialysis treatment twice a week and its so very expensive and we are not capable to support her. Sometimes she’s not being treated because lock of money. Now i want to help her by asking you guys where to find HELP for a KIDNEY patient? If there is someone want to see her picture i can send it to them and if they needs doctors documents i can send it to them also. God Bless You All!

    • ANSWER:

      http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/financialhelp/


Kidney Dialysis Machines

The nature of dialysis work
Dialysis or hemodialysis technicians work with patients that suffer from kidney failure. Some patients’ kidneys may still have a degree of functionality, but they do not work properly. As a result of their condition, patients must undergo a process to remove waste products from their bodies. In addition to removing the excess waste and salts, certain chemicals must be kept at safe levels. Therefore, dialysis technicians operate the machinery that performs the process described above. Technicians will perform some additional procedures on the patient after dialysis is finished. These medical professionals are required to keep the dialysis machines in good working order.

Education requirements for this job
First, the perspective dialysis technician will need to have a GED or high school diploma. It is recommended that he / she take courses at their local community college or vocational school in science and health. There are vocational programs that will lead to certification in working with dialysis. However, most of the training is done on the job via the supervision of a RN. First, the technician learns how to operate the machine. Good mechanical ability will make it easier to learn how to operate the machine. Good interpersonal skills and the ability to remain calm during stressful situations are highly valuable skills in this profession. Some smaller companies may offer different training. There is plenty of room for advancement in this position. With experience, it is possible for the perspective technician tobecome the chief technician.
Salary Range
The salary can vary depending upon whether the job is with a private company or a larger hospital. Employment can even take the form of a state dialysis unit. Twenty-five thousand dollars is considered the lower end of the scale. The higher end would be around thirty-two thousand dollars annually. As with many segments of the medical profession in the U.S., there is a shortage of qualified workers. This industry has been predicted to grow through the year 2012.
This article ahs discussed several aspects of dialysis employment. These include the nature of work, education and training, as well as the earning potential.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis Machines?
    Why does the solution surrounding the selectively permeable membrane need the same concentration of glucose and salts as blood plasma?

    • ANSWER:
      Because chemicals in solutions move from one area of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration. If there is a higher concentration of glucose or salts in the solution than in the blood, you will not remove excess from the blood. If there is less, you could remove too much. Removing too little defeats the purpose of doing dialysis, removing too much can be fatal.

  2. QUESTION:
    Kidney dialysis machines?
    Are they just taking the p1ss?

    • ANSWER:
      this offends me..
      my uncle uses dialisis and has to go on them every 2 days for 6 hours at a time, most of his life is spent on one
      i feel very sorry for him

  3. QUESTION:
    where to buy kidney dialysis machines?

    • ANSWER:
      The problem is that this would not be a one time cost. The initial cost of a machine and water purification system is only the start, you then have to buy disposable supplies for each treatment. You also need knowledgeable professionals to manage the treatments and the overall disease in the people you are hoping to treat with these machines.

      So do not think buying a dialysis machine is the whole answer, it is actually the start of a life long and expensive commitment. Here are some suppliers pulled from http://www.renalweb.com/ ‘s Yellow pages. Remember not every company can or will operate in every country, these are US vendors, pulled from an industry website. They can be a great source of information but no endorsement by me is implied:

      Dialysis machine manufacturers:

      B Braun Medical, Inc.
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 848-2066
      Phone Number: (610) 691-5400
      Web Site: http://www.bbraunusa.com
      Email: lynne.snyder@bbraun.com

      Baxter Healthcare – Renal Division
      Toll Free Phone Number: (888) 736-2543
      Phone Number: (847) 473-6935
      Web Site: http://www.baxter.com
      Email: diane_mielnikowski@baxter.com

      GAMBRO Renal Products
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 525-2623
      Phone Number: (303) 232-6800
      Web Site: http://www.usa-gambro.com
      Email: patty.kennedy@us.gambro.com

      NxStage Medical, Inc.
      Toll Free Phone Number: (866) 697-8243
      Phone Number: (978) 687-4700
      Web Site: http://www.nxstage.com

      Dialysis Machine wholesalers and refurbishers:

      http://www.specialtydialysis.com/…

      http://www.giamedical.com/firsten.htm…

      For water treatment:

      G.E.M. Water Systems International LLC
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 755-1707
      Phone Number: (714) 761-1700
      Web Site: http://www.gemwater.com
      Email: sales@gemwater.com

      GAMBRO Renal Products
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 525-2623
      Phone Number: (303) 232-6800
      Web Site: http://www.usa-gambro.com
      Email: patty.kennedy@us.gambro.com

      GE Osmonics
      Phone Number: (215) 355-3300
      Web Site: http://www.gewater.com
      Email: michael.lynch@gesm.ge.com

      Isopure
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 280-7873
      Phone Number: (502) 722-1000
      Web Site: http://www.isopure.com
      Email: kgillespie@isopure.com

      Mar Cor Purification
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 346-0365
      Phone Number: (484) 991-0220
      Web Site: http://www.mcpur.com/main/medical.htm…
      Email: info@mcpur.com

      Medical Solutions International
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 326-5275
      Phone Number: (913) 438-9700
      Web Site: http://www.medicalsolutionskc.com…
      Email: jack.dillon@medicalsolutionskc…

      Medro Systems
      Phone Number: (972) 542-8200
      Web Site: http://www.medrosystems.com
      Email: info@medrowystems.com

      Med-Tech Water Systems, Inc.
      Phone Number: (707) 427-1564
      Email: medtech2o@sbcglobal.net

      Quality Water Solutions, LLC
      Phone Number: (518) 785-6800
      Web Site: http://www.qualitywatersolutions.com…
      Email: qws@nycap.rr.com

      U.S. Filter Corporation
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 466-7873
      Phone Number: (978) 614-7376
      Web Site: http://www.usfilter.com
      Email: gowanj@usfilter.com

      XL Filtration
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 953-4583
      Phone Number: (360) 240-1427
      Email: xlfilter@earthlink.ne

  4. QUESTION:
    What is a nephron, is it to do with dialysis tubing and artificial kidney machines?
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Quite the opposite – a nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. It’s essentially a long filtering tube. There are thousands of nephrons in each kidney!

  5. QUESTION:
    Which companies can a kidney dialysis patient buy life insurance from?
    I have a friend who is on the goes to the kidney dialysis machine 3 times a week.And she would like to know where she can obtain a life insurance policy in case of her death.She would like to leave something behind for her family.

    • ANSWER:
      That is not a good business for an insurance company.

      If she wants to leave something for her family she can invest her own money in the Stock Market (I can advice her for free) and she will leave millions behind to her family.

      Another way is to buy life insurance for her grandparents.

      Eventually they will be dead and she will get all their money and then she can leave something behind for her family.

      Top 3 Answerer in Business & Finance. (Vote for me)

  6. QUESTION:
    how does kidney dialysis machine works on different age group?

    • ANSWER:
      From what I hear they run all ages the same way. It should be based on your weight and not necessarily your age. They have to evaluate their fluid retention. Blood pressure and temperature are taken and the patient is assessed for physical changes since their last dialysis run.

  7. QUESTION:
    How is someone who is 6′ 4″ to 6′ 6″ and hooked up to a kidney dialysis machine able to evade capture from…?
    ..authorities and intelligence agencies for over 8 years?
    Wouldn’t someone like this have a hard time blending in?

    • ANSWER:
      It’s fairly obvious they don’t want to find him.

      They found Saddam in the middle of the dessert in a hole in the ground in a month.

      If they ever found Bin Laden, they would lose the largest part of their convoluted excuse to still be occupying Afghanistan, and they don’t want to leave.

      As long as he’s supposedly out there masterminding evil plots and cackling while rubbing his hands together, the US can keep their citizens in fear, their allies quiet, their torture prisons operating and they can do whatever they want to middle easterners so as to further their goal of total control over world oil production and price setting.

      It’s the age old art of the magician. How do you make an oil war disappear? Misdirection. Just as Copperfield can make a train vanish, so to can America convince most of the western world into thinking America has never done anything to Muslims, Muslims are evil and that America’s invasion is not a for profit oil war. Misdirection. Keep them looking at Bin Laden and in the meantime work the magic!

      In other words, what benefit would it be to the US to capture him?

  8. QUESTION:
    what is the clinical requirements of kidney dialysis machine (hemodialysis) ??

    In each medical device ,, there are four important things we have to consider
    1- Clinical needs (requirments)
    2-Customer needs
    3-company needs
    4-regulatory requirments.

    Why do the clinical staff need this machine ? .. ( I know that it is for dialysis) ,, but what are the other aspects?
    So why do the hospitals needs the dialysis machine ?

    • ANSWER:
      maybe to provide the dialysis for the patient….some can do it from home- but most have to go and have it done. I’m thinking that the hospital or dialysis establishment would probably need the machines to provide the patient’s needs!

  9. QUESTION:
    What is kidney dialysis/ a kidney dialysis machine?
    please explain as best as you can = ]
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Kidneys clean the waste out of our blood and if it is deficient then someone would be hooked up to a kidney dialysis machine to remove the waste. A person who has renal failure usually have to be on the dialysis machine.

  10. QUESTION:
    a kidney dialysis machine cycles the blood through a filtering device using countercurrent exchange,explain?
    what this means and why the treatment must be done on a regular basis

    • ANSWER:
      It’s done on a regular basis to prevent the accumulation of waste material in the blood.

      “Countercurrent” means that the two currents (of the blood and dialysate) run in opposite directions, so that the blood, with waste material in it, is always exposed to clean dialysate. Diffusion of waste materials is, therefore, always *out* of the blood.

      (Fish gills also work by countercurrent circulation to increae the amount of oxygen they get from the water passing over them.)

  11. QUESTION:
    Was it true that Osama was blind and on a Kidney Dialysis machine when he was ordered by Obama to be killed?

    • ANSWER:
      Osama was on dialysis for most of his adult life, it didn’t just happen in the last two years.

  12. QUESTION:
    how many times should a person be connected to a kidney machine?
    I have this science project that asks me ‘If a person’s kidneys stop working, they may be placed on a kidney (dialysis) machine which takes over the job of the kidneys. How many times each week a patient might be connected to the machine. I have researched it but nothing has given me what i need so I was hoping that someone could help me.

    • ANSWER:
      well it depends on the health of the person and how much they need dialysis- dependent on body weight and function of kidney and i’m sure many other factors. Generally people spend 3 sessions of 4-5 hours on the machine unless they are doing dialysis at home at which point some people choose to do it more often at night….hope that helps!

  13. QUESTION:
    can anyone explain the principle of operation of a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      The blood is passed along artificial membranes that separate molecules by size – small molecules (urea, salts) are (partially) removed, large molecules (proteins) and cells are retained.

  14. QUESTION:
    Do people who use dialysis machines need to urinate?
    Assuming that they’re on the machines because they have kidney failure, the machine removes the urea, excess ions and excess water in the dialysis fluid.

    Does that mean that the person does not need to urinate?

    • ANSWER:
      People who use dialysis machines still need to urinate. Many people on dialysis are not on the dialysis machine every day but often 3 days a week. Their bodies still put out urine every day. They do not necessarily have any excess ions or excess water, but yes, the urea needs to be reduced when it gets high.

  15. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis machine??
    If someone who is age 83 is on a kidney dialysis machine and stops it what will happen?

    • ANSWER:
      Do you mean they stop receiving dialysis completely? If a person with kidney failure is not on dialysis they cannot survive for very long as the kidney is needed to filter the blood and helps maintain blood pressure.

  16. QUESTION:
    Before dialysis machines, how did they treat people with kidney disease that didn’t get a kidney transplant?
    By medication only or were there other options?

    • ANSWER:
      Before dialysis machines and antibiotics there was very little that can be done for a person with kidney disease. Usually the person died. A good example of this is the late actress Jean Harlow died at 26 years of age from kidney failure, because there was no effective treatments. medicine has made incredible advancements in the last 50 years. People are living longer than ever before in history.

  17. QUESTION:
    what are the principles of a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Depending on which machine you have, Peritoneal Dialysis, or Hemodialysis.

      They both have the same principle of cleaning the toxins out of your blood, but PD dialysis cleans the toxins out of your body that you would urinate out (if you do not have kidneys, otherwise, you would still urinate). By putting they concentrated solution in your body, its sucks the toxins out of your body, and gathers fluid that you may retain during the day.

  18. QUESTION:
    How are the dialysis machine and the kidney alike as in parts?
    wat parts of the machine are the real parts of the kidney

    • ANSWER:
      dialysis and kidneys are basically mass transfer units. There are two sides both with different concentrations of chemicals. So when you run blood though a dialysis be causes there is a lack of chemicals in the dialysate the chemicals diffuse though the semipermiable membrane into the dialysate to try and reach equillibrium. It is the difference in concentrations that makes chemicals transfer to the dialysate. That might be too technical if so sorry.

      The body pumps blood through the kidney which has specialized cells that create a semi-permeable membrane as well. Once again the difference in concentration of chemicals is what makes it work. If both sides of the membrane are the same concentration there will be no transport across the membrane.

      If you can imagine how a radiator works that is heat transfer, the same mechanics apply except you are dealing with particles and mass being transfered. Once again sorry if too engineery.

  19. QUESTION:
    why do dialysis machines have coiled tubing?
    what is the purpose of using coiled rather than straight tubing within the kidney machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Because you can attain a much larger surface area with a coil than you can using straight tubes. Using coils allows you to have a much smaller machine.

  20. QUESTION:
    where to buy a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.google.com/products?hl=en&client=firefox&rls=com.yahoo:en-US:official&hs=GFe&q=buy+a+kidney+dialysis+machine&um=1&ie=UTF-8&ei=n85DS5CpFIS0tge3tZmUCQ&sa=X&oi=product_result_group&ct=title&resnum=3&ved=0CB0QrQQwAg

  21. QUESTION:
    hi my mom is in intensive care unit with sepsis she has now been placed a kidney dialysis machine?
    and began opening her eyes today. what does this all mean? her infectious disease doctor also put her on different antibiotics

    • ANSWER:
      Hey Sweet Pea

      I am a Dialysis Tech. and don’t you worry. The Doctor is doing the right thing. As the nurse said your mom has become septic in the blood stream and our kidneys flush out all the poisions and waste products. Her kidneys are not functioning correctly and Dialysis is the best thing for her with the aide of antibiotics. Just because she is on Dialysis now does not mean she will have to be the rest of her life. She can get normal kidney function back again. Dialysis pulls your blood through the dialyser cleans it and returns it back to you and it pulls fluid off of you. That is the simplest way I know how to explain it to you. Just pray and believe and the Lord will deliver you and your family out of this devastating time. I’ll be praying for you.

      If you want to talk feel free to e-mail me. I will help in any way that I can.

  22. QUESTION:
    what does a kidney dialysis machine do?

    • ANSWER:
      It acts in place of your kidney. Your kidney basically filters your blood and takes the bad stuff and impurities out and puts it in your Urine.

      The filtered and cleaned blood is returned back to your body.

      Here is a link to an article about how it works if you want more information: http://science.howstuffworks.com/question17.htm

  23. QUESTION:
    How does a dialysis machine work and what kidney functions does it replace?

    • ANSWER:
      It takes the blood out of your body, runs it through a machine that ‘filters it’ and cleans your blood. If you have to have dialysis, that means your kidneys are no longer functioning and removing all the toxins that our kidney’s do each and every day, and that in order for you to live, you must be on dialysis.

      It is a pretty exhausting procedure to have it 3 times a week, like my cousin did. She was fine when they’d start, and get tired about 2/3′rds of the way done.

      Be supportive to whoever is on Dialysis.

  24. QUESTION:
    Who invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:

      http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blkidney.htm

      Medical researcher Willem J. Kolff invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine.

      The artificial kidney dialysis machine Kolff invented has been perfected through a series of improvements so that there are an estimated 55,000 people in the U.S. with end-stage renal disease that are being kept alive by this invention or a subsequent modification of it.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can you list and explain the advantages and disadvantages of Dialysis and a Kidney Transplant?
    I have searched the internet a bit and looked in some books but I have found little. Only obvious things like if you don’t have a dialysis you will die. And that you have to use the dialysis machine about 3 times a week in the hospital for a few hours at a time.

    Thanks a Lot
    Akbar
    Edit:
    it is hemo-dialysis i was talking about

    • ANSWER:
      I have Wegener’s Granulomatosis, I got sick at 12 and now i’m 17…I have had my kidney since i was 15

      There are two ways of preserving a kidney. Even though their goal is to keep the kidney alive they do it in different ways.
      One method is called Hemo. A port is inserted in the neck, forearm, chest or thigh. I had one in my thigh and chest. It is a filter that cleans the blood. The machine used is a man made membrane called a dialyzer. A person is connected to the dialyzer by tubes attached to the port. The blood is slowly pumped from the body to the dialyzer where toxins and extra fluid are removed. The filtered blood is then pumped back into the body.
      Some pros of hemo dialysis is that it is done by trained professional heath care, who can watch for any problems. It also lets you be around people going through the same thing your going through. A dialysis session usually last from three to five hours and needs to be done three times a week.
      Some cons of my hemo dialysis was low blood pressure, Nausea, throwing up, disoriented ,and being cold almost frigid. It felt like death got hold of me, because I couldn’t get warm. Even with several heated blankets placed on me, I still froze.
      When cleaning the port the nurses used a saline and alcohol mixture, so when they cleaned it I would choke from the taste. The tubes were noticeable through my clothes and I couldn’t use my arm very well.
      Peritoneal dialysis is the one I mostly was on. It uses a membrane inside your body as a filter to clean toxins and extra fluid.
      A catheter is surgically placed in the belly. The process of going Pd is called a exchange. There are usually four to six exchanges each night. Peritoneal Dialysis has three steps.
      Step one is filling fluid into the peritoneal cavity. The second step is to dwell, while fluid is in the pd cavity the extra fluid and toxins travel across the membrane in the belly to the dialysis fluid. The third step is draining, then it is replaced with new fluid.
      These steps cycle back and forth from ten to twelve hours.
      Pros are that it can be done at home, and your are allowed to travel with the machine.
      Cons, yes the hardest part is being connected to a machine for so long. During the process the stomach has bad pain. When the last fill is put in, it has to stay until the next day in the stomach, this leaves a bloated feeling. The process requires a completely sterile room. Anyone that came into the room with me had to put surgical clothes on. The most painful thing was when the tube inside my stomach got stuck on my insides. When removing my pd cord, the surgery was worse then my kidney transplant.
      Conclusion is that I believe each person is different and it depends on a persons lifestyle and personal choice. I went with pd because I could stay home and not travel 3 hours, 3 times a week for hemo.

      Pros on kidney transplant:
      1. You don’t have to be hooked to a machine.
      2. You get your life back to normal.

      Cons:
      1. Medicine cost…my anti rejection pills cost without Medicare cost over 2,000 dollars and you don’t get much. I’m on Rapamune and Prograf.
      2. You have to take medicine everyday at the same time EVERYDAY….10 min can damage your kidney.
      3. You live kidney to kidney.

  26. QUESTION:
    Wh4t r da main similarities and differences between a working kidney and a dialysis machine???????????????

    • ANSWER:
      Main difference:

      Working kidneys filter a person’s blood constantly, 24 hours a day.

      Dialysis machines only filter the person’s blood a few times a week for a few hours (usually 3 times a week for 3 hours a treatment) This allows the toxins and excess fluid to build up in the person’s body between treatments.

      Main similarity:

      They both remove toxins and excess fluid from the body.

  27. QUESTION:
    how are the dialysis machine and the kidney alike as in parts?
    wat parts of the machine sub for wat parts in the kidney

    • ANSWER:
      the dialysis machine just slow takes your blood out and runs it through filter, that is what your kidneys do when they are working properly. i was on dialysis for 3 yeas. it is really amazing that they can take our blood out and clean it for us. i asked the thec’s all kind of questions. if you have any other questions please e mail me and we can talk to you. god bless you.

  28. QUESTION:
    Does a dialysis machine allow salt, water and sugar to be reabsorbed in the kidney, as a healthy kidney does?
    I know that it allows urea and other small molecules like water, salt and sugar to be filtered out of the kidney and also excess urine from the bladder, but does it reabsorb it as a normal kidney does?

    • ANSWER:
      no… there is no concentration gradient of salt and things in the dialysis fluid so they never actually leave the blood unless there is an excess of them…

  29. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis?
    Can someone please explain to me what it is and exactly how it works. I know in general that there is a machine that cleans out your blood and pumps it back into the body but can someone explain to me like what artery vein how it is pumped. Why we have to do this? What is not functioning in the kidneys so that we have to do this. things like that but please be detailed about your answer..

    • ANSWER:
      A surgeon creates an AV fistula by connecting an artery directly to a vein, usually in the forearm. Connecting the artery to the vein causes more blood to flow into the vein. A bracheocephalic )brachial artery and cephalic vein) fistula above the elbow has a greater flow rate than a radiocephalic (radial srtery and cephalic vein) fistula at the wrist. Both the artery and the vein dilate and elongate in response to the greater blood flow and shear stress, but the vein dilates more and becomes “arterialized”. As a result, the vein grows larger and stronger, making repeated insertions for hemodialysis treatments easier.

      If you have small veins that won’t develop properly into a fistula, you can get a vascular access that uses a synthetic tube implanted under the skin in your arm. The tube becomes an artificial vein that can be used repeatedly for needle placement and blood access during hemodialysis. A graft doesn’t need to develop as a fistula does, so it can be used sooner after placement, often within 2 or 3 weeks.

      Compared with fistulas, grafts tend to have more problems with clotting or infection and need replacement sooner, but a well-cared-for graft can last for several years.

      A nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. Its chief function is to regulate water and soluble substances by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. Nephrons eliminate wastes from the body, regulate blood volume and pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone.

      Knowing what the function of the kidney is we will know what would happen when it stops to function. We have to do the dialysis (can be haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) so that toxins and excess fluid in out blood is filtered out. The kidney once the nephrons are destroyed is not able to do its proper function. It cannot excrete urine which contains the toxins that needs to be excreted as well as extra fluid in the body.

      I am a nurse that works in a renal ward. I look after patients who have lost their kidney function and I do haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

      If you have more questions just send me an email.

  30. QUESTION:
    Why is a kidney transplant better than a dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      It would depend on the person which would be better. If a person is relatively young and otherwise healthy, then the transplant is the better way. Dialysis is a very time-consuming and exhausting process.The person has to generally go in three times a week for about 3-4 hours, and are usually exhausted the rest of the day. It is sometimes painful if there is a lit of fluid to be removed from the body. However, if the person is older and not in good health, they may not survive the surgery for a kidney transplant.

  31. QUESTION:
    Why is a kidney transplant a better solution to kidney damage than the use of a dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    How does the principle of dialysis apply to the use of the artificial kidney machine for blood purification?

    • ANSWER:
      A semi permeable membrane allows small molecular weight waste products (such as urea) to pass through and larger things like RBCs to remain behind. The use of an artificial kidney machine is called dialysis. In the lab dialysis is also used to free proteins from salts or to separate small proteins or peptides from larger proteins. It all depends on the pore size of the membrane.

  33. QUESTION:
    What happens if the glucose in the dialysis fluid disappeared? (in a kidney machine)?

    • ANSWER:
      Persistent high blood glucose can lead to nerve damage in your body. This condition, known as diabetic neuropathy, can cause pain or loss of feeling in your extremities. Because neuropathy can develop slowly over time, you may dismiss it in its earliest stages. Try to tune in to possible changes in your body, such as pain or cramping in your arms, hands, legs and feet. Nerve damage can also lead to dizziness, problems going to the bathroom, digesting, or having sex. Being aware of the possible symptoms can alert you when things are off.

      Risk of nerve damage can also be minimized by preventing blood glucose levels and blood pressure from spiking

      Because diabetics are more likely to be susceptible to infection, they suffer from periodontal (gum) disease more often than those without diabetes. However, this relationship works both ways: gum infection may lead to an increase in blood glucose and can throw your balance off instantly. To prevent gum disease it is best to keep your blood glucose in balance and to floss and brush your teeth twice per day. It is also important to visit your dentist twice per year. If you do contract a gum infection, be sure to have it treated before your blood glucose balance suffers.

  34. QUESTION:
    If a person has a kidney machine, why is it important that there is glucose in the dialysis fluid?

    • ANSWER:
      The two most common causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. If your family has a history of any kind of kidney problems, you may be at risk for kidney disease.

      Diabetic Nephropathy
      Diabetes is a disease that keeps the body from using glucose (sugar) as it should. If glucose stays in your blood instead of breaking down, it can act like a poison. Damage to the nephrons from unused glucose in the blood is called diabetic nephropathy. If you keep your blood glucose levels down, you can delay or prevent diabetic nephropathy.

      So the dialysis machine is used to pull the glucose out of the patient’s body.

  35. QUESTION:
    Attn: Doctors/Health Professionals: What are medical devices using diffusion, some such as a kidney dialysis?
    I’m looking for medical devices or machines that use mass transport phenomena or some sort of diffusion process.

    • ANSWER:
      lol BME 303; good luck!

  36. QUESTION:
    Do dialysis machine help keep kidney failure patients alive?

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis definitely kept me alive. It got to the point where I was sleeping 12 hours a day, no energy, emaciated, depressed, itching, grumpy, etc. The first week of dialysis was like a new lease on life. I felt better—immediately. But there’s nothing like having a brand new kidney….

  37. QUESTION:
    What are the differences and similarities between kidney dialysis and regular kidney functions?
    Okay, I know that one is the normal process for your body and the other requires you being hooked up to a machine. What I’m asking for is what the similarities and differences are between the actual processes of the two.

    • ANSWER:
      Both filter out impurities. A real kidney is much more efficient.

      A machine doesn’t produce chemicals (such as renin) that affect the blood pressure.

  38. QUESTION:
    Osama bin Laden: How could a guy live 10 years, in a cave, on a dialysis machine?
    In 2001, Osama bin Laden was very sick, with a terminal illness

    So, how did he last 10 years, in a cave, when he was dependent upon kidney dialysis?

    Are we supposed to believe what the propagandists tell us?

    • ANSWER:
      In middle Australia there is an area where everyone lives underground in caves.
      It is because it is far too hot to live on the surface.
      But if you look inside these underground homes, they have all the trappings of modern society that any other houses have.
      Bin Laden was extremely wealthy, and could afford anything he wanted, and could therefore set up his “cave” however he wished. With modern technology included.

  39. QUESTION:
    Renal Dialysis questions?
    Explain why kidney dialysis machines are considered less effective ways to remove wastes than the kidneys.
    Identify the kidney structure for which the artificial kidney is a substitute.

    • ANSWER:
      This sound like a nursing school question. It is less effective because it is temporary. Unlike the kidneys it is filtering all the time hemo and peritoneal dialysis is just removing the waste from your body. Hemo must be done 3 times a week and PD is done everyday. The kidney are none stop. For instance if a dialysis patient gets too much potassium it will lead to shortness of breath, palpitations, and other things and could lead to death because the excess is not being removed from the body. You can go and look up the rest. This is a long subject.

  40. QUESTION:
    how does the dialysis machine resemble and differ from the nephron of a kidney in the way it functios?

    • ANSWER:
      For one thing I believe that the filter is used over and over for the same people..probably sterilized somehow (chemicals?).

  41. QUESTION:
    Why do some people demonize healthcare for profit?
    Was Jonas Salk being a greedy capitalist when he made money on his discovery of the polio vaccine?
    Did he screw over the people who were going to die of polio by making a profit?

    Was Barney Clark being a greedy capitalist when he profited from his invention- the artificial heart?
    Did he screw over all the people who were going to die of heart disease by making a profit?

    Was Willem J Kolff being a greedy capitalist when he made money on his invention- the kidney dialysis machine?
    Did he screw over all the people who were going to die of renal failure by making profits?

    • ANSWER:
      Because some people have no idea what really drives innovation and excellence..

      The government can not make a profit. The government has no money except for that which the take from the citizens..

  42. QUESTION:
    What could be some possible reasons for a kidney to not show up on an x-ray?
    I dont know the condition that the patient has but I do know that the kidneys did not show up on an x-ray and they will be needing a kidney transplant soon. I was just wondering what some possible reasons could be for this to have happened.

    Also if a patient needs a transplant could they live on a dialysis machine until they find a kidney transplant donor?

    • ANSWER:
      Kidneys do not usually show up on xrays. X rays are used more for bones and lungs. Abdominal organs are not well visualized on x ray.
      Dialysis is used to treat kidney failure until a transplant is available.

  43. QUESTION:
    How important is good journalism?
    My pet hate – journalists who ask the general public, “How important is blah blah blah?” I’ve never heard a punter yet say, “Well actually, I think you’ll find the new kidney dialysis machine (or whatever it is) isn’t that important…” Lazy journalism, and leading question.

    Any other pet hates?
    oh yes, journalists intervewing other journalists….the blind leading the blind…
    To those people who’ve answered, “Very important”, you’ve more than proved my point. Nobody answers a question starting, “How important….?”, with anything else, especially when there’s a tv camera on them.

    • ANSWER:
      Good journalism, objective, honest, and accurate is the way we can learn what the rest of the world is getting round to on any given day. Freedoms of person and intellect, and the ablilty to make sense of things, and make decisions depends on good journalism.
      As far as interviews of those on the street, so to speak, I do get sick of it occasion. It might be nice if these journalists, especially t.v journalists would not attempt the majority of these interviews.
      I have known officials who did interviews, only to find that all but their statements supporting the slant (agenda) were left out of the broadcast.
      Examples of those things that are most irritating:

      (1) A fire sausage at a plant, interviewing the lone night watchman of about 80: “It was horridorific, Blimey, bits flying everywhere, fat blowing up bins like sky rockets, then the roof came off like someone pulled a great cracker. If I hadn’t been slaggin off round the corner I would have probably been burned.”
      (2) Researcher discussing a new medicine trial: “Oh it was great, the subject’s bunions were reduced phenominally. Once we have worked out the side effects of boils on noses and bums, and alternating constipation and quick step we will have a miracle cure.”
      (3) Some government official has been caught with pants down, an elderly citizen is interviewed:
      “I think this scandal is horrible and ultimately I think we ought to start the custom of putting people like that in the Tower, and leave them there to rot. When I was a young-un….”

      Those opinion pieces would be much more sensible if they would broadcast people saying “I saw nothing…. I wasn’t there…. or I have no opinion.”
      Ageeing with Robert David, those jounalist who have no knowlege sitting about discussing or telling the rest of us what to think. Of course often I am left thinking that these journalists not only have not the knowledge to discuss intelligently, but are out to prove it to the widest possible audiences. B@llocks!

  44. QUESTION:
    Which of these dead political figures is most likely be the first to be announced as deceased by the media?
    Former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, who has allegedly been in a coma since 2006

    or

    Alleged 9/11 mastermind Osama bin Laden, who has allegedly been hiding out in caves and remote areas Afghaninstan, Pakistan, Iran and other places in the middle east since 2001, despite being in poor health and lugging around a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Sharon.

      He will be pronounced dead when he does indeed die and the western world will be forced to go into a week of mourning.

      Osama bin Laden, however, will never die, even though he is already surely dead…as long as neocons are running this country, our military will be used to invade other nations because “Osama bin Laden is there”.
      .

  45. QUESTION:
    WHAT REQUIRMENTS ARE NEEDED WHEN YOUR KIDNYS FAIL AND YOUR PUT ON A MACHINE?
    outline some of the requirements a kidney dialysis machine would have to meet in order to replace or assist a functioning kidney?

    5 stars to best answer!!!
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      The most important requirement whn kidneys fail and put on a machine is blood regualtion with the same pace as kidney does, or else it will cause imbalance in the pressure of blood than comes filtration of blood.

  46. QUESTION:
    How does a Dialysis machine work?
    I’m doing a project in biology about kidney diseases and i know that they pump dialysis fluid through the kidney and take out waste substances but is there anything else i should know?

    • ANSWER:
      I was on dialysis for 6 months prior to getting a kidney and pancreas transplant. Davita is the largest dialysis provider company in the US. Here is a link to an excellent explanation regarding how the machine works from their website

      http://www.davita.com/dialysis/in-the-center/how-does-a-dialysis-machine-work?/a/181

  47. QUESTION:
    dialysis machine?
    Can someone live off a dialysis machine forever?

    Is a kidney more effective than a dialysis machine?

    If you were to choose, would you choose a kidney or dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis keeps a person alive but at the same time slowly kills them. However you can live on dialysis for a long time especially if it is nocturnal heamodialysis for six nights a week. This sounds like a lot of time to spend on a dialysis machine but it is done while you sleep (for 8 hours a night). It is very gentle and removes most fluid and diet restrictions that many dialysis patients have. Nocturnal dialysis mortality rate is about 7% while Kidney transplant is around 4% depending on what country you are from and which drugs you take. I believe dialysis 3 times a week for 3 or 4 hours has a mortality rate of around 17-20% (depending on country).
      It also depends on your age and health, is kidney failure your only problem?
      A kidney transplant gives you more freedom to eat and drink what you want as well as travel when and where you want, but you have to take anti rejection medication for the rest of your life. Some of these drugs can have severe side effects so it is up to the individual to decide.

      I am 30yo and was on dialysis in hospital 3 times a week for 5 hours at a time for about 4 months befor i went to nocturnal dialysis 6 nights a week 8 hours a time and was very healthy, didn’t have to take any medication and my blood tests were fairly normal. (was on this for 2 and a half years)
      Got a transplant 7 weeks ago it was pretty traumatic and didn’t go exactly according to plan but it is starting to work better now. It has given me much more freedom to do what i like and go where i like, as well as work when i need to. your life isn’t set to your dialysis timetable.
      The only drawback is the medication i have to take everyday some of it has quite severe side effects.

      If you have the choice i would definately choose a kidney transplant however if it is not possible you could certainly live a reasonably long and healthy life on nocturnal heamodialysis.
      Hope this helps.

  48. QUESTION:
    propreties of dialysis machine tubing and materials?
    2 nonreusable parts of the dialysis machine are the artificial kidney and the tubing between machine and patient. What are the important propreties of tubing and materials that should be considered to have a new design

    • ANSWER:
      All of them.

  49. QUESTION:
    When do you consider Sammy to have ceased living?
    Substituted Sammy” was a normal healthy boy. There was nothing in his life that indicated that he was any different from anyone else. When he completed high school he obtained a job in a factory operating a press. On this job he had an accident and lost his hand. It was replaced with an artificial hand that looked and operated like a real one.

    Soon afterward, Sammy developed severe intestinal difficulty and a large portion of his lower small intestine had to be removed. It was replaced with an elastic silicon tube.

    Everything looked good for Sammy until he was involved in a serious car accident. His legs and good arm were crushed and had to be amputated. He also lost an ear in the accident. Artificial legs enabled Sammy to walk again and an artificial arm replaced the real arm. Plastic surgery and the use of silicon plastic enabled doctors to rebuild the ear.

    Over the next several years, Sammy was plagued with internal disorders. First, he had to have an operation to remove his aorta and replace it with a synthetic vessel. Next, his kidneys malfunctioned and the only way he could survive was to use a kidney dialysis machine. A kidney donor was sought but never found. Later, his digestive system became cancerous and was removed, which resulted in Sammy having to receive his nourishment intravenously. Finally, his heart failed. Luckily for Sammy a donor heart was available and transplanted into his body.

    It was now obvious that Sammy had become a medical phenomenon. All of his limbs were artificial. Nourishment was supplied through his veins; therefore, he had no solid wastes. All chemical wastes were removed by the kidney dialysis machine. The heart that pumped his blood, to carry oxygen and food to his cells, was not his original heart.

    Unfortunately, Sammy’s transplanted heart began to fail. He was immediately placed on a heart-lung machine. This supplied oxygen and removed carbon dioxide from his blood as it circulated through his body.

    The doctors consulted bioengineers about Sammy. Since almost all of his life-sustaining functions were being carried on by machines, they thought it might be possible to compress all of these machines into one mobile unit which could be controlled by electrical impulses from his brain. This unit would be equipped with mechanical arms to enable him to do multiple tasks. A mechanism to create a flow of air over his vocal cords might enable him to speak. In order to do all this, they would have to amputate at Sammy’s neck and attach his head to the machine, which would then supply all nutrients to his brain. Sammy consented, and the operation was successfully performed.

    Sammy functioned well for a few years. However, slow deterioration of his brain cells occurred and the bioengineers diagnosed him as terminal. So the medical/bioengineer team that developed around Sammy began to program his brain. A miniature computer was developed; it could be housed in a machine that was like a human head in appearance, movement, and mannerisms. As the computer was installed, Sammy’s brain cells completely deteriorated. Sammy was once again able to leave the hospital with COMPLETE assurance that he would not return with any biological illness.

    • ANSWER:
      IMHO when Sammy’s brain stopped functioning. The very last part…when the computer was installed…

  50. QUESTION:
    who do you think would benefit from a life saving kidney ?not just dialysis?
    there is a machine that people with kidney failure can use that can save their life(better than dialysis) there is only one in the world and i am in the panel to choose one pt out of a %. who and why and what type of person would you choose? income has nothing to do with it.. there is a foundation that is trying to raise money for another machine. there are over 8,500 people on the waiting list and i have to choose one pt out of 250 who would you choose/????????? and why???????

    • ANSWER:
      1)A mom or dad with young kids
      2)A person who can contribute to the betterment of the world
      3)A kid


Kidney Dialysis Machine Price

Colon Polyp Removal

Colon Polyps (Benign Colon Tumors)
Colon polyps are small benign tumors that grow on the inside walls of the large intestine, usually in or near the rectum. They range in size from a tiny grape to a small plum. Some, known as familial polyposis, are inherited, but the cause of most colon polyps is unknown. They become more common after age 40; most adults eventually develop them.

The majority of colon polyps remain small and cause no symptoms. Sometimes, however, they grow large enough to interfere with normal bowel function, causing a change in the size and shape of the stools, possible constipation or diarrhea, bleeding (which may or not be visible in the stool), and abdominal pain.

A more serious concern is that some colon polyps contain cells that are or may become cancerous. This almost always happens in familial polyposis and is common if there are many or recurrent polyps. Thus, early detection and removal of colon polyps can help prevent colon cancer.

What is a Tumor?

All tissues of the body are made up of millions of tiny individual cells. In health, there is a delicate balance. Old cells are constantly dying and are replaced by new healthy cells. If too many new cells form, they create a lump or mass which is called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancer. They can usually be removed and, in most cases, they do not grow back. Cells from benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Most important, benign tumors are rarely a threat to life. Malignant tumors are cancer. Cells in these tumors are abnormal and they continue to divide uncontrollably. Without treatment, they can invade and spread to nearby tissues and organs.

Treatment

*
Complete removal during colonoscopy
*
Sometimes follow with surgical resection
*
Follow-up surveillance colonoscopy

Polyps should be removed completely with a snare or electrosurgical biopsy forceps during total colonoscopy; complete excision is particularly important for large villous adenomas, which have a high potential for cancer. If colonoscopic removal is unsuccessful, laparotomy should be done.

Subsequent treatment depends on the histology of the polyp. If dysplastic epithelium does not invade the muscularis mucosa, the line of resection in the polyp’s stalk is clear, and the lesion is well differentiated, endoscopic excision and close endoscopic follow-up should suffice. Patients with deeper invasion, an unclear resection line, or a poorly differentiated lesion should have segmental resection of the colon. Because invasion through the muscularis mucosa provides access to lymphatics and increases the potential for lymph node metastasis, such patients should have further evaluation .
The scheduling of follow-up examinations after polypectomy is controversial. Most authorities recommend total colonoscopy annually for 2 yr (or barium enema if total colonoscopy is impossible), with removal of newly discovered lesions. If two annual examinations are negative for new lesions, colonoscopy is recommended every 2 to 3 yr .

How does the doctor test for colon polyps ?

The doctor can use one or more tests to check for colon polyp :

* Barium Enema. The doctor puts a liquid called barium into your rectum before taking x rays of your large intestine. Barium makes your intestine look white in the pictures. Polyps are dark, so they’re easy to see.

* Sigmoidoscopy. With this test, the doctor puts a thin, flexible tube into your rectum. The tube is called a sigmoidoscope, and it has a light in it. The doctor uses the sigmoidoscope to look at the last third of your large intestine.

* Colonoscopy.The doctor will give you medicine to sedate you during the colonoscopy. This test is like the sigmoidoscopy, but the doctor looks at the entire large intestine with a long, flexible tube with a camera that shows images on a TV screen. The tube has a tool that can remove polyps. The doctor usually removes polyps during colonoscopy.

* Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan. With this test, also called virtual colonoscopy, the doctor puts a thin, flexible tube into your rectum. A machine using x rays and computers creates pictures of the large intestine that can be seen on a screen.

The CT scan takes less time than a colonoscopy because polyps are not removed during the test. If the CT scan shows polyps, you will need a colonoscopy so they can be removed.

* Stool Test. The doctor will ask you to bring a stool sample in a special cup. The stool is tested in the laboratory for signs of cancer, such as DNA changes or blood.

What are the types of colon polyps?

There are basically 4 types of polyps that commonly occur within the colon:

* Inflammatory- Most often found in patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. Often called “pseudopolyps” (false polyps), they are not true polyps, but just a reaction to chronic inflammation of the colon wall. They are not the type that turns to cancer. They are usually biopsied to verify type.

* Hyperplastic – A common type of polyp which is usually very small and found in the rectum. They are considered to be low risk for cancer.

* Tubular adenoma or adenomatous polyp – This is the most common type of polyp and the one referred to most often when a doctor speaks of colon polyps. About 70% of polyps removed are of this type. Adenomas carry a definite cancer risk which rises as the polyp grows larger. Adenomatous polyps usually cause no symptoms, but if detected early they can be removed during colonoscopy before any cancer cells form. The good news is that polyps grow slowly and may take years to turn into cancer. Patients with a history of adenomatous polyps must be periodically reexamined.

* Villous adenoma or tubulovillous adenoma- About 15% of polyps removed are of this type. This is a much more serious type of polyp that has a very high cancer risk as it grows larger. Often they are larger and sessile and not on a stem making removal more difficult. Smaller ones can be removed in piecemeal fashion – sometimes over several colonoscopies. Larger sessile villous adenomas may require surgery for complete removal. Follow up depends on size and completeness of removal.

Causes

Polyps are very common in men and women of all races who live in industrialized countries, which suggests that dietary and environmental factors play a role in their development.

Lifestyle a” Although the exact causes are not completely understood, lifestyle risk factors include the following:

* A high fat diet
* A diet high in red meat
* A low fiber diet
* Cigarette smoking
* Obesity

On the other hand, use of aspirin and other NSAIDs and a high calcium diet may protect against the development of colon cancer.

How is a polyp of the colon and rectum diagnosed?

Polyps are diagnosed either by an X-ray called a barium enema or by examining the entire colon carefully using a colonoscope. A colonoscope is a thin flexible telescope that is passed up from the anus. During a colonoscopy the doctor will usually take a small piece of the polyp for examination.

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Kidney Dialysis Machine

Statin drugs are xenobiotic drugs which simply means that the compounds used to produce the drugs are not found in life or living systems. They are chemically produced in a laboratory. They provide huge profits to drug companies in spite of their many dangerous side effects. The reason these drugs are foisted on Americans is simply because of the extremely high profit margins. Drug companies cannot patent healthy vegetables, fruits, beans, nuts, seeds, and whole grains because they are provided in nature. Therefore these profit driven companiesproduce a chemical compound which is completely unnatural to your physical body andas such isquite risky to your overallhealth and then they patent these drugs under many different trade names. You have probably heard of or used some of these popular statins: Lipitor, Mevacor, Pravachol, Crestor, Zocor, Xanax.

Insane Profit Margins

Xenobiotic drugs produce unbelievable profits for drug companies. Consider for a moment Xanax which is used to treat anxiety disorders and panic attacks. Xanax enjoys profit margins of overfive hundred thousandpercent! Yes you read that right. One hundred tablets of Xanax are normally priced at around $180.00 dollars. The active ingredient used to produce the tablets costs under 3 cents for all 100 tablets. So when you pay nearly 200 dollars for the right to take home 100 tablets you have paid someone a very handsome profit. But the profits don’t end with your high dollar purchase. Most statins have horrible side effects and very often contribute to kidney problems and even full-blown kidney failure as well as a host of other diseases. Kidney dialysis is a cash cow for hospitals. You will need to fork over a whole bunch of money for your privilege of using their machine. Therefore by ingesting statin drugs you are likely going to end up as one of the big pharmaceutical companies recruited patients who by the use of such drugs end up with kidney problems and an extremely expensive visit to the hospital’s kidney dialysis machine.

Why Are Statins Prescribed?

Doctors many times become unwitting representatives of these unnatural and dangerousdrugs because they have swallowed the sales pitch of a drug representative or have been swayed by a medical journal article in which the pharmaceutical company was responsible for the content. It should be quite easy to see that this is a bad recipe for honest and unbiased health science. Mainstream doctors are often persuaded into believing that these are in fact miracle drugs andmany justaccept thisfoolishness without doing any research whatsoever. Multiplied billions of dollars have been spent to advertise these drugs as “miracle medicines”while slick advertising campaigns and smooth sales representatives have produced an army of unwitting doctors who actually become the big drug companies best spokesmen and agents for these health sapping drugs.

Statins Are A Horrible Farce

If the truth about statins was not suppressed but rather became public knowledge, these horrible abominations would never be prescribed to anyone. Drug companies would begin to fend off law suits because of their false advertising campaigns and their many other marketing ploys. If your doctor is irresponsibly prescribing these aberrations to youin the name of health,you should run and not walk from his/her establishment. He or she should not be trusted with your health sinceyour doctor either did not research the truth about these statins or has ignored the truth opting rather for a share of the big profits. Either way such amedical practitionershould not be trusted with your health.

Statins Do More Harm To Your Health Than Good

Statin drugs harm a much higher percentage of folks who take them than they help.These drugs cause liver damage, kidney damage, muscleatrophy, cataracts, and more. They do not significantly lower the rate of heart disease and for the relativelysmall percentage of people who could actually say that they were really helped by them, the ugly side effects pretty much eliminate any boasting.

The Natural Way

Why spend nearly $2.00 dollars per tableton an unnatural compound that is almost sure to cause complications while true health food, which is really the only true medicine, can be purchased for just a few pennies? How much does an organic orange or apple cost? How much does a small bunch of organic kale cost? I assure you that these health restoring fruits and vegetables will be far more effective at providing healing for your body than any man made laboratory drug could ever be and you will experience none of the side effects. Why make a big pharmaceutical company richerwhile simultaneouslytaking your life into your hands by purchasing their high dollar unnatural drugs? It is a ridiculous and expensive way to add morediscomfort to your life. God has provided all the healing the human body needs in nature. Eat healthy living foods while absolutely shunning processed and refined foods, exercise, drink plenty of pure water, get outdoors and get some sunshine, and stay away from drugs that hide behind well known trade names. Even if youare able toafford the price per pill you nevertheless cannot afford the health problems they will cause you down the line.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    how does kidney dialysis machine works on different age group?

    • ANSWER:
      From what I hear they run all ages the same way. It should be based on your weight and not necessarily your age. They have to evaluate their fluid retention. Blood pressure and temperature are taken and the patient is assessed for physical changes since their last dialysis run.

  2. QUESTION:
    How is someone who is 6′ 4″ to 6′ 6″ and hooked up to a kidney dialysis machine able to evade capture from…?
    ..authorities and intelligence agencies for over 8 years?
    Wouldn’t someone like this have a hard time blending in?

    • ANSWER:
      It’s fairly obvious they don’t want to find him.

      They found Saddam in the middle of the dessert in a hole in the ground in a month.

      If they ever found Bin Laden, they would lose the largest part of their convoluted excuse to still be occupying Afghanistan, and they don’t want to leave.

      As long as he’s supposedly out there masterminding evil plots and cackling while rubbing his hands together, the US can keep their citizens in fear, their allies quiet, their torture prisons operating and they can do whatever they want to middle easterners so as to further their goal of total control over world oil production and price setting.

      It’s the age old art of the magician. How do you make an oil war disappear? Misdirection. Just as Copperfield can make a train vanish, so to can America convince most of the western world into thinking America has never done anything to Muslims, Muslims are evil and that America’s invasion is not a for profit oil war. Misdirection. Keep them looking at Bin Laden and in the meantime work the magic!

      In other words, what benefit would it be to the US to capture him?

  3. QUESTION:
    what is the clinical requirements of kidney dialysis machine (hemodialysis) ??

    In each medical device ,, there are four important things we have to consider
    1- Clinical needs (requirments)
    2-Customer needs
    3-company needs
    4-regulatory requirments.

    Why do the clinical staff need this machine ? .. ( I know that it is for dialysis) ,, but what are the other aspects?
    So why do the hospitals needs the dialysis machine ?

    • ANSWER:
      maybe to provide the dialysis for the patient….some can do it from home- but most have to go and have it done. I’m thinking that the hospital or dialysis establishment would probably need the machines to provide the patient’s needs!

  4. QUESTION:
    how many times should a person be connected to a kidney machine?
    I have this science project that asks me ‘If a person’s kidneys stop working, they may be placed on a kidney (dialysis) machine which takes over the job of the kidneys. How many times each week a patient might be connected to the machine. I have researched it but nothing has given me what i need so I was hoping that someone could help me.

    • ANSWER:
      well it depends on the health of the person and how much they need dialysis- dependent on body weight and function of kidney and i’m sure many other factors. Generally people spend 3 sessions of 4-5 hours on the machine unless they are doing dialysis at home at which point some people choose to do it more often at night….hope that helps!

  5. QUESTION:
    What is kidney dialysis/ a kidney dialysis machine?
    please explain as best as you can = ]
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Kidneys clean the waste out of our blood and if it is deficient then someone would be hooked up to a kidney dialysis machine to remove the waste. A person who has renal failure usually have to be on the dialysis machine.

  6. QUESTION:
    a kidney dialysis machine cycles the blood through a filtering device using countercurrent exchange,explain?
    what this means and why the treatment must be done on a regular basis

    • ANSWER:
      It’s done on a regular basis to prevent the accumulation of waste material in the blood.

      “Countercurrent” means that the two currents (of the blood and dialysate) run in opposite directions, so that the blood, with waste material in it, is always exposed to clean dialysate. Diffusion of waste materials is, therefore, always *out* of the blood.

      (Fish gills also work by countercurrent circulation to increae the amount of oxygen they get from the water passing over them.)

  7. QUESTION:
    Was it true that Osama was blind and on a Kidney Dialysis machine when he was ordered by Obama to be killed?

    • ANSWER:
      Osama was on dialysis for most of his adult life, it didn’t just happen in the last two years.

  8. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis machine??
    If someone who is age 83 is on a kidney dialysis machine and stops it what will happen?

    • ANSWER:
      Do you mean they stop receiving dialysis completely? If a person with kidney failure is not on dialysis they cannot survive for very long as the kidney is needed to filter the blood and helps maintain blood pressure.

  9. QUESTION:
    can anyone explain the principle of operation of a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      The blood is passed along artificial membranes that separate molecules by size – small molecules (urea, salts) are (partially) removed, large molecules (proteins) and cells are retained.

  10. QUESTION:
    How are the dialysis machine and the kidney alike as in parts?
    wat parts of the machine are the real parts of the kidney

    • ANSWER:
      dialysis and kidneys are basically mass transfer units. There are two sides both with different concentrations of chemicals. So when you run blood though a dialysis be causes there is a lack of chemicals in the dialysate the chemicals diffuse though the semipermiable membrane into the dialysate to try and reach equillibrium. It is the difference in concentrations that makes chemicals transfer to the dialysate. That might be too technical if so sorry.

      The body pumps blood through the kidney which has specialized cells that create a semi-permeable membrane as well. Once again the difference in concentration of chemicals is what makes it work. If both sides of the membrane are the same concentration there will be no transport across the membrane.

      If you can imagine how a radiator works that is heat transfer, the same mechanics apply except you are dealing with particles and mass being transfered. Once again sorry if too engineery.

  11. QUESTION:
    what are the principles of a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Depending on which machine you have, Peritoneal Dialysis, or Hemodialysis.

      They both have the same principle of cleaning the toxins out of your blood, but PD dialysis cleans the toxins out of your body that you would urinate out (if you do not have kidneys, otherwise, you would still urinate). By putting they concentrated solution in your body, its sucks the toxins out of your body, and gathers fluid that you may retain during the day.

  12. QUESTION:
    where to buy a kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.google.com/products?hl=en&client=firefox&rls=com.yahoo:en-US:official&hs=GFe&q=buy+a+kidney+dialysis+machine&um=1&ie=UTF-8&ei=n85DS5CpFIS0tge3tZmUCQ&sa=X&oi=product_result_group&ct=title&resnum=3&ved=0CB0QrQQwAg

  13. QUESTION:
    hi my mom is in intensive care unit with sepsis she has now been placed a kidney dialysis machine?
    and began opening her eyes today. what does this all mean? her infectious disease doctor also put her on different antibiotics

    • ANSWER:
      Hey Sweet Pea

      I am a Dialysis Tech. and don’t you worry. The Doctor is doing the right thing. As the nurse said your mom has become septic in the blood stream and our kidneys flush out all the poisions and waste products. Her kidneys are not functioning correctly and Dialysis is the best thing for her with the aide of antibiotics. Just because she is on Dialysis now does not mean she will have to be the rest of her life. She can get normal kidney function back again. Dialysis pulls your blood through the dialyser cleans it and returns it back to you and it pulls fluid off of you. That is the simplest way I know how to explain it to you. Just pray and believe and the Lord will deliver you and your family out of this devastating time. I’ll be praying for you.

      If you want to talk feel free to e-mail me. I will help in any way that I can.

  14. QUESTION:
    what does a kidney dialysis machine do?

    • ANSWER:
      It acts in place of your kidney. Your kidney basically filters your blood and takes the bad stuff and impurities out and puts it in your Urine.

      The filtered and cleaned blood is returned back to your body.

      Here is a link to an article about how it works if you want more information: http://science.howstuffworks.com/question17.htm

  15. QUESTION:
    Which companies can a kidney dialysis patient buy life insurance from?
    I have a friend who is on the goes to the kidney dialysis machine 3 times a week.And she would like to know where she can obtain a life insurance policy in case of her death.She would like to leave something behind for her family.

    • ANSWER:
      That is not a good business for an insurance company.

      If she wants to leave something for her family she can invest her own money in the Stock Market (I can advice her for free) and she will leave millions behind to her family.

      Another way is to buy life insurance for her grandparents.

      Eventually they will be dead and she will get all their money and then she can leave something behind for her family.

      Top 3 Answerer in Business & Finance. (Vote for me)

  16. QUESTION:
    How does a dialysis machine work and what kidney functions does it replace?

    • ANSWER:
      It takes the blood out of your body, runs it through a machine that ‘filters it’ and cleans your blood. If you have to have dialysis, that means your kidneys are no longer functioning and removing all the toxins that our kidney’s do each and every day, and that in order for you to live, you must be on dialysis.

      It is a pretty exhausting procedure to have it 3 times a week, like my cousin did. She was fine when they’d start, and get tired about 2/3′rds of the way done.

      Be supportive to whoever is on Dialysis.

  17. QUESTION:
    Who invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:

      http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blkidney.htm

      Medical researcher Willem J. Kolff invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine.

      The artificial kidney dialysis machine Kolff invented has been perfected through a series of improvements so that there are an estimated 55,000 people in the U.S. with end-stage renal disease that are being kept alive by this invention or a subsequent modification of it.

  18. QUESTION:
    how are the dialysis machine and the kidney alike as in parts?
    wat parts of the machine sub for wat parts in the kidney

    • ANSWER:
      the dialysis machine just slow takes your blood out and runs it through filter, that is what your kidneys do when they are working properly. i was on dialysis for 3 yeas. it is really amazing that they can take our blood out and clean it for us. i asked the thec’s all kind of questions. if you have any other questions please e mail me and we can talk to you. god bless you.

  19. QUESTION:
    Wh4t r da main similarities and differences between a working kidney and a dialysis machine???????????????

    • ANSWER:
      Main difference:

      Working kidneys filter a person’s blood constantly, 24 hours a day.

      Dialysis machines only filter the person’s blood a few times a week for a few hours (usually 3 times a week for 3 hours a treatment) This allows the toxins and excess fluid to build up in the person’s body between treatments.

      Main similarity:

      They both remove toxins and excess fluid from the body.

  20. QUESTION:
    Does a dialysis machine allow salt, water and sugar to be reabsorbed in the kidney, as a healthy kidney does?
    I know that it allows urea and other small molecules like water, salt and sugar to be filtered out of the kidney and also excess urine from the bladder, but does it reabsorb it as a normal kidney does?

    • ANSWER:
      no… there is no concentration gradient of salt and things in the dialysis fluid so they never actually leave the blood unless there is an excess of them…

  21. QUESTION:
    Why is a kidney transplant better than a dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      It would depend on the person which would be better. If a person is relatively young and otherwise healthy, then the transplant is the better way. Dialysis is a very time-consuming and exhausting process.The person has to generally go in three times a week for about 3-4 hours, and are usually exhausted the rest of the day. It is sometimes painful if there is a lit of fluid to be removed from the body. However, if the person is older and not in good health, they may not survive the surgery for a kidney transplant.

  22. QUESTION:
    Why is a kidney transplant a better solution to kidney damage than the use of a dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    How does the principle of dialysis apply to the use of the artificial kidney machine for blood purification?

    • ANSWER:
      A semi permeable membrane allows small molecular weight waste products (such as urea) to pass through and larger things like RBCs to remain behind. The use of an artificial kidney machine is called dialysis. In the lab dialysis is also used to free proteins from salts or to separate small proteins or peptides from larger proteins. It all depends on the pore size of the membrane.

  24. QUESTION:
    What happens if the glucose in the dialysis fluid disappeared? (in a kidney machine)?

    • ANSWER:
      Persistent high blood glucose can lead to nerve damage in your body. This condition, known as diabetic neuropathy, can cause pain or loss of feeling in your extremities. Because neuropathy can develop slowly over time, you may dismiss it in its earliest stages. Try to tune in to possible changes in your body, such as pain or cramping in your arms, hands, legs and feet. Nerve damage can also lead to dizziness, problems going to the bathroom, digesting, or having sex. Being aware of the possible symptoms can alert you when things are off.

      Risk of nerve damage can also be minimized by preventing blood glucose levels and blood pressure from spiking

      Because diabetics are more likely to be susceptible to infection, they suffer from periodontal (gum) disease more often than those without diabetes. However, this relationship works both ways: gum infection may lead to an increase in blood glucose and can throw your balance off instantly. To prevent gum disease it is best to keep your blood glucose in balance and to floss and brush your teeth twice per day. It is also important to visit your dentist twice per year. If you do contract a gum infection, be sure to have it treated before your blood glucose balance suffers.

  25. QUESTION:
    If a person has a kidney machine, why is it important that there is glucose in the dialysis fluid?

    • ANSWER:
      The two most common causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. If your family has a history of any kind of kidney problems, you may be at risk for kidney disease.

      Diabetic Nephropathy
      Diabetes is a disease that keeps the body from using glucose (sugar) as it should. If glucose stays in your blood instead of breaking down, it can act like a poison. Damage to the nephrons from unused glucose in the blood is called diabetic nephropathy. If you keep your blood glucose levels down, you can delay or prevent diabetic nephropathy.

      So the dialysis machine is used to pull the glucose out of the patient’s body.

  26. QUESTION:
    Do dialysis machine help keep kidney failure patients alive?

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis definitely kept me alive. It got to the point where I was sleeping 12 hours a day, no energy, emaciated, depressed, itching, grumpy, etc. The first week of dialysis was like a new lease on life. I felt better—immediately. But there’s nothing like having a brand new kidney….

  27. QUESTION:
    Osama bin Laden: How could a guy live 10 years, in a cave, on a dialysis machine?
    In 2001, Osama bin Laden was very sick, with a terminal illness

    So, how did he last 10 years, in a cave, when he was dependent upon kidney dialysis?

    Are we supposed to believe what the propagandists tell us?

    • ANSWER:
      In middle Australia there is an area where everyone lives underground in caves.
      It is because it is far too hot to live on the surface.
      But if you look inside these underground homes, they have all the trappings of modern society that any other houses have.
      Bin Laden was extremely wealthy, and could afford anything he wanted, and could therefore set up his “cave” however he wished. With modern technology included.

  28. QUESTION:
    how does the dialysis machine resemble and differ from the nephron of a kidney in the way it functios?

    • ANSWER:
      For one thing I believe that the filter is used over and over for the same people..probably sterilized somehow (chemicals?).

  29. QUESTION:
    WHAT REQUIRMENTS ARE NEEDED WHEN YOUR KIDNYS FAIL AND YOUR PUT ON A MACHINE?
    outline some of the requirements a kidney dialysis machine would have to meet in order to replace or assist a functioning kidney?

    5 stars to best answer!!!
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      The most important requirement whn kidneys fail and put on a machine is blood regualtion with the same pace as kidney does, or else it will cause imbalance in the pressure of blood than comes filtration of blood.

  30. QUESTION:
    Can you list and explain the advantages and disadvantages of Dialysis and a Kidney Transplant?
    I have searched the internet a bit and looked in some books but I have found little. Only obvious things like if you don’t have a dialysis you will die. And that you have to use the dialysis machine about 3 times a week in the hospital for a few hours at a time.

    Thanks a Lot
    Akbar
    Edit:
    it is hemo-dialysis i was talking about

    • ANSWER:
      I have Wegener’s Granulomatosis, I got sick at 12 and now i’m 17…I have had my kidney since i was 15

      There are two ways of preserving a kidney. Even though their goal is to keep the kidney alive they do it in different ways.
      One method is called Hemo. A port is inserted in the neck, forearm, chest or thigh. I had one in my thigh and chest. It is a filter that cleans the blood. The machine used is a man made membrane called a dialyzer. A person is connected to the dialyzer by tubes attached to the port. The blood is slowly pumped from the body to the dialyzer where toxins and extra fluid are removed. The filtered blood is then pumped back into the body.
      Some pros of hemo dialysis is that it is done by trained professional heath care, who can watch for any problems. It also lets you be around people going through the same thing your going through. A dialysis session usually last from three to five hours and needs to be done three times a week.
      Some cons of my hemo dialysis was low blood pressure, Nausea, throwing up, disoriented ,and being cold almost frigid. It felt like death got hold of me, because I couldn’t get warm. Even with several heated blankets placed on me, I still froze.
      When cleaning the port the nurses used a saline and alcohol mixture, so when they cleaned it I would choke from the taste. The tubes were noticeable through my clothes and I couldn’t use my arm very well.
      Peritoneal dialysis is the one I mostly was on. It uses a membrane inside your body as a filter to clean toxins and extra fluid.
      A catheter is surgically placed in the belly. The process of going Pd is called a exchange. There are usually four to six exchanges each night. Peritoneal Dialysis has three steps.
      Step one is filling fluid into the peritoneal cavity. The second step is to dwell, while fluid is in the pd cavity the extra fluid and toxins travel across the membrane in the belly to the dialysis fluid. The third step is draining, then it is replaced with new fluid.
      These steps cycle back and forth from ten to twelve hours.
      Pros are that it can be done at home, and your are allowed to travel with the machine.
      Cons, yes the hardest part is being connected to a machine for so long. During the process the stomach has bad pain. When the last fill is put in, it has to stay until the next day in the stomach, this leaves a bloated feeling. The process requires a completely sterile room. Anyone that came into the room with me had to put surgical clothes on. The most painful thing was when the tube inside my stomach got stuck on my insides. When removing my pd cord, the surgery was worse then my kidney transplant.
      Conclusion is that I believe each person is different and it depends on a persons lifestyle and personal choice. I went with pd because I could stay home and not travel 3 hours, 3 times a week for hemo.

      Pros on kidney transplant:
      1. You don’t have to be hooked to a machine.
      2. You get your life back to normal.

      Cons:
      1. Medicine cost…my anti rejection pills cost without Medicare cost over 2,000 dollars and you don’t get much. I’m on Rapamune and Prograf.
      2. You have to take medicine everyday at the same time EVERYDAY….10 min can damage your kidney.
      3. You live kidney to kidney.

  31. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis Machines?
    Why does the solution surrounding the selectively permeable membrane need the same concentration of glucose and salts as blood plasma?

    • ANSWER:
      Because chemicals in solutions move from one area of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration. If there is a higher concentration of glucose or salts in the solution than in the blood, you will not remove excess from the blood. If there is less, you could remove too much. Removing too little defeats the purpose of doing dialysis, removing too much can be fatal.

  32. QUESTION:
    Kidney dialysis machines?
    Are they just taking the p1ss?

    • ANSWER:
      this offends me..
      my uncle uses dialisis and has to go on them every 2 days for 6 hours at a time, most of his life is spent on one
      i feel very sorry for him

  33. QUESTION:
    dialysis machine?
    Can someone live off a dialysis machine forever?

    Is a kidney more effective than a dialysis machine?

    If you were to choose, would you choose a kidney or dialysis machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Dialysis keeps a person alive but at the same time slowly kills them. However you can live on dialysis for a long time especially if it is nocturnal heamodialysis for six nights a week. This sounds like a lot of time to spend on a dialysis machine but it is done while you sleep (for 8 hours a night). It is very gentle and removes most fluid and diet restrictions that many dialysis patients have. Nocturnal dialysis mortality rate is about 7% while Kidney transplant is around 4% depending on what country you are from and which drugs you take. I believe dialysis 3 times a week for 3 or 4 hours has a mortality rate of around 17-20% (depending on country).
      It also depends on your age and health, is kidney failure your only problem?
      A kidney transplant gives you more freedom to eat and drink what you want as well as travel when and where you want, but you have to take anti rejection medication for the rest of your life. Some of these drugs can have severe side effects so it is up to the individual to decide.

      I am 30yo and was on dialysis in hospital 3 times a week for 5 hours at a time for about 4 months befor i went to nocturnal dialysis 6 nights a week 8 hours a time and was very healthy, didn’t have to take any medication and my blood tests were fairly normal. (was on this for 2 and a half years)
      Got a transplant 7 weeks ago it was pretty traumatic and didn’t go exactly according to plan but it is starting to work better now. It has given me much more freedom to do what i like and go where i like, as well as work when i need to. your life isn’t set to your dialysis timetable.
      The only drawback is the medication i have to take everyday some of it has quite severe side effects.

      If you have the choice i would definately choose a kidney transplant however if it is not possible you could certainly live a reasonably long and healthy life on nocturnal heamodialysis.
      Hope this helps.

  34. QUESTION:
    propreties of dialysis machine tubing and materials?
    2 nonreusable parts of the dialysis machine are the artificial kidney and the tubing between machine and patient. What are the important propreties of tubing and materials that should be considered to have a new design

    • ANSWER:
      All of them.

  35. QUESTION:
    Kidney Dialysis?
    Can someone please explain to me what it is and exactly how it works. I know in general that there is a machine that cleans out your blood and pumps it back into the body but can someone explain to me like what artery vein how it is pumped. Why we have to do this? What is not functioning in the kidneys so that we have to do this. things like that but please be detailed about your answer..

    • ANSWER:
      A surgeon creates an AV fistula by connecting an artery directly to a vein, usually in the forearm. Connecting the artery to the vein causes more blood to flow into the vein. A bracheocephalic )brachial artery and cephalic vein) fistula above the elbow has a greater flow rate than a radiocephalic (radial srtery and cephalic vein) fistula at the wrist. Both the artery and the vein dilate and elongate in response to the greater blood flow and shear stress, but the vein dilates more and becomes “arterialized”. As a result, the vein grows larger and stronger, making repeated insertions for hemodialysis treatments easier.

      If you have small veins that won’t develop properly into a fistula, you can get a vascular access that uses a synthetic tube implanted under the skin in your arm. The tube becomes an artificial vein that can be used repeatedly for needle placement and blood access during hemodialysis. A graft doesn’t need to develop as a fistula does, so it can be used sooner after placement, often within 2 or 3 weeks.

      Compared with fistulas, grafts tend to have more problems with clotting or infection and need replacement sooner, but a well-cared-for graft can last for several years.

      A nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. Its chief function is to regulate water and soluble substances by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. Nephrons eliminate wastes from the body, regulate blood volume and pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone.

      Knowing what the function of the kidney is we will know what would happen when it stops to function. We have to do the dialysis (can be haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) so that toxins and excess fluid in out blood is filtered out. The kidney once the nephrons are destroyed is not able to do its proper function. It cannot excrete urine which contains the toxins that needs to be excreted as well as extra fluid in the body.

      I am a nurse that works in a renal ward. I look after patients who have lost their kidney function and I do haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

      If you have more questions just send me an email.

  36. QUESTION:
    where to buy kidney dialysis machines?

    • ANSWER:
      The problem is that this would not be a one time cost. The initial cost of a machine and water purification system is only the start, you then have to buy disposable supplies for each treatment. You also need knowledgeable professionals to manage the treatments and the overall disease in the people you are hoping to treat with these machines.

      So do not think buying a dialysis machine is the whole answer, it is actually the start of a life long and expensive commitment. Here are some suppliers pulled from http://www.renalweb.com/ ‘s Yellow pages. Remember not every company can or will operate in every country, these are US vendors, pulled from an industry website. They can be a great source of information but no endorsement by me is implied:

      Dialysis machine manufacturers:

      B Braun Medical, Inc.
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 848-2066
      Phone Number: (610) 691-5400
      Web Site: http://www.bbraunusa.com
      Email: lynne.snyder@bbraun.com

      Baxter Healthcare – Renal Division
      Toll Free Phone Number: (888) 736-2543
      Phone Number: (847) 473-6935
      Web Site: http://www.baxter.com
      Email: diane_mielnikowski@baxter.com

      GAMBRO Renal Products
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 525-2623
      Phone Number: (303) 232-6800
      Web Site: http://www.usa-gambro.com
      Email: patty.kennedy@us.gambro.com

      NxStage Medical, Inc.
      Toll Free Phone Number: (866) 697-8243
      Phone Number: (978) 687-4700
      Web Site: http://www.nxstage.com

      Dialysis Machine wholesalers and refurbishers:

      http://www.specialtydialysis.com/…

      http://www.giamedical.com/firsten.htm…

      For water treatment:

      G.E.M. Water Systems International LLC
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 755-1707
      Phone Number: (714) 761-1700
      Web Site: http://www.gemwater.com
      Email: sales@gemwater.com

      GAMBRO Renal Products
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 525-2623
      Phone Number: (303) 232-6800
      Web Site: http://www.usa-gambro.com
      Email: patty.kennedy@us.gambro.com

      GE Osmonics
      Phone Number: (215) 355-3300
      Web Site: http://www.gewater.com
      Email: michael.lynch@gesm.ge.com

      Isopure
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 280-7873
      Phone Number: (502) 722-1000
      Web Site: http://www.isopure.com
      Email: kgillespie@isopure.com

      Mar Cor Purification
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 346-0365
      Phone Number: (484) 991-0220
      Web Site: http://www.mcpur.com/main/medical.htm…
      Email: info@mcpur.com

      Medical Solutions International
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 326-5275
      Phone Number: (913) 438-9700
      Web Site: http://www.medicalsolutionskc.com…
      Email: jack.dillon@medicalsolutionskc…

      Medro Systems
      Phone Number: (972) 542-8200
      Web Site: http://www.medrosystems.com
      Email: info@medrowystems.com

      Med-Tech Water Systems, Inc.
      Phone Number: (707) 427-1564
      Email: medtech2o@sbcglobal.net

      Quality Water Solutions, LLC
      Phone Number: (518) 785-6800
      Web Site: http://www.qualitywatersolutions.com…
      Email: qws@nycap.rr.com

      U.S. Filter Corporation
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 466-7873
      Phone Number: (978) 614-7376
      Web Site: http://www.usfilter.com
      Email: gowanj@usfilter.com

      XL Filtration
      Toll Free Phone Number: (800) 953-4583
      Phone Number: (360) 240-1427
      Email: xlfilter@earthlink.ne

  37. QUESTION:
    How does a Dialysis machine work?
    I’m doing a project in biology about kidney diseases and i know that they pump dialysis fluid through the kidney and take out waste substances but is there anything else i should know?

    • ANSWER:
      I was on dialysis for 6 months prior to getting a kidney and pancreas transplant. Davita is the largest dialysis provider company in the US. Here is a link to an excellent explanation regarding how the machine works from their website

      http://www.davita.com/dialysis/in-the-center/how-does-a-dialysis-machine-work?/a/181

  38. QUESTION:
    What is a nephron, is it to do with dialysis tubing and artificial kidney machines?
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Quite the opposite – a nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. It’s essentially a long filtering tube. There are thousands of nephrons in each kidney!

  39. QUESTION:
    My dad has to have a kidney removed how long does he need to use a dialysis machine for after the operation ?
    We are all very shocked and cant believe its happening

    does he need to use it indefinetley or is it just for a while to
    assist the remaining kidney ?

    Also what do we have to expect while he is on it
    will he be in pain or is the procedure painless

    but the main concern is will he recover to his best health
    after a few months on the machine

    he”s always very active has his own buisness and is very busy
    we cant imagine him hooked up to a machine and not out
    working doing what he loves

    Any help appreciated in this matter

    we”re all very worried about him

    • ANSWER:
      Assuming his other kidney is healthy he should not need dialysis at all.

      If he does there must be much more to his problem than you have indicated in your question.

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the differences between the way the kidneys work and the way a dialysis machine works?

    • ANSWER:
      your blood passes through your kidneys and they clean it as it passes through
      dialysis does the same, but outside the body.

  41. QUESTION:
    How does a dialysis machine work?
    All I know it is a machine to replace the kidneys, can anyone give me a detailed explanation of what it is, how it works and what it achieves. Other facts about it will be gladly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      HTH

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialysis

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the differences and similarities between kidney dialysis and regular kidney functions?
    Okay, I know that one is the normal process for your body and the other requires you being hooked up to a machine. What I’m asking for is what the similarities and differences are between the actual processes of the two.

    • ANSWER:
      Both filter out impurities. A real kidney is much more efficient.

      A machine doesn’t produce chemicals (such as renin) that affect the blood pressure.

  43. QUESTION:
    Kidney and dyalysis machine?
    what does the kidneys do that the dialysis machine cant

    • ANSWER:
      The kidneys continuously filter the blood while allowing a person to move about freely. A dialysis machine can’t do this and can take up to 4 hours. An A-V fistula isn’t required with the kidneys. Can’t say that about a diaysis machine. The kidneys require very little space to do their job. A dialysis machine requires space and a dialysis nurse to monitor the procedure. Kidneys can develop renal cancer and a machine cannot. Kidneys can develop polycystic disease and no machine will ever have this.

      There is a portable dialysis machine currently in development that will allow dialysis patients to dialyze at home overnight while sleeping. This is a terrific advancement!

  44. QUESTION:
    what is life expectancy for someone on peritoneal dialysis if only at 8% kidney function with machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Someone on peritoneal dialysis can live for a few years and save off total renal failure. But at best, this form of dialysis only staves off the inevitable and a kidney transplant should be considered. Eventually the body’s toxicity will begin to climb back up.

  45. QUESTION:
    Do people who use dialysis machines need to urinate?
    Assuming that they’re on the machines because they have kidney failure, the machine removes the urea, excess ions and excess water in the dialysis fluid.

    Does that mean that the person does not need to urinate?

    • ANSWER:
      People who use dialysis machines still need to urinate. Many people on dialysis are not on the dialysis machine every day but often 3 days a week. Their bodies still put out urine every day. They do not necessarily have any excess ions or excess water, but yes, the urea needs to be reduced when it gets high.

  46. QUESTION:
    why do dialysis machines have coiled tubing?
    what is the purpose of using coiled rather than straight tubing within the kidney machine?

    • ANSWER:
      Because you can attain a much larger surface area with a coil than you can using straight tubes. Using coils allows you to have a much smaller machine.

  47. QUESTION:
    could you fool a lie-detector machine?
    I tried to tell one that it was really a kidney dialysis machine. But it knew that I was taking the piss

    • ANSWER:
      put a blind fold on it first , then leave the room ,close the door behind you, and call it a sky hook

  48. QUESTION:
    Why do some people demonize healthcare for profit?
    Was Jonas Salk being a greedy capitalist when he made money on his discovery of the polio vaccine?
    Did he screw over the people who were going to die of polio by making a profit?

    Was Barney Clark being a greedy capitalist when he profited from his invention- the artificial heart?
    Did he screw over all the people who were going to die of heart disease by making a profit?

    Was Willem J Kolff being a greedy capitalist when he made money on his invention- the kidney dialysis machine?
    Did he screw over all the people who were going to die of renal failure by making profits?

    • ANSWER:
      Because some people have no idea what really drives innovation and excellence..

      The government can not make a profit. The government has no money except for that which the take from the citizens..

  49. QUESTION:
    What could be some possible reasons for a kidney to not show up on an x-ray?
    I dont know the condition that the patient has but I do know that the kidneys did not show up on an x-ray and they will be needing a kidney transplant soon. I was just wondering what some possible reasons could be for this to have happened.

    Also if a patient needs a transplant could they live on a dialysis machine until they find a kidney transplant donor?

    • ANSWER:
      Kidneys do not usually show up on xrays. X rays are used more for bones and lungs. Abdominal organs are not well visualized on x ray.
      Dialysis is used to treat kidney failure until a transplant is available.

  50. QUESTION:
    How important is good journalism?
    My pet hate – journalists who ask the general public, “How important is blah blah blah?” I’ve never heard a punter yet say, “Well actually, I think you’ll find the new kidney dialysis machine (or whatever it is) isn’t that important…” Lazy journalism, and leading question.

    Any other pet hates?
    oh yes, journalists intervewing other journalists….the blind leading the blind…
    To those people who’ve answered, “Very important”, you’ve more than proved my point. Nobody answers a question starting, “How important….?”, with anything else, especially when there’s a tv camera on them.

    • ANSWER:
      Good journalism, objective, honest, and accurate is the way we can learn what the rest of the world is getting round to on any given day. Freedoms of person and intellect, and the ablilty to make sense of things, and make decisions depends on good journalism.
      As far as interviews of those on the street, so to speak, I do get sick of it occasion. It might be nice if these journalists, especially t.v journalists would not attempt the majority of these interviews.
      I have known officials who did interviews, only to find that all but their statements supporting the slant (agenda) were left out of the broadcast.
      Examples of those things that are most irritating:

      (1) A fire sausage at a plant, interviewing the lone night watchman of about 80: “It was horridorific, Blimey, bits flying everywhere, fat blowing up bins like sky rockets, then the roof came off like someone pulled a great cracker. If I hadn’t been slaggin off round the corner I would have probably been burned.”
      (2) Researcher discussing a new medicine trial: “Oh it was great, the subject’s bunions were reduced phenominally. Once we have worked out the side effects of boils on noses and bums, and alternating constipation and quick step we will have a miracle cure.”
      (3) Some government official has been caught with pants down, an elderly citizen is interviewed:
      “I think this scandal is horrible and ultimately I think we ought to start the custom of putting people like that in the Tower, and leave them there to rot. When I was a young-un….”

      Those opinion pieces would be much more sensible if they would broadcast people saying “I saw nothing…. I wasn’t there…. or I have no opinion.”
      Ageeing with Robert David, those jounalist who have no knowlege sitting about discussing or telling the rest of us what to think. Of course often I am left thinking that these journalists not only have not the knowledge to discuss intelligently, but are out to prove it to the widest possible audiences. B@llocks!


Kidney Dialysis Machine Animation

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